Menstrual Hygiene Management and Waste Disposal in Low and Middle Income Countries—A Review of the Literature

  • AParker
  • AParker's Avatar
    Topic Author
  • Lecturer in International Water and Sanitation at Cranfield University, working on many apsects of urban water and sanitation, including leading Cranfield's response to the BMGF Reinvent the Toilet Challenge.
  • Posts: 107
  • Karma: 11
  • Likes received: 35

Menstrual Hygiene Management and Waste Disposal in Low and Middle Income Countries—A Review of the Literature

We have recently published a review on the disposal on menstrual hygiene materials:

Menstrual Hygiene Management and Waste Disposal in Low and Middle Income Countries—A Review of the Literature

Menstrual hygiene management (MHM) has gained some attention and several literature reviews have been published. However, both original papers and reviews tend to focus on absorbent access and use and not on the disposal of menstrual waste. This review aims to fill a gap in the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) sector by bringing a focus specifically on menstrual hygiene safe disposal in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). We reviewed published literature since 2002 on menstrual hygiene with a focus on menstrual waste management and menstrual absorbent disposal in LMIC. Database searches were conducted of both peer reviewed literature and grey literature, in addition to hand searching of references of relevant earlier literature reviews. In total 152 articles and reports were identified and 75 met the inclusion criteria and was included in the final review. Existing polices on MHM was also reviewed with a focus on India and South Africa. The review showed that disposal of menstrual waste is often neglected MHM and sanitation value chains, leading to improper disposal and negative impacts on users, the sanitation systems and the environment. Findings call for further research to gain better understandings of MHM waste streams, disposal behaviors, absorbent materials and waste management technologies to deliver health, safety, mobility and dignity for women and girls.

Free to download here

Alison Parker
www.nanomembranetoilet.org
Apply to study our MSc in Community Water and Sanitation:
www.cranfield.ac.uk/courses/masters/comm...-and-sanitation.html
The following user(s) like this post: AjitSeshadri, povington
You need to login to reply
  • muench
  • muench's Avatar
  • Moderator of this Forum; Freelance consultant and Wikipedian (former roles: program manager, lecturer, process engineer for wastewater treatment plants)
  • Posts: 2719
  • Karma: 52
  • Likes received: 745

Re: Menstrual Hygiene Management and Waste Disposal in Low and Middle Income Countries—A Review of the Literature

Thanks, Alison, very interesting paper. This summary graphic from your paper is useful:



The paper is also summarised well in this presentation from the FSM5 Conference :
Evidence for the Integration Of Menstrual Hygiene Management in WASH Facilities
fsm5.susana.org/images/FSM_Conference_Ma...M5-in-Templatev3.pdf

Your publication prompted me to create a new Wikipedia article on Menstrual Hygiene Management (previously, it was part of Menstrual Hygiene Day): See here: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Menstrual_hygiene_management

I have so far added this from your paper:

Disposal of used materials[edit | edit source]
A review in 2018 found that disposal of menstrual waste is often neglected in sanitation systems. This leads to improper disposal and negative impacts on users, the sanitation systems and the environment.[38]

See here: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Menstrual_hygiene_management#Challenges

Which other important statements from your paper should be lifted into this Wikipedia article to reach a broader audience and educate the public?

Regards,
Elisabeth

Community manager and chief moderator of this forum
(Funded via GIZ short term consultancy contract)

Dr. Elisabeth von Muench
Independent consultant located in Brisbane, Australia
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Twitter: @EvMuench
Sanitation Wikipedia project leader: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:WikiProject_Sanitation
My Wikipedia user profile: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:EMsmile
Attachments:
The following user(s) like this post: AjitSeshadri
You need to login to reply
Share this thread:
Recently active users. Who else has been active?
Time to create page: 1.210 seconds