WASH In Schools minimum standards?

  • amagugu
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WASH In Schools minimum standards

Hello fellow participants,

A quick question regarding WASH in Schools (sanitation) minimum standards. While the toilet standards are clear and straight forward for disaster situations (1 toilet:30 girls & 1 toilet:60 boys - Sphere), I'm struggling to get the most accurate global standards during normal/development situations. Anything specific to Pakistan would even be more appreciated.

Kind Regards,

Al
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  • JKMakowka
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Re: WASH In Schools minimum standards

I don't think there are global standard, normally there should be some sort of national building codes or local by-laws that specify these.

There is however this document from UNICEF that can give some guidance:
www.unicef.org/publications/files/CFS_WASH_E_web.pdf

A bit of quick "googling" found me this for KPK in Pakistan:
lgkp.gov.pk/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/T...ng-Bye-laws-2017.pdf
(see page 20 for the school toilet numbers)

Microbiologist & emergency WASH specialist
WASH news aggregator at: news.watsan.eu
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  • amagugu
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Re: WASH In Schools minimum standards

Great, many thanks Kris.
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  • cecile
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  • I am a free lance environmental consultant. I undertake socio-economic studies and research in sanitation projects and translations. I am a former business developer for Ecodomeo (vermicomposting UD toilets manufacturer).
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Re: WASH In Schools minimum standards

Hi,

WaterAid has been working on the topic of Menstrual Hygiene Management in Schools in Pakistan and in their country snapshot (presented in sacosan this year) you can find the following data:
"Toilet to schoolgirl ratio (WHO standard = 1:25)
The national standard is 1:40 for girls (and 1:50 for boys). No data is available on actual figures."

I attached the snapshot so you can find further references (such as the Wins' strategic Plan 2017 - 2022) that can be useful for your research.
Kindly note that while standards are of course very useful, one of the key issues is to keep toilets accessible and functional in the long term through operational maintenance systems and financial provisions. The life cycle cost analysis, which enables to plan the financial resources needed such as Operating and minor expenditures, Capital Maintenance Expenditure, Cost of Capital, etc (see IRC's Life Cycle Cost Approach tools) is a very useful tool to ensure that sanitation infrastructure remains operational indefinitely. This is very much needed in schools where unfortunately nicely built infrastructure is more often than not, nonfunctional after just a few years.
Best regards,

Cécile

Cécile Laborderie
MAKATI Environnement

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  • amagugu
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Re: WASH In Schools minimum standards

Very useful attachment from Water Aid, much appreciated Cécile,

Cheers,
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