SuSanA - Forum Kunena Site Syndication Thu, 27 Aug 2015 21:23:02 +0000 Kunena 1.6 SuSanA - Forum en-gb Re: Why the name change from formerly Business & Governance category to Market Development? - And new icon - by: ggalli
If it were up to me I would propose a split. My argument is basically what I wrote earlier. I see governance and markets both as coordinating mechanism, but for different purposes. Markets coordinate the exchange of goods and services, while governance includes also other issues of importance within society. There is certainly overlap between the tow, but there are also distinctions. We should also not equate government with governance and private sector with markets. Private sector plays also a crucial role in governance, as much as the state plays an essential role in markets and market development (as John rightly points out).

So if people do agree and a split between these two topics is carried out, I would include the following topics from the list that you sent (but I'm open to discussion):

- Financing (supply- and demand-side), costs
- Topics around sanitation in cities in particular with regards to appropriate planning, implementation, and management processes in cities
- Monitoring and evaluation (M&E)
- Government as a driver
- Global political processes

Best regards,
Market development in action Thu, 27 Aug 2015 19:10:34 +0000
Re: iDE’s Approach to Market Development - The Dynamics of Market Development: No Two Markets are Alike - by: kckoch
Thanks again for your note.

KC Koch
Global Communications Manager]]>
Market development in action Thu, 27 Aug 2015 16:58:14 +0000
Why do MOOCs attract so many participants, and webinars attract so few? - by: muench
Thanks very much for your feedback, that's an important aspect to keep in mind.
So we should run webinars also at times when the time zone is working hours in Asia, not only the time that we often select, namely afternoon in Europe (thinking that this is morning in America and evening in Asia, so relatively suitable for everyone; except the people in Australia and New Zealand for them it's in the middle of the night then).

I am wondering if MOOCs are also more popular than webinars as they have usually no "live" component; everything is done asynchronously so one doesn't need to worry about time zones.
Having said that, it's the "live" aspect that I personally really enjoy with webinars, rather than watching a recording later. Also in the live sessions one can contribute with comments and questions which is not possible with the recording.

Does anyone else have suggestions to make webinars more accessible/useful/popular for folks compared to MOOCs?

Capacity development Thu, 27 Aug 2015 15:41:43 +0000
Re: MAB2.0 - algae refinery at your waste water treatment plant - by: muench
I am glad you found your way to our forum. This seems to be an interesting approach to combine climate change issues with algae and wastewater treatment. Could you please tell us a bit more about your own role in this initiative? You could also fill out your forum profile a little. Thanks.

I am a bit confused about the different algae technologies; I took a look where else on the forum we have spoken about algae.

There is this process from India (Nualgi-Diatom Algae):

and there was this research project funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation:

The project was called: Algae for the Effective and Economical Treatment of Waste

Subtitle: Developing a full-scale demonstration of a “waste farm” that will cultivate algae for the production of bioenergy and a valuable live feed crop for the local community using waste as the feedstock.

Is this the kind of processes that you are looking for or am I totally on the wrong track?

Kind regards,

P.S. I have moved this thread from "sanitation of a business" to "resource recovery" because I think it fits better here, do you agree?]]>
Resource recovery from excreta, faecal sludge or wastewater Thu, 27 Aug 2015 13:03:42 +0000
Re: What constitutes success for CLTS? – Measuring community outcomes and behavior change - Webinar on Wed 22 July 2015 - by: muench

Questions/issues at the webinar included:
  1. ODF may be better suited for motivating communities than measuring success and is not a good metric for comparing communities due to its binary nature;
  2. Low overall success rates suggest we are missing an opportunity to better target CLTS to specific communities and consider alternate sanitation strategies where CLTS is not appropriate;
  3. We need better data and understanding of how to successfully change long-term social norms


CLTS (Community led total sanitation) and other community led approaches Thu, 27 Aug 2015 12:15:35 +0000
Re: Why the name change from formerly Business & Governance category to Market Development? - And new icon - by: muench Thanks so much for your feedback about the icon. I plan to sit down with Kelly as soon as she has a spare moment and make a "final" decision about the icon (as many of the new proposals are for sure better than what we have right now, so I would like to move this forward quite quickly now).

KC: your points are very valid, I particularly agree with you on:
Although I like #2 a lot, I'm not sure about the hand. To me, the hand implies "giving" which is detrimental to markets.

Giacomo: You brought up the question again if the category should be split in two, one half for market development and the other half for governance topics. This is very valid and we've discussed this back and forth a few times. I can see both sides of the argument.
I was in the past arguing more for pratical reasons to keep them together in one category (due to the possible overlap, as you pointed out, and just to keep the number of forum categories manageable and of a similar size).

John Sauer had pointed out his thinking why they could stay together in one category (scrol to the beginning of this thread):
Market Development includes the core functions of supply and demand in the market (or the four P’s — Product, Price, Place, and Promotion), the supporting functions (Finance, Coordination, Information, Guidance, Incentives, Quality, Workforce), and the rules functions (Policy and Regulation; Taxes and Tariffs).


Oh and the question was raised how governance topics fit under this new category title? Governance topics (scaling up, budgeting, global political processes such as human rights, SDGs) are also included because government is a player in many of the supporting and rules functions and, for sanitation, ultimately needs to be a market player/driver in its own right for sustainability.

His line of argument kind of convinced me that keeping them together is OK. Does it convince you?

If you were to propose a split, which of the sub-categories would you put where? The first three into market development and the second three into "governance"?
Here you can see the sub-categories that we have so far:

On a side note, I am pleased that this category has recently expanded, regarding the number of threads and posts it's getting from SuSanA members. This is really nice and shows that SuSanA members are not only interested in technology and reuse issues (perhaps our original focus) but nowadays more and more also in the non-technical, market and governance orientated topics (as well as health and behaviour, see our "red" and "orange" categories). This is nice to see, as we had in the past been criticised by some for having too narrow a focus.*


* I have tried to capture some of these challenges here on the Wikipedia page about SuSanA and invite anyone to add to it or to modify it:]]>
Market development in action Thu, 27 Aug 2015 11:25:28 +0000
WASH Advisor (Job with Medair, South Sudan) - by: Mark Develop, lead, monitor and evaluate technical aspects of the country programme WASH activities. Provide capacity building for national and international staff, leading on all WASH elements of proposals and reports. Coordinate and network at senior level with national and regional WASH authorities and other NGOs. Championing best practice (international and Medair) in all WASH programmes.

Project Overview
Multi-sector relief and rehabilitation programme including: provision of primary and emergency health care, water and sanitation, and non-food items and emergency shelter to assist in reducing morbidity and mortality in vulnerable populations of South Sudan.

Medair is a humanitarian organisation inspired by Christian faith to relieve human suffering in some of the world’s most remote and devastated places. We bring relief and recovery to people in crisis, regardless of race, creed or nationality. As signatories of the Red Cross Code of Conduct, we believe that aid should be given to everyone who is in need, regardless of political, social or religious viewpoint. We save lives in emergencies and then stay to help people recover from crisis with dignity—working side by side with communities to leave a lasting impact. We provide a range of emergency relief and recovery services: health care and nutrition, safe water, sanitation, and hygiene, shelter and infrastructure.

Juba, South Sudan, with regular field trips to project sites

Starting Date
November 2015

Initial Contract Details
Full time, minimum contract of 24 months

Key Activity Areas
WASH Project Management
• Responsible for the overall quality and performance of all Medair South Sudan WASH programmes. In close liaison with HQ WASH Advisor on matters of programme quality, objectives, and design and for all programme related WASH technical advice.
• Define the country level scope for the WASH programme based on beneficiary needs, Medair experience and best practices as well as donor requirements in collaboration with the HQ WASH Advisor.
• Research and recommend appropriate technologies for use in country WASH programmes.
• Initiate, lead WASH Technical Working Groups (TWG).
• Ensure technical cohesion between the various country WASH programmes.

Programme Coordination
• Liaise with stakeholders: beneficiaries, ministries, local government officials, UN agencies (UNICEF, UNOCHA) and NGOs, on overall WASH coordination for South Sudan.
• Assist the Project Coordinator and WASH Project Manager in the development of a project performance baseline integrating scope, schedule and cost for each WASH programme.
• Monitor the project performance baseline and make necessary recommendations.
• Identify and initiate corrective action related to changes to the project scope, project schedule and project costs.

• Be the liaison to the Medair HQ WASH advisor for all WASH related questions and issues; provide feedback to the relevant managers within the South Sudan team.
• Develop and maintain a transparent, honest and supportive communication structure with the team members, so as to uphold a spirit of unity and mutual respect.
• Represent Medair to donor representatives of all projects, always with notice and close liaison with Project Coordinators, Deputy Country Director Programme and Country Director.

Staff Management
• Support in the necessary technical development of WASH staff, by training and encouraging attendance of Medair WASH workshop.
• Support WASH Project Managers and Project Coordinators with the selection of appropriate technical knowledge when recruiting WASH staff.

Financial Management
• Advise the (Deputy) Country Director on the overall WASH project budgets and spending.
• Assist and advise the project managers in planning and construction of WASH project budgets.

Quality Management
• Ensure all WASH project implementation is according to Medair policy and compliant with Medair, donor, South Sudanese and international guidelines, policies and standards, including Sphere, Beneficiary Accountability (BA) and Core Humanitarian Standards.
• Ensure sectorial integration, learning, sharing and adoption of best practices as outlined in Sphere guidelines, and Medair South Sudan guidelines to ensure quality of projects in liaison with Monitoring and Evaluation Officer, Health and Nutrition Advisor, and under advice of HQ WASH Advisor.

• Provide advice and support on security related issues while on field trips if required.

• BSc in Water / Environmental Engineering or Management or Civil Engineering or Hydrology / Geology

• Strong working knowledge of English (spoken and written)

Experience / Competencies
• 2 years of experience in WASH in a developing country
• Extensive experience in managing and implementing WASH programmes in developing countries desirable
• Planning, assessment and analytical skills; at ease in report writing
• Coaching / teaching skills; clear verbal and written communication skills
• Organized and works with attention to detail; able to establish priorities and plan ahead to meet objectives and deadlines
• Capacity to work under pressure and manage personal stress levels
• Committed to team-building and able to develop and support other team members

Medair Standard Working Requirements for the Field
• Experienced professionals in a relevant field; Overseas intercultural experience
• Committed Christians; commitment to the Medair values
• Strong working knowledge of English, spoken and written
• Working knowledge of French, spoken and written, for French-speaking field programmes
• Single or married (with no children under 18). If married, your spouse must also apply.
• Successful completion of Medair Relief & Recovery Orientation Course (ROC)
• Reflect the vision and values of Medair with team members, local staff, beneficiaries, external contacts
• Able to live and work in a multicultural team under difficult conditions
• Strong character traits, including emotional stability, adaptability, ability to handle stress, cultural and gender sensitivity, honesty, and physically fit

• A salary based upon the grade of the position and the experience of the position-holder
• Comprehensive briefing at our Swiss headquarters, as well as an in-country briefing
• Security training for those going to particularly insecure environments
• Accommodation, food, and transportation in-country
• Return flights to and from the country programme (one return flight for every year of service)
• Rest and recuperation (R&R) leave (including travel, accommodation, and food allowance)
• Annual leave; Death and disability allowance
• Contribution matching programme for retirement savings (for experienced relief workers)
• Additional contract benefit allowance for those who commit to longer contracts
• Comprehensive medical and emergency rescue insurance, with up to 60 days post- assignment coverage, including debriefing

Working Conditions
• This is a field-based position and working and living conditions may be very different to that previously experienced.

Application Process
Follow this link:, check if you are an Experienced or New Relief Worker and that you fit our standard working criteria, then:
a) apply for this vacancy (or another position that matches your profile), or
b) apply for a Medair ROC (where we can try and match your competencies to our vacancy needs).

Please do not make multiple applications. We will not review email applications. Only English-language applications / CVs will be reviewed. Medair does not set closing / deadline dates for applications; recruitment is on-going until the position is filled.

Follow Us
You can follow us on Facebook , Twitter , or LinkedIn .]]>
Jobs, consultancies, internships Thu, 27 Aug 2015 10:30:11 +0000
Urban Sanitation Course - 21 to 23 September - Bangalore, India by IIHS - by: shivaram285
The three-day programme on Urban Sanitation caters to officers in the urban water and sanitation sector, working in Utilities, Urban Local Bodies, and other State Departments.

This course will enhance participants’ understanding of urban sanitation systems, and enable them to play a key role in being able to plan, implement and maintain/manage maintenance, in other words, become proficient in managing the complete wastewater cycle. The course will cover both sewerage and on-site systems, and treatment systems. The course will also help participants get better acquainted with policies and programmes in urban sanitation. Finally, participants will practice how to prepare comprehensive proposals in urban sanitation.

Learning Outcomes:

The programme aims to enable urban practitioners to enhance their understanding of urban sanitation, particularly paying attention to the complete wastewater cycle.

At the end of the course, participants will have accomplished the following:

1.An enhanced understanding of waste water management systems, for on-site as well as sewerage systems
2.A higher level of proficiency in managing the complete Wastewater Cycle i.e. planning, implementing, and maintenance management
3.A better understanding of the broader policy and institutional framework, including the NUSP, Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, etc

Learner Profile:

Mid-level officers from Urban Water Boards, State PHEDs, Urban Infrastructure Finance Corporations, Urban Local Bodies, etc. Participants from the Private Sector and NGOs are also eligible to apply.

For more details, follow the link below:]]>
Courses (including online courses) and trainings Thu, 27 Aug 2015 10:19:30 +0000
Re: Invitation to join the network on Sustainable Water and Nutrient reuse option in Europe (SuWaNu) - by: fabio
As requested , I would like to post a summary on the outputs of SuWaNu, as it might be usefull for some of you.

Recently the Marketplace Map has been opened to regions all over the world, as water shortage and reuse is a global concern, where new partners show immediately on the map and can easily see other activities around them or outside their regions, thus stimulating the development of new research-driven clusters with the focus on wastewater treatment and reuse applications and expanding cluster formation at international level. SuWaNu has created also a research public library listing activities and similar projects in wastewater treatment for reuse, compiling the existing research outside the SuWaNu consortium and creating an open research database which is easily accessible and open to the public.

In regards to the material produced by SuWaNu, during the first phase of the project, the SuWaNu team have analysed and compiled the existing situation of wastewater reuse in the target regions into several reports. A current wastewater reuse state-of-play analysis included existing available technologies for treatment targeting reuse of water and nutrients, relevant public and private key actors in the sector and a technological state-of-the-art map. A policy guideline included policy issues, barriers and limiting factors for wastewater reuse and the expansion potential in the target regions of SuWaNu. Then a SWOT analysis on the use of reclaimed water in agriculture has been performed by each RTD within the consortium, supported by the SMEs and SMEs associations, representing the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats from an economical and regional market perspective providing a picture of real opportunities in these markets for technological SMEs.

In the second phase of SuWaNu, the cluster has also developed a Research Agenda which identified 4 “research topics” or knowledge areas as follows: legislation on wastewater reuse, financials and RTD needs, consumer concerns & lack of communication, and mismatch between the amount of wastewater and irrigation/ fertilization needs.

Furthermore SuWaNu has developed its own Joint Action Plan (JAP) with a common strategy to enhance synergies leading to the completion of its goals and targeting relevant stakeholders in the field of agriculture and wastewater treatment including public authorities, private companies, universities and research centres as well as associations and NGOs. The JAP was based on developing 13 crucial Research Actions for the research topics listed above.

I hope this is interesting for you.

Best regards,

Fabio Pereira, PM of SuWaNu]]>
Greywater, blackwater or wastewater reuse, irrigation, aquaculture Thu, 27 Aug 2015 09:46:53 +0000
Re: SuSanA Capacity Development: Save the date for the working group meeting at Stockholm WWW, Thursday 27 August (13:30-15:30h) - by: dorothee.spuhler
Due to bad internet connexion at the venue we will not be able to have you joining us on skype during the meeting. I am sorry for that.
We will post all presentations and outcomes of the meeting on the homepage and here on the forum!

Cheers, Dorothee]]>
WG 1 (Capacity development) Thu, 27 Aug 2015 09:08:53 +0000
Re: Introduction to the SFD Promotion Initiative (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Germany and partners) - by: milli
I really like the Shit Flow Diagrams. They look so structured and you see at the first glance what goes wrong.

I had a look at the sfd-website. But the web portal is another thing you were talking about, right? So, how was the event at Stockholm Water Week today and how was the launch of that portal?

Best regards,
Shit flow diagrams (SFDs) / Excreta flow diagrams (EFDs) Wed, 26 Aug 2015 19:52:43 +0000
Re: Assessing Odor Issues and Control Strategies for the Reinvent the Toilet Challenge - Duke/University of Colorado, Boulder, USA - by: milli
odor issues are an interesting subject. I am planning to construct some alternative sanitation system in a house which for now has a cesspit. I would be interested in experiences about odor issues with
a) composting toilets
b) urine-diverting dry toilets
Does anyone think one system is better than the other concerning odor issues? For now I just used different composting toilets which did in some cases actually smell.
Diverting urine should make it smell less, but I never used such a toilet...

Will you be testing those sanitation systems or will you be more focussing on pit latrines?

Another interesting point is the biochar as odor control medium, which is as far as I know produced through pyrolysis. I am wondering if it can be produced at low-tech level so that it will be easily available for the communities...

Best regards,
Processing technologies for excreta or faecal sludge Wed, 26 Aug 2015 19:28:39 +0000
Photo request to support DefeatDD's fall campaign - by: Hope
I hope this finds you well! I’m writing because DefeatDD has an exciting new fall campaign this year, but in order for it to work, we need some assistance from partners (like you!) around the world.

First, some context: This year’s annual October campaign will be... (drum roll, please…) a photo caption contest! Participants on social media will compete for their caption to be featured in our 2016 calendar. But this year, our photos won’t center on toilets from around the world (although those may have a supporting role). This year, we’re following a Traveling Poo on his global journey to seek self-awareness (and maybe a little silliness along the way). This is essentially DefeatDD’s take on Flat Stanley.

But before we can conduct our photo caption contest in October, we need high-quality photos of the traveling poo’s journey to be featured in our calendar – and that’s where you come in! To make the poo’s travels truly global, we need photographs of the poo touring places close to your part of the world, be they famous landmarks, regional landscapes, scenes from everyday urban or rural life, or research institutions.

The poo is on a journey to discover his place in the world. He’s a natural part of life, yet taboo; the source of some serious global problems but also potentially valuable. Your photos will serve as inspiration for participants’ provocative, humorous, or educational captions. We’ll choose the twelve photos that create the best collection for the calendar, ensure proper photo attribution, and shower you with lots of love and gratitude on social media. And don’t worry – you’ll be able to submit captions for your photos and others, too!

Simply print and cut out a color version of one of our many poo emoji options attached and photograph one of our traveling poos as many places as you’d like. We have an emoji option for every mood that may strike our Traveling Poo, so please feel free to be creative! I’ve attached a few of my own photos to help get you inspired. 

We recommend printing the emoji(s) on 8 ½ x 11 paper and request that photos be at least 300 dpi. If possible, we’d love to get your submissions by September 14th so we have time to prepare the photos for the caption contest in October. Just send them directly to me at This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Please drop me a line if you would like to chat more about the concept or run some ideas by me. I’d love to hear your thoughts!

Hope to hear from you soon!

Other announcements Wed, 26 Aug 2015 17:46:57 +0000
Re: Why the name change from formerly Business & Governance category to Market Development? - And new icon - by: ggalli
Great to see that there is a 'market development' category on Susana. However, I'm not so happy to see that this has come in the place of a 'governance' category. As I see it, these two categories can certainly co-exist. There will be some overlap, but there are also distinctions. Having 'governance' as a sub-category of 'market development' implies to me that governance is just existing to facilitate the market, something which I do not agree with.

For me governance is a process of interactions between a different actors and institutions. It's a process of tying to find shared solutions to common problems, and sometimes it's also a process of conflicting interests. In many parts of the world governance is equal to government, while in other parts the private sector and civil society is formally included in decision making. I'm not so interested in finding out which system is best, but what works where (and how it works). That's why I'd rather have a separate governance category on this Forum.

Questions that can be posed are who is the lead institution on sanitation in country X? Where does financing come from? How are feedback lops and accountability mechanisms organised. Why are certain issues being taken up but others not? etc.

I realise that sometimes there will be topics which overlap, but I'm sure that the great Susana moderators will find a way to sort this out I'll also gladly let others worry about the design of an icon for this

Best regards,
Market development in action Wed, 26 Aug 2015 13:10:15 +0000
Advertising sanitation products/services (sharing from Malawi - seeking input) - by: nicolag
At Sanihub Malawi we are pushing hard for pit emptying and sales of SatoPans. I'm really interested to see how other organisations work to promote latrine products and services. This is our current SatoPan advert (usually in Chichewa)

Do you see anything you would change? I think we have learned that this is a bit clinical and not too appealing to the customer. We are now thinking of a much more fun approach - perhaps a cartoon of someone trying to use a latrine who is surrounded by flies with a clothes peg on their nose for the smell..then followed with how this can be solved with a SatoPan.

For pit emptying we have tried somethign rather basic but just as a handout - I'm not sure that this is very useful... our main block is customers not realising they can get their pits emptied (well...and affordability when they do) and I'm not sure this explains it well.

We also have latrine brochures where we show different latrine styles. The best thing about this brochure is that it is built around the Malawian way of latrine building i.e. it sells the BoQ, not the latrine. So it gives you the list of 'ingredients' not just a price. You can then source the materials yourself and hire a labourer.

I'd love to know what others are doing, and hear your suggestions for improving our work.]]>
Market development in action Wed, 26 Aug 2015 12:41:44 +0000