Emergency WASH update - recent studies and reports

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  • Dan Campbell, USAID Water Communications and Knowledge Management Project
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Emergency WASH update - recent studies and reports

Dear Colleagues:

Links to each of the resources listed below are on Sanitation Updates .

REPORTS

User-Centred Design,(UCD) and Humanitarian Adaptiveness. ALNAP, April 2019.
This case study seeks to explore the utility, applicability and effectiveness of UCD in supporting humanitarian adaptiveness, and to understand whether UCD can enable humanitarian actors to be more adaptive. Chapter 4 gives examples of applying UCD in the design of emergency sanitation.

Cesspits and Soakpits. Global Water Pathogen Project, March 2019.
A soak pit is a covered, porous-walled chamber that allows water to slowly soak into the ground. A cesspit (cesspool) is a holding tank (or pit) designed for collection and storage of sewage or other waste for short periods.

Emergency Sanitation Guidelines Beira, updated on the 11th of April 2019. WASH Cluster Mozambique, April 2019.
The objective of this document is to provide technical guidance to partners implementing sanitation emergency programs and interventions in settlements. This document has been prepared by the Sanitation Technical Working Group, under the WASH cluster Beira.

No Time to Wait: Securing the future from drug-resistant infections. WHO, April 2019.
“Antimicrobial resistance is one of the greatest threats we face as a global community. This report reflects the depth and scope of the response needed to curb its rise and protect a century of progress in health,” said Ms. Amina Mohammed, UN Deputy Secretary-General and Co-Chair of the IACG.

VIDEOS

Humanitarian WASH Innovation. Elhra, April 2019. 31 videos discuss and describe a wide range of WASH innovations in humanitarian situations.

JOURNAL ARTICLES

Community Engagement in WASH Emergencies: Understanding Barriers and Enablers Based on Action Research from Bangladesh and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Water, April 2019. This article presents key findings from Oxfam’s recent responses in Bangladesh and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), describing the process of building trust and identifying barriers and enablers to meaningful CE in emergencies.

Evaluation of an Emergency Bulk Chlorination Project Targeting Drinking Water Vendors in Cholera-Affected Wards of Dar es Salaam and Morogoro, Tanzania. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, April 2019. The results suggest high acceptability and use of the chlorine tablets by water vendors. However, given variation in the water source used and longer storage times, dosing could be increased in future programming. Bulk chlorination using chlorine tablets offers an efficient community-level approach to treating water closer to the point of use.

Impacts of Intermittent Water Supply on Water Quality in Two Palestinian Refugee Camps. Water, March 2019. In both camps, average residual chlorine concentrations were higher in the community tanks than in rooftop tanks. The main factor influencing water quality deterioration in rooftop tanks in Aida Camp appears to be air temperature. We recommend more systematic water testing in the camps and greater transparency in reporting test results to camp residents.

Food safety considerations for commercial complementary foods from global operational guidance on infant and young child feeding in emergencies. Nutrition Reviews, February 2019. The aim of this review was to identify and synthesize available food safety guidance on the use of CCF in humanitarian emergencies.

BLOG POSTS

Are Communal Tiger Worm Toilets a sustainable option for camps? Oxfam Policy and Practice, April 11, 2019. We tested Communal Tiger Worm Toilets in challenging conditions in Myanmar, and evaluated their sustainability. The ‘Tiger Team’ talk us through their findings. We have compiled the learning from this project in an easy-to-read manual, which is free to download. It includes the decision tree alongside all our designs.

One Person’s Trash is Another Person’s Treasure. USAID/OFDA on Medium, March 2019. In the Philippines, Marissa Cabalan has found a way to turn garbage into opportunity. There’s also an added bonus: She is helping her whole community prepare for disasters in the process.

Largest-ever sewage treatment plant opens in Bangladesh refugee camp Cox's Bazar. The Telegraph, April 2019. The largest sewage treatment facility ever constructed in a refugee camp has opened in Bangladesh and has been heralded as a huge step forward in the management of humanitarian crises

TRAINING EVENTS

Market-Based Programming for WASH in Emergencies – The objective is to build the capacity of WASH practitioners and sector coordinators to evaluate the relevancy and use of market-based approaches (including CVA) to achieve WASH outcomes. The German WASH Network has decided to support the implementation of the training with kind support of the Federal Foreign Office of Germany. The German Toilet Organization will organize and co-facilitate the two upcoming trainings in South-East Asia and Europe.

New training pack makes learning about the Sphere standards easier for all. Sphere, April 2019.
Sphere has just released an updated version of its comprehensive training pack to support humanitarian professionals wishing to learn more about Sphere and humanitarian standards or deliver training themselves.

Dan Campbell
USAID Water Communications and Knowledge Management Project
ECODIT
1901 N. Moore St, Suite 1004
Arlington, VA 22209
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