India bans human waste scavenging - and the definition of manual scavenging

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  • joeturner
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Re: India bans human waste scavenging - and the definition of manual scavenging

It seems the "septic tank" cleaning is relevant because there have been cases of manual scavengers dying whilst working inside a septic tank:

timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Modis-...cleshow/44936375.cms
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  • joeturner
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Re: India bans human waste scavenging - and the definition of manual scavenging

Also this is an interesting document relating to an ecosan project - manual scavenging is eliminated because everyone empties their own latrine..

esa.un.org/iys/docs/UN%20Presentation_Pradeep.pdf
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  • selva4meena
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Re: Elimination of Manual Scavenging

"Elimination of dry latrines/ sewers/ septic tanks/sewage appurtances/ sewage treatment plants and manual scavenging and the rehabilitation of manual scavengers in alternate occupations in has been an area of high priority for the Indian Government.
Despite the concerted efforts made in the past to eliminate the dehumanizing practice of manual scavenging, the practice still persists in various parts of the country. Existing laws have not proved adequate in eliminating the twin evils of insanitary latrines and manual scavenging from the country. These evils are inconsistent with the right to live with dignity which is an essence of the Fundamental Rights guaranteed in Part III of the Constitution.
1. As on today no developed manual on confined entry program / Occupational Safety and Health - OSHA- exists in India for sewer workers.
2. Besides available Personal Protection Equipment - PPE- are conventional with little modernization.
3. Indian Sanitation sector has separated/partially separated/ combined sewerage systems in OFF SITE SANITATION and Latrines/ septic tanks in ON-SITE SANITATION methods.

Owing to these several in human practices as well deaths are happening in Indian Sanitation Sector.

a ) What are all the Technological Solutions available for the above " Elimination of Manual Scavenging "
b ) how the other global nations solved these issues ?
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  • Elisabeth
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  • I'm passionate about SuSanA's role in the WASH sector since about 2005. I'm a freelance consultant since 2012 (former roles: program manager, lecturer, process engineer for wastewater treatment plants)
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Re: Elimination of Manual Scavenging

Dear Meenakshisundaram,

I've moved your post into this existing thread which might answer some of your questions (please scrol up and note there are two pages to the discussion).

Do you find any answers there?
Technologies and fecal sludge management processes exist to overcome the issues with unsafe emptying of pit latrines, septic tanks and bucket toilets.
See also here on fecal sludge management (emptying and transport):
forum.susana.org/99-faecal-sludge-transp...its-and-septic-tanks

The term "manual scavenging" is quite specific to India and related to the problems with eliminating the caste system, right?
It is described here in the Wikipedia article on manual scavenging:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manual_scavenging

Would you agree with this assessment or not really?

Regards,
Elisabeth
Dr. Elisabeth von Muench
Independent consultant located in Ulm, Germany
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Twitter: @EvMuench
Founder of WikiProject Sanitation: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:WikiProject_Sanitation
My Wikipedia user profile: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:EMsmile
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