Resilient Urban Sanitation Response Framework


  • depinder
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  • Depinder Kapur is a senior development professional with experience in WASH, Livelihoods and NRM.
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Resilient Urban Sanitation Response Framework

Please find attached a Framework we developed as an organic engagement in Covid 19 Urban Sanitation Response in India.

This framework may please be seen as a de colonisation of WASH Knowledge input. Designed as a simple practitioners framework, identifying priorities that we experienced and find missing in most international frameworks coming out today for Covid 19 and city response, that are not rooted in the reality of a country context.

In this case, sanitation workers safety, the timeliness, appropriateness and effectiveness of the sanitation response -  was a gap that we could identify and tried to plug through this Framework. Hence its practical approach. 

We applied this framework to a documentation of Covid 19 and city sanitation response( of 20 Indian cities and will be happy to share that report when ready.

Comments, suggestions and critique of the Framework most welcome.
Depinder Kapur is a senior Development and WASH expert and is currently leading the Sanitation Capacity Building Platform of National Institute of Urban Affairs in New Delhi that is focussed on non sewered sanitation systems( He has worked with AKRSP, SPWD, CARE(Director NRM), Oxfam(Program & Advocacy Director), WaterAid India(Country Head) and WSSCC(National Coordinator).

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  • paresh
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  • Budding WASH researcher, especially interested in governance, public policy, finance, politics and social justice. Architect, Urban & Regional planner by training, Ex. C-WAS, India. I am a patient person :)
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Re: Resilient Urban Sanitation Response Framework

Thank you Depinder for posting this excellent resource.

To me it is also an excellent example of operationalising the Rapid Action Learning (RAL) framework developed by Prof. Robert Chambers and his colleagues at IDS. It is available on the forum here:

Like RUSR, the RAL framework also emphasises on timely, relevant and actionable inputs to policy makers. I think, many would agree that such a framework is extremely important when the area of scholarship is rapidly evolving (such as CoVID-19) or a programme is being implemented in a mission mode (such as SBM). 

I agree that such frameworks that emerge from the Global South are more rooted and respond to ground realities often not addressed or inadequately addressed by frameworks developed by researchers in the Global North. However, I am curious why you mention that this resource be seen as an effort of decolonising WASH sector knowledge? Are you hinting at classifying future publications as those that contribute or not to decolonisation of knowledge? If yes, what criteria should we use to classify? 

I look forward to the report based on application of the framework in 20 cities. I think it will be interesting to understand and compare how their responses were different.

Paresh Chhajed-Picha
Researcher at Indian Institute of Technology - Bombay, India
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