SuSanA - Forum Kunena Site Syndication Mon, 05 Dec 2016 16:36:22 +0000 Kunena 1.6 SuSanA - Forum en-gb Interest in Sanitation – November 2016 Sanitation Updates - Views by Country - by: F H Mughal Interest in Sanitation – November 2016 Sanitation Updates - Views by Country

My good friend, Dan Campbell, Knowledge Creation/WASH Specialist, USAID Water Communications and Knowledge Management (CKM) Project, has shared with me, among others, extremely useful and interesting information.

The information pertains to the viewing of Nov 2016 Sanitation Updates by country. The list is attached. The list shows interest in sanitation by viewers from various countries.

The list shows that 5,627 viewers from India visited the Sanitation Updates page. This is understandable, as sanitation is a major problem in India, and India is a populous country. This is indicative of peoples’ eagerness to seek knowledge in sanitation, and solve sanitation problems in India.

Very surprisingly, the next country in the list, with highest viewers, is none other than United States, with 3,822 views. Sanitation is not a problem in a rich and developed country like United States. This leads to the question: Why so many viewers from United States? This constitute, so to say: “Believe it or Not!” I would welcome comments, especially from people living in United States, on why so many viewers from United States are interested in sanitation.

UK had 814 views. Although, there are little sanitation problems in UK, the number of viewers indicate concern of people for sanitation, though the viewers are nearly one-fourth the US viewers.

Viewers from other countries are: Philippines 532; Kenya 339; Bangladesh 277; South Africa 276; Australia 260; and Nepal 233. Though sanitation is a problem in Bangladesh, the number of viewers are relatively low. Australian viewers seem significant, considering the status of sanitation in that country.

Pakistan had 146 viewers. This shows lack of interest in sanitation, despite the fact that we have major problems of sanitation.

I’m sure, the Susana community will find the list interesting.

F H Mughal]]>
Miscellaneous - any other topic Mon, 05 Dec 2016 15:48:55 +0000
Decentralized wastewater systems - new website - by: Decentral]]>
New publications (books, articles, partner newsletters, journals, blogs, websites, videos) Mon, 05 Dec 2016 15:01:52 +0000
Re: Google Maps for Locating Clean Toilets - by: muench
The article is very brief, but perhaps others know more about this?

Whilst the heading talks about locating clean toilets, the article itself says only:
Soon you might be able to quickly pull up Google Maps to find the nearest toilet.

How would an App decide on what qualifies as "clean" unless it includes frequent user feedback. With public toilets we all know that a toilet can go from clean to filthy in the course of 10 minutes if some idiot messes it all up...

The article also says:
There’s no indication that Google will ever launch this sort of system in the United States, and in fact there have been third party applications that can help you find the nearest bathrooms.

As an aside, here is the word "bathroom" which for US-Americans seems to be equal with public toilet but for others it is more about showers and bath tubs; I was recently discussing this with another Wikipedia while working on the Wikipedia article on bathroom: (to see our discussion click on the tab "talk" at the top left)

Carol can perhaps tell us more about the best Apps for this in the United States.

Shared toilets, community toilets or public toilets Mon, 05 Dec 2016 12:43:13 +0000
Re: How can companies incentivise sanitation - by: sandhyat
Look forward to an interesting discussion. I'd like to introduce myself- I am Sandhya Tenneti and I work with Priya Naik at Samhita Social Ventures. I will be making the initial comments to initiate the discussion round this topic.

A number of innovative approaches can be adopted to incentivizing sanitation within companies and across companies.
For example, volunteering programs within companies can span across different departments and location. A success in one location and department could serve as an impetus for another department/location to excel in their volunteering programs. For example, a company that Samhita works with uses cross functional expertise in the development and implementation of its sanitation programs. The company’s IR department looks at assessing stakeholder/community needs and then works with the company’s engineers to build infrastructure for their sanitation programs. By ensuring cross functional engagement of departments within a company, successful implementation is more guaranteed.  Reports that focus on sanitation calling out on leading companies that have implemented successful sanitation programs are ways of incentivization. By aligning with national level priorities in sanitation, government level recognition is an incentive factor. For example, the Indian government’s initiative of Swacch Bharat Initiative is an initiative that companies will find value in association and contribution.
The success and more importantly, the sustainability of such efforts, of a company can serve as a trigger for other companies within the same industry (or across industries) to develop, hone and excel in CSR activities focused on sanitation. A greater opportunity lies in building industry coalitions (either a purely FMCG or manufacturing coalition) that seeks to collate best practices and spearheads a deeper impact of sanitation programs. A case in point would be the work that the India Sanitation Coalition has undertaken in terms of knowledge generation, dissemination and exchange of insights. The ability lead and be a member of such coalitions builds name recognition and visibility in expertise in the implementation of sanitation programs.  Such coalitions will serve both as a template and a motivator for companies in other industries to develop and implement sanitation programs. A similar approach would be to align with national and international funds on sanitation. By pooling funds and collaborating with such funds, companies also provide a pathway to others to explore different implementation options.
Any success in program implementation or learning/insight by a company here serves as a showcase for companies to display their expertise in creating high impact CSR initiatives in sanitation. It also demonstrates to their peers and their competitors that they need to further exert themselves to meet standards set. Samhita as part of its CSR in  Water, Sanitation and Hygiene report developed a framework to enable companies to discover opportunities and methods for contribution and adding value based on the different types of interests- For example, strategic interest (such as those companies whose products and services aligned to the mission), impact orientation (for companies looking to drive impact across their stakeholder communities) and catalytic interests (for example, media companies who offer a service by virtues of their core competencies to drive change across key issues in sanitation).]]>
Corporate Engagement in Sanitation - Thematic Discussion (SuSanA Indian Chapter) Mon, 05 Dec 2016 12:34:25 +0000
Sanivation's Santa's Stinkiest Stocking - Sending Coal for a Cause for the Holidays - by: tylerk098
We're Sanivation, a social enterprise transforming feces into fuel in Kenya. This holiday season, we’re launching a campaign called Santa’s Stinkiest Stocking to sell our poop briquettes, urging people to give coal for a cause. We’re taking the “coal in your stocking” tradition to the next level.

If you know someone who deserves to be on Santa's naughty list (your mischievous mates, ornery offspring, and fiesty family), this is the perfect gift for them! We will send a stocking with our safe coal-made-from-poop with a personalized note explaining why they are getting this gift to their doorstep.

We believe this campaign has the potential to educate thousands of people on the importance of sanitation in developing countries and to help us raise funds to do something about it. We will install 500 toilets in the coming year and this campaign will help get us there.

Support us by sending coal for a cause here!

Feel free to contact me with any questions at This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Kind Regards,
Tyler Karahalios

PS. Unfortunately, we can only send Santa's Stinkiest Stocking within the United States.]]>
Other events Mon, 05 Dec 2016 11:07:51 +0000
Re: SFD for Addis Ababa? - by: ddiba I suggest that you get in touch with Dorothee Spuhler (seecon/Eawag - This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it ). I'm not sure if she has done work in Addis Ababa specifically but I do know that part of her on-going PhD project is to do with sanitation planning in Arba Minch, also in Ethiopia. She (or her colleagues/partners in Arba Minch) may be able to connect you to people in Addis.

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs) / Excreta flow diagrams Mon, 05 Dec 2016 10:58:42 +0000
Re: Sanitation for the Homeless in the US - by: F H Mughal
I would like to refer to your aspect of homeless people camps. To set the stage, I’m quoting your respective comments:

Dale: In my home city (Columbus, Ohio, USA) there are some hundreds of homeless people who camp out all or part of the year. It occurs to me that their situation is not so different from refugee camps, and work to improve their sanitation conditions might lead to insights applicable to other places. As such, I'm going to start working with local homeless organizations to provide better sanitation, or at least better than the present open defecation.

Hayley Joyell Smith: I am a mid-westener as well (Indiana is my home state) - - presumably, you have homeless people in Indiana.

Abby: First, you are not alone. Unfortunately, this is occurring across the US. There is an increase in the number/size of group camps here. Governmental policies seem to combine sanitation as part of a shelter issue. So people unable or unwilling to go into shelters are left to fend for themselves.

I’ll join Nazim in saying that , I’m surprised to learn that you have homeless people camps in US, and that, they practice open defecation (OD). Homeless people camps and people practicing OD, are common problems in poor developing countries, like Pakistan. OD is also practiced in India and Bangladesh. It is almost unbelievable to note that homeless people camps and OD practice exist in US.

Could I request all three of you to kindly give more details of the homeless people camps, like, is it a recent development; reasons that lead to people becoming homeless; how many camps are there (rough estimation); government’s perception of the camps, future of camps, etc.

I’m attaching some publications that would help in enhancing the understanding of sanitation in rural settings. The literature review paper (attached) says:

The literature is dramatically skewed towards water resources, and overwhelmingly focused on conflicts, at the expense of basic sanitation and hygiene. More initiatives towards the acknowledgement of indigenous peoples’ world-views and institutions in all aspects of the water management cycle are needed. To this end, the development of effective intercultural dialogue mechanisms is crucial.

Fig. 8.1, pp 131, in Chap 8 of WHO publication (attached) must be looked at.

Kind regards,

F H Mughal]]>
Urban informal settlements and slums Mon, 05 Dec 2016 06:33:22 +0000
How can companies incentivise sanitation - by: nityajacob
We are starting the final topic in this thematic discussion on how companies can incentivise sanitation. Priya Naik from Samhita Social Ventures will be leading the discussion with her opening post today.

We hope this will be a fruitful discussion. The topic will be open for comments will 10 December. In the meantime, if you would like to add to the earlier topics, please visit the link of the thematic discussion, login and comment.

Thank you for an interesting and lively discussion.

Corporate Engagement in Sanitation - Thematic Discussion (SuSanA Indian Chapter) Mon, 05 Dec 2016 03:59:37 +0000
Re: Key documents for the sub-category on schools (sanitation and hygiene in schools) - by: alcamachog
Thank you for the selection you have made. Right now I am working as a consultant work for making guidelines for water and sanitation facilities in schools situated in rural areas.

I will take into account the experiences you select.

Thank you very much.

Alvaro Camacho G.
Water and Sanitation Specialist
La Paz - Bolivia]]>
Schools (sanitation and hygiene in schools) Mon, 05 Dec 2016 00:24:02 +0000
Re: How do we maintain cleanliness of school toilets? Question from Tanzania - by: alcamachog
Sincerely yours,

Schools (sanitation and hygiene in schools) Mon, 05 Dec 2016 00:06:50 +0000
Re: Apart from CSR, what are the possible ways a corporate can get engaged in the sector - by: sujoy
I agree with Simon that corporate should invest in incubating and mentoring sufficiently scaled interventions that actually demonstrate successful business models, which can then be replicated.

Corporate Engagement in Sanitation - Thematic Discussion (SuSanA Indian Chapter) Sun, 04 Dec 2016 07:27:40 +0000
Re: More compact DEWATS technology? - by: Decentral When land for constructed wetlands or infiltration is not available may be you have to look at a compact aerobic treatment facility, which might achieve the required level of treatment. Alternatively, anaerobic followed by aerobic treatment. In this case of a hospital, may be disinfection would be necessary as a tertiary treatment, if you discharge into surface water.

DEWATS (decentralised wastewater treatment systems) Sat, 03 Dec 2016 08:13:08 +0000
Google Maps for Locating Clean Toilets - by: F H Mughal Google Maps for Locating Clean Toilets

Google is working with India’s Ministry of Urban Development to start a program, which will provide people with access to clean and healthy toilet facilities, in an effort to cut down on illnesses and disease that can spread from dirty bathrooms and other unsanitary places (

People will first need to open Google Maps, and then search for toilets near them. They can search for a variety of keywords, like ‘toilet’, ‘lavatory’, ‘swach’, ‘swachhata’, ‘shulabh’ or ‘shauchalay’, and Google will point them to the nearest toilets.

This is an interesting program, which will help people in locating a clean toilet. However, it has not been suggested as to how one would know, whether he or she is not trespassing, when a toilet is located.

After the toilet is used, it is not known, who will clean the toilet. People need to be guided on, what to do, in case water is not available in the close vicinity.

F H Mughal]]>
Shared toilets, community toilets or public toilets Sat, 03 Dec 2016 06:31:48 +0000
Re: Apart from CSR, what are the possible ways a corporate can get engaged in the sector - by: RoelBlesgraaf
Interesting discussion. I'm Roel Blesgraaf, Public Affairs officer WASH with Simavi in the Netherlands.

To me the different uses of corporates, companies and private sector adds to the confusion. If we're really talking about big corporates, I think Unilever with their Lifebuoy programme is a good example of engagement in the sector apart from CSR.
Personally I like the study from the Overseas Development Institute on 'Private sector and water supply, sanitation and hygiene' which was made for the Sanitation and Water for All partnership last year. This study can be found here. In this study, different roles of the private sector in the WASH sector are presented, which helps to unlock the topic a bit more.

At Simavi, we work with the private sector roughly in two ways. The first way is by training local enterpreneurs who play a key role in providing sustainable sanitation services. Attached is a flyer about sanitation as a promising investment opportunity, with two examples from enterpreneurs in Bangladesh.
The second way is in partnerships with both Dutch and Bangladeshi companies in developing for example biodegradable sanitary napkins. In the RITU programme this is combined with empowerment and advocacy towards local government and other important stakeholders to improve both health and social/economic participation of women and girls.

In short, engagement of private sector in the sector is possible in many ways. From a development perspective however, I think it's best combined with actions targeted at government (agree with Marijn) and community level.

Kind regards,

Corporate Engagement in Sanitation - Thematic Discussion (SuSanA Indian Chapter) Fri, 02 Dec 2016 16:57:15 +0000
Re: Apart from CSR, what are the possible ways a corporate can get engaged in the sector - by: Marijn Zandee
Interesting to learn about the Toilet Board Coalition (TBC), it seems a good idea and I hope you will be successful in helping to bring sanitation to scale. After an admittedly quick read of the two documents you posted I do have some questions and remarks though.

1) The focus seems to be entirely on the private sector. What role does the TBC see for the public sector? One of the main reasons I ask is that I am slowly coming to the conclusion for myself that government actors on all levels are a crucial step in development, including improving sanitation.

2) I find the “circular economy” piece very interesting and inspiring, however, I think the claim that through up-cycling sanitation can become “self sustaining” is unfortunate. I am yet to see a system, either in solid waste management or in sanitation, which can fully recover cost. In my view, making promises that the system will even generate money is setting people up for disappointment. The TBC publication more or less acknowledges this towards the end when it says that externalities should be monetized. Which I interpret as economics short hand for a need for fees, tax money or some complicated “cross subsidizing” mechanism.

3) I have not fully read the “digital sanitation” publication, but what I read immediately raised enormous privacy concerns. For example:
At the same time, we have started to explore the realm of the internet of things (IoT) and its powerful data capture opportunities to understand the possibilities of mining key health data from the toilet. It is our vision that the opportunity to obtain health information from your toilet could drive demand for the toilet and its usage amongst the 2.4 billion people currently without.

For me, this concerns information that should be very private between doctors and patients. How should we trust private companies with such information?
Hope to get some of your views on this.


Corporate Engagement in Sanitation - Thematic Discussion (SuSanA Indian Chapter) Fri, 02 Dec 2016 10:44:40 +0000