Sustainable Sanitation Practice Journal Number 26: Composting


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  • F H Mughal
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Re: Low-Cost Composting

Low-Cost Composting

The issue 26 of Sustainable Sanitation Practice contains articles on composting. The third article is on: Low cost composting options: the case-study of the Municipalities of Argos–Mycenae and Nafplio, Greece.

The article provides information on a low cost composting system within a decentralised solid waste management plant, with the prospect of the wider transferability of such schemes in other similar regions or developing countries.

The authors, Christina Chroni, Anna Karkazi, Thrassyvoulos Manios, Evaggelos Terzis, Kostantinos Abeliotis, Katia Lasaridi, presents the design of a low cost composting system, designed as integral part of the municipal solid waste management plant of two Municipalities in Peloponnese, Greece, the municipalities of Argos-Mycenae and Nafplio.

The composting system consists of covered windrows with mechanical turning and can treat approximately 13,800 tons per year, producing about 7,400 tons of finished (refined) compost on an annual base. The operation of the decentralised MSW management plant in these two municipalities is anticipated to replace the current uncontrolled land disposal sites, enhance the environmental protection and prepare the ground for the acceptance and operation of a large-scale centralised Mechanical-Biological Treatment (MBT) plant. The transferability of this system in developing countries or regions facing similar waste generation and management issues is considered high and economically feasible.

The operation of the decentralized MSW management plant is anticipated to provide the following benefits to the municipalities:

• A significant amount of packaging and organic waste will be diverted from landfilling

• CH4 emissions and leachates in the sanitary landfills will be mitigated

• Hazardous/toxic substances in the composition of waste will be eliminated

• The decentralised plant will cost less and provide better working environment than a centralised one

• It will prepare the public to accept the construction and operation of a large-scale plant within the administrational boundaries of Peloponnese Region.

Those interested in composting will find the paper useful and informative. The third paper of this issue is available at:

The whole issue is available at:

F H Mughal
F H Mughal (Mr.)
Karachi, Pakistan

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  • Elisabeth
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Re: Sustainable Sanitation Practice #26 Composting

Dear Paul,
Thanks for pointing this out.
I found this link on their website, it seems to work:

Dr. Elisabeth von Muench
Freelance consultant on environmental and climate projects
Located in Ulm, Germany
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  • donahupa
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Re: Sustainable Sanitation Practice #26 Composting


The link to issue 26 doesn't work. Would it be possible to repost the message with the proper link?


Paul Donahue
Editor/Communication Specialist
Paul Donahue
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Telefon +41 58 765 5059
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  • Langergraber
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Sustainable Sanitation Practice Journal Number 26: Composting

I am happy to announce that issue 26 of the Sustainable Sanitation Practice (SSP) journal is avaialble online at .

Besides sanitation, solid waste management plays an important role in improving the hygienic conditions in cities. There are several strong links between sanitation and solid waste management. In sanitation systems without sewers, urine, faecal matter and faecal sludge have to be collected from the single households such as solid waste. Faecal matter as well as sludge from wastewater treatment plants can be treated by composting to produce fertiliser.

Issue 26 of the SSP journal comproses the following four contributions:
• Erwin Binner describes the fundamentals of composting and the requirements for producing good compost in the first paper.
• In the second paper, the composting facility for separately collected biowaste of the City of Vienna is described by Wojciech Rogalski.
• The design of a composting plant in Greece for about 77'000 inhabitants is shown in the third paper by Christina Chroni et al.
• The last paper by Christoph Engelhardt and colleagues describes field trials with compost from wastewater treatment plants in China.

The contributions for this issue have been collected with the help of Erwin Binner from the Institute of Waste Management at the University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna (BOKU).

With best regards,
Guenter Langergraber
Dr Guenter Langergraber
Senior Scientist
Institute of Sanitary Engineering
BOKU University
Vienna, Austria
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