Normative Framework for State Level Capacity building for FSSM

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  • depinder
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  • Depinder Kapur is a senior development professional with experience in WASH, Livelihoods and NRM.
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Normative Framework for State Level Capacity building for FSSM

Under the Sanitation Capacity Building Platform(SCBP), the following framework for state level capacity building for FSM was developed by NIUA in 2018-19.

This is based on the experience of SCBP and partners of National FSM Alliance of India.
Depinder Kapur is an independent Senior Development and WASH expert. He was till recently leading the Sanitation Capacity Building Platform of National Institute of Urban Affairs in New Delhi that is focussed on non sewered sanitation systems( scbp.niua.org). He has worked with AKRSP, SPWD, CARE(Director NRM), Oxfam(Program & Advocacy Director), WaterAid India(Country Head) and WSSCC(National Coordinator).

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  • paresh
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  • Budding WASH researcher, especially interested in governance, public policy, finance, politics and social justice. Architect, Urban & Regional planner by training, Ex. C-WAS, India. I am a patient person :)
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Re: Normative Framework for State Level Capacity building for FSSM

Thank you Depinder for posting the normative framework. I feel this is an important document for members working on FSSM (or FSM) and supporting governments especially in the developing world, so I would like to bring it to your attention by posting in this thread again.

For members who may not know, SCBP in an initiative of the National Institute of Urban Affairs, India. It is a collaboration of reputed Indian and international research and training organisations; it works to build capacity of Governments for non-sewered sanitation. More information can be accessed from SuSanA project database here www.susana.org/en/knowledge-hub/projects/database/details/303
and their website scbp.niua.org/

The attached document also contains some insights of SCBP’s work and their journey.

The normative framework shared earlier is designed as a guide for organisations involved in supporting FSSM in rural and urban areas in India. Based on a consultative process, the following 7 steps are recommended. The supporting organisation can decide where to intervene based on the current status of the respective state government

Step 1: Developing a State Perspective, Strategy and Approach
Step 2: Securing buy-in for FSSM at the highest Administrative, Technical and Political Levels
Step 3: Developing a State FSSM Policy
Step 4: Developing Partnerships for Capacity Building and Training of Trainers
Step 5: Designing Targeted Capacity Building Modules and Method of delivery
Step 6: Promoting new research, documentation and dissemination
Step 7: Developing an Operational Strategy for FSSM

Depinder, it would be great if you could tell us more about how the framework has been received so far. I understand that these steps have evolved from experiences of various partners supporting governments at different stages. Have they identified any of these steps to be critical to take the agenda forward or have found steps where the process sometimes gets stuck? Finally, how have the governments responded?

Regards
paresh
Paresh Chhajed-Picha
Researcher at Indian Institute of Technology - Bombay, India
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  • depinder
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  • Depinder Kapur is a senior development professional with experience in WASH, Livelihoods and NRM.
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Re: Normative Framework for State Level Capacity building for FSSM

Hi Paresh,

The Normative Framework was developed for any agency wanting to engage with a state government in India for promoting FSM work, primarily from a Capacity Development engagement, and can also be applied for any decentralised non networked sanitation solutions initiative. Hence the primary audience was other development agencies - sharing with them what we learnt from experience in the Sanitation Capacity Building Platform(SCBP), how to engage with the state governments for promoting FSM. 

The Framework is not prescriptive. So if a state government has already issued a state level FSM policy, then you move straight into the next steps. 

At SCBP we dont prescribe partners what they should do. The capacity development training modules - requires strategic long term engagement. Most states in India now have a basic orientation and awareness of FSM. However as new officers join and the states who lag behind - Orientation Modules(1-3) remain relevant.

For the next set of advanced modules - the 3 modules on Planning, Technology and Financing : this requires , availability of the 3 set of training modules mentioned( 4-6) and time commitment to spared 3 to 5 days for each set of trainings. 

At SCBP we are relying on National Nodal Training Institutes to adopt both Orientation and Advanced Trainings as part of their curriculum of training of officials of states and Urban Local Bodies. We are also digitizing our Orientation Courses and making them scalable.

Hope this helps.

Thanks again for asking.
Depinder Kapur is an independent Senior Development and WASH expert. He was till recently leading the Sanitation Capacity Building Platform of National Institute of Urban Affairs in New Delhi that is focussed on non sewered sanitation systems( scbp.niua.org). He has worked with AKRSP, SPWD, CARE(Director NRM), Oxfam(Program & Advocacy Director), WaterAid India(Country Head) and WSSCC(National Coordinator).

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