Requesting literature on cocomposting Faecal sludge

  • joeturner
  • joeturner's Avatar
  • Posts: 690
  • Karma: 22
  • Likes received: 163

Re: Requesting literature on cocomposting Faecal sludge

Hello Chandana - it is quite hard to help you given that you are not very clear what it is that you are looking for.

That said, there are many research papers looking at composting faeces with a range of other materials. Is it possible that you are looking for "co-composting" and missing papers that do not have this in the title?

Have you investigated journals like "Compost Science and Utilisation" which include papers on many different kinds of composting?

Good luck, I'm sure that there are a large number of papers to find and read.
You need to login to reply
  • Chandana
  • Chandana's Avatar
    Topic Author
  • I am a Environmental Engineer, currently pursing PhD in Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay. I am working on Faecal Sludge Management for a town. I am looking for collaboration to provide solution for FSM by experimental investigation on FS from different onsite containment and paper publications.
  • Posts: 10
  • Likes received: 4

Re: Requesting literature on cocomposting Faecal sludge

Thanks for your response, Jeoturner.

I am specifically looking for treatment of Faecal Sludge (not faeces) by co-composting. I have tried those journals and with different key words.

I have completed my BE in civil engineering with a distinction in 2011.
From 2011-2013 I worked as a software engineer in IBM.
later I completed my master in environmental engineering in NIT Warangal . My Mtech thesis was done in NEERI, Nagpur on "Indoor air pollution in micro-environments".
In 2015. I joined academics as Assistant professor and worked on issues like the design of landfill, MSW management, Air pollution, Decontamination of geomaterials, etc.
Currently, I am doing my PhD in faecal sludge management.
You need to login to reply
  • joeturner
  • joeturner's Avatar
  • Posts: 690
  • Karma: 22
  • Likes received: 163

Re: Requesting literature on cocomposting Faecal sludge

Ok well I see hundreds of papers when I use "sludge" and "composting".

link to search .
You need to login to reply
  • Chandana
  • Chandana's Avatar
    Topic Author
  • I am a Environmental Engineer, currently pursing PhD in Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay. I am working on Faecal Sludge Management for a town. I am looking for collaboration to provide solution for FSM by experimental investigation on FS from different onsite containment and paper publications.
  • Posts: 10
  • Likes received: 4

Re: Requesting literature on cocomposting Faecal sludge

Exactly!
Those all are sewage sludge, it is totally different from Faecal sludge.
Faecal sludge is the human waste decomposed in onsite system, where as sewage sludge is product of conventional sewer system. I am looking for literature specific to Faecal sludge composting.
Thanks for the response.

I have completed my BE in civil engineering with a distinction in 2011.
From 2011-2013 I worked as a software engineer in IBM.
later I completed my master in environmental engineering in NIT Warangal . My Mtech thesis was done in NEERI, Nagpur on "Indoor air pollution in micro-environments".
In 2015. I joined academics as Assistant professor and worked on issues like the design of landfill, MSW management, Air pollution, Decontamination of geomaterials, etc.
Currently, I am doing my PhD in faecal sludge management.
You need to login to reply
  • joeturner
  • joeturner's Avatar
  • Posts: 690
  • Karma: 22
  • Likes received: 163

Re: Requesting literature on cocomposting Faecal sludge

Right, I understand now. So how are you contrasting faeces composting and faecal sludge composting?
You need to login to reply
  • Chandana
  • Chandana's Avatar
    Topic Author
  • I am a Environmental Engineer, currently pursing PhD in Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay. I am working on Faecal Sludge Management for a town. I am looking for collaboration to provide solution for FSM by experimental investigation on FS from different onsite containment and paper publications.
  • Posts: 10
  • Likes received: 4

Re: Requesting literature on cocomposting Faecal sludge

Faeces is fresh organics removed from human body, it has property of degrading. In case of faecal sludge it comes from different onsite systems, where degradation, mineralisation and consolidation has occurred. So they are composting will be totally different as C:N ratio and organic matter content will be different.

I have completed my BE in civil engineering with a distinction in 2011.
From 2011-2013 I worked as a software engineer in IBM.
later I completed my master in environmental engineering in NIT Warangal . My Mtech thesis was done in NEERI, Nagpur on "Indoor air pollution in micro-environments".
In 2015. I joined academics as Assistant professor and worked on issues like the design of landfill, MSW management, Air pollution, Decontamination of geomaterials, etc.
Currently, I am doing my PhD in faecal sludge management.
You need to login to reply
  • joeturner
  • joeturner's Avatar
  • Posts: 690
  • Karma: 22
  • Likes received: 163

Re: Requesting literature on cocomposting Faecal sludge

Ok. It would be interesting to see if there is the distinction you are making in the literature.

I think you are talking about large scale windrows of collected faeces in contrast to onsite composting toilets.

There appear to be hundreds of papers when I specify "faecal sludge" composting

link here
You need to login to reply
  • Chandana
  • Chandana's Avatar
    Topic Author
  • I am a Environmental Engineer, currently pursing PhD in Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay. I am working on Faecal Sludge Management for a town. I am looking for collaboration to provide solution for FSM by experimental investigation on FS from different onsite containment and paper publications.
  • Posts: 10
  • Likes received: 4

Re: Requesting literature on cocomposting Faecal sludge

Thank you, Joeturner.
I could found few new papers in the link you posted.

Regards
Chandana

I have completed my BE in civil engineering with a distinction in 2011.
From 2011-2013 I worked as a software engineer in IBM.
later I completed my master in environmental engineering in NIT Warangal . My Mtech thesis was done in NEERI, Nagpur on "Indoor air pollution in micro-environments".
In 2015. I joined academics as Assistant professor and worked on issues like the design of landfill, MSW management, Air pollution, Decontamination of geomaterials, etc.
Currently, I am doing my PhD in faecal sludge management.
You need to login to reply
  • joeturner
  • joeturner's Avatar
  • Posts: 690
  • Karma: 22
  • Likes received: 163

Re: Requesting literature on cocomposting Faecal sludge

Ok. Good luck with you literature review.
You need to login to reply
  • muench
  • muench's Avatar
  • Moderator of this Forum; Freelance consultant and Wikipedian (former roles: program manager, lecturer, process engineer for wastewater treatment plants)
  • Posts: 2856
  • Karma: 53
  • Likes received: 760

Re: Requesting literature on cocomposting Faecal sludge

Hi Chandana,
Just remember to also include the two different spellings (American and English) during your searches, i.e. "fecal" and "faecal" (bit annoying to have these two different spellings for such an important word! :-) )

Another main difference between straight faeces (from dry toilets) and faecal sludge (from pit latrines) is that faecal sludge has heaps more water in it. Hence, a dewatering step is usually needed before you can do the composting.

Despite these differences there are probably also quite some similarities in composting the two materials (once you have brought them to the same water content).

Oh and you didn't have this book in your initial list:
Tayler, K. (2018). Faecal Sludge and Septage Treatment - A guide for Low and Middle Income Countries. Practical Action Publishing Ltd, Rugby, Warwickshire, UK, ISBN: 978-1-85339-986-2
www.susana.org/en/knowledge-hub/resource...library/details/3439

Let us know how you get on with your research and make sure you post here when you publish something yourself. :-)

Regards,
Elisabeth

Head moderator of this discussion forum
(Funded via consultancy contract with Skat Foundation funded by WSSCC)

Dr. Elisabeth von Muench
Independent consultant located in Brisbane, Australia
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Twitter: @EvMuench
Sanitation Wikipedia project leader: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:WikiProject_Sanitation
My Wikipedia user profile: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:EMsmile
You need to login to reply
  • Chandana
  • Chandana's Avatar
    Topic Author
  • I am a Environmental Engineer, currently pursing PhD in Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay. I am working on Faecal Sludge Management for a town. I am looking for collaboration to provide solution for FSM by experimental investigation on FS from different onsite containment and paper publications.
  • Posts: 10
  • Likes received: 4

Re: Requesting literature on cocomposting Faecal sludge

Thanks a lot.
I have this book. Just forgot to mention in the list.

I have completed my BE in civil engineering with a distinction in 2011.
From 2011-2013 I worked as a software engineer in IBM.
later I completed my master in environmental engineering in NIT Warangal . My Mtech thesis was done in NEERI, Nagpur on "Indoor air pollution in micro-environments".
In 2015. I joined academics as Assistant professor and worked on issues like the design of landfill, MSW management, Air pollution, Decontamination of geomaterials, etc.
Currently, I am doing my PhD in faecal sludge management.
The following user(s) like this post: AjitSeshadri
You need to login to reply
  • muench
  • muench's Avatar
  • Moderator of this Forum; Freelance consultant and Wikipedian (former roles: program manager, lecturer, process engineer for wastewater treatment plants)
  • Posts: 2856
  • Karma: 53
  • Likes received: 760

Re: Requesting literature on cocomposting Faecal sludge

Hi Chandana,

I recently came across this presentation and thought of your request for literature: "Findings from Co-Composting Operations at a Faecal Sludge Treatment Plant (FSTP), Devanahalli, India"
Here is the link: fsm5.susana.org/images/FSM_Conference_Ma...ting-Devanahalli.pdf

It was presented at the FSM5 Conference ( fsm5.susana.org/en/downloads/conference-materials ).

They used:
• Aerobic Windrow method
• Proportioned (MSW:FS ratio)
• Periodical turning

FEED STOCKS USED
1. Municipal Solid waste (Segregated)
2. Coconut Coir
3. Paddy Straw
4. Faecal Sludge
5. Leaf Litters

PARAMETER CONTROLLED:
1. Temperature
2. Moisture content
3. FS:MSW ratio
4. Turning frequency

For pathogen destruction they found:

Ascaris Lumbricoides Eggs: Death is less than 1 hour at temperature over 50° C


They also used effective microorganisms (EM) - something which I am sceptical about. This reminds me of a previous discussion: forum.susana.org/70-composting-processes...s-or-other-additives

And also this one from Nepal ("Faecal sludge reuse in Birendranagar, Nepal: a case study of the world health organisation's multiple barrier approach" - "A novel FS treatment process based on fermentation by ‘effective organisms’ (EM) was piloted to test the feasibility, safety and acceptability of the resulting fertilizer." (fermentation is not composting though):
forum.susana.org/280-faecal-sludge-treat...ple-barrier-approach

By the way, when you do your literature search, don't limit yourself to "co-composting" as people also use the term "composting of faecal sludge" like e.g. here: forum.susana.org/70-composting-processes...sludge-mobile-toilet

Please post the results of your literature review here later for the benefit of everyone. :-)

Regards,
Elisabeth

Head moderator of this discussion forum
(Funded via consultancy contract with Skat Foundation funded by WSSCC)

Dr. Elisabeth von Muench
Independent consultant located in Brisbane, Australia
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Twitter: @EvMuench
Sanitation Wikipedia project leader: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:WikiProject_Sanitation
My Wikipedia user profile: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:EMsmile
You need to login to reply
Share this thread:
Recently active users. Who else has been active?
Time to create page: 1.192 seconds