SuSanA - Forum Kunena Site Syndication http://forum.susana.org/ Fri, 29 Jul 2016 15:59:56 +0000 Kunena 1.6 http://forum.susana.org/components/com_kunena/template/default/images/icons/rss.png SuSanA - Forum http://forum.susana.org/ en-gb Research Fellow in Water Engineering for Developing Countries at Cranfield University - by: AParker http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/20-jobs-consultancies-internships/18514-research-fellow-in-water-engineering-for-developing-countries-at-cranfield-university#18514 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/20-jobs-consultancies-internships/18514-research-fellow-in-water-engineering-for-developing-countries-at-cranfield-university#18514 This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Interviews to be held: 12 September 2016
Organisation: Cranfield University

School/Department: School of Water, Energy and Environment

Based at: Cranfield Campus, Cranfield, Bedfordshire

Hours of work: 37 hours per week (Monday to Friday)

Contract type: Fixed term contract

Fixed Term Period: 12 months

Salary: £31,620 to £35,244 per annum

Ref No: 2243

For more details click here.]]>
Jobs, consultancies, internships Fri, 29 Jul 2016 14:53:33 +0000
Selling Toilets blog from Nonprofit Chronicles - by: Improvedavis http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/167-market-development-in-action/18513-selling-toilets-blog-from-nonprofit-chronicles#18513 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/167-market-development-in-action/18513-selling-toilets-blog-from-nonprofit-chronicles#18513
intro to blog:
It’s easy for most of us to take the simplest things–like flushing a toilet–for granted. Yet almost 2.4 million people lack access to modern sanitation, and nearly 1 million practice open defecation, according to the World Health Organization. The problem is worst in rural areas of sub-Saharan Africa and south Asia, particularly India.

What’s to be done?

That’s hard to know, says Seeking Sanitation Success, an excellent report commissioned by Catholic Relief Services:

Very little information on sustained solutions is available, making funders and practitioners in the sector vulnerable to repeating mistakes or investing in unproven approaches.

The report also found:

There has been no NGO-led sanitation approach that leads to success at scale (depending on the definition).

The report was written by Susan Davis, who is the founder of Improve International, a small NGO aimed at improving the quality and sustainability of water and sanitation projects in poor countries. By phone, she explains that most progress in delivering modern sanitation has been led by governments, and not NGOs.

That doesn’t mean that NGOs can’t play a constructive role, she says. They can advocate for government action, they can help spur behavior change around sanitation (which is harder to do than you might think) and, importantly, they can help figure out which of the many approaches to sanitation work best.

This is an all-too-familiar story in global development. We don’t know enough about what works. Programs are under-studied. Results are under-reported, if they are reported at all. Successes are trumpeted. Failures, not so much. Followup is rare. Continue Reading It’s easy for most of us to take the simplest things–like flushing a toilet–for granted. Yet almost 2.4 million people lack access to modern sanitation, and nearly 1 million practice open defecation, according to the World Health Organization. The problem is worst in rural areas of sub-Saharan Africa and south Asia, particularly India.

What’s to be done?

That’s hard to know, says Seeking Sanitation Success, an excellent report commissioned by Catholic Relief Services:

Very little information on sustained solutions is available, making funders and practitioners in the sector vulnerable to repeating mistakes or investing in unproven approaches.

The report also found:

There has been no NGO-led sanitation approach that leads to success at scale (depending on the definition).

The report was written by Susan Davis, who is the founder of Improve International, a small NGO aimed at improving the quality and sustainability of water and sanitation projects in poor countries. By phone, she explains that most progress in delivering modern sanitation has been led by governments, and not NGOs.

That doesn’t mean that NGOs can’t play a constructive role, she says. They can advocate for government action, they can help spur behavior change around sanitation (which is harder to do than you might think) and, importantly, they can help figure out which of the many approaches to sanitation work best.

This is an all-too-familiar story in global development. We don’t know enough about what works. Programs are under-studied. Results are under-reported, if they are reported at all. Successes are trumpeted. Failures, not so much. Followup is rare. Continue Reading]]>
Market development in action Fri, 29 Jul 2016 14:18:19 +0000
Re: WASH Futures conference 2016: Pathways to universal and sustained water, sanitation and hygiene - by: muench http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/156-conferences-seminars-and-workshops/17060-conference-wash-futures-2016-brisbane-australia-16-20-may-2016-presentations-now-online#18512 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/156-conferences-seminars-and-workshops/17060-conference-wash-futures-2016-brisbane-australia-16-20-may-2016-presentations-now-online#18512
www.watercentre.org/services/events/wash2016/plenary-videos

It includes these sessions:

Day 1, Opening Opening Plenary
Day 1, Plenary 1: Keynote Catarina de Albuquerque
Day 1, Plenary 1: Keynote Don Blackmore
Day 1, Plenary 2 The Big Debate
Day 2, Plenary 3: Keynote Bruce Gordon
Day 2, Plenary 3: Keynote Nugroho Tri Utomo
Day 2, Closing Closing Plenary

E.g. check out The Big Debate here:



The presentations from the conference are available here:

www.watercentre.org/services/events/wash...ence-presentations-1

Thank you to the conference organisers for making all this material available!]]>
Conferences, seminars and workshops Fri, 29 Jul 2016 13:54:50 +0000
Are all states using the model checklist provided by GoI for verification? Are there any outliers? - by: Sanchita http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/261-theme-2-open-defecation-free-odf/18511-are-all-states-using-the-model-checklist-provided-by-goi-for-verification-are-there-any-outliers#18511 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/261-theme-2-open-defecation-free-odf/18511-are-all-states-using-the-model-checklist-provided-by-goi-for-verification-are-there-any-outliers#18511
Click on the link below (also attached)

.

We have all read this, haven't we? www.mdws.gov.in/sites/default/files/R_274_1441280478318.pdf

The definition is sacrosanct, and suggestive indicators in form a model checklist has been drawn up. States have the flexibility to modify the indicators and come up with a mechanism to verify. How is is that working ?]]>
Theme 2: Open Defecation Free (ODF) Fri, 29 Jul 2016 11:05:45 +0000
Re: Tool for Technology Choice for FSM-SANITECH - by: sujaya http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/53-faecal-sludge-management/17586-tool-for-technology-choice-for-fsm-sanitech?limit=12&start=12#18509 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/53-faecal-sludge-management/17586-tool-for-technology-choice-for-fsm-sanitech?limit=12&start=12#18509
Another version of SANITECH ready.

darpan.cstep.in/sanitech

Username - This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
Password - demo@123

Technologies included as of now in the Tool has been put together in a compendium (included in the Help section of the tool) and also available in the following link:
cstep.in/publications/reports/231

Look forward to hearing from you.

Thanks
Sujaya]]>
Faecal sludge management Fri, 29 Jul 2016 07:18:44 +0000
Re: Energy recovery & waste treatment with floating biodigesters (Tonle Sap Lake, Cambodia - LLEE) - by: robhughes http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/171-biogas-sanitation-systems-focusing-on-biogas-production/3694-energy-recovery-a-waste-treatment-with-floating-biodigesters-tonle-sap-lake-cambodia-llee?limit=12&start=12#18508 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/171-biogas-sanitation-systems-focusing-on-biogas-production/3694-energy-recovery-a-waste-treatment-with-floating-biodigesters-tonle-sap-lake-cambodia-llee?limit=12&start=12#18508 www.atecbio.com/

The best person to contact would be Ben Jeffrey's of ATEC*.

Cheers,
Rob]]>
Biogas sanitation (systems focusing on biogas production) Fri, 29 Jul 2016 06:24:36 +0000
Re: SuSanA's first regional chapter: India! - launched now - by: nityajacob http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/10-announcements-regarding-susana/16389-susanas-first-regional-chapter-india-launched-now#18507 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/10-announcements-regarding-susana/16389-susanas-first-regional-chapter-india-launched-now#18507
It is great to participate in SuSanA's discussions. I am Nitya Jacob, the moderator for the India Chapter of the Alliance that is hosted by the India Sanitation Coalition and supported by Arghyam.

We have just launched the first discussion on the Forum. I invite you to read and comment on the topic of the Swacch Bharat Mission, India's sanitation campaign. We have specialists from India to lead the sub-topics of the discussion.

Please visit forum.susana.org/forum/categories/259-on...mission-gramin#18506 to view and post on the discussion.

Warm regards
Nitya Jacob]]>
Announcements regarding SuSanA Fri, 29 Jul 2016 05:19:12 +0000
On the way to a “clean India” – 2 years of Swacch Bharat Mission (Gramin) - by: nityajacob http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/259-on-the-way-to-a-clean-india-2-years-of-swacch-bharat-mission-gramin-thematic-discussion-susana-indian-chapter/18506-on-the-way-to-a-clean-india--2-years-of-swacch-bharat-mission-gramin#18506 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/259-on-the-way-to-a-clean-india-2-years-of-swacch-bharat-mission-gramin-thematic-discussion-susana-indian-chapter/18506-on-the-way-to-a-clean-india--2-years-of-swacch-bharat-mission-gramin#18506 Join our discussion on the SuSanA Forum: forum.susana.org/forum/categories/259-on...usana-indian-chapter

Since it was launched 2nd October, 2014, Swacch Bharat Mission has been one of the government’s flagship programmes. The percentage of the eligible rural population with toilets has increased to 52% from about 39% in 2012, according to the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation that oversees the programme. Though a lot of work has been done in the field of rural sanitation in the past decade in the country, sanitation coverage is still poor.

A major challenge has been to ensure everybody uses toilets all the time to make communities free from open defecation (ODF).

Since SBM Rural was launched the annual achievement against targets for construction of toilets have been a little higher than the earlier Total Sanitation Campaign and Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan, as shown in this table (data from the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation, Government of India):

FINANCIAL YEARHousehold toilets
TOTAL Below Poverty LineAbove Poverty Line
2010-2011 45.50% 50.50% 41.35%
2011-2012 50.60%56.51%45.09%
2012-201336.84%46.57%26.85%
2013-201449.50%57.47%43.25%
2014-201546.64%47.88%45.37%
2015-201644.69%41.24%47.24%


The utilisation of funds has, however, been much higher as shown in this table:
Financial YearTotal Available Fund (In Lakhs)Expenditure (In Lakhs)% Utilization of Funds Released
2010-11412900.11179654.9843.51
2011-12445058.8201653.8445.31
2012-13547779.97210650.0838.46
2013-14646347.47286689.6844.36
2014-15716681.06437960.0561.11
2015-16963316.321013596.41105.22


This means the states have used funds more efficiently and there has been an increase in construction. A large part of the increased expenditure is also due to the increase in the incentive amount in 2014-15. The national figures hide huge state level variations. Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Odisha remain the laggards while Kerala and Sikkim have all but become ODF. There are state specific factors for this, governance and education being two of them.

Though it is necessary that the construction of new toilets has to continue, mere creation of infrastructure will not be the sole mean to achieve the government’s target to make India ODF until 2019. An innovation is the use of concurrent learning, called Rapid Action Learning Units, to help in course correction and sharing information.

To ensure that the constructed and functional toilets are also used, behaviour change is key. Information, education and communication (IEC) efforts are increasingly important to change the people’s mindset and spreading knowledge about the adverse health impact of open defecation. In fact, a study shows a strong correlation between the use of IEC funds and the construction of toilets.

And there is more to the picture. Looking only at the number of constructed toilets, dismisses the whole sanitation chain, which includes containment, emptying, transport, treatment and disposal. A shift towards toilets that are used, maintained is needed.

The first thematic online discussion of the India Sanitation Coalition (ISC) which is hosted by the Sustainable Sanitation Alliance, aims at creating a broader understanding of what is needed to provide sustainable sanitation in India and to make India ODF in the context of Swacch Bharat Mission.

For this, the discussion will be structured along the following sub-topics:
  1. Policy and institutions: What has changed for SBM to work the way it especially with regard to funds utilisation and construction? Please suggest modifications for the period 2016-19 for SBM for sustainable ODF. Chairperson of the India Sanitation Coalition Naina Kidwai will initiate the discussion
  2. ODF: Is the existing definition provided by the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation sufficient for sustainable and effective ODF? How can we ensure behaviour change leads to ODF and then ODF+? Sanchita from the Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council will initiate the discussion
  3. Sustainability: How can we ensure that the focus from constructing toilets is shifted towards using and maintaining toilets as well as the safe treatment of human faeces – taking into consideration the whole sanitation chain? UNICEF India’s sanitation specialist Sujoy Mojumdar will initiate the discussion
  4. Good practices: What are good practice examples of how SBM has effectively contributed to significantly improve sanitation in communities? WaterAid’s policy manager Siddhartha Das will initiate the discussion

To participate in the discussion, please post on the SuSanA Forum: forum.susana.org/forum/categories/259-on...sana-indian-chapter. Alternatively you can send your posts directly to This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it (this is a service only for registered SuSanA members. Please register here in case you are not yet a SuSanA member: www.susana.org/register)

Regular summaries and a synthesis of the discussion will be provided and disseminated publicly. We look forward to your active engagement.]]>
On the way to a “clean India”: 2 years of Swacch Bharat Mission (Gramin) - Thematic discussion (SuSanA Indian Chapter) Fri, 29 Jul 2016 05:07:46 +0000
Re: Energy recovery & waste treatment with floating biodigesters (Tonle Sap Lake, Cambodia - LLEE) - by: MichaelCarr http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/171-biogas-sanitation-systems-focusing-on-biogas-production/3694-energy-recovery-a-waste-treatment-with-floating-biodigesters-tonle-sap-lake-cambodia-llee?limit=12&start=12#18505 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/171-biogas-sanitation-systems-focusing-on-biogas-production/3694-energy-recovery-a-waste-treatment-with-floating-biodigesters-tonle-sap-lake-cambodia-llee?limit=12&start=12#18505 cheers
Michael]]>
Biogas sanitation (systems focusing on biogas production) Fri, 29 Jul 2016 00:45:45 +0000
Re: What do we know about odorous gases from composting toilets (or from composting in general)? - by: MichaelCarr http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/34-urine-diversion-systems-includes-uddt-and-ud-flush-toilet/12719-how-should-we-call-the-excreta-derived-product-of-a-composting-toilet-or-a-uddt-do-we-need-a-new-term?limit=12&start=72#18504 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/34-urine-diversion-systems-includes-uddt-and-ud-flush-toilet/12719-how-should-we-call-the-excreta-derived-product-of-a-composting-toilet-or-a-uddt-do-we-need-a-new-term?limit=12&start=72#18504 n.
A brown or black organic substance consisting of partially or wholly decayed vegetable or animal matter that provides nutrients for plants and increases the ability of soil to retain water.

This is what i refer to it as when i am discussing the matter - i agree - biosolids is too close to 'sludge'

PS; any Biogas Digester experts here ?]]>
Urine diversion systems (includes UDDT and UD flush toilet) Fri, 29 Jul 2016 00:32:34 +0000
Re: Celebrate Global Handwashing Day 2016! - by: BijanFHI360 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/26-health-issues-and-connections-with-sanitation/18339-celebrate-global-handwashing-day-2016#18503 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/26-health-issues-and-connections-with-sanitation/18339-celebrate-global-handwashing-day-2016#18503
Updated for 2016, this Planner’s Guide will help you plan a successful Global Handwashing Day event. This guide will soon be available in French.

From providing step-by-step instructions to planning an event, easy-to-use tools, and detailed information about the importance of handwashing, the 2016 Global Handwashing Day Planner’s Guide also features:

• Spotlights on current big ideas in handwashing, such as:
  • incorporating nudges into handwashing promotion programs (pg. 14)
  • the importance of handwashing in healthcare facilities (pg. 21), and
  • the impact of WASH and nutrition integration (pg. 27)
• Tools to help planners assess the impact of Global Handwashing Day (pg. 51)
• Tips for promoting hygiene beyond Global Handwashing Day (pg. 73)
• And much more!


You can download the 2016 Planner's Guide here.

For additional inspiration and resources, please visit the Global Handwashing Day website.]]>
Health issues and connections with sanitation Thu, 28 Jul 2016 21:56:57 +0000
Membrane processing of urine into drinking water - by: KaiMikkel http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/141-other-types-of-toilets-and-sanitation-systems/18502-membrane-processing-of-urine-into-drinking-water#18502 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/141-other-types-of-toilets-and-sanitation-systems/18502-membrane-processing-of-urine-into-drinking-water#18502
www.deccanchronicle.com/lifestyle/health...m-urine-machine.html

Is anyone familiar with this technology or project?]]>
Other types of toilets and sanitation systems Thu, 28 Jul 2016 17:00:17 +0000
Re: Sanitary Pad burner/incinierator design - by: eva http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/24-menstrual-hygiene-management-mhm/821-sanitary-pad-burnerincinierator-design?limit=12&start=12#18501 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/24-menstrual-hygiene-management-mhm/821-sanitary-pad-burnerincinierator-design?limit=12&start=12#18501 Menstrual hygiene management (MHM) Thu, 28 Jul 2016 14:57:30 +0000 Re: Sanitary Pad burner/incinierator design - by: eva http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/24-menstrual-hygiene-management-mhm/821-sanitary-pad-burnerincinierator-design?limit=12&start=12#18500 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/24-menstrual-hygiene-management-mhm/821-sanitary-pad-burnerincinierator-design?limit=12&start=12#18500
Regards Eva]]>
Menstrual hygiene management (MHM) Thu, 28 Jul 2016 14:48:02 +0000
UDDT versus Pour Flush (with vermi-composting) versus ???: which are sustainable sanitation technologies and systems for peri-urban areas in Africa? - by: hajo http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/141-other-types-of-toilets-and-sanitation-systems/18499-uddt-versus-pour-flush-with-vermi-composting-versus--which-are-sustainable-sanitation-technologies-and-systems-for-peri-urban-areas-in-africa#18499 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/141-other-types-of-toilets-and-sanitation-systems/18499-uddt-versus-pour-flush-with-vermi-composting-versus--which-are-sustainable-sanitation-technologies-and-systems-for-peri-urban-areas-in-africa#18499
To understand the following posting you must know that we already had an ‘off-line’ discussion about pros and cons and proper execution of vermi-composting. This discussion ignited EvM to emphasise (again ) her preference for UDDTs. She wants me to put my response on the forum for further discussion.


Dear Elisabeth,

I know you are fan of UDDT having even one in your villa in Germany. And I am sure it works well with people who know how to handle it and who can make use of dried faeces and urine in their garden!

But you may also know that the 100,000 UDDTs in eThekwini are not so well received/maintained by their users.

1. There is the feeling with people that they are denied development when any type of pit/bucket latrine (even if improved as UDDT or compost toilet) is recommended to them instead of sewers which all ‘developed’ people have;

2. (Therefore I try to make use of pour flush (which is considered a step of development) and connect it to a vermi-composting system);

3. For me UDDTs reach their limits when we want to install them in large numbers in peri-urban areas where people have 1) no space to make use of faeces and urine and 2) no interest to handle excreta by themselves;

4. At large numbers (possibly 10,000 to 20,000 in a town like Moshi) you have to introduce a collection service as part of the service chain;

5. And you also need large numbers to make the collection financially viable for the service provider and still affordable for the customer;

6. But at large numbers you really get a problem with the urine: 10,000 UDDTs, i.e. 40,000 users produce about 40-50m3 of urine every day which needs to be collected, transported, stored and reused, I doubt this can be done economically (unless you have huge flower farms next door which can make use of it);

7. So let us assume we can percolate the urine into the ground next to the toilets (as eThekwini does/did) and have only to collect the faeces;

8. Which amounts to 40,000 people x 0.3L/day = 12 m3/day whereby I assume that we use 50L containers which are filled/collected from a family of 4-5 at about monthly intervals;

9. At this service rate, I guess a ‘collection tariff’ can be worked out which is affordable for the customer and may be economical for the service provider for collection, transport, treatment and reuse especially if we can sell the product as soil conditioner/compost. This sustainability is one of the interesting aspects to be observed with Sanergy in Nairobi.

10. My concern is a bit, that we collect partially fresh excreta and the faeces are not yet treated at all when collected;

11. Therefore I see in pour flush with vermi-composting a number of advantages: 1) the desire of customers to have an ‘advanced’ flush toilet is partially fulfilled; 2) the ‘goose-neck’ of the pour-flush toilet prevents dumping of solid waste in the pit; 3) if successful the vermi-composter (pit or chamber) produces a compost which is hygienised, eventually even free of ascari eggs (if Dean is right) but definitely more pleasing to handle than the fresh faeces from UDDT containers; 4) pit or chamber needs to be emptied only every 2 to 5 years depending of use and success of the vermi-composting process.

12. I agree that the PFVCT (pour-flush cum vermi-composting toilet) is only that easy if we can percolate the black-water (or compost tea as Carl and Dean call it) into the underground without affecting the ground water. Otherwise we have a problem and need to collect the black-water. I would install a 2-3m3 underground tank from which black-water is collected at regular intervals and disposed of to the WTTP or treated for reuse if economical. With 4 people per toilet and 4L/flush, I expect an emptying interval of (4 x 4 x 2/d = 32 l/d à 3000 / 32 = 100 days) about 3 months. If all 40,000 users require that service, we have to collect 30 L/d x 10,000 = 300 m3/d but hopefully only 50% of customers need that service, still 25 trips for a 6m3 vacuum tanker per day.

13. You may be confused by all these ‘big’ numbers but I want to draw your attention to the fact that we are talking of serving XX,000 of people in one town, therefore we need efficient and working service chains and cannot depend on peoples’ willingness to empty and process their excreta by themselves.

14. Again: UDDT is a good concept but possibly more appropriate to improve sanitation in rural areas, maybe in rural villages, in my opinion definitely not in peri-urban areas of towns.

Looking forward to your comments !!
Ciao
Hajo]]>
Other types of toilets and sanitation systems Thu, 28 Jul 2016 13:47:51 +0000