A reflection on the development and implications of the Kenya Environmental Sanitation and Hygiene Policy 2016-2030


  • Chaiwe
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  • Independent consultant (strategic planning, project management and M&E in WASH, climate action and, gender and HIV) and Part-time Solid Waste Management Lecturer at the University of Zambia.
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A reflection on the development and implications of the Kenya Environmental Sanitation and Hygiene Policy 2016-2030

Dear All, 

Picking up from the discussion here  about the definition of Sanitation, In which Elisabeth shared a link to the Kenya Environmental Sanitation and Hygiene Policy 2016-2030 that contains some contributing information to the discussion on the definition of Sanitation. A realisation was made on how comprehensive and insightful the document is and offers the sector some great learning points with respect to policy development.

Elisabeth in her post asked: 

Do any of our Kenyan SuSanA members have any insight into the background on how this document was written? The acknowledgements section does list a number of organisations and people who were involved. 

The new policy stems from the 2007 policy The National Environmental Sanitation and Hygiene Policy (NESHP). That envisioned an enabling environment motivating all Kenyans to improve their hygiene behaviourand environmental sanitation through access and support to enjoy a dignified quality of life in
a hygienic and sanitary environment free from suffering ill health caused by poor sanitation. 

The new policy (The KESHP) has grown to  propose a range of complementary activities including the provision of sanitationservices and maintenance of sanitary facilities for proper collection, treatment, and environmentally
sound disposal of liquid and solid wastes, water treatment and safety, promotion of hygiene
practices, public education, sanitation marketing, regulation, and legislation supported by clearly
mandated institutions, sustainable financing, and research and development. This is in light of  challenges in the management of wastes associated
with Kenya’s growing economy and rapid urbanization.

The policy further supports the building of international, national, county and community partnerships with the privatesector and civil society through effective public sector facilitation, coordination and investment and covers both urban and rural areas.

Find the policy here:  www.wsp.org/sites/wsp.org/files/publicat...Hygiene%20Policy.pdf
Co-moderator SuSanA forum
(Under consultancy contract with Skat Foundation funded by WSSCC)

Chaiwe Mushauko-Sanderse BSc. NRM, MPH
Independent consultant located in Lusaka, Zambia
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Twitter: @ChaiweSanderse

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  • Charlesoyaya1
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  • Founder and Executive Director of the International Development Institute - Africa (IDIA) and IDIA College of Technology and Development Studies. Has been serving as World Bank Short Term Consultant on Sanitation Policy, Strategy and Legislation since 2014.
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Re: Article on A reflection on the development and implications of the Kenya Environmental Sanitation and Hygiene Policy 2016-2030

Dear All 

I am glad to share an article on the development of the Kenya Environmental  Sanitation and Hygiene Policy 2016-2030. The Article provides a comprehensive overview of the background, rationale and process of the policy development and its implication. I hope you will find it useful and informative. I was privileged to lead the process  from the start and to the end and therefore, much of the content is from my first hand experience.

Should you have any point of clarification or question,  please feel free to raise me up.

With best regards

Charles Oyaya, PhD

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