Update of Factsheet 9a: Sanitation as a business

  • LeonieKappauf
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Re: Update of Factsheet 9a: Sanitation as a business

Dear working group members,

I am happy to inform you that we have received further contribution for the factsheet. I have taken the liberty to incorporate some of the obvious comments. I have, however, left those which require further discussion and debate amongst the working group members.

Please feel free to make comments and post suggestions.

I look forward to hearing from you soon.

Best regards

Leonie

(Intern at GIZ "Sustainable sanitation - ecosan" program)

Leonie Kappauf
Water & Sanitation Consultant

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  • LeonieKappauf
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Re: Update of Factsheet 9a: Sanitation as a business

Dear working group members,

I am happy to inform you that we have received further contributions for the factsheet.

Dorothee contributed some information about the activities of international centre for water management services - cewas as an exciting example for the support for business start-ups in the field of sustainable sanitation and water resource management. I think this information broadens the perspective of the factsheet, since it adds an example for capacity development and knowledge transfer for sanitation businesses. Please read the new paragraph in the attached new version of the factsheet.

Still, there are a lot of comments open for discussion. Please make further comments and/or post suggestions, so that we can finalise the factsheet soon.

Thank you all for your contributions so far.

I look forward to hearing from you soon.

Best regards

Leonie

Leonie Kappauf
Water & Sanitation Consultant

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  • tmsinnovation
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Re: Update of Factsheet 9a: Sanitation as a business

Hi all

Whilst reviewing the WG 9a factsheet, I will be raising some interesting questions as I come across them in a number of posts. In addition I shall be adding a few opinions here and there too.

In my first post I was wanting to ask if anyone had further examples of social entrepreneurs or entrepreneurs in general that launched businesses in the 1990's in the sanitation area in developing countries?

As in the factsheet this paragraph appears in the introduction on page 1 and is still rather vague:
"Applying the market based approach in developing countries began to take root in the late 1990's, when a diverse group of social entrepreneurs started launching projects by exploring creative and income generating solutions to inadequate waste management, and addressing water and sanitation deficiencies through social enterprise business models."

There is only one example in the factsheet, namely "The Clean Shop" started almost sixteen years ago by Trevor Mulaudzi, that supports the above paragraph.

Please post some more examples here in the forum.
Looking forward to your posts!
Trevor

Trevor Surridge
Project Coordinator
Climate-friendly sanitation services in peri-urban areas of Lusaka (CFS-Lusaka) project
German Development Cooperation

GIZ Water Programme office
Chaholi Rd. No 5, Rhodes Park
Private Bag RW 37x
Lusaka, Zambia
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  • LeonieKappauf
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Re: Update of Factsheet 9a: Sanitation as a business

Hi Trevor,
That’s a very valid point. Unfortunately, there seem to be very few well documented experiences of sanitation entrepreneurs. I don’t have an example of an individual entrepreneur but UNICEF had a Rural Sanitation Marts (RSM) programme starting in 1990 in India (state of Uttar Pradesh). However, the evaluation of the programme indicated that the RSM concept has not been as successful as initially hoped as many of the RSMs turned out to be not economically viable. You can find a description of the programme in:

Kolsky, P. et al., 2000. Learning from Experience: evaluation of UNICEF's Water and Environmental Sanitation Programme in India,1966-1998. New York: UNICEF. www.unicef.org/evaldatabase/files/IND_2000_800.pdf (p.48)

Best regards

Leonie

Leonie Kappauf
Water & Sanitation Consultant

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Re: Update of Factsheet 9a: Sanitation as a business

Hi Leonie and working group 9

The factsheet brings up the discussion about donor versus business effectiveness.
Before adding further fuel to this discussion, I was wondering whether it may be better to start a different thread in this regard. As a really constructive debate could arise out of this, and although that would be great, it may distract the required attention that is needed to resolve the open questions and issues still in the factsheet 9 on Sanitation as a business!

Let me know ASAP.
Regards
Trevor

Trevor Surridge
Project Coordinator
Climate-friendly sanitation services in peri-urban areas of Lusaka (CFS-Lusaka) project
German Development Cooperation

GIZ Water Programme office
Chaholi Rd. No 5, Rhodes Park
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  • LeonieKappauf
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Re: Update of Factsheet 9a: Sanitation as a business

Hi Trevor,

I agree that a new thread would be useful. I would however suggest discussing not only donor vs. business effectiveness but also the role of governments in this context. For example:
Who is able to carry out effective marketing campaigns? Are private businesses able to carry out marketing campaigns that trigger a behavior change or is it only realistic to expect that they can advertise a certain product/technology but need to be supported by parallel governmental campaigns?

Are businesses able to create markets for sanitation products or would it be more effective that the government regulates a certain standard of sanitation?

What do you think - are these aspects somehow similar to what you had in mind?

Regards
Leonie

Leonie Kappauf
Water & Sanitation Consultant

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  • ben
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Re: Update of Factsheet 9a: Sanitation as a business

Hi Leonie,

Thanks for the subject and factsheets, very interesting.
I had this discussion on the ecosanres form a few years ago and I'm always greatful to see new examples of sustainable business worldwide.
However I see you speaking about sanitation marketing in a bit of a shy way, I mean I feel in your publication that if there's no proper re-use of the treated excreta then it can't be mentioned, I think it's a bit sad. Maybe it is because you talk only about projects from members of Susana, in which case I would be totally wrong.

Anyway, I beleive it would be interesting to mention one of the Cambodian sanitation marketing projects which together represent more than 25 000 latrine sold sustainibly last year.
From IDE :
www.makingsanitationeasy.com/index.php?o...icle&id=20&Itemid=34
From Watershed/lienaid :
www.watershedasia.org/sanitation-marketing/

and the great compilation of documents from washplusweekly on the subject :
us2.campaign-archive1.com/?u=ed50820bda8...5f0b49f&e=03a7c6b499

I agree on the fact that probably very few people in these programs will purchase a second pit and use them alternatvely to reuse safely the sanitized sludge but double pit pour flush latrines should still be considered as eco-san if well used.

I hope I wasn't too critical when I actually really enjoyed reading your factsheet Leonie, thanks again for sharing.

Best Regards,

Ben
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  • LeonieKappauf
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Re: Update of Factsheet 9a: Sanitation as a business

Dear Ben,

thank you very much for your comments and sharing these links – I particularly like the compilation of projects and documents.

We are always excited to learn about new successful sanitation projects – whether they have a reuse component or not – and we try to incorporate many different examples in our factsheets.
I agree that the Cambodian example is an outstanding example for the combination of innovative design and smart marketing that should not be neglected in our discussion.
Working group 9 has actually produced two factsheets (9a on Sanitation as a business and Factsheet 9b on Public awareness raising and sanitation marketing), which are currently both in the process of reviewing. In factsheet 9b we have included the Cambodian “Easy Latrine” campaign as an example for sanitation marketing programmes.

My colleague Doreen uploaded the new version of factsheet 9b last night and you can find it here: forum.susana.org/forum/categories/62-wg-...sanitation-marketing

Please do not hesitate to let us know about any comments you have on the Cambodian example (or any other section) of the factsheet.
As you may know, the Secretariat of the Sustainable Sanitation Alliance is currently in the process of finalising a factsheet book. We are preparing a factsheet book that will comprise of 13 thematic factsheets.
Therefore, we would be delighted to receive further input to the content of the factsheet as soon as possible so that we could have a final version and print the book.

Kind regards,

Leonie

Leonie Kappauf
Water & Sanitation Consultant

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  • tmsinnovation
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Re: Update of Factsheet 9a: Sanitation as a business

Dear Working Group 9

Leonie and myself have spent a fair amount of time working on the factsheet. We have completely restructured the introductory and background parts of the factsheet. The reasoning for this was that the factsheet was making references to many different concepts without explaining them properly. A lot of these concepts are very interesting but not so relevant for a factsheet on "Sanitation as a Business". In addition we felt that the factsheet gave a too long and too confusing introduction so that we might lose the interest of the reader before they actually reached the core part of the factsheet. Consequently we tried to focus the factsheet and cut down words quite a bit, with the previously attached draft being around 10 pages and the attached versions to this post are back inside the 8 pages standard. Editing focussed on:
  • Some restructuring and formatting was also necessary to adapt the factsheet to the common style guideline of all factsheets (such as changes in numbering and starting with a summary instead of key messages).
  • We tried to include more “hard facts” and cut down parts that was mainly speculation. For example this concerned the case for the section on nutrient reuse which is now a box instead of an example as it is rather a theoretical model.
There are still some open questions in the example section:
  1. Ecoloove: Have urine or sanitised faeces already been sold or is this still only planned?
  2. Ikotoilets: What is meant by the sentence: “The committee members generate additional revenue with the activities within the “toilet malls”
  3. Collection and safe disposal or reuse: We still need a reference for this sentence: “On-site sanitation (septic tanks and pit latrines) in cities of developing countries is used by about one-third of the world’s population.” – Aleksandra provided a reference (see the link in the comment in the document) but the publication is marked as “not for citation”
  4. The Clean Shop: “An approach is taken that includes getting parents involved in the welfare of their children when they are at school. “ Does this mean that parents clean the toilets?
Moreover there is still some writing to be done to lift this factsheet to a level of quality that the whole group can be proud of. The Outlook at the moment needs attention as currently it ends with the following paragraph:

"In terms of sanitation for the Base of the Pyramid, social entrepreneurs can work together with the lowest income group within the BOP, and employ and train them for product maintenance and services."

Surely: The BOP is important, and so are social entrepreneurs, and currently this sentence puts it across in a blasé tone?

With respect to the attachments to this post
  1. One Doc
  2. One Docx
  3. One PDF
Please view the PDF version to get a look and feel for the end product, as the MS Word docs have track changes in them, which sometime makes a quick skim read difficult.

As the deadline for the compiled factsheet book is looming, we would like to make a last call for input to this version of the factsheet on Sanitation as a Business and will be incorporating feedback received up to and including Friday the 2 December 2011.

We look forward to your comments, input, excellent references and rephrasing of paragraphs here and there.

Kind regards
Trevor

P.S. Leonie will be sending an email around on the working group's mailing list for those that prefer answering via email.
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Trevor Surridge
Project Coordinator
Climate-friendly sanitation services in peri-urban areas of Lusaka (CFS-Lusaka) project
German Development Cooperation

GIZ Water Programme office
Chaholi Rd. No 5, Rhodes Park
Private Bag RW 37x
Lusaka, Zambia

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  • ecoloove
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Re: Update of Factsheet 9a: Sanitation as a business

Dear Trevor,

referring to this question:
"Ecoloove: Have urine or sanitised faeces already been sold or is this still only planned?"

No, it has not yet been sold. We're collaborating with a farmer who're interesting in buying it during the pilot test.

Please feel free to email us if there're more unanswered comments from our side.

All the best,

Annamaja, founder of Ecoloove
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  • emmanuel
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Re: Update of Factsheet 9a: Sanitation as a business

Dear Trevor,

I anderstand your position but if you put as a title "Sanitation as a business", you can not get away what it is done in Europe and US. And what is said in the discussions is also concerning all the other contries.
It is very interested to see that perception of dry toilets in not good in all the countries and we have to work on attractivity perhaps more than other subjects. The removal of UD toilets in GIZ is a good exemple.
If we do not accept dry toilets in Europe and US, why do we want to promote them in other countries ?
This is for me a very important subject we have to think about it.

Regards

Emmanuel

Emanuel Morin
Ecodomeo - France
www.ecodomeo.com
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Re: Update of Factsheet 9a: Sanitation as a business

Hi Annamaja

Thank you for your reply to our open question, much appreciated. We shall include this clarification in the factsheet. We hope all is going well with all of Ecoloove's initiatives.

Kind regards
Trevor

Trevor Surridge
Project Coordinator
Climate-friendly sanitation services in peri-urban areas of Lusaka (CFS-Lusaka) project
German Development Cooperation

GIZ Water Programme office
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Private Bag RW 37x
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