SuSanA - Forum Kunena Site Syndication Tue, 27 Sep 2016 01:54:46 +0000 Kunena 1.6 SuSanA - Forum en-gb Re: California is considering Toilet-to-Tap and we can comment on the process - by: canaday
Here are my comments on the draft document entitled,

(Also attached here below.)

In summary, I would say that are a number of things to improve. In particular, there seems to be no reliable way to eliminate or monitor the chemical pollution which would be present in the sewage that they want to recycle back to people's faucets. They also did not discuss these chemicals in much depth, lumping them under the category of 'Constituents of Emerging Concern (CECs)'. These would include pharmaceuticals, recreational drugs, cleaning products, disinfectants, and disinfection by-products.

With the current drought, California is facing serious water shortages. Hopefully we can help them find more sustainable and healthful solutions than Toilet-to-Tap. It would be excellent for economic incentives to be put in place to encourage individuals, apartment complexes, communities and municipalities to install UDDTs, Closed-loop Flushwater Recycling, and other sustainable technologies.

Are there any Forum members based at universities in California? It would be spectacular to demonstrate, research, fine-tune, and spread the word about these technologies there.

There is still time to comment on this draft.

Best wishes,
Chris Canaday]]>
Greywater, blackwater or wastewater reuse, irrigation Mon, 26 Sep 2016 23:03:45 +0000
Re: US-FDA bans many common antimicrobial soap ingredients - by: Mwesige
On many occasion, Least Developed Countries have benefited from such information for better health promotion. For me, who works in a standard setting organization, such information becomes vital when research has been conducted on such ingredients.

Health issues and connections with sanitation Mon, 26 Sep 2016 19:00:54 +0000
Re: WASH in Schools - Good Examples - by: JovanaD Peer-to-peer education on hygiene in schools

Recognizing that access to safe drinking-water and sanitation is a human right and that young people are at the core of action on water, sanitation and hygiene, the European Environment and Health Youth Coalition (EEHYC) has been working on engaging youth in daily hand washing promotion, menstrual hygiene education and raising awareness about the importance of safe, functioning sanitary facilities in school settings.

Under the framework of the Protocol on Water and Health and in cooperation with its partners in Austria, EEHYC developed a youth-friendly brochure “HYGIENE MUCH”. The brochure addresses students of all ages and aims at encouraging good hygiene practices by providing health facts, memorable tips and tricks and in a humorous way. It also discusses different problems that young people are facing when using WaSH facilities in schools, such as no privacy and bad smell in toilets, lack of toilet paper and soap for hand washing and similar. Special attention has been given to menstrual hygiene management. “Menstruation – full disclosure!” chapter talks about the importance of breaking the taboos around this topic and the need for adequate menstrual hygiene education together with regular access to sanitary menstrual materials in schools.

To ensure wide dissemination, the brochure has been translated in 3 different languages (English, Germany and Russian) and made available for free download at the EEHYC website .]]>
Theme 2: Implementation Level Mon, 26 Sep 2016 15:40:11 +0000
Re: TODAY - SuSanA monthly webinar 4: Understanding the role of learning and donor-implementer relationships, August 25th, 12:00 BST (London time) - by: Improvedavis

It is quick and anonymous!

Thanks very much!]]>
Monitoring and evaluation (M&E) Mon, 26 Sep 2016 15:04:08 +0000
VIA Water is looking for postdoctoral researcher on Innovation in the African water sector - by: WillemijnNagel
The major aim of the research is to study and define key factors of success and failure for (social) water innovations in African countries. The developed insights will allow for better informed and empirically grounded decisions in policy making (both in Africa and in the Netherlands), and guide investment and project management in the water sector in Africa.

Go to: for more information or see the attachment.]]>
Jobs, consultancies, internships Mon, 26 Sep 2016 14:58:27 +0000
Re: WG 2 Meeting In Stockholm Set: Join us Sunday, August 28, 2016, 14-15.30h, Scandic Klara Hotel - by: cecile I had a look at their website and there is an upcoming webinar on October 5th (10 am London time) on the topic of Getting to scale for market systems for development programs.

The webinar will present five different strategies or pathways for getting to scale. The examples/case studies are agricultural programs in Nigeria and Cambodia but I imagine that the strategies and analyses of supporting and hindering factors are also applicable to the WASH sector and other sectors tackled by the SDGs.]]>
WG 2 (Market development) Mon, 26 Sep 2016 14:18:23 +0000
Re: Theme 2: Implementation Level - by: koushikibnrj I would like to introduce the current work i am engaged in as an UNICEF WASH State Consultant in Govt of Maharashtra, India. I am currently working with the Tribal Development Department. The main objective of the program is to start the first line of discussion of the importance of WASH in Residential Ashramshalas( schools). The tribal populations are facing issues which ranges from Poverty to health. The department have been engaging in developing the education of the tribal population from the last 40 years by opening residential schools. This reservation policy for tribal children is to only ensure quick impact.
However the current status of WASH in these Ashramshalas are in questionable condition.It is evident that all the old buildings had WASH facilities developed ,but the major challenge that the dept had faced is plainly with Operation and Maintenance. The kind of practices in these belts support open defecation still now. Also the lack of facilities in the surrounding villages makes it a very common thing to continue.
As I was reading through the various comments in this link, I found that Three Star approach has been utilized in similar programs. So the department had engaged into creating a bench-marking study on basis of the three star approach and further it was realized that a demonstration model three Star School will help the department to initiate the WASH dialogue. But here I would like to say that unless there is a constant operation and maintenance done at the school level, even the three star schools will go back into Poor WASH condition.
In a govt system with such huge and constant change in Leadership, one of the key issues is about the priority of the department. Unless there are some robust mechanism to constantly monitor the WASH conditions, the equation hardly changes.
So besides ensuring adequate facility the thrust is to constantly develop ownership of the various stakeholders within the department. There are state level direct training done with school Principals, Wardens, teachers. Along with this intervention needs to be triggered within the students and the village level. Currently there are SMC bodies and guidelines are issued for them to engage in repairing of WASH facilities as and when required.
Also I believe certain bottlenecks at Central and State level to channelize funds for facility development, needs to be taken up seriously. It is important that there is a comprehensive process that is followed in constant loop. These are a) WASH facility development/up-gradation b) Motivation of the grassroots stakeholders like HMS, wardens, teachers, etc, c) Constant sensitization at Dept level and of students d) Operation and Maintenance that includes funds and required mechanisms.
There are various small kick-start activity also constantly being taken up to keep the momentum.
I would request you to suggest if there are some interesting engagement that can be done at large scale by the department for quickening the impact. Would like to hear from you.]]>
Theme 2: Implementation Level Mon, 26 Sep 2016 07:44:22 +0000
Re: Quantum Drinking Water Disinfection with Zero Energy and No Chemicals - by: clint
To help understand how the Quantum Disinfection System can be installed and protected from "masking" the Silente media, I have attached a photo with the proper components and descriptions.

If a gravity supply system can be incorporated, the pump is unnecessary, the cost for electricity is eliminated and the purchase, maintenance and operational costs are reduced dramatically.]]>
Drinking water treatment Sun, 25 Sep 2016 21:00:39 +0000
Re: US-FDA bans many common antimicrobial soap ingredients - by: mwaniki
This piece was reported in the Africa Water, Sanitation & Hygiene Sept – Oct 2016 Vol.11 No.5 page 34 early this month but from a different source and entitled “FDA Bans 19 Chemicals Used in Antibacterial Soaps”. If you wish to view the version you could kindly visit the link at:

Best regards / Mwaniki]]>
Health issues and connections with sanitation Sun, 25 Sep 2016 03:08:03 +0000
Estimating the potential for resource recovery from productive sanitation in urban areas - by: ddiba This is to introduce to you my MSc thesis which is now uploaded in the SuSanA library. This thesis was done at the Stockholm Environmental Institute as part of the Resource Value Mapping (REVAMP) project, working with Kim Andersson and Arno Rosemarin and being supervised by Helfrid Schulte-Herbrüggen at KTH Royal Institute of Technology. It is embedded within the SEI Initiative on Sanitation (See more: and A 4-page discussion brief has also been published based on this thesis and it is also available in the SuSanA library.

To-date, sanitation and waste management has mainly been approached from a public and environmental health perspective and this implies that excreta and other organic waste streams are seen not only as a hazard to quickly get rid of but also as only a very costly menace to manage. However, looking at sanitary and other urban organic waste streams from a resource recovery perspective provides an avenue for solutions with multiple co-benefits. Revenues from reuse products can act as an incentive for improving sanitation and waste management infrastructure while also covering part or all of the investment and operation costs for the same. Until now, estimating the potential for resource recovery from sanitation systems and technologies has been largely done on a case by case basis according to project or geography with no standardized universal tools or methodologies being used across the world. This study aimed at developing a generic model for the rapid quantification of the resource recovery potential of organic waste streams in urban areas.

To develop the model, the mathematical relationships between major waste stream characterization parameters and the amounts of reuse products derived from treatment processes, were obtained from published literature and used to formulate equations which were designed into functions in Excel spreadsheets. Testing with waste stream flows and characterization data from Kampala (for faecal sludge, sewage sludge and organic municipal solid waste) showed that the three waste streams could altogether yield; up to 361,200 Nm3 of biogas (which could replace the amount of firewood used by 824,000 people in the city daily) or 752 tonnes of solid combustion fuel (which could replace the amount of firewood used by 1,108,700 people in the city daily) or 198 tonnes of Black Soldier Fly larvae (which could replace 134 tonnes of dry fish per day, currently one of the major animal protein feed ingredient) or 909 tonnes of compost fertilizer (with an amount of nutrients enough to substitute for two tonnes of urea), per day. The results from this model could therefore be a simple way to provide initial decision support towards planning for resource-oriented waste management systems by urban authorities, without the burden of having to do full scale feasibility studies. By highlighting the resource potential in urban waste streams, the model could also provide an incentive for integrated management of the various urban waste streams with a resource recovery and water-energy-food nexus perspective.

Download links
Download the full text of the thesis from the SuSanA Library:
Download the 4-page discussion brief introducing the REVAMP tool from the SuSanA library:
Here’s the 15-minute presentation I made about the REVAMP tool at the 22nd SuSanA meeting in Stockholm:

If you have any questions about this thesis, the REVAMP tool or resource recovery in general, I am more than glad to discuss!

Resource recovery from excreta, faecal sludge or wastewater Sat, 24 Sep 2016 09:38:12 +0000
Re: Makers and Shakers of Urban Sanitation: Unthinking the Debate - by: nityajacob
To close the loops it is not necessary to separate liquids and solids from sewage. Rather, proper collection and appropriate treatment is needed to make available both water and solids for reuse. Therefore, if sewage is collected from all households, transported safely to treatment facilities and treated to existing standards, it reduces the health and environment costs of pollution. As an incentive treatment facilities can earn revenue from the sale of treated water to industry or farmers, and treated solids as manure or soil conditioners. Energy is another byproduct not adequately appreciated.

An urban definition would have to expand from source to reuse, not just the collection and separation of faeces from human contact as is used in the rural definition. If this is an acceptable start, we can work towards a definition that is both politically and technically feasible. Administrative and financial aspects can follow, though they are not less important.]]>
Global and regional political processes Sat, 24 Sep 2016 04:42:53 +0000
URGENT APPEAL FOR PUBLIC HEALTH SUPPORT - by: wini According to official sources, currently we are week 5 of the epidemic in Sudan

We are witnessing with great concern a rapidly growing number of cases of acute watery diarrhea around the country, first reported in mid- August 2016 in Blue Nile State (ElRoseiris and ElDamazine cities).At the moment, cases are being reported from 7 States: Blue Nile, Sinnar,Kassala, River Nile, ElGezira and ElGadaref, as well as the State of Khartoum, where the capital city of Khartoum is. Sinnar and Blue Nile States currently host a number of refugees from South Sudan.With the recent floods from the rainy season, the abundance of stagnant water, human waste and active vectors in the environment, compounded with limited capacity of the health system in Sudan, we are noticing high morbidity and mortality among affected individuals. Hence, the situation can be characterized as grave.......please continue the rest of the report in the attached PDF
Health issues and connections with sanitation Sat, 24 Sep 2016 01:05:14 +0000
Re: UDDT versus Pour Flush (with vermi-composting) versus ???: which are sustainable sanitation technologies and systems for peri-urban areas in Africa? - by: Tore Other types of toilets and sanitation systems Fri, 23 Sep 2016 19:02:43 +0000 Re: UDDT versus Pour Flush (with vermi-composting) versus ???: which are sustainable sanitation technologies and systems for peri-urban areas in Africa? - by: christoph please post:

  • source
  • conditions of the experiment
  • Which type of material was analyzed?
  • Which pH?
  • How do you technically guarantee 42 °C in the whole pile? Just put the chamber in direction of the sun is not enough as old research form El Salvador shows.

Thank you
Other types of toilets and sanitation systems Fri, 23 Sep 2016 17:40:23 +0000
Re: UDDT versus Pour Flush (with vermi-composting) versus ???: which are sustainable sanitation technologies and systems for peri-urban areas in Africa? - by: Tore 2. There is a natural aversion to touching and using the by product. Generations and certain religious teachings and practices are to not touch the products of defecation because it makes you sick and they are correct. Untreated feces KILL. Urine and treated feces promote healthy living by providing the finest fertilizer available for free. Crops become more nutritious and the soil becomes more "humus" and can support the micro organisms the crops need to produce larger and more nutritious crops. Now how do we change perceptions and make farmers desire the human fertilizer and make it valuable asset?
3. If we use flush toilets there is a great chance that feces will permeate that water table and pollute the ground water. Most wells in developing countries are shallow. If we can keep feces pollution out of the water then the water can be used with minimal treatment.
4. Look at the chart on my last post attachment. With time you do not need to achieve extreme temperatures to have total die off.]]>
Other types of toilets and sanitation systems Fri, 23 Sep 2016 16:57:39 +0000