Requesting literature on cocomposting Faecal sludge

  • Chandana
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  • I am a Environmental Engineer, currently pursing PhD in Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay. I am working on Faecal Sludge Management for a town. I am looking for collaboration to provide solution for FSM by experimental investigation on FS from different onsite containment and paper publications.
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Requesting literature on cocomposting Faecal sludge

Hi all,

I am Chandana, a PhD student, working on FSM problems and providing a appropriate solution to it. I was doing literature review on FSM CO-Composting treatment. I could find limited information, mainly SANDAC work as listed below.

- Cofie, O.O., et al., Solid-liquid separation of faecal sludge using drying beds in Ghana: implications for nutrient recycling in urban agriculture. Water Res, 2006. 40(1): p. 75-82.

- Kone, D., et al., Helminth eggs inactivation efficiency by faecal sludge dewatering and co-composting in tropical climates. Water Res, 2007. 41(19): p. 4397-402.

- Cofie, O., et al., Co-composting of faecal sludge and organic solid waste for agriculture: process dynamics. Water Res, 2009. 43(18): p. 4665-75.

- Book: Faecal Sludge Management-Systems Approach for Implementation and Operation

I want to do a comparison study on different parts of FSM solutions, If anyone have any reference papers on co-composting of FS. Please provide me.

Thanks in advance
Chandana

I have completed my BE in civil engineering with a distinction in 2011.
From 2011-2013 I worked as a software engineer in IBM.
later I completed my master in environmental engineering in NIT Warangal . My Mtech thesis was done in NEERI, Nagpur on "Indoor air pollution in micro-environments".
In 2015. I joined academics as Assistant professor and worked on issues like the design of landfill, MSW management, Air pollution, Decontamination of geomaterials, etc.
Currently, I am doing my PhD in faecal sludge management.
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  • joeturner
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Re: Requesting literature on cocomposting Faecal sludge

Hello Chandana - it is quite hard to help you given that you are not very clear what it is that you are looking for.

That said, there are many research papers looking at composting faeces with a range of other materials. Is it possible that you are looking for "co-composting" and missing papers that do not have this in the title?

Have you investigated journals like "Compost Science and Utilisation" which include papers on many different kinds of composting?

Good luck, I'm sure that there are a large number of papers to find and read.
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  • Chandana
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  • I am a Environmental Engineer, currently pursing PhD in Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay. I am working on Faecal Sludge Management for a town. I am looking for collaboration to provide solution for FSM by experimental investigation on FS from different onsite containment and paper publications.
  • Posts: 11
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Re: Requesting literature on cocomposting Faecal sludge

Thanks for your response, Jeoturner.

I am specifically looking for treatment of Faecal Sludge (not faeces) by co-composting. I have tried those journals and with different key words.

I have completed my BE in civil engineering with a distinction in 2011.
From 2011-2013 I worked as a software engineer in IBM.
later I completed my master in environmental engineering in NIT Warangal . My Mtech thesis was done in NEERI, Nagpur on "Indoor air pollution in micro-environments".
In 2015. I joined academics as Assistant professor and worked on issues like the design of landfill, MSW management, Air pollution, Decontamination of geomaterials, etc.
Currently, I am doing my PhD in faecal sludge management.
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  • joeturner
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Re: Requesting literature on cocomposting Faecal sludge

Ok well I see hundreds of papers when I use "sludge" and "composting".

link to search .
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  • Chandana
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  • I am a Environmental Engineer, currently pursing PhD in Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay. I am working on Faecal Sludge Management for a town. I am looking for collaboration to provide solution for FSM by experimental investigation on FS from different onsite containment and paper publications.
  • Posts: 11
  • Likes received: 4

Re: Requesting literature on cocomposting Faecal sludge

Exactly!
Those all are sewage sludge, it is totally different from Faecal sludge.
Faecal sludge is the human waste decomposed in onsite system, where as sewage sludge is product of conventional sewer system. I am looking for literature specific to Faecal sludge composting.
Thanks for the response.

I have completed my BE in civil engineering with a distinction in 2011.
From 2011-2013 I worked as a software engineer in IBM.
later I completed my master in environmental engineering in NIT Warangal . My Mtech thesis was done in NEERI, Nagpur on "Indoor air pollution in micro-environments".
In 2015. I joined academics as Assistant professor and worked on issues like the design of landfill, MSW management, Air pollution, Decontamination of geomaterials, etc.
Currently, I am doing my PhD in faecal sludge management.
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  • joeturner
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Re: Requesting literature on cocomposting Faecal sludge

Right, I understand now. So how are you contrasting faeces composting and faecal sludge composting?
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  • Chandana
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  • I am a Environmental Engineer, currently pursing PhD in Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay. I am working on Faecal Sludge Management for a town. I am looking for collaboration to provide solution for FSM by experimental investigation on FS from different onsite containment and paper publications.
  • Posts: 11
  • Likes received: 4

Re: Requesting literature on cocomposting Faecal sludge

Faeces is fresh organics removed from human body, it has property of degrading. In case of faecal sludge it comes from different onsite systems, where degradation, mineralisation and consolidation has occurred. So they are composting will be totally different as C:N ratio and organic matter content will be different.

I have completed my BE in civil engineering with a distinction in 2011.
From 2011-2013 I worked as a software engineer in IBM.
later I completed my master in environmental engineering in NIT Warangal . My Mtech thesis was done in NEERI, Nagpur on "Indoor air pollution in micro-environments".
In 2015. I joined academics as Assistant professor and worked on issues like the design of landfill, MSW management, Air pollution, Decontamination of geomaterials, etc.
Currently, I am doing my PhD in faecal sludge management.
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  • joeturner
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Re: Requesting literature on cocomposting Faecal sludge

Ok. It would be interesting to see if there is the distinction you are making in the literature.

I think you are talking about large scale windrows of collected faeces in contrast to onsite composting toilets.

There appear to be hundreds of papers when I specify "faecal sludge" composting

link here
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  • Chandana
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  • I am a Environmental Engineer, currently pursing PhD in Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay. I am working on Faecal Sludge Management for a town. I am looking for collaboration to provide solution for FSM by experimental investigation on FS from different onsite containment and paper publications.
  • Posts: 11
  • Likes received: 4

Re: Requesting literature on cocomposting Faecal sludge

Thank you, Joeturner.
I could found few new papers in the link you posted.

Regards
Chandana

I have completed my BE in civil engineering with a distinction in 2011.
From 2011-2013 I worked as a software engineer in IBM.
later I completed my master in environmental engineering in NIT Warangal . My Mtech thesis was done in NEERI, Nagpur on "Indoor air pollution in micro-environments".
In 2015. I joined academics as Assistant professor and worked on issues like the design of landfill, MSW management, Air pollution, Decontamination of geomaterials, etc.
Currently, I am doing my PhD in faecal sludge management.
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  • joeturner
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Re: Requesting literature on cocomposting Faecal sludge

Ok. Good luck with you literature review.
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  • muench
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Re: Requesting literature on cocomposting Faecal sludge

Hi Chandana,
Just remember to also include the two different spellings (American and English) during your searches, i.e. "fecal" and "faecal" (bit annoying to have these two different spellings for such an important word! :-) )

Another main difference between straight faeces (from dry toilets) and faecal sludge (from pit latrines) is that faecal sludge has heaps more water in it. Hence, a dewatering step is usually needed before you can do the composting.

Despite these differences there are probably also quite some similarities in composting the two materials (once you have brought them to the same water content).

Oh and you didn't have this book in your initial list:
Tayler, K. (2018). Faecal Sludge and Septage Treatment - A guide for Low and Middle Income Countries. Practical Action Publishing Ltd, Rugby, Warwickshire, UK, ISBN: 978-1-85339-986-2
www.susana.org/en/knowledge-hub/resource...library/details/3439

Let us know how you get on with your research and make sure you post here when you publish something yourself. :-)

Regards,
Elisabeth

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  • Chandana
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  • I am a Environmental Engineer, currently pursing PhD in Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay. I am working on Faecal Sludge Management for a town. I am looking for collaboration to provide solution for FSM by experimental investigation on FS from different onsite containment and paper publications.
  • Posts: 11
  • Likes received: 4

Re: Requesting literature on cocomposting Faecal sludge

Thanks a lot.
I have this book. Just forgot to mention in the list.

I have completed my BE in civil engineering with a distinction in 2011.
From 2011-2013 I worked as a software engineer in IBM.
later I completed my master in environmental engineering in NIT Warangal . My Mtech thesis was done in NEERI, Nagpur on "Indoor air pollution in micro-environments".
In 2015. I joined academics as Assistant professor and worked on issues like the design of landfill, MSW management, Air pollution, Decontamination of geomaterials, etc.
Currently, I am doing my PhD in faecal sludge management.
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