Thematic Discussion on the SuSanA India Chapter - Convergent Actions for Improved WASH and Nutrition

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  • AjitSeshadri
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  • Marine Chief Engineer by profession (1971- present) and at present Faculty in Marine Engg. Deptt. Vels University, Chennai, India. Also proficient in giving Environmental solutions , Designation- Prof. Ajit Seshadri, Head- Environment, The Vigyan Vijay Foundation, NGO, New Delhi, INDIA , Consultant located at present at Chennai, India
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Re: Thematic Discussion on the SuSanA India Chapter - Convergent Actions for Improved WASH and Nutrition

Dear Dr Sujoy Majumdar, 

Indeed very pleased to feel your appreciation on the COD - concept. 

I have come across this COD concept on many occasions,  
One occasion was during Kerala Floods :
Witnessed  total eviction of communities from their habitats in 2016, 2017 and also again in 2019, 

In all these occasions CBOs under lead NGO .... Kutumbh, Trivandrum  had organised makeshift toilet spaces as for privacy and at high ground of many habitats .

I had been then associated with providing alternative power arrangements for ops of Signal Towers on restricted basis, using operable Trucks DC Supply for charging Batteries Etc.
I had become aware of this COD arrangement, this COD- mechanism reportedly was carried out to communities satisfaction..
Have sought more details,
I will give you when I get them.

This concept was again reported by CEPT on one of  their Quarterly Bulletin referring to Alternate arrangements for a large section of people during Maha Khumbh time at Prayag, UP.

I had referred to these details in my earlier posts in this SuSanA Forum.

With well wishes. 
Prof Ajit Seshadri 
The Vigyan Vijay Foundation Ngo,  New Delhi. 
Prof. Ajit Seshadri, Faculty in Marine Engg. Deptt. Vels University, and
Head-Environment , VigyanVijay Foundation, Consultant (Water shed Mngmnt, WWT, WASH, others)Located at present at Chennai, India
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  • sunetralala
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Re: Thematic Discussion on the SuSanA India Chapter - Convergent Actions for Improved WASH and Nutrition

Dear Sujoy da and Paresh,

The baseline report of 2016 is available at  pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PA00MM9F.pdf . The endline is available at  pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PA00TQ5Q.pdf .

Regards,
Sunetra
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  • nityajacob
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Re: Thematic Discussion on the SuSanA India Chapter - Convergent Actions for Improved WASH and Nutrition

Hi Ajit,

Please provide more information on COD if you have got it.

Regards,
Nitya
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  • AjitSeshadri
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  • Marine Chief Engineer by profession (1971- present) and at present Faculty in Marine Engg. Deptt. Vels University, Chennai, India. Also proficient in giving Environmental solutions , Designation- Prof. Ajit Seshadri, Head- Environment, The Vigyan Vijay Foundation, NGO, New Delhi, INDIA , Consultant located at present at Chennai, India
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Re: Thematic Discussion on the SuSanA India Chapter - Convergent Actions for Improved WASH and Nutrition

DearSuSanA  Forum  Members, 
Wish to bring to your kind notice the concept on COD-Controlled Open Defecation
This concept has been referred by me repeatedly in our SuSanAForum,  in my last post had referred to afew aspects as given  below:
 
1.General aspects on COD- Controlled Open Defecation :
  Explained by me on info available from the field:
One area used for 3 to 4  weeks by a section of communities, and identical space allocated for men, women and children and others in separate areas as decided by the Authorities.  The spaces would be in use and shut down in 3to 4 weeks or say monthly as convenient. When the spaces are changed over, the spaces used earlier goes for total cleanup and all bio- sludges ( night-soil)  removed and taken up forbio- composting. The process of composting ie conversion to compost happens in 4 to 6 weeks, depending on local weather conditions Etc. The bio- produces are duly utilised in respective agri- farms Etc. In a way the conversion process is
well sustained and maintained thus, for the desired results.     
This information has been highlighted and also explained by Government release  astitled below, refers :as attached 
Doc 1. Controlled Open Defecation COD pgs 36,37

2. COD  concept  has been explained  by Press release by UP Govtt. in one of their Quarterly Bulletin May, 2014  referring to Alternate arrangements for a large section of people during Maha Khumbh time at Prayag, UP. Site cleaning
and use of bio- sludges done with the process of bio- composting Etc.                                                 
This information has been highlighted and also explained by the concerned State Department vide their document as titled below, refers : as attached         .      
Doc 2. Toilets & Sanitation COD Kumbh May, 2014 .                              

3. One occasion was during Kerala Floods :Aug 2018
Witnessed  total eviction of communities fromtheir habitats in 2016, 2017 and also again in 2019, 
In all these occasions CBOs- Community Based Organisations  under lead NGO Kutumbhshree,Trivandrum  had organised makeshift toilet spaces as for privacy and at high ground of many habitats .                                                                                                                                                        This information has been highlighted and also explained by the concerned NGO vide their document as titled below, as attached          . Doc 3. Flood Relief Activities Kudumbashree Aug 2018   

I had referred to these details in my earlierposts in this SuSanA Forum.

With well wishes. 
Prof Ajit Seshadri 
The Vigyan Vijay Foundation Ngo,  New Delhi. 

Attachments  given :
1.ControlledOpen Defecation COD pgs 36,37.                                                                                                                                                                                    2.Toilets & Sanitation COD Kumbh May, 2014.                                                                                                                                                                                   
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3.Flood Relief Activities Kudumbashree Aug 2018   [/b]
Prof. Ajit Seshadri, Faculty in Marine Engg. Deptt. Vels University, and
Head-Environment , VigyanVijay Foundation, Consultant (Water shed Mngmnt, WWT, WASH, others)Located at present at Chennai, India

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  • nityajacob
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Re: Thematic Discussion on the SuSanA India Chapter - Convergent Actions for Improved WASH and Nutrition

Dear all,

I came across this article on NDTV today - swachhindia.ndtv.com/poshan-maah-2021-de...=home-ndtv_campaigns

Its an excellent analysis of why malnutrition continues to persist, and even increase, in India despite large national programmes. Part of the reason is the way they are executed. Another is the fall in incomes from 2015. But conspicuous by its absence is WASH - the article makes no mention of WASH programmes and linkages between water, sanitation and hygiene and improved health and nutrition. With respect to the experts from nutrition, who have been quoted, and NDTV, I would like to state that WASH is an important contributing factor for better nutrition. You can supplement and complement food all you want but if nutrients cannot be absorbed, you are stuck at ground level. And repeated episodes of diarrhoea, or infestation by intestinal worms (soil-transmitted helminths), compromise the ability of the body to absorb nutrients. And poor WASH is the main cause of both.

To be fair, the Ministry of Jal Shakti does a mention in the second last line.

Regards,
Nitya
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