Sanitation levy to improve onsite sanitation in informal settlements

  • blevira
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Sanitation levy to improve onsite sanitation in informal settlements

The community is in the informal settlement, they practice onsite sanitation, they have been paying for emptying and transport services of the generated wastewater/faecal sludge. In order to improve the sanitation chain in this community, we thought of convincing the government to introduce the sanitation levy to this community. Let's say a certain % of the water bill to cover sanitation services. Is it that easy to mobilise this community to pay for sanitation levy?. Any thoughts?, Any publications related to this?

Beda Modest Levira
Environmental engineer and researcher
Ifakara Health Institute (IHI)
Tanzania, East Africa
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  • JKMakowka
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Re: Sanitation levy to improve onsite sanitation in informal settlements

Yes there have been examples of similar local by-laws but if it is an informal settlement it might be hard to enforce.

Maybe if there are pre-paid water distribution stations that could be implemented (e.g. first 15 liters/person are without this levy, for additional consumption it is added?).

In some cases it might also make sense to put a levy on the land itself. Quite often there are landlords extracing rent from the inhabitants, and those are probably able to pay for such a levy more easily.

Microbiologist & emergency WASH specialist
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  • blevira
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Re: Sanitation levy to improve onsite sanitation in informal settlements

Dear JK,
Thank you very much for your prompt response. I, however, see a bit challenging using the landlords as in some cases the tenant is to take care of any issues related to sanitation. This is mostly implemented in the city where I live and has been contributing to challenges when it comes to sanitation management.
Regards,

Beda Modest Levira
Environmental engineer and researcher
Ifakara Health Institute (IHI)
Tanzania, East Africa
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Working as the project leader for 2 projects 1) HDIF (DFID) and 2) LIRA 2030 here in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
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  • JKMakowka
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Re: Sanitation levy to improve onsite sanitation in informal settlements

Maybe I missunderstood your intention of the levy, but isn't it about collecting funds for the government to implement general sanitation activities? To me that sounds like the perfect example of a responsbility of a landlord to pay for that.

But in the end it is also a question about where you can realistically collect the levy. Landlords might be better connected politically and thus you might see some opposition on that level to such a levy, but in the end it will still be much easier to collect funds from them then from a poor and highly transitional population typically found in such informal settlements.

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  • blevira
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Re: Sanitation levy to improve onsite sanitation in informal settlements

You are right, I see your point that it might be challenging using the landlords at the beginning which is currently a true case in my city. But with time it will work out and probably be the best approach.
Thanks!

Beda Modest Levira
Environmental engineer and researcher
Ifakara Health Institute (IHI)
Tanzania, East Africa
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.; This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Working as the project leader for 2 projects 1) HDIF (DFID) and 2) LIRA 2030 here in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
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