Key documents for the sub-category on other non-household settings


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Key documents for the sub-category on other non-household settings

For more information about why I am creating this new thread, please see here:


This thread is a "sticky thread" which means it will always remain at the top of this sub-category. It contains a recommendation for new people regarding the most important five documents in the thematic area of "Health and hygiene in non-household settings (e.g. hospitals, health centres, prisons, train stations, offices, work places)". Note were are not dealing with schools in this sub-category as WASH in schools is a huge topic with its own sub-category and key documents here: . So this sub-category is for WASH away from home and not at school.

The initial selection of documents and links is based on a recommendation by Cor Dietforst from IRC. We are open to feedback if others think that another document should be selected here.

Recommended top five documents in the thematic area of "Non-household settings", in reverse chronological order:

Cronk, R., Slaymaker, T., Bartram, J. (2015). Monitoring drinking water, sanitation, and hygiene in non-household settings: Priorities for policy and practice. International journal of hygiene and environmental health, 218 (8 ), 694-703, doi:10.1016/j.ijheh.2015.03.003

The article reviews international standards, international and national actors, and monitoring initiatives. The authors developed the first typology of non-household settings and assessed the viability of monitoring. Six types of non-household settings were distinguished: schools, health care facilities, workplaces, temporary use settings, mass gatherings, and dislocated populations. Data suggest that WASH coverage is generally poor and often lower than in corresponding household settings.

WHO and UNICEF (2015). Water, sanitation and hygiene in health care facilities: Status in low and middle income countries and way forward. World Health Organization (WHO), Geneva, Switzerland and UNICEF, New York, United States

This report presents for the first time a multi-country review of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services in health care facilities in 54 low- and middle-income countries. WASH services provide for water availability and quality, presence of sanitation facilities and availability of soap and water for handwashing. The main focus of the results is on water availability as there were very limited data on water quality, sanitation and hygiene. In addition, a brief summary of data on the safe disposal of health care waste is provided.

Velleman, Y., Mason, E., Graham, W., Benova, L., Chopra, M., Campbell, O.M.R., Gordon, B., Wijesekera, S., Hounton, S., Esteves Mills, J., Curtis, V., Afsana, K., Boisson, S., Magoma, M., Cairncross, S., Cumming, O. (2014). From joint thinking to joint action: A call to action on improving water, sanitation, and hygiene for maternal and newborn health. PLoS Med 11(12): e1001771. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1001771

There is sufficient evidence that water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) may impact maternal and newborn health (MNH) to warrant greater attention from all stakeholders involved in improving MNH and achieving universal WASH access. Enabling stronger integration between the WASH and health sectors has the potential to accelerate progress on MNH; this should be accompanied by improving monitoring of WASH in health care facilities providing MNH services as part of routine national-level monitoring, and at the global level through international instruments.

WBCSD (2013). Water, sanitation and hygiene implementation at the workplace: Pledge and guiding principles. World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD), Geneva, Switzerland

This publication includes a set of guiding principles that will support companies in their efforts to implement water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) at the workplace. Companies are invited to commit to these principles by signing the WBCSD Pledge for Access to Safe Water, Sanitation and Hygiene at the Workplace. This Pledge aims to secure appropriate access to safe WASH for all employees in all premises under direct company control.

Nembrini, P.G. (2013). Water, sanitation, hygiene and habitat in prisons. International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), Geneva, Switzerland
Guideline supplement:

This handbook presents a summary of the expertise that engineers of International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) have acquired regarding environmental engineering in places of detention. Detailed drawings present solutions in such areas as water supply, sewage and waste disposal, food preparation, vector control, general hygiene and health.
The guidelines complement the ICRC handbook by providing additional information and enhanced specifications, particularly in relation to the accommodation found in the wide variety of prisons throughout the world.

You can find further important documents and website links dealing with this topic here: Please provide your feedback. What do you think of this selection? We can update it from time to time.

Dr. Elisabeth von Muench
Freelance consultant on environmental and climate projects
Located in Ulm, Germany
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