SuSanA - Forum Kunena Site Syndication Fri, 24 Jun 2016 23:58:36 +0000 Kunena 1.6 SuSanA - Forum en-gb Re: Video about two dry sanitation service models by utilities in Peru - by: CeciliaRodrigues
Is there any chance that you got this video translated into English? Otherwise, can you recommend me something along these lines?

Thanks a lot in advance!
Urine diversion systems in countries of the global North and in cities Fri, 24 Jun 2016 14:45:24 +0000
Re: Featured User (14) of June 2016: Chen Xiangyang (Scott) from China - by: scottchen Thank you for your comments and encouragment to me. China has the biggest demand for safe food. There is a great space for me to work. I will keep on working to turn the toilet business biggger and bigger with more profits.]]> Featured Users Thu, 23 Jun 2016 23:57:18 +0000 Re: Thematic Discussion "WASH & Nutrition" (Part 3): Progressing the agenda - What do we want to achieve? - by: Jona Summary Part Three

Dear all,

Please find here a brief summary of Part 3 of the Thematic Discussion:

Advocating for Integration
Advocating for integration comprises various components, including collaborating in new partnerships; influencing at local, national and global level; taking advantage of “moments” (e.g. Rio Growth Summit, Stockholm WWW), and improving the ability to holding decision-makers to account.
Thoughts: Twice the number of stakeholders to be addressed? - What are other special challenges in advocating for strengthening a nexus?

For sustainable solutions, integration is the buzzword and the key. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) can serve as the overarching umbrella. SDG 2: Zero Hunger. SDG 3: Good Health and Well-Being. SDG 6: Clean Water and Sanitation.
Thoughts: What other overlaps exist and how can potential synergies unfold effectively?

Specific Targeting
Advocacy for the public: Highlighting risks of food contamination nutrition-borne diseases (food hygiene, food storage); incorporating WASH components in nutrition education programmes at community level.
Advocacy for policy-makers: Emphasising the medium- and long-term economic impact of ignoring the synergy of WASH and nutrition by quantifying economic losses.

Advocacy Tools
- Collaboration with nutrition campaigns
- Build on economic impact as one convincing strategy
- Institutionalize the dialog and partner with other organisations on various scales e.g. national scale Coalition Eau (France), German WASH Network (Germany) …
- Create awareness among organisations to achieve better outcomes with little effort when thinking beyond one’s own sector
Thoughts: Are policy-makers more likely to be convinced by positive success-stories?

Incentives for a Two-Way Integration
WASH into Nutrition: The multiple pathways through which WASH directly and indirectly impact on nutrition has provided a clear rationale for embedding WASH components into nutrition policies and plans.
Nutrition into WASH: WASH programmes are not nutrition-sensitive by nature unless designed in such a way to incorporate specific nutrition goals and actions. Integrating nutrition and WASH can offer unique opportunities to drive progress on WASH goals, while leveraging investments across the two sectors to maximise impact and improve cost-effectiveness.

Gaps and Obstacles
There are knowledge and communication gaps between technical experts and decision-makers; deficiencies exist in well documented integrated projects; there is a need for mechanisms to hold governments to account; activities at the interface need improved coordination and a system that facilitates funding for integrated proposals.
Thoughts: Why should WASH & Nutrition be considered with a higher priority than other (integrated) issues (e.g. climate change)?

Latest Progress
- Following to the Bonn WASH Nutrition Forum 2015, the two global partnerships Scaling Up Nutrition (SUN) Movement and Sanitation and Water for All (SWA) Partnership have developed a working relationship to reflect and support the trend of integration and attest to the growing body of evidence for WASH-Nutrition linkages.
- SUN Movement increasingly highlights WASH investments in nutrition plans.
- ACF is producing an operational manual on WASH & Nutrition integration, which is going to be published this summer.
- WaterAid currently analyses nutrition sector plans to identify if and how WASH is included.
- An increasing number of events comprise a session focusing in the interface. This year in the Stockholm World Water Week 2016, there will be two (Scaling Up Sustainable Body Growth / Water-Nutrition Linkages
- The Global Nutrition Report 2016 for the first time dedicates one chapter to underlying drivers with a special focus on WASH:]]>
Theme 3: Progressing the agenda – What do we want to achieve? Thu, 23 Jun 2016 20:30:26 +0000
Managing menstruation in the workplace: an overlooked issue in low- and middle-income countries - by: MSommer
We are happy to post the below linked article related to managing menstruation in the workplace in low-income countries. We feel that this is a significantly overlooked issue, and hope to see increased attention to better understanding the needs of adolescent girls and women working in informal and formal workplace environments in low-income contexts during their monthly menstruation, and also with regard to their related water and sanitation needs for urination and defecation.

Managing menstruation in the workplace: an overlooked issue in low- and middle-income countries

Marni Sommer, Sahani Chandraratna, Sue Cavill, Therese Mahon, and Penelope Phillips-Howard


The potential menstrual hygiene management barriers faced by adolescent girls and women in workplace environments in low- and middle-income countries has been under addressed in research, programming and policy. Despite global efforts to reduce poverty among women in such contexts, there has been insufficient attention to the water and sanitation related barriers, specifically in relation to managing monthly menstruation, that may hinder girls’ and women’s contributions to the workplace, and their health and wellbeing. There is an urgent need to document the specific social and environmental barriers they may be facing in relation to menstrual management, to conduct a costing of the implications of inadequate supportive workplace environments for menstrual hygiene management, and to understand the implications for girls’ and women’s health and wellbeing. This will provide essential evidence for guiding national policy makers, the private sector, donors and activists focused on advancing girls’ and women’s rights.

Thanks so much,

(corresponding author for this paper)]]>
Menstrual hygiene management (MHM) Thu, 23 Jun 2016 20:16:59 +0000
Re: New SFDs online (shit flow diagrams - 18 reviewed reports from around the world) - by: PeterMeier There are already 24 reviewed SFD-Reports online!
You will find them

Have fun exploring the new information.

Kind regards,
Shit flow diagrams (SFDs) / Excreta flow diagrams Thu, 23 Jun 2016 15:04:53 +0000
Re: Featured User (14) of June 2016: Chen Xiangyang (Scott) from China - by: JKMakowka secretariat wrote:

13. In the “About me” section in the forum you say “trying to set up the most profitable Ecosan project for the world” – In terms of what do you exactly mean by “profitable”?

It seems that all sustainable projects are not sustainable. All Ecosan projects supported by rich countries have failed in developing countries.
For the sake of my waterless toilets business, I must set up a good example turning the waste into money, telling the world that the toilet is a good product worth to buy.

Very important message, and I hope you will get some challenge to the "most profitable Ecosan project for the world" throne, as right now that is a bit too easy with your project being more or less the only "profitable" one in the world I assume.

Keep up the great work and thanks for taking the time to do this interview!]]>
Featured Users Thu, 23 Jun 2016 04:29:10 +0000
Water and Sanitation Program of the World Bank (WSP): End of Year Report, Fiscal Year 2015 - and collaboration options with SuSanA - by: muench "Water and Sanitation Program: End of Year Report, Fiscal Year 2015"
You can access it here:

It is well written, eays to read, and provides a wealth of inforumation about the work of WSP in the last year. It's the report back to the donors of the Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) of the World Bank.

The report talks about things that are also important for us in SuSanA, such as community of practice, knowledge products, communications. E.g. from Page 3:

Achieving the vision of the SDGs requires a bold
new approach that integrates the varied disciplines
within the water sector under the common goal of
achieving a water-secure world for all. The World
Bank Water Global Practice (GP), which consists
of world-renowned technical expertise, sector
knowledge, and extensive in-country presence,
has the potential to serve as an implementing arm
of the SDGs.

WSP’s integration into the Water GP brings a
tremendous opportunity to leverage the World
Bank’s financial and global knowledge base to
achieve these goals. The creation of the Water GP
allows for an integrated water agenda, bringing
together the World Bank’s finance and knowledge
systems under one management structure to turn
global knowledge into implementation.

And on Page 4:

WSP’s increased role within the Water GP has
already begun to impact World Bank lending.
WSP is supporting the delivery of a US$300
million World Bank rural sanitation and hygiene
program in Vietnam
by building capacity of
implementing agencies in 19 provinces in the
Northern Mountainous and Central Highlands
to enable them to deliver sanitation services in
remote areas.

WSP helped design one of the first
World Bank projects that focused on urban onsite
sanitation in Lusaka, Zambia
. The US$305
million Lusaka Sanitation Program, being funded
by a number of other development partners, will
provide more than 200,000 people with improved
sanitation. WSP is also suporting the design of
a US$1 billion lending and technical assistance
program for sanitation in small towns in Egypt.

With regards to knowledge products, you find on Page 10:

WSP developed 123 knowledge products this year. The new knowledge
products are increasingly being published in academic journals. Since
2011, WSP has produced more than 579 knowledge products.

I am sure these knowledge products are all available on their website, but I am wondering if we could also integrate them into the SuSanA library somehow? (we already have many in there but perhaps we could take a more rigorous approach there)

With regards to funding (page 68):

WSP received US$ 29.5 million in contributions in
fiscal year 2015. Of this amount, the global core
share was 71 percent, the regional core was 23
percent, and targeted funding was 6 percent.
Cumulative contributions of US$233.7 million
were received during the current business plan

The report also includes a detailed listing of activities supported per country, so I invite you to take a look at the country that you care about and see what WSP does there.

It would be nice to see a more formal/structured collaboration between SuSanA and WSP in future. We could start with identifying a contact person at WSP for SuSanA.
WSP is already a SuSanA partner which is good (see

One existing collaboration is in the area of shit flow diagrams, see page 43 of the report:

WSP continues to collaborate with Gesellschaft für
Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) and the Bill &
Melinda Gates Foundation and with the universities
of Leeds and Loughborough to promote and
facilitate the use of fecal waste flow analysis. The
Foundation provided an initial tranche of US$1
million to begin work on this approach and has
already co-organized discussions with WSP and
other partners at two major events in 2015—
the Stockholm Water Week and the Global FSM
conference in Vietnam.

I was also interested to see what support WSP gets from the Gates Foundation. This is listed on page 68: it had two grants of about 10-11 Mio USD each.

You can also find those two grants mentioned here in the SuSanA project database and on the grants database of the BMGF:

This was their one grant:
Date: November 2010
Purpose: to support the Water and Sanitation Program in scaling up sanitation for the rural poor
Amount: $10,559,715
Duration: 2010 - 2014

And this the second grant:
Date: November 2009
Purpose: to develop and disseminate best practices in the water, sanitation, and hygiene sector by supporting the Water and Sanitation Program
Amount: $11,867,600
Duration: 2009 - 2015

Finally, I recieved this information by e-mail from Ai-Ju Huang at the Worldbank

WSP received donor funding over the last five years to support the implementation of the WSP FY11-15 Business Plan. This was the case with the two grants provided by the Gates Foundation (along with the funds from other donors), which were used to support the programs in the Business Plan and not specific projects. WSP issued an annual report each year to highlight the results achieved in the Business Plan implementation.

Following is the link to the WSP End of the Year Reports over the last several years on the WSP website. In these reports, you will be able to find the results achieved by the Program in that particular year, including specific country highlights. We do hope that you find them helpful.

On the WSP Global Results Framework, we do have a comprehensive monitoring and data collection system. However, because of data proprietary and our agreement with the WSP Program Council, we would not be able to share that database with the public.


If you have questions or feedback about this report by WSP or the work that they do in the different countries, please put them into this thread.

Government as a driver Thu, 23 Jun 2016 04:20:51 +0000
Re: Continuing the discussion - Of Faeces and Icebergs – Sanitation, Organizational Neurosis and Change - by: JKMakowka So waste management is pushed into small darker corners of society, informal waste collectors etc. with the attached stigma of a person dealing with "something disgusting best not to be associated with". Or in a more developed setting you get the "flush and forget" mindset, with all the "disgusting" problems far away at the end of the sewer pipe.

Thus what might work for low density rural settings (as by CLTS) where all you really need to do is simple containment of feces, might actually be counter-productive in settings that need a more advanced waste management system not hampered too much by staff disgusted by their own work.]]>
Behaviour change and user psychology issues Thu, 23 Jun 2016 03:14:59 +0000
Re: SuSanA monthly webinar 3: Of Faeces and Icebergs – Sanitation, Organizational Neurosis and Change, Wednesday June 22th 2016, 9:00 EDT (New York time) - by: arno

Further discussion is taking place here on the forum:]]>
Webinars and online meetings Wed, 22 Jun 2016 15:46:24 +0000
Continuing the discussion - Of Faeces and Icebergs – Sanitation, Organizational Neurosis and Change - by: SDickin
For those of you who attended the webinar presentation by Thomas Rieger of Como Consult on 'Of Faeces and Icebergs – Sanitation, Organizational Neurosis and Change' we hope you will continue the discussion in this thread,the questions that came up are below. For those of you who couldn't attend, a video recording is available, and we hope you'll add your comments or questions for Thomas who will answer them here.

Webinar questions and discussion:

Katerina Brandes (TH Cologne, Germany) & Saurabh Sood (Sehgal Foundation, India): How do we identify the introjects? Do you have any concrete methods for the sector? Number two: After we identified and assimilated the introjects that should be kept and the ones that are not needed any more, how do we get rid of them?

Tugrul Yegenaga: How can unification can take place on this subject around the world ?

James Wambua, JKUAT: If members of society can develop disgust against human waste that might motivate diligent action against pollution. Is my thinking true? My struggle is how to increase the commitment of society to get rid of filth and dirt.

Kim Nace: (Moving to a a very basic level- and demnstrating my bias, is the use of diapers and flush toilets a neurotic introjection? In my commuity new parents ar teaching their children through a "elimination communication" to become aware of their bodily cues and removing diapers at a very early stage (6 weeks) to initiate elimiation. Another idea being discussed is teaching children to " give their gifts" framing feaces as a substance which belongs to sois and should return to the earth.

Michelle Schilling: Are there successfully implemented methods to change values towards the sustainable use of faeces? Strategies to emphasize the possible continuous usage? Similar to Kim Nace's "give their gifts"

Walter: how can we explain community led total sanitation tool as a means to build disgust

Kim Nace: I'm curious about other people's thinking around the basic way we frame our relationship to our waste.

Olufemi Aluko: These ideas are excellent ideas that requires policy buy-in to effectively propagate. However, adaptation of the original idea(s), to suit variety of culture and income quantiles is also key to success and sustainablility in less developing country like Nigeria. Feacal sludge management is a big problem in Nigeria, evident from my research in a State which had interviewed ploicy level stakeholders and collected data from 580 household heads accross 3 LGAs.

Kim Nace: I'm not sure that disgust is what we want to aim for - healthy respect and sequestering pathogens is critical - but disgust for our feaces- is it connected with or builds/creates disgust for ourselves and distance from nature.

Christoph Leitner: If I get the essence right here then you could, in other words, say that we should not try to think we can use social engineering to spread allegedly universal behaviour patterns, but should rather actually try to understand local circumstances and build on them, right?

Olufemi Aluko: @ Walter, build disgust where there are viable options is good but disgust building in several locatons in Nigeria do not yield the required result due to multiple environmental and socio-economic determinants

Kim Nace: YES - we want to talk more about disgust especially with CLTS.


To continue the discussion, here is a question to start things off: Is disgust something that should be promoted for behaviour change, or are other concepts more effective?]]>
Behaviour change and user psychology issues Wed, 22 Jun 2016 14:56:48 +0000
Re: Featured User (14) of June 2016: Chen Xiangyang (Scott) from China - by: secretariat
here is part 2 of the interview with Scott. Have fun reading about his interest and thoughts on sanitation!

Part 2: Scott's interests and thoughts on sanitation

11. What do you see as the biggest threats and the biggest opportunities for China’s future? (In terms of sanitation and public health or in general)

The biggest threat is that few Chinese people like UDDTs and they just want to flush and forget.
The biggest opportunity is that there is a heavy demand for organic and safe food. Thus, we can use the demand-driven approach to fulfill the task.

12. What kind of research topics are needed in the sanitation field?

The methods of applying urine to the crops which can bring profits to the stakeholders.

13. In the “About me” section in the forum you say “trying to set up the most profitable Ecosan project for the world” – In terms of what do you exactly mean by “profitable”?

It seems that all sustainable projects are not sustainable. All Ecosan projects supported by rich countries have failed in developing countries.
For the sake of my waterless toilets business, I must set up a good example turning the waste into money, telling the world that the toilet is a good product worth to buy.

14. What would you recommend to youngsters from countries in the global North who want to get involved in development work – how should they go about it? And does it even make sense?

First, the youngsters must bear in mind that the Ecosan business can last forever.
2nd, they should set up a demonstration project growing vegetables with the urine and solid waste so that the potential customer can taste it and buy it. It takes time.
I investigated that even in China, more than 50% of college students would not eat the vegetables if they knew that it were grown with the human waste.

Kind regards,
(On behalf of the SuSanA Secretariat)]]>
Featured Users Wed, 22 Jun 2016 12:16:31 +0000
Re: Masters in hydrology? Institutions and scholarships? - by: SDickin I would check out UNESCO IHE
best regards,
Masters, diploma and PhD programmes (and scholarships) Wed, 22 Jun 2016 09:23:22 +0000
Re: SuSanA monthly webinar 3: Of Faeces and Icebergs – Sanitation, Organizational Neurosis and Change, Wednesday June 22th 2016, 9:00 EDT (New York time) - by: SDickin I'd like to remind you about the webinar happening today, 'Of Faeces and Icebergs – Sanitation, Organizational Neurosis and Change'

To join the webinar please go to:
Log-on password: webinar2016

Since the presenter is joining by phone, you will be promoted with a quesiton to join by phone or computer. Please select Using Microphone (Computer/Device), then click Join.

See you in the webinar,
Webinars and online meetings Wed, 22 Jun 2016 09:20:41 +0000
Re: Human fecal and pathogen exposure pathways in rural Indian villages and the effect of increased latrine coverage - by: JKMakowka
For example a tube-well can hardly be considered "improved" if Giardia is still found (this is a large protozoa that should be very effectively filtered by the soil, indicating that the tube-well did not have a functioning sanitary seal at the top to prevent surface water intrusion).

The latrine findings are also not that surprising if one looks at the overall coverage, with was only 10% vs 38%, meaning high levels of open-defecation even after the intervention and thus obviously no impact could be found (the summary is a bit misleading in that regard).
However later they mention that there is also evidence of an increase in contamination of ground water due to the pour-flush pit-latrines used, which again is a well known fact that these lead to higher groundwater contamination if installed in areas with high ground-water tables.

So while this study is certainly very interesting, the conclusions made are somewhat misleading as there seems to have been neither really improved tube-wells nor an appropriate sanitation technology used in the area.]]>
Health issues and connections with sanitation Wed, 22 Jun 2016 04:15:11 +0000
Reply: Crib/zeolite public dry toilet near Kiev (Ukraine) report - by: basangreen
Shared toilets, community toilets or public toilets Wed, 22 Jun 2016 03:37:36 +0000