connection/ intersections between FSM & Solid Waste Management ?


  • nasirsahar
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connection/ intersections between FSM & Solid Waste Management ?

Dear All,

May anyone please guide /advise me on interconnectedness/ intersection between Solid Waste Management and Faecal Sludge Management.

I am looking to develop more understanding.

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  • JKMakowka
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Re: connection/ intersections between FSM & Solid Waste Management ?

For organic solid-waste co-composting with faecal sludge is somewhat common:

Microbiologist & emergency WASH specialist
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  • Anthony
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Re: connection/ intersections between FSM & Solid Waste Management ?


Thats a great question! I sincerely hope you will get a lot of feedback on the SuSanA forum because we need more connection/intersection between FSM & SWM and we need to discuss ways to bring that about. After all, both FSM and SWM fall under 'sanitation'.

Certainly in Haiti, there is a massive gap between the organisation of the FSM & SWM sectors. This gap is present at a high level with separate ministries dealing with these separate sectors and donor-driven development programmes addressing one problem or the other but very rarely both. However, at the household level, SWM and FSM are "managed" together, with FS and SW entering the same open spaces and waterways indiscriminately ("co-dumping"). All formally registered 'waste management' private businesses are alert to this and they all therefore offer both SWM and FSM services to their customers.

In summary; there is a massive disconnect between institutional arrangements at a high level, and the reality faced by households and private sector service providers. The reasons for this disconnect are many and diverse, but they certainly include the fact that poop is more taboo than trash, so there is therefore a reluctance for state-level SWM actors to also address FSM ("oh no! thats poop! we don't touch that!" - the reality of course, is that they do.) The possible solutions are equally many and diverse, and include facilitating effective dialogue between different ministries, and between the public and private sectors.

I hope you get some good responses on this thread, from technological approaches (composting; ABD; BSF) to business cases, to institutional arrangements which facilitate synergies between SWM and FSM. I would be surprised if you didn't find some really useful reading on this subject from EAWAG-SANDEC, who have also produced excellent MOOCs on these subjects. Good luck!

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  • AjitSeshadri
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Re: Comments on connection/ intersections between FSM & Solid Waste Management and suggested remedial solutions

Dear Anthony and SusanA Members.

Sub. : Comments on connection/ intersections between FSM & Solid Waste Management and suggested remedial solutions

As there is a definitive connection/ intersection between FSM & SWM and there is a need to discuss ways to bring about remedial solutions for safe disposal on the path of both FSM and SWM. Rightly put forward that they both fall under - sanitation.

It is been mentioned that there is a distinct disconnect between institutional arrangements and the reality faced by households and other service providers. In Indian scenario, the service deliveries by both ULBs - Urban Local Bodies and for villages - Rural Boards, are not being taken care off efficiently and not in a desired mode.

In the cities having working STPs, the sludges are removed and taken for safe disposal. We have observed in one case that the sludges removed by contractors clearing the slurry matter ex STPs were used as fuel for a brick kiln. As the output- matter of the STP process final stage, had not been fully digested and it contained bio-matter akin to fuel and with presence of hydro carbons viz. Methane Etc.

The STP slurry was fed with coal/ bio-mass for fueling the brick kiln. The ash generated was co-mixed with the usual mud-clay for making of bricks and loaded in the kilns .

Normally Fecal Sludges removed from open areas ex OD spaces ex rural region are not tackled in a systematic manner and are mixed with SW matter and disposed. It is a cause for concern as safe, secure disposal of all these sludges from FS and SW path is not being carried out.

Ideally in stray cases, urban STPs are operated efficiently. The effluent water complying to standards is used for irrigation of urban- greens or for agri-farms at rurals. The sludges ex. STP are co- composted with bio-matter generated from the SWM path and the compost generated is used for urban- greens as soil- nutrients.

For safe SWM in some of the Indian cities, 3 Nos. designated paths are used in the communities - ie 1. all bio- wastes are sent for composting, 2. plastic, and other re-usables are recycled and the 3rd path takes care of safe disposal of medical, sanitary waste Etc. duly sent for pyrolitic- incineration. This is being done in order not to use landfills at urban areas.

It is also seen that when both the recycled water and compost generated are used, then benefits are accrued in the communities.
This instills confidence in the ULBs and encourages others to perform .

Well wishes,

Ajit Seshadri .

Prof. Ajit Seshadri, Senior Faculty in Marine Engg. Deptt. Vels University, and
Environment Consultant (Water shed Mngmnt, WWT, WASH, others) Chennai, India
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