Who is doing toilet and FSM product and technology design / R&D and what are you working on?

  • jsauer
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Who is doing toilet and FSM product and technology design / R&D and what are you working on?

I'm interested to learn who is doing product and technology design work related to sanitation and if there was interested to start a community of practice related to this work. I know Water For People is doing some interesting work in conjunction with its sani-hubs. I'm also very interested in a mobile septic tank technology so that a service similar to garbage collection could be modeled for FSM services and so that this technology could be used in informal settlements and slum areas where the population might be forced to move. Then they could take their toilet and the emptying service with them. Any ideas here? Thank you.

John Sauer
Senior Technical Advisor - Water, Sanitation and Hygiene
Population Services International
1120 19th Street, NW, Suite 600
Washington, DC 20036 | tel: 917-548-7779 | skype: john.sauer7960 | twitter: johnwsauer | email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
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  • rochelleholm
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  • Manager of Mzuzu University Centre of Excellence in Water and Sanitation, Malawi. To learn more about the Centre visit http://www.mzuniwatsan.com/.
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Re: Who is doing toilet and FSM product and technology design / R&D and what are you working on?

Hi John,
Mzuzu University is working with WRC to develop low-cost pit latrine emptying devices. We would also be very interested to start a community doing product and technology design work related to sanitation. Several of the other WRC partners might be a good fit to join as well.

Rochelle

Rochelle Holm, Ph.D., PMP
Mzuzu University
Centre of Excellence in Water and Sanitation
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  • themessenger
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  • Founder, AirCell Structures Ltd. We design and manufacture aid response & community products for sanitation, hygiene & shelter
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Re: Who is doing toilet and FSM product and technology design / R&D and what are you working on?

We are! Just developed a field latrine/raised latrine kit prototype based on our previous production field latrines which we have been making and selling since 2008 - we have done this in 'partnership' with the wonderful Netherlands Red Cross. The raised latrine kit allows for the use of oil drums (220litres) or a custom tank (800 litres). It is called the CCubicle.TTanker (my product code names!)and will be trialled by the Austrian and Norwegian Red Cross teams in the summer field trials
Is that up your street?

AirCell Structures Ltd
85 Moore Park Road
London SW6 2DA
UK
T +44.207.731.7542
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www.aircellstructures.com
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  • jsauer
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Re: Who is doing toilet and FSM product and technology design / R&D and what are you working on?

Hi All,

Thank you for these informative responses so far. In terms of R&D -- i'm also keen to know if there is any commercial level R&D happening above and beyond the Gates Reinvent the Toilet work.

I'm thinking companies with manufacturing facilities and the capacity to make and test prototypes, etc.

I'm also wondering if there are any advocacy efforts focused on encouraging governments to make investment in commercial R&D for sanitation as was recommended in WSP's Report Tapping the Market --

openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/16538
Tapping the Market Report

Thank you again for all of the responses so far.


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Note by moderator:
Another example was posted here but has now been moved into its own thread ("Experiments regarding pit emptying devices and clog-proof toilet (mechanical toilet that uses little water) - Ohio, USA"):
forum.susana.org/forum/categories/99-fae...ittle-water-ohio-usa

John Sauer
Senior Technical Advisor - Water, Sanitation and Hygiene
Population Services International
1120 19th Street, NW, Suite 600
Washington, DC 20036 | tel: 917-548-7779 | skype: john.sauer7960 | twitter: johnwsauer | email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
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  • former member
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Re: Who is doing toilet and FSM product and technology design / R&D and what are you working on?

Hi John,

In follow up to our chats recently - yes Envirosan Sanitation Solutions is doing just this. We have been in sanitation R&D for years, separate to the BMG work, specifically focused on the South African Dry Sanitation market (VIP's and UD's) as well as the disaster relief and export side of things. We have also recently prototyped, tested and developed a low/pour-flush toilet which is fully up-gradable from VIP to UD to Low-flush OR Pour-flush.

The South African government does not have an incentive scheme specifically aimed at sanitation R&D itself, but it does come to the party in terms of broad manufacturing incentives, as well as funding a fast-paced and large-scale country wide sanitation roll-out (hence creating a developing sanitation market).

We have increased our manufacturing capacity to around 50 000 toilet pedestals a month, and do a full range of hand-washing facilities to compliment the hygienic factor. We have also increased our range of machinery to be able to blow-mold High Density Polymer Doors for stand alone sanitation units. This is having a big effect on the privacy and security aspect of sanitation in South Africa, as the door is not stolen to be sold as scrap (which is what happens to metal doors).

All of our R&D is done in house here in Durban, South Africa, and we're very keen to have anyone over for a visit if they wish! All the best, Tim.

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  • vishwanathdalvi
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  • I am a chemical engineer interested in developing sustainable technology solutions to address problems of access to energy, clean-water and sanitation.
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Re: Who is doing toilet and FSM product and technology design / R&D and what are you working on?

We are a group from the Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai. We have received a grant from the RTTC to make a water-less toilet.

We have ordered the prototype. It should be here by Tuesday. We will post videos and photos for your feedback.

Vishwanath H. Dalvi
R. A. Mashelkar Assistant Professor
Department of Chemical Engineering
Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
LinkedIn: in.linkedin.com/in/vishwanathdalvi
RTTC Project: forum.susana.org/forum/categories/141-ot...gy-mumba-india#13252
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  • RadfordJT
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  • Civil engineer with a particular interest in sanitation and faecal sludge management.
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Re: Who is doing toilet and FSM product and technology design / R&D and what are you working on?

Hi John,

Coming back to the original topic (and as you know) Mott MacDonald and Cambridge Uni have been working together on R&D, to date mostly focused on pump benchmarking and providing technical support to Water for People's sanihubs. Much of this is indirectly linked to BMGF funding in some way. Can't claim to have commercial R&D/prototyping facilities, but the uni does have capacity for making 1-offs - eg the original ball penetrometer we made there for testing the physical strength (i.e. ("mechanical"/undrained shear strength/"pumpability") of FS. Main benefit is being able to plug MM's WASH network (drawn from a few 1000 water-sector professionals around the world) into university R&D projects at minimal cost, the drawback is being limited to the academic project cycle in terms of programme.
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  • stilmans
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  • Environmental Engineer working on anaerobic systems and mobile sanitation; PhD in Env. Eng. on Resource Recovery from Waste
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Re: Who is doing toilet and FSM product and technology design / R&D and what are you working on?

Hi John,

Regarding your mobile septic idea, I would advocate for household-level container-based sanitation, as practiced by x-runner in Peru, SOIL in Haiti, CleanTeam in Ghana, and Sanivation in Kenya as the right way to provide service to residents who have transient or uncertain land tenure. The toilets that all these services use are easy to transport to a new home for uninterrupted service.

Initial results from the pilot service we at re.source helped set up with SOIL can be found in this open-access peer-reviewed paper just published, and another one by Kory Russel that will be published in October.

Cheers
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  • jsauer
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Re: Who is doing toilet and FSM product and technology design / R&D and what are you working on?

Hi Sebastien,

Great ideas. However, what I am looking / hoping for is something that gives the experience of the pour flush toilet and that also is off set, so not a direct drop like these models you mentioned. Ideas?

John

John Sauer
Senior Technical Advisor - Water, Sanitation and Hygiene
Population Services International
1120 19th Street, NW, Suite 600
Washington, DC 20036 | tel: 917-548-7779 | skype: john.sauer7960 | twitter: johnwsauer | email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
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  • themessenger
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Re: Who is doing toilet and FSM product and technology design / R&D and what are you working on?

if it is mobile then it needs to package well - as in deploy, assemble, work, demount (and clean) and redeploy.
I have spent years rabbitting - since late 2010 during Haiti - on about the potential benefits of mobile, flatpack raised latrines.
Contain the waste effectively in the first place and it is easier to come up with local resource maintenance/extraction/processing.
I presented the idea as a CAD at a UNESCO water meet in Holland in 2012.
Now my company, AirCell Structures, is finalising pre-production samples of a complete flatpack latrine and raised latrine 800litre tank kit that flatpacks onto a standard 120*80cms pallet.
The latrine structure can accept a direct drop squat or sit-on plate or a proprietary loo and the tank box can utilise standard 240L oil drums or our custom 800L bag. Extraction is design for either vac-sucking through a rear hatch or you can slide the oil drums out and drag them off on our 'sludge-sledge'.
It is designed to work anywhere and to provide a robust and dignified solution to the major problem in world sanitation!

AirCell Structures Ltd
85 Moore Park Road
London SW6 2DA
UK
T +44.207.731.7542
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  • awhitesell
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  • Beaumont managed the Fecal Sludge Omni-Ingestor project on behalf of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation between October 2011 and November 2015, and has been developing FSM technology since 2011.
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Re: Who is doing toilet and FSM product and technology design / R&D and what are you working on?

Hi John,

Beaumont has been managing the Omni-Ingestor (OI) project on behalf of the BMGF for a few years and actively involved in developing some of the systems and subsystems of the OI. Feel free to contact me about what you are looking to design and if I can't help, I might be able to point you in the right direction.

Cheers,

Andrew

Andrew Whitesell
Founder/Owner of Beaumont
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