Updates on Swachh Bharat Mission, SBM (India)

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Re: Updates on Swachh Bharat Mission, SBM (India)

Dear All,
The Ministry of Jal Shakti today released operational guidelines for next phase of SBM Grameen (for rural areas). They can be found here .

Regards
paresh
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Re: Updates on Swachh Bharat Mission, SBM (India)

Hi Elisabeth,

This is the official dashboard - 
sbm.gov.in/SBMReport/Home.aspx
However, WaterAid did a study in 2016 where the results were markedly different, even though it was much earlier in the programme. RICE did a survey in 2018 (survey attached here).
In January or February, the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation's National Statistical Organisation released another report. It is available here:  mospi.nic.in/sites/default/files/publica...port_584_final_0.pdf
Quoting: About 71.3 percent of the households in the rural areas and about 96.2 percent of the households in the urban areas had access to latrine. It may be noted that there may be respondent bias in the reporting of access to latrine as question on benefits received by the households from government schemes was asked prior to the question on access of households to latrine. The link is here . (if this doesnt work please email me.)

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I wrote about this last year. Also attached.
Hope this helps. In the statistical jugglery, one thing stands out. In the SBM dashboard, 100% coverage is qualified to mean self-declared coverage, not verified. Nothing else has moved on that front. Earlier, the dashboard (link above) marked in green states that had 90% coverage, now it is 70%.
Hope this helps. Took me a while to assemble all this.
Regards
Nitya

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Re: Updates on Swachh Bharat Mission, SBM (India)

Elisabeth,
By the remaining 30-40% I meant people who were not eligible to get a toilet according to a baseline survey in 2012. The SBM's targets were decided on the basis of those numbers who were deemed eligible. That number left out a lot of people with toilets from earlier sanitation programmes (that were broken for various reasons), the non-poor as defined by the government ( think the current definition is those living on less than $2 a day) and some other categories. 

Also, remember the 100% coverage is based on self-reporting. This has many problems, not the least being people exaggerate numbers when they have to self-report. It is not the number of toilets that have been verified by an external agency or person.

Hope this clarifies.
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Nitya

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Re: Updates on Swachh Bharat Mission, SBM (India)

Hi Nitya and all,
What did you mean by "for the remaining 30-40% people who were not 'covered' by SBM"? I was under the impression that the target of open defecation free india had been "officially" achieved (but I didn't follow the figures closely).

Also which final reports are recommended to summarise everything about SBM outcomes (to be cited in the Wikipedia article )? Those dashboards that Paresh linked to are not so easy to cite. Also it might be useful to have an authoritative government report contrasted by an authoritative third-party (non government report). Do they exist?

Regards,
Elisabeth
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Re: Updates on Swachh Bharat Mission, SBM (India)

Hi
The government's focus on sanitation remains as strong as ever. Its last budget allocated Rs 120,000 million (about $1.5 billion) for the year to sanitation, a little more than it did for drinking water.

The emphasis is now to manage faecal waste, ensure usage and toilets for the remaining 30-40% people who were not 'covered' by SBM. There are guidelines around this: Regards
Nitya

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Re: Updates on Swachh Bharat Mission, SBM (India)

Dear All
Elisabeth is right, the timeline for the mission ended on 2nd October 2019. At an event to commemorate 150th birth anniversary of Gandhiji in Ahmedabad, the PM declared that the local governments have declared themselved open defecation free.
www.indiatoday.in/india/story/india-open...y-1605671-2019-10-02

The following websites host the relevant information and dashboards
Rural areas - sbm.gov.in/sbmdashboard/IHHL.aspx
Urban areas - swachhbharaturban.gov.in/dashboard/

A next version of the programme is being planned and likely focus on management of faecal sludge, wastewater and solid waste. Will update as and when more details are available
economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/politi...1404410.cms?from=mdr

Regards
paresh
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Re: Updates on Swachh Bharat Mission, SBM (India)

Hi,
It just occurred to me that the deadline for India's Swachh Bharat Mission was already in October last year. Was the mission extended? Or was it officially completed, celebrated and then swept under the carpet?
I would be curious to hear about this from our Indian colleagues or anyone else who is in the know.

Then I would also like to update the Wikipedia article about SBM accordingly: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swachh_Bharat_Mission

Overall, is SBM regarded as a huge success? Or as a moderate success with some remaining issues, such as toilets still not being used, faecal sludge from pit latrines not being managed properly etc.?

Regards,
Elisabeth
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Re: Updates on Swachh Bharat Mission, SBM (India)

Dear Elisabeth and Arno

Many thanks for this idea and I will be sure to devote some time each week to searching and curating information and news to keep this category updated.

Best regards,
Dan
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Re: Updates on Swachh Bharat Mission, SBM (India)

Dear Dan and Arno,

I have now created the new sub-category with a focus on SBM (Swachh Bharat Mission). I have made it slightly broader than just SBM and called it:
Indian Government initiatives: Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (SBA or SBM) and others

See here:
forum.susana.org/swachh-bharat-abhiyan-in-india-sba-or-sbm

It's within the category on "Government as a driver".

Does this work? It should help people find more easily the previous discussions we have had about SBM in India.
I've identified 36 previous discussion threads and moved them all into the new sub-category.

With regards to the Wikipedia article on SBM, let's discuss it further in this thread:
forum.susana.org/swachh-bharat-abhiyan-i...wachh-bharat-abhiyan

The first step would be for people to point out what is missing in the Wikipedia article or what is poorly described. It's also possible that someone marks up necessary changes in a Word document and I then implement it in Wikipedia.

Regards,
Elisabeth
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Re: Updates on Swachh Bharat Mission, SBM (India)

Hi Arno

The new sub-category idea sounds good and I would be glad to help out on updating/improving the SBM Wikipedia article.
I am sure the USAID Water Team and USAID India will be glad to have SBM lessons learned shared with the SuSanA community so many thanks for your suggestions and ideas.

Just let me know when you want to discuss the Wikipedia idea and I look forward to contributing.

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Re: Updates on Swachh Bharat Mission, SBM (India)

Hi Dan
Elisabeth suggests we set up a sub-category to SBM on the Forum to give it more visibility. It could be here under “regional processes”:
forum.susana.org/80-global-and-regional-political-processes
Suggested title: monitoring the progress of SBM in India.

We’ve already had quite a few discussion threads about SBM – they could be moved into that new sub-category so that it’s easier to find them again.
See here two thematic discussions that were run by the India Sanitation Coalition:
forum.susana.org/259-on-the-way-to-a-cle...usana-indian-chapter
forum.susana.org/from-missing-market-inc...susana-india-chapter

Another initiative: How about we get a small team together, pick a deadline and set up an improved Wikipedia article about SBM? The current one is OK but could do with an overhaul and additional references:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swachh_Bharat_Abhiyan

See forum.susana.org/discussions-about-speci...wachh-bharat-abhiyan

Regards
Arno Rosemarin PhD
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Re: Updates on Swachh Bharat Mission, SBM (India)

Hi Arno

Thanks for your comments and suggestion and I will share them with USAID.

Could we set up a category on SuSanA to post and share updates on Swachh Bharat (SB) or have an online discussion forum that focuses on SB?

I would be interested to hear any ideas and suggestions you may have.

Regards,
Dan
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