Efficiency and management of faecal sludge in Bangladesh - and the biggest leak in the service delivery chain (a study in 12 cities)

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  • phawkins
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Re: The Biggest Leak in the Delivery Chain: Why We Need to Focus on Fecal Sludge Management

Dear all,

My name is Peter Hawkins and this is my first post on this forum. I am the team leader for the Water and Sanitation Program (WSP, www.wsp.org) in Mozambique. I have been there since 2007.

We are currently also working a lot on fecal sludge management issues. Like the people who have written above in this thread, I also think it is very important to a) look at the whole chain and b) look at sustainable service models. It is not enough to only think of toilets and technologies! There is so much more to it...



We have put our findings in this publication which came out recently:
susana.org/lang-en/library/library?view=...eitem&type=2&id=1857

Hawkins, P., Blackett, I., and Heymans, C. (2013). Targeting the Urban Poor and Improving Services in Small Towns: Poor-Inclusive Urban Sanitation: An Overview. World Bank Water and Sanitation Program (WSP), Washington, USA.

I also gave a presentation about this framework or way of integrative thinking at the recent IWA conference in Nairobi:
www.susana.org/docs_ccbk/susana_download...ation-for-iwa-v2.pdf)

We have called this presentation “The Biggest Leak in the Delivery Chain: Why We Need to Focus on Fecal Sludge Management”. Subsequently, we moved on to looking in more detail at how fecal sludge management fits into the overall framework of urban sanitation. An initial look at 12 cities across Latina America, Africa, South Asia and East Asia shows just how leaky the chain is, with little more than a quarter of fecal sludge being effectively managed:



It is also worth noting that even sewerage systems fail to deal adequately with all the material collected, with well over half escaping due to faulty pumping stations, leaking sewers and inadequate treatment ( or no treatment at all).

WSP is now undertaking detailed studies in four cities (Santa Cruz, Bolivia; Freetown, Sierra Leone; Dhaka, Bangladesh; Balikpapan, Indonesia) and aims to publish diagnostic tools and guidelines for fecal sludge management early in 2015. We’re also working with WSUP (Water and Sanitation for the Urban Poor, www.wsup.com) to develop fecal sludge management services for low-income communities in Maputo, Mozambique

I hope you find the links useful, and I’ll be very happy to discuss any issues around fecal sludge management. For me, the most challenging issue in the FSM sphere is still simply getting municipal authorities and sanitation utilities to take the management of fecal sludge from latrines and septic tanks seriously, and to institute systematic emptying, transport, treatment and disposal services, affordable to the vast majority of poor urban dwellers who will continue to rely on on-site sanitation facilities for the foreseeable future.


Regards,
Peter

WSP - Worldbank, Mozambique
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  • former member
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Re: Efficiency and management of Vacutug

Wateraid Bangladesh has gained good results on treatment of Fecael sludge in Bangladesh, and I believe they are also part of your project team in Khulna, so I guess they could be the best source of information. As I understand, your main problem at this moment is having suitable land to build the treatment plant, which municipality needs to provide.

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  • franckconcern
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Re: Efficiency and management of Vacutug

I would say then, you have no other choice than planning some advocacy work at the local authority level. A study that clearly stresses out the urgent need for setting up a service for treating the feacal sludge could be a first step.

If you find another option, please let us know.

Cordialement
franck FLachenberg / Concern Worldwide
Franck Flachenberg| Environmental Health Technical advisor| Concern Worldwide
13-14 Calico House Clove hitch Quay | London SW11 3TN | UK
T +44 20 7801 1882 | M +44 75 12078776|franck.flachenberg@concern.net | Skype cw_franck.flachenberg|
W www.concern.net

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  • sahidul93
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Re: Efficiency and management of Vacutug

Thanks.
Actually the problem is, where there is no sewerage line and in Bangladesh except Dhaka (20% only)there is no sewerage line in any city/town. So, the problem is safe disposal without treatment plant.
Md.Sahidul Islam
Assistant WASH Officer
UNHCR, Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh
Mobile: +8801712124330
www.unhcr.org

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  • sahidul93
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Re: Efficiency and management of Vacutug

Thanks I must communicate with water for people.
Md.Sahidul Islam
Assistant WASH Officer
UNHCR, Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh
Mobile: +8801712124330
www.unhcr.org

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  • Roshan
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  • Program Officer, Water, Sanitation & Hygiene. Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
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Re: Efficiency and management of Vacutug

Hi Sahidul, you may discuss with colleagues from Water for People @'This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.'. They have developed very good business model might be useful for Khulna project.





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Note by moderator (EvM):
The mentioned project by Water for People is being described and discussed here on the forum:
forum.susana.org/forum/categories/97-ena...-malawi-uganda-india

Sherina from Water for People will also be part of the expert talk on 7 November - you can join this webinar and ask her questions, for details see here:
forum.susana.org/forum/categories/139-ge...nment-institute#6195
Roshan Shrestha,PhD
Senior Program Officer
Global Development Division
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene
Seattle - WA
Tel: +206 770 2453
email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
www.gatesfoundation.org

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  • pkjha
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  • Working for over 30 years in the fields of sanitation, biogas from human wastes, septage management, waste water treatment in rural as well as urban areas in India and other developing countries.
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Re: Efficiency and management of Vacutug

I worked with one Vacutug, provided by the UNHABITAT, Nairobi, way back in 2007 in Delhi. It is suitable for slum/ resettlemnt colonies to clean septage from septic tanks where normal sludge tanker fitted with pump can't move due to space constraint.The system is for emptying tank not for treatment of septage. Normally such septage is discharged in manhole of sewer ( where available) or anywhere in open ground/ drains. Safe disposal of septage is always a problem where no treament is provided by the local authority.
Pawan Jha
Chairman
Foundation for Environment and Sanitation
Mahavir Enclave
New Delhi 110045, India
Web: www.foundation4es.org
Linked: linkedin.com/in/drpkjha
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  • sahidul93
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Efficiency and management of faecal sludge in Bangladesh - and the biggest leak in the service delivery chain (a study in 12 cities)

We are going to launch a project of Fecal Sludge Management in Khulna City Corporation, Bangladesh with the Gates fund.
In Bangladesh, there are few vacutugs in several city/town. So far I know, collection and transportation are not big issue, but disposal is an important factor. As there is no treatment plant or safe disposal site, they may dispose here and there.

I will appreciate if anyone share about the efficiency (collection, transportation and disposal) and management of vacutug. Any social/other barriers regarding transportation?
Md.Sahidul Islam
Assistant WASH Officer
UNHCR, Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh
Mobile: +8801712124330
www.unhcr.org

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