I need training and sensitisation exercises to use in school for a UDDT (PNG - Papua New Guinea)

  • AaronTanner
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I need Training and sensitisation exercises to use in school for a Squat UDDT that is also large container based system

Dear all

I am working in PNG and have found some schools where some UDDT Toilets have been installed They are squat pan toilets pee forward or in urinals and poo in the hole behind. Poo is a container-based collection and dry matter needs to be added to work properly and reduce odors.

Of course, the toilets are poorly maintained and mis-used.

I need to intervene quickly with some A grade Session/lesson plans of activities that I can canabalise ort use off the shelf for
1. the teachers to use with the students to teach them proper use.
2. To teach Teachers and the PTA how to maintain the toilets

All inputs welcomed

Just an FYI I am going to have the containers removed and sit for 8 months to pasteurise in the sun and reduce pathogens- as setting up any meaningful FSM business is not appropriate in this rural environment and with how much time I have to support.
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  • muench
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Re: I need Training and sensitisation exercises to use in school for a Squat UDDT that is also large container based system

Dear Aaron,

Welcome to the SuSanA forum and sorry that your first post didn't yield any responses yet! I hope you didn't get disheartened, sometimes it is a matter of luck who spots a post first and has time to reply to it.
I am guessing that in the meantime you either found some training materials or made some up yourself?

We actually have loads of materials (posters, flyers, factsheets, photos, videos etc.) about how UDDTs should be used properly. Did you find them in the meantime in the SuSanA library? Here: www.susana.org/en/knowledge-hub/resource...publications/library
Just use the filters on the left of the page to filter by technology and type of resource. UDDTs and container-based systems are very popular with many of the long-standing SuSanA members so if you have particular questions, please don't hesitate to ask (and this time you're likely to get answers faster).

By the way, I can't imagine that placing barrels with faeces in the sun for 6 months will do very much in terms of pathogen kill. You'd probably have to spread it out to get the drying effect throughout. But I'd say rather focus on what you want to do with the material and then decide how much pathogen kill you need. For example, if it's not going to be used as fertiliser, you could just bury it under around 30 cm of soil, and not worry that much abour the remaining pathogens. What's happening with the urine at this site?

Is this project funded by a donor or is it something that the PNG government has set up itself?

Regards,
Elisabeth

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  • AaronTanner
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Re: Sizing questions UDDT in schools

Dear All

I am trying to verify whether or not some school system (already build and designed) is to the correct capacity I am pretty sure they are not but I want to check my sizing assumptions against somebody elses.

Please, can someone point me to the book or manual on sizing a UDDT system Vaults of CBS and the composting systems for schools of different ages? Most of the books I look at are focused on the home and the other manuals I look at don't seem to make explicit their calculations or assumptions.

Obviously, I am looking to verify the estimated Volume of Fecal Sludge and Leaves and Cover produced for different schools it is PNG so high fibre diet lots of Yams and sweet potatoes. A number of different day schools from elementary to secondary.

I can tell their largest school is well undersized and would also happily receive any suggestions on a very low maintenance and simplified process for onsite sludge composting system just to reduce the pathogen loads as a holding tank before I allow them to bury the composted sludge in the ground and cover. Or would this group suggest just building more UDDT toilets to close and seal during composting instead of resorting to a composting system.

Kind Regards Aaron
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  • DavidAlan
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Re: Reply: Sizing questions UDDT in schools

Aaron, if you email me I will put you in touch with Paramasivan in India and he will confirm - he has been responsible for constructing over 100 school UDDT systems!

Don't forget, most school children use school toilets for urinating, and not defecating. Most of our units have large numbers of urinals and far fewer "toilets" than you would think.

Best Regards

David Crosweller

+44 (0)7939 576504



www.sanitationfirst.org

PO Box 5328 Westbury, BA13 9BR

Registration Number 1070826
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  • AaronTanner
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Re: I need Training and sensitisation exercises to use in school for a Squat UDDT that is also large container based system

Dear Elizabeth
First my apologies for not replying.
Second, Thank you for your interest and support the materials you pushed me towards, they have been of great value. Although not in the format of Session plans or specific activity guides - the guidance posters and Lessons learned on what makes the difference is of real value.

There are a number of schools this project are supporting and each of these have various numbers of pupils.
Typically smaller schools are 100 to 160 pupils and a few larger schools which are 600 - 800 so entirely different beasts.

FYI - Some of the schools have built infrastructure based on inaccurate expectations of excreta and cover materials volume so the challenge is making a system that works.

For the smaller schools (I want complete independence of systems)
Urine diversions and urine - I am looking for the schools to use and apply the Urine locally on the Smallholdings of teachers and the school
Feces - I have to move schools form an undersized single vault system to some localised composting (only to reduce the pathogen load a before burying. I am converting them to a container based system where the container (200 litre PVC drum 3/4 full). Each container will be removed to a covered pathogen reduction area. In this area drums are every two weeks turned on a drum rotator/tumbler; then have a large PVC Pipe with holes drilled into it forced down the centre and left open top but with fixed fly screens until the two weeks later where the process is repeated. After six months the composted waste is buried planted with a banana tree, with some cover soil).

Larger School system I am still working on finding a good design for the feces composting system.
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  • AaronTanner
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Re: Reply: Sizing questions UDDT in schools

Dear David

Thank you for the call very much.
The first-hand account of experience was the kind of detailed understanding I needed to test the assumptions in this project :)

In the call, David stated - that the use of toilets in school is limited i.e. people naturally prefer to go more at home than at school this will, of course, be context specific and may depend on the type of facilities and security available at home.
His context (in his many projects in School UDDT are mainly in India and Sierra Leone ).
In these locations, he found that

single-sex 150 (12-18 pupils) day school - You can get by with a double vault UDDT, each vault of a little under 1 m3 would be sufficient (2-year rotation)

for a single-sex day school of 1,500 girls, they were using four Double Vault latrines (Presumably a slightly quicker rotation)

For Urine (in these day schools ) David estimated from their experience the volume of urine produced is between 150 ml and 200ml per pupil per day.
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  • mroach
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Re: I need Training and sensitisation exercises to use in school for a Squat UDDT that is also large container based system

Hey Aaron,

I am wondering if you could provide a bit more detail on what was anticipated in regards to the volume of feces generated by the smaller and larger schools and what is actually being produced/collected. I know that this data is context specific but I would love to know!

Best
Mary
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  • CWendland
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Re: Reply: Sizing questions UDDT in schools

Hi Aaron,

for UDDT in Schools, please find two Guidelines that give design criteria:
www.susana.org/en/knowledge-hub/resource.../library/details/714
www.susana.org/en/knowledge-hub/resource...library/details/2764

Best regards
Claudia

Claudia Wendland
Water and Sanitation Specialist
HAMBURG WASSER
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www.hamburgwasser.de
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  • AaronTanner
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Re: Reply: Sizing questions UDDT in schools

Thank you Claudia Good documents
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  • DavidAlan
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Re: I need Training and sensitisation exercises to use in school for a Squat UDDT that is also large container based system

Hello Mary. As I gave the previous information to Aaron it seemed only sensible that I reply.

We have built over 100 school UDDT systems that are used by over 65,000 children daily. It is difficult to be precise, but one of our largest schools has around 1,500 girls and four ecosan toilets (and 90 urinals) and the chambers in these are about one cubic metre. They are opened approximately every two years. This would be the same for most of our units.

To reiterate, our ecosan are used predominantly for urination as by the time children get to school most of them have already defecated.

Hope this help, David
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  • muench
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Re: I need training and sensitisation exercises to use in school for a UDDT (PNG - Papua New Guinea)

Hi Aaron,

This sounds like a very challenging project, converting existing non-functioning school UDDTs into something that works... What were the symptoms of the malfunctioning? Probably really bad odour and flies?

I am wondering who constructed those UDDTs in Papua New Guinea (PNG) and how your work is now funded? (I am always interested in the institutational setup and funding).

Regarding PNG we only have two documents in the library with a tag for PNG, perhaps they are of some use if you haven't seen them yet:

WaterAid Australia and International Water Centre (2008): Sharing Experiences: Sustainable sanitation in South East Asia and the Pacific
www.susana.org/en/knowledge-hub/resource...library/details/1269

WaterAid Australia, IWC, IRC (2010): Sharing experiences: Effective hygiene promotion in South-East Asia and the Pacific
www.susana.org/en/knowledge-hub/resource.../library/details/798

Regards,
Elisabeth

(P.S. I think I'll merge the two threads that you have started into one as they deal with the same project)

Community manager and chief moderator of this forum
funded via SEI project until January 2019 ( www.susana.org/en/resources/projects/details/127 )

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Independent consultant located in Brisbane, Australia
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Twitter: @EvMuench
Sanitation Wikipedia project leader: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:WikiProject_Sanitation
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