Research Call - Analysis of learning from the sanitation surcharge experience in Quelimane and Beira (Mozambique)

  • Guy
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Research Call - Analysis of learning from the sanitation surcharge experience in Quelimane and Beira (Mozambique)

This work, commissioned under WSUP’s Urban Sanitation Research Initiative , will be an analysis of experience to date with collection of the sanitation surcharge (taxa de saneamento) in the Mozambican cities of Quelimane and Beira. The primary aim of this work is to generate detailed information for CRA (the Mozambican water and sanitation services regulator), and for other relevant actors in the Mozambican WASH sector; most importantly, this will help CRA decide on regulatory approaches to this tariff in these Mozambican cities including Maputo. In addition, this work will generate international learning around the Mozambican experience to date, of interest in other countries that are implementing or considering similar surcharge models, including Kenya, Zambia and Ghana.

Maximum budget under this Call: GBP 30,000
Bids due: Before 23:59 (GMT+2) on Tuesday 28th November 2017
Location: Desk and Mozambique
Language: Portuguese

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  • muench
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Re: Research Call - Analysis of learning from the sanitation surcharge experience in Quelimane and Beira (Mozambique)

Dear Guy,
This sounds like a really interesting piece of work. Will you be able to publish it here on the forum when it's completed? We had talked about such surcharge models here on the forum before, I think it was part of the GIZ work in Uganda if I remember correctly. Seems to make a lot of sense to me (i.e. a surcharge on the water bill to subsidise sanitation).

Regards,
Elisabeth

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  • Guy
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Re: Research Call - Analysis of learning from the sanitation surcharge experience in Quelimane and Beira (Mozambique)

Hi Elisabeth

Many thanks for noticing this!

We will absolutely report results of the Mozambique study here on SuSanA, though it'll be a couple of months before we have stuff to report. This is being led by Ana Rita Ramos of Portugal-based consultancy Hidrozono.

Related to this, please see brief summary of findings of a recent study by Aquaya, also commissioned under the Urban Sanitation Research Initiative, looking at willingness of water utility customers to pay a pro-poor sanitation surcharge...

www.wsup.com/blog/are-water-utility-cust...-income-communities/

Please watch out for more detailed results of this research, and next steps, coming soon! We were really happy with this study: it demonstrated clear and substantial willingness to pay, and we're optimistic that this is going to lead to real change on the ground.

Also related to this is another piece of research starting soon, looking at a related model in Ghana: ring-fencing of a proportion of property tax to support slum sanitation. We're currently reviewing bids for this work, and would expect to put an introductory blog-post out within the next month.

Associated with this research around redistributive tax/cross-subsidy models, under the Urban Sanitation Research Initiative we're also doing work around the costs of urban sanitation solutions....

1) Literature review by Loic Daudey, now Most Read article (yay!) in the Journal of Water, Sanitation & Hygiene for Development: washdev.iwaponline.com/content/early/201.../22/washdev.2017.058

2) Recently commenced project on costs versus WTP, led by Aquaya... www.wsup.com/blog/mind-the-gap/

So under the Urban Sanitation Research Initiative, we are doing and will be doing a body of work around what high-quality slum solutions really cost; how much of this cost slumdwellers can reasonably be expected to pay; what therefore the financing gap is; and how this gap can potentially be covered by mechanisms including sanitation surcharges, ring-fenced components of specific taxes, and general allocations from municipal and national general budgets. We're striving hard to ensure that all this research that doesn't just produce nice academic journal publications, but also has real influence on policy. But hey, that's going to take a bit of time!

We'll do our best to ensure that we put regular updates on SuSanA, which we know is the primary super-brilliant international knowledge hub for sanitation: so please keep up the great work!

Best regards - Guy
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  • muench
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Re: Research Call - Analysis of learning from the sanitation surcharge experience in Quelimane and Beira (Mozambique)

Dear Guy,

Thanks for your detailed reply. I have moved this thread into our category on costs and financing now so that it's easier to find it again in future.

For those who don't know (this included myself until a few moments ago): WTP stands for Willingness to pay in Guy's post, not water treatment plant.
Wikipedia has this to say about Willingness to pay: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Willingness_to_pay (article could be improved)

Oh and thanks for your words of praise about SuSanA - made my day!! :-)

About that cost comparison work that you mentioned: I had a quick look at the IWA article that you linked to ( washdev.iwaponline.com/content/early/201.../22/washdev.2017.058 ). I always find it hard to get my head around a methodology where people compare sewer systems with UDDTs. To me that makes no sense. The UDDT will always come out cheaper than the sewer system but it only does part of the job: it only deals with excreta whereas the sewer system deals with excreta plus greywater plus perhaps even wastewater from small industries. So how could this sensibly be compared?

I tried to find a solution for this in your paper and only found this which touches on this issue but does not really resolve it:

An option to undertake such analysis is to compare costs to the level of service provided by each sanitation system. A methodology to assess service level has for instance been designed by the IRC WASHCost initiative (Potter et al. 2010) and proposes a sanitation ladder comprising five levels of service (no service, limited, basic, improved and highly improved), based on four main criteria: accessibility, use, reliability and environmental protection. The authors suggest that a different ladder shall be assigned separately for excreta and urine management, for greywater, and for solid waste.


Loïc Daudey has probably addressed this in the paper elsewhere and I probably didn't grasp it fully yet.

Regards,
Elisabeth

Community manager and chief moderator of this forum via SEI project ( www.susana.org/en/resources/projects/details/127 )

Dr. Elisabeth von Muench
Independent consultant in Brisbane, Australia
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Twitter: @EvMuench
Sanitation Wikipedia project leader: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:WikiProject_Sanitation
E-mail me to get involved: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
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