SuSanA - Forum Kunena Site Syndication http://forum.susana.org/ Sun, 21 Sep 2014 06:05:44 +0000 Kunena 1.6 http://forum.susana.org/components/com_kunena/template/default/images/icons/rss.png SuSanA - Forum http://forum.susana.org/ en-gb Energy footprint side event at IWA Congress, Lisbon - by: tmsinnovation http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/56-wg-3-energy-climate/10251-energy-footprint-side-event-at-iwa-congress-lisbon#10251 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/56-wg-3-energy-climate/10251-energy-footprint-side-event-at-iwa-congress-lisbon#10251
The SuSanA Secretariat would like to encourage all the working group members in Lisbon to attend the SuSanA side event with a fishbowl discussion on 'Determining system boundaries for climate mitigation in sanitation programmes using an energy footprint perspective'
Where: Room: 1.06, IWA World Water Congress, Lisbon, Portugal
When: Monday 22nd September - 15:30 - 17:00 hrs
Organised by: Borda, IWA and the SuSanA secretariat held by GIZ

Please find the program outline below as well as related discussions here: forum.susana.org/forum/categories/21-eve...21-26-september-2014

I look forward to seeing all of you that are in Lisbon on Monday.

Kind regards
Trevor

**********************************
Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA) side event
Monday 22 September - 15:30 - 17:00
Room 1.06
Centro de Congressos de Lisboa - Parca Industrias, Lisboa

Determining system boundaries for climate mitigation in sanitation programmes using an energy footprint perspective

Sanitation systems include the user interface, conveyance, treatment and safe reuse or disposal, the combinations of technologies that can be implemented within a sanitation system and their energy footprint varies greatly from context to context. Therefore a potential to reduce Green House Gas (GHG) in sanitation systems exists. As more climate mitigation programmes are planned the potential that improved sanitation systems offer to reduce energy consumption presents an opportunity to consider the ideal system boundaries and their impact on the energy footprint.

An energy footprint perspective takes into consideration both energy consumption as well as embodied energy. With consideration of the energy footprint alongside more traditional economic analysis, decision makers would have a better perspective to judge investment decisions in sanitation systems that should contribute to climate mitigation. The challenge is where to set the system boundary.

The discussion would look at the challenges of determining the system boundaries and the impact that moving system boundaries have on the energy footprint. The discussion will include questions like; when looking at defining the ideal system boundaries for assessing a wastewater system holistically should embodied energy be considered? What happens to the energy footprint when the system boundary is expanded to take into consideration the impact of reusing wastewater in agriculture? Many more questions will come from your interactive participation in the side event.

Side event format:
15:30 to 15:40
Introduction and setting the scene for the side event - Trevor Surridge (SuSanA secretariat held by GIZ)

15:40 to 15:50
Overview of energy consumption patterns using the Waste Water Treatment Plant as your systems boundary - Catarina Silva (LNEC - National Civil Engineering Laboratory)

15:50 to 15:55
Q & A

15:55 to 16:15
Using an energy footprint perspective to see the impact of moving system boundaries with illustrative cases from India, South Africa and Germany - Stefan Reuter (BORDA)

16:15 to 16:20
Q & A

16:20 to 17:00
Fishbowl discussion - Can an energy footprint perspective help us set better systems boundaries for climate mitigation programmes involving sanitation systems? - All participants

Why you should attend the side event:
  • To learn about and discuss the energy footprint perspective in sanitation systems.
  • To participate in an interactive side event using the fishbowl format to discuss a paradigm shift.
  • Collaborate with your peers on considering new ways of thinking about system boundaries for sanitation systems within the context of climate mitigation programmes.


]]>
WG 3 (energy, climate) Sat, 20 Sep 2014 17:51:43 +0000
22 Sept. SuSanA side event at IWA World Water Congress and Exhibition in Lisbon, Portugal - by: tmsinnovation http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/21-events/9541-22-sept-susana-side-event-a-workshop-on-energy-neutral-wwtp-at-iwa-world-water-congress-lisbon-portugal-on-21-26-september-2014#10250 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/21-events/9541-22-sept-susana-side-event-a-workshop-on-energy-neutral-wwtp-at-iwa-world-water-congress-lisbon-portugal-on-21-26-september-2014#10250
Just in case those of you in Lisbon for the IWA WW congress have missed it, there will be a SuSanA side event on
22 Sept. from 15h30 to 17h30.

Room: 1.06

The side event is entitled "Determining system boundaries for climate mitigation in sanitation programmes using an energy footprint perspective"

Organised by: Borda, IWA and the SuSanA secretariat held by GIZ

After a couple of presentation inputs we will have an open fishbowl discussion which will allow everyone to engage in the discussion.



Here is a short description of what we hope to discuss in the side event:

"Sanitation systems include the user interface, conveyance, treatment and safe reuse or disposal, the combinations of technologies that can be implemented within a sanitation system and their energy footprint varies greatly from context to context. Therefore a potential to reduce Green House Gas (GHG) in sanitation systems exists. As more climate mitigation programmes are planned the potential that improved sanitation systems offer to reduce energy consumption presents an opportunity to consider the ideal system boundaries and their impact on the energy footprint.

An energy footprint perspective takes into consideration both energy consumption as well as embodied energy. With consideration of the energy footprint alongside more traditional economic analysis, decision makers would have a better perspective to judge investment decisions in sanitation systems that should contribute to climate mitigation. The challenge is where to set the system boundary.

The discussion would look at the challenges of determining the system boundaries and the impact that moving system boundaries have on the energy footprint. The discussion will include questions like; when looking at defining the ideal system boundaries for assessing a wastewater system holistically should embodied energy be considered? What happens to the energy footprint when the system boundary is expanded to take into consideration the impact of reusing wastewater in agriculture? Many more questions will come from your interactive participation in the side event."

Happy to have some further discussion ideas here and any points of correction.
Kind regards
Trevor]]>
Events Sat, 20 Sep 2014 12:17:42 +0000
Re: IWA World Water Congress 2014 - Water and Energy Workshop, Monday, September 22, 2014 - by: tmsinnovation http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/21-events/9541-22-sept-susana-side-event-a-workshop-on-energy-neutral-wwtp-at-iwa-world-water-congress-lisbon-portugal-on-21-26-september-2014#10249 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/21-events/9541-22-sept-susana-side-event-a-workshop-on-energy-neutral-wwtp-at-iwa-world-water-congress-lisbon-portugal-on-21-26-september-2014#10249
just in case you have not been able to find this workshop quickly in the programme for Monday 22 September, it is part of Track 2 and in room 1.09.

Below is the updated workshop description:
"Energy & Carbon Neutral Utilities
Chair: Corinne Trommsdorff IWA
Can water & wastewater utilities be carbon & energy neutral by 2030?


The workshop will capitalise on existing knowledge, and share experiences
of utilities and water sector professionals to build a toolbox of technologies
and concepts for consideration by utilities starting or continuing an energy
efficiency approach. This is an on-going process continuing after the
workshop. Gustaf Olsson (IEA Lund University, Sweden) discusses the water
cycle for energy saving avoidance and generation opportunities. A matrix of
solutions, initiated by IWA Water Climate and Energy Programme, will be
shared and developed. Sub-groups focusing on water treatment, distribution,
wastewater treatment and households led by Daniel Nolasco (NOLASCO y
Asociados S. A., Argentina), Jose Porro (University of Girona, Spain), Enrique
Cabrera (Universidad Politecnica de Valencia, Spain) and Steve Kenway
(University of Queensland, Australia). Benchmarking, indicators, technologies
and case studies are covered."

Look forward to seeing you there.
Regards
Trevor

Direct link to Monday's programme is here: www.iwa2014lisbon.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/monday.pdf]]>
Events Sat, 20 Sep 2014 11:20:03 +0000
Re: new article: on unused toilets in India - by: sjoerdnienhuys http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/71-behaviour-change-psychology-user-engagement/9663-new-article-on-unused-toilets-in-india-why-do-some-rural-people-prefer-open-defecation-even-if-toilets-are-available?limit=12&start=36#10248 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/71-behaviour-change-psychology-user-engagement/9663-new-article-on-unused-toilets-in-india-why-do-some-rural-people-prefer-open-defecation-even-if-toilets-are-available?limit=12&start=36#10248 A. Men and women do not want to use the same toilet (for whatever reasons). This means that when a house only has one latrine, half the members use the bush, usulally the women.
For development organisations to provide two toilets for one house is often considered too expensive. Interestingly, when aid organisations built toilets in refugee camps, strict separation between male and female toilets is made and all people use them. The refugee camp use is probably because there is no bush at all.
B. Some aid organisations provided low-cost toilets which were cheaply finished with cement plaster floors and lower walls. These will become soiled after a while, and urine penetrates into the lower quality cement finishing. Hence the place starts smelling bad and is abandoned.
C. People are aware of good quality spacious toilets having ceramic pans and tiled floors and lower walls. These can be kept properly clean and are nearly always used by households that do not allow others to share their toilets. When aid organisations or governments provide cement finish toilets of narrow spacing (underess-dress)the recipients do not want to use them in protest.
D. For several households using the same toilets, there must be a very clear agreement on who keeps the place clean. Richer families or Brahmans do not like to take that cleaning task or burden, but they also do not want to pay for the services. Availability of cleaning water (anal and toilet) is essential; who brings the water?, Where it is stored? In SE Asia and Indonesia often a waterbasin is located in the more spacier toilet area, facilitating cleaning both ways.
E. Some villagers did not want the toilet as part of the house. Inevitably it was to be build in the farest corner of the property. In many cases there was just no room.

Just building a singel low-cost cemented toilet for one family, a crampy latrine without water services for cleaning and handwashing is not going to improve the situation. Villagers who build their own tiled toilet are definately using them. Sometimes these are even becoming part of the house.]]>
Behaviour change, psychology, user engagement Sat, 20 Sep 2014 10:17:07 +0000
Exposure to WASH-borne hazards: A scoping study on peri-urban Ger areas in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia - by: nazimuddin http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/89-new-publications/10246-exposure-to-wash-borne-hazards-a-scoping-study-on-peri-urban-ger-areas-in-ulaanbaatar-mongolia#10246 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/89-new-publications/10246-exposure-to-wash-borne-hazards-a-scoping-study-on-peri-urban-ger-areas-in-ulaanbaatar-mongolia#10246
Following is the article which has been published recently. You can get free access to the article by using the following link which is valid for 50 days, until November 7, 2014

authors.elsevier.com/a/1PjcziuWmivkF
or
www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0197397514001295

Title- Exposure to WASH-borne hazards: A scoping study on peri-urban Ger areas in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

Abstract

The present scoping study seeks to address the sources of water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) exposure of residents of peri-urban Ger areas of Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. Field observations and semi-structured key informant interviews were carried out during 2012 and 2013 to assess the existing WASH situation in the peri-urban Ger areas of Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. In addition, a knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) survey was conducted by Action Contre la Faim (ACF) Mongolia in 210 households to identify the sources of WASH-borne hazards in a statistically representative way. Moreover, the quality of drinking water was analyzed both at the household (n = 210) and water point (kiosk) (n = 40) levels to assess the risk of chemical and pathogenic contaminants. Both field observations and interviews revealed that the sanitary environment of the Ger residents is characterized by the lack of a drainage system, unimproved sanitation technology (e.g. unhygienic pit latrines and soak pits), unsafe water supply, and insufficient collection, transportation, and storage mechanisms. Poor infrastructure is associated with low standards of living. The transmission of WASH-borne disease (e.g. diarrhea, dysentery, hepatitis A) is the gravest consequence and source of hazards. The results from the water quality analysis demonstrate that Ger residents are more exposed to biological contamination of stored drinking water by Escherichia coli during the summer (May to August) than in the winter (November to February). During the winter, 36% of household storage containers were contaminated by E. coli at an average level of 12.5 E. coli per 100 ml, while, during the summer, 56% of household storage containers were contaminated at an average level of 50 E. coli per 100 ml. KAP surveys further reveal that the common practice of Ger residents to discharge greywater (with higher chemical oxygen demand) into pit latrines, soak-pits, yards, and streets likely causes environmental pollution and health hazards. Multifaceted WASH-borne exposure was addressed by the scoping study such that various WASH interventions could be planned for the study area and beyond. To tackle the above challenges and problems, a range of appropriate interventions and programs are recommended to reduce the exposure of WASH-borne hazards in the study area and other parts of the world – in both urban and peri-urban settings. The recommendations include: the development and implementation of a water safety plan (WSP), an effective monitoring system for collection, transportation and storage at both water kiosk and household levels, user training for correct use of water containers, effective coordination among stakeholders (including urban planners), development of a household greywater disposal system, and implementation of a functioning solid waste management system. Prior to taking these actions, a detailed study on the ‘pollution load from peri-urban to urban’ should be carried out to assess the WASH-borne vulnerability of both peri-urban and central urban population.

Highlights

•Multifaceted WASH-borne exposure was addressed in peri-urban context.
•Poor infrastructure is associated with low standards of living.
•The transmission of WASH-borne diseases is the gravest consequence and source of hazards.
•Summer is more hazardous than winter in terms of biological contaminations.
•Various WASH interventions are recommended to reduce the exposure of WASH-borne hazards.

Many thanks
Best greetigns

Nazim]]>
New publications Sat, 20 Sep 2014 04:21:28 +0000
Re: The Nano Membrane Toilet (Cranfield University, UK) - by: AParker http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/105-processing-technologies-for-excreta-or-faecal-sludge/3409-the-nano-membrane-toilet-cranfield-university-uk?limit=12&start=36#10245 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/105-processing-technologies-for-excreta-or-faecal-sludge/3409-the-nano-membrane-toilet-cranfield-university-uk?limit=12&start=36#10245
Read more about our plans on our blog:
nanomembranetoilet.blogspot.co.uk/2014/0...toilet-receives.html

As ever, happy to answer your questions and receive your feedback on this forum.]]>
Processing technologies for excreta or faecal sludge Fri, 19 Sep 2014 15:35:48 +0000
Re: Toilettes sèches en République Démocratique du Congo - by: Myango1 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/83-systemes-dassainissement-et-reutilisation/9570-toilettes-seches-en-republique-democratique-du-congo-in-french-dry-toilets-in-the-dr-congo#10244 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/83-systemes-dassainissement-et-reutilisation/9570-toilettes-seches-en-republique-democratique-du-congo-in-french-dry-toilets-in-the-dr-congo#10244 I am a medical doctor and public Health specialist, congolese by nationality
I would like to advise the primary school as sites pilot in order to try if that technology can work effectively.
Find attached the power point of my thesis presentation
I would like to hear from you


Myango Patient MD,MPH
Deputy Medical Director/AIDS/HIV project coordinator
Kalongo Hospital
P.Box 47
Northern Uganda
email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it ]]>
Systèmes d’assainissement et réutilisation Fri, 19 Sep 2014 14:09:06 +0000
Re: sanitation 21 - by: jonpar http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/59-wg-6-cities/6197-revised-sanitation-21-planning-framework-draft-for-comment#10243 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/59-wg-6-cities/6197-revised-sanitation-21-planning-framework-draft-for-comment#10243 WG 6 (cities) Fri, 19 Sep 2014 13:44:33 +0000 Re: Water and sanitation access in France. | Accès à l'eau et à le sanitaire en France - by: ben http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/59-wg-6-cities/9160-water-and-sanitation-access-in-france--acces-a-leau-et-a-le-sanitaire-en-france?limit=12&start=12#10242 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/59-wg-6-cities/9160-water-and-sanitation-access-in-france--acces-a-leau-et-a-le-sanitaire-en-france?limit=12&start=12#10242
Here is an article on rom campsites that might interest you, from aquaterre (Strasbourg)

Ben]]>
WG 6 (cities) Fri, 19 Sep 2014 12:04:56 +0000
NaWaTech Compendium of Technologies avaliable on SuSanA library - by: lucia http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/89-new-publications/10241-nawatech-compendium-of-technologies-avaliable-on-susana-library#10241 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/89-new-publications/10241-nawatech-compendium-of-technologies-avaliable-on-susana-library#10241
Project NaWaTech “Natural Water Systems and Treatment Technologies to cope with Water Shortages in Urbanised Areas in India” is a Indo-European research and development initiative aiming to explore, assess and enhance the potential of natural and compact water and wastewater treatment systems in order to improve their performance and reliability to cope with water shortages in India.

The Compendium of NaWaTech Technologies is an effort to pinpoint and describe water and wastewater technologies that could enable the sustainable water management in Indian cities. It is intended as a reference for water professionals in charge of planning, designing and implementing sustainable water systems in the Indian urban scenario, based on a decentralised approach. The NaWaTech Compendium does not aim to be an engineering manual for the detailed design and construction, and the objective of the NaWaTech consortium is to inspire practitioners, igniting the shift from the conventional end-of-pipe thinking to intelligent practices to come up with sustainable solutions to the water and sanitation crisis in urban India. This piece of work is the result of a joint effort of the specialists of the NaWaTech consortium, and was realised thanks to the support of the Department of Science and Technology of the Government of India and the European Commission through its 7th Framework Program.

Find the publication in: www.susana.org/en/resources/library/details/2080]]>
New publications Fri, 19 Sep 2014 11:44:07 +0000
Re: WIKI-SUSAN? Open Source! - by: WikiDocJames http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/54-wg-1-cap-development/6126-the-iwa-water-wiki-what-are-the-benefits-compared-to-wikipedia?limit=12&start=12#10239 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/54-wg-1-cap-development/6126-the-iwa-water-wiki-what-are-the-benefits-compared-to-wikipedia?limit=12&start=12#10239 stats.grok.se/en/latest90/Composting_toilet

Yes Wikipedia is not for primary research papers. It is for a review of the topic at hand. Many of the articles go into amazing depth. And one can have sub articles that go into even greater depth.

With respect to community, Wikipedia's editors organize themselves around WikiProjects. For example one can see WikiProject Medicine here en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:WikiProject_Medicine with our discussions here en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia_talk:WikiProject_Medicine There is a WikiProject Water and a WikiProject Environment. They of course could both use more active participants. Having information about conferences is not unreasonable within these project but yes the main effort is to write overview articles.


Wikipedia's new editor, called visual editor is in beta. It is like a word processor.

James Heilman]]>
WG 1 (cap. development) Fri, 19 Sep 2014 11:39:50 +0000
Re: Ecosan - what is it really? And what is the problem with ecosan? Is there a problem? - by: ben http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/39-any-other-topic-related-to-sanitation-or-to-susana/10021-ecosan-what-is-it-really-and-what-is-the-problem-with-ecosan-is-there-a-problem?limit=12&start=36#10237 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/39-any-other-topic-related-to-sanitation-or-to-susana/10021-ecosan-what-is-it-really-and-what-is-the-problem-with-ecosan-is-there-a-problem?limit=12&start=36#10237
Thanks for this very nice topic, bringing us far from the manichean views good ecosan Vs bad sewerwebs.

If I can add some rather personal spiritual view of Ecosan (I like joe's self definitionas "shit philosopher"). For me Ecosan means that we find a system that is giving us the feeling that we are part of an ecosystem.

I don't know if other parents felt the same but from my personal experience giving birth (rather witnessing it) was a huge shift from "we, human, are a so superior specie" to "we are just a smarter kind of apes". And many people asked me "What ?! You plan to re-use human shit" and I love to see their reaction when I answer them "because you think your shit is different from other mammals, that somehow it can't be treated and re-use the same way by nature ?". Obviously it can't because different mammals' feces affect the other species diferently, but I hope you got my point. When you defecate in a dry toilets and when you witness the safe re-use of it, there's a big mental shift operated on the place we consider ourself in our environment : Ecosan is not only about technic but I believe as well about a sensation and a perception of ourselves, human, in this planet.

I'm talking about because, through my company Ecosec, this is one of our raising awerness line : Dry toilet makes users actors, it changes citizens from poluteur to environmental activist, this is why it is a much more powerfull message than a flyer or a documentary on water scarcity.

Hope one day this line could be added to the ecosan definition.

Whishing you all a good day,

Ben]]>
Any other topic related to sanitation or to SuSanA Fri, 19 Sep 2014 09:41:46 +0000
Re: Développement du BIOGAZ en Guinée - by: adlp http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/83-systemes-dassainissement-et-reutilisation/6165-developpement-du-biogaz-en-guinee#10236 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/83-systemes-dassainissement-et-reutilisation/6165-developpement-du-biogaz-en-guinee#10236
Voici quelques renseignements sur notre organisation car nous pouvons vous aider.

En effet, Peepoople AB est une organisation qui distribue PEEPOOS
partout dans le monde, la mission de Peepoople est de pouvoir aider
l'humanité de recouvrer sa dignité à travers l'hygiène et santé. La
company Peepoople son siège se trouve à Stockholm en Suède.

Quand il n'y a pas de vie privée disponibles pour les femmes d'uriner
ou de déféquer dans la maison ou dans un abri, ils sont des cibles
fréquentes de harcèlement sexuel et de viol.
Les femmes sont en danger si elles doivent déféquer à l'air libre ou
utiliser les latrines publiques, surtout la nuit, et leur sens de la
dignité est également enlevé. Les femmes, filles et enfants
adolescents sont le groupe le plus vulnérable souffrant d'un manque
d'assainissement de base à plusieurs égards. Un enfant meurt toutes
les 15 secondes à cause de l'eau contaminée provenant des excréments
humains. Jusqu'à 50% de tous les décès dans les camps d'urgence,
réfugiés et déplacés sont causés par des maladies diarrhéiques. Plus
de 80% de ces décès sont des enfants de moins de deux ans.

PeePoople, tente de remédier au problème grâce à Peepoo (littéralement
"Pipicaca"), premiers "toilettes biodégradables, autodésinfectantes à
usage unique". Peepoo fonctionne comme toutes les toilettes de jour
et peut également être utilisé comme un système d'assainissement
complémentaire de nuit, au travail, a l'hopital ou à l'école...

Pour plus amples renseignements, veuillez surfer sur www.peepoople.com
ou www.csrsolutions.se


Cordialement

/NEHEMIE]]>
Systèmes d’assainissement et réutilisation Fri, 19 Sep 2014 09:41:40 +0000
Re: Toilettes sèches en République Démocratique du Congo - by: adlp http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/83-systemes-dassainissement-et-reutilisation/9570-toilettes-seches-en-republique-democratique-du-congo-in-french-dry-toilets-in-the-dr-congo#10235 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/83-systemes-dassainissement-et-reutilisation/9570-toilettes-seches-en-republique-democratique-du-congo-in-french-dry-toilets-in-the-dr-congo#10235
Bien sur, c'est tres important de nous aider sur le developpement de cette technique en Republique Démocratique du Congo, comme il est important dans un premier temps de trouver un site pilote pour y faire un test, pour voir si le produit est bien adapté ou pas, alors nous souhaiterions solliciter de votre part la mise en place de site avec votre appui. Alors est-vous pret de creer ce site pilote pour nous ?

/NEHEMIE]]>
Systèmes d’assainissement et réutilisation Fri, 19 Sep 2014 09:18:57 +0000
Re: Press Release: iDE Cambodia hits 100,000 latrine sales in 2 years (single or double pit pour flush toilets, Easy Latrine) - and general discussion - by: ben http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/142-upscaling-sanitation-governance-institutional-aspects-sanitation-policies/8964-press-release-ide-cambodia-hits-100000-latrine-sales-in-2-years-single-or-double-pit-pour-flush-toilets-easy-latrine-and-general-discussion?limit=12&start=24#10232 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/142-upscaling-sanitation-governance-institutional-aspects-sanitation-policies/8964-press-release-ide-cambodia-hits-100000-latrine-sales-in-2-years-single-or-double-pit-pour-flush-toilets-easy-latrine-and-general-discussion?limit=12&start=24#10232
I wanted to comment the complexity of establishing a market-based solution for pit latrine emptying + treatment in Cambodia, having participated to the program in its early years.
Being a country where law enforcement is particularly low, there was no hope that people would desludge properly from the fear of getting a fine. We therefore tried at the time to find how could we get a viable business not only charging the emptying service but as well create a financial interest in treating sludge properly.
We end up proposing a treatment plant to a Farmer rather than looking for emptying entrepreneurs. This way the man would have an incentive to actually treat the sludge rather than dumping it anywhere. We faced pretty quickly several problems :

  • On the contrary of a truck pit emptier, the farmer (was it him or can we gerealize ?) isn't really a business man and was struggling to run it as a proper entrepreneur


  • We turned the economic upside down and the gas expenses can't be covered in a rural area, it can only barely work in a peri-urban set-up where pits are very close one to the other


  • I join you the survey, we tried at the time an even more compact DEWATS system on two floors.

    From what I heard the plant has been abandonned ... I'm really sad I'm now part of these engineers who design and construct things that don't work. We tried and I hope people on this forum can learn from our mistakes and difficulties at the time.

    Big congratulation to IDE and Watershed and many others there developping programs without any hard subsidies. Florian you were talking about proposing other products, this is the beauty of this approach, the market becomes organic cause it's not anymore ruled by a funder agency, if people ask for tiles or nice sheds the mason will make it for them because offer and demand rules.

    Good luck in your program and thanks for sharing the results with us !

    Ben]]>
    Upscaling, sanitation governance, institutional aspects, sanitation policies Fri, 19 Sep 2014 07:46:58 +0000