Scaling City Institutions for India: Sanitation (Centre for Policy Research, India)

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Scaling City Institutions for India: Sanitation (Centre for Policy Research, India)

I am introducing a project in India here that is funded by the Gates Foundation and which consists of two phases and one supplementary grant. The information was sent to me by Shubhagato Dasgupta. The project aims to develop the evidence base around the importance of safe management of human waste in urban areas and new approaches that the government can take to make that happen. The research programme is studying cities in two different states: Udaipur in Rajasthan and Balasore in Odisha.

Title of grant: Scaling City Institutions for India: Sanitation

Name of lead organization: Centre for Policy Research
Primary contact at lead organization: Shubhagato Dasgupta, Senior Fellow
Grantee location: New Delhi, India
Developing country where the research is being carried out: India
Start and end date: Phase 1: 14.11.2012 to 30.11.2015, Phase 2: 09.11.2015 to 31.12.2018
Grant type (e.g. Global Challenges Explorations, Reinvent the Toilet Challenge, Other): Other
Grant size: Phase 1: $ 2,430,259 (as per BMGF grant database here ) and Phase 2: $ 3,183,202 (as per BMGF grant database here )

Short description of the project:

The Centre for Policy Research (CPR) has been one of India’s leading public policy think tanks since 1973. The Centre is a non-profit, independent institution dedicated to conducting research that contributes to a more robust public discourse about the structures and processes that shape life in India.

There are three main components of the project:

1. Scaling City Institutions for India: Sanitation (SCI-FI: Sanitation), Phase 1:
The research programme is studying cities in two different states- Udaipur in Rajasthan and Balasore in Odisha- to understand the reasons for poor sanitation and inform and support the state and city governments to pursue their goals of increasing access to safe and sustainable sanitation in urban areas.

2. SCI-FI Supplementary Grant, Project Nirmal:
Project Nirmal is a supplementary grant * of SCI-FI project and the overall vision of success of this project is the demonstration of sustainable sanitation service delivery for small towns leading to increased coverage of households through enabling institutional and financial arrangements and increased private sector participation. Duration of the project is January 2015-December 2017 and is implemented in Angul and Dhenkanal towns in Odisha. This project is being implemented with Practical Action on the ground in close collaboration with Housing and Urban Development Department of government of Odisha and ULBs of Angul and Dhenkanal. See also here: forum.susana.org/forum/categories/194-ci...olicy-research-india

* This is "supplementary" because it is still housed within the broader framework of the main SCI-FI Grant. The work and learnings from this supplementary action feed into the main project, particularly for state government engagement on sanitation service delivery city-wide in urban areas of Odisha. It is not a stand-alone project in itself.

3. Scaling City Institutions for India: Sustainable Sanitation (SCI-FI: II), Phase 2:
In the second phase of the SCI-FI project, the project will continue to develop the evidence base around the importance of safe management of human waste in urban areas and new approaches that the government can take to make that happen. It will also investigate key institutional issues for adoption, financing and scale-up of non-sewered urban sanitation solutions by the national and state governments in India. It will use innovative research instruments to understand operationalizing urban sanitation, faecal sludge management (FSM), safe waste handling, re-use and disposal, and the role of the government, regulatory frameworks, markets, and non-conventional finance.

Five research themes will be focused on in this project:
1. Urban governance in India with a focus on Water & Sanitation (WATSAN) structures
2. Policy research and analysis to support non-sewered sanitation adoption
3. Understanding economic, socio-cultural and gender issues in urban sanitation
4. Public accountability and finance issues in urban sanitation programmes
5. Non-conventional finance frameworks for sanitation

Goal(s):
  • Scaling City Institutions for India: Sanitation (SCI-FI: Sanitation): This programme aims to build a stronger evidence base for developing policies, programmes and implementation plans for achieving sanitized cities. Through research, SCI-FI: Sanitation aims to inform and support the formulation and implementation of the Government of India’s urban sanitation programs and investments.
  • SCI-FI Supplementary Grant, Project Nirmal: The project aims to achieve the demonstrated State Government and Urban Local Body (ULB) commitment towards sanitation service delivery in small cities; capacity development of states and cities for effective sanitation service delivery; increase number of people in pilot cities with access to better sanitation services; improve city-wide planning approaches for sanitation and demonstrate faecal sludge management models.
Objectives: Not provided

Research or implementation partners:

Practical Action for SCI-FI Supplementary Grant, Project Nirmal (see here on the forum: forum.susana.org/forum/categories/194-ci...olicy-research-india )


Links, further readings – results to date:

A range of publications are available on the project’s website (this includes briefs and report, articles in peer reviewed journals, book chapters, papers, Opinions & Op-Eds): www.cprindia.org/projects/sci-fi

Documents in SuSanA library:
www.susana.org/en/resources/library/details/2191


Current state of affairs:

Phase 1 of the SCI-FI project is completed; Phase 2 has just started. As the project’s Phase 2 is in its initial phase the framework to take it forward is being developed. The current state of affairs of all project is grouped together below.
  1. Project Nirmal: MoU is signed between Government of Odisha, Centre for Policy Research and Practical Action.
  2. ULB resolutions for supporting FSM in two towns have been passed.
  3. Baseline survey in both cities has been completed. The report is being prepared. The baseline aimed to collect information on conditions and situation of sanitation in cities (households, institutions like hospitals, schools, markets) so as to design the project interventions to address challenges of urban sanitation.
  4. Research on understanding the socio-psychological attitudes and perceptions of different strata in the community towards handling and re-use of faecal waste and understanding the local agricultural market and the prospects for bio-fertiliser and energy use has been initiated in Angul.
  5. Sustained capacity building and skill upgradation of individuals are envisaged under the project through training of master trainers, development of knowledge and training resources and strengthening of the State Urban Development Agency (lead state govt agency for capacity building). A capacity building need assessment study was initiated both at the town level and at the state level to understand the situation of capacity building related to sanitation, assess the kinds of resource agencies providing support on capacity building in the state and key inputs required in terms of resources to augment the capacities in the state and ULBs.
Biggest successes so far: Not provided

Main challenges / frustration: Not provided

Community manager and chief moderator of this forum via SEI project ( www.susana.org/en/resources/projects/details/127 )

Dr. Elisabeth von Muench
Independent consultant in Frankfurt, Germany
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Twitter: @EvMuench
Sanitation Wikipedia project leader: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:WikiProject_Sanitation
E-mail us to get involved: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
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