To use the Google Translation function we need to know if you agree to use those external service. You can change your settings any time via this link or the menu item in footer menu. For more information visit our Data Policy
The automatic translation service in the sidebar on this website is performed by Google Translate, a third-party service which we have no control over. Google collects, stores and processes information to provide users with better services. By using the services of Google Translate you express your explicit consent that your data will be transmitted, stored, processed etc. according to Art. 6 (1) (a) DSGVO/GDPR.
The top 12 development journals published a total of 18,329 papers during the period 2000‒2020. Of these, only 51 focused on sanitation and related issues, which are the focus of this review. Results were mixed on the efficiency of sanitation delivery since political factors and administrative characteristics vary across locations.
Accountability and leadership, especially at the local level, appear to be important driving forces. There is a need for more case studies that analyze what works, and what does not, in specific locations. Also, further studies will have to investigate how to influence the norms, traditions, and beliefs toward favorably supporting household sanitation decisions.
Additionally, governments should enhance their social welfare programs to address socioeconomic inequalities (i.e., income, gender, and rural-urban disparities), which also critically affect individual and household sanitation investments. Efforts at national and international levels are needed to encourage research on the various dimensions of sanitation.
Please Log in to join the conversation.You need to login to reply