SuSanA - Forum Kunena Site Syndication Sat, 01 Aug 2015 07:48:11 +0000 Kunena 1.6 SuSanA - Forum en-gb Estimating Socio Economic Impact of "Honey Sucker Business Model" in Bangalore - by: suman86sourav
This study was done as a part of master thesis in my master degree program. Although it does have lot of initiatives to carry on this research. This business runs informally in the Bangalore city (and also might be in other cities of India), so it was a challenging task to get business details from the entrepreneurs. However, the researcher some how managed to get in touch with the entrepreneurs and successfully completed this research. During this research there are some other interesting scope of research have been found. Any comments are most welcome.

Thanks and regards
Sanitation as a business and business models Sat, 01 Aug 2015 07:20:04 +0000
Re: Program Coordinator for CS WASH Fund - Australia - by: kimmee22]]> Jobs, consultancies, internships Sat, 01 Aug 2015 03:17:55 +0000 Loowatt is installing new Tsiky toilets in Madagascar - by: vgardiner

On 1 December 2014, Loowatt installed five Tsiky Toilets in five households in the neighborhood of Manjakaray, Antananarivo. The durable Tsiky Toilets are easy to transport and simple to install. They are suitable for densely populated urban areas like Antananarivo.

Tsiky means ‘smile’ in Malagasy, one of the official languages of Madagascar. Combined with an anaerobic digester, the Tsiky Toilet uses Loowatt’s patented technology to harness value from human waste by producing energy and fertilizer. We have forged collaboration with the local waste utility, SAMVA, to feed the waste into a locally sited digester, which they manage. The households range greatly in size from 5 to 27 people, and the service is designed for customers to pay according to their use. The customers have given great feedback, citing the toilet’s comfort, cleanliness, lack of smell, ease of use and customer service.

Loowatt is working in partnership with a local pit emptiers’ association to orchestrate the waste collection. The waste collection process is designed to eliminate direct contact with waste completely—a huge contrast to getting inside pit latrines to empty them. Upon collection, the waste goes through an anaerobic digester to generate energy and fertilizer. At the treatment site, Loowatt has installed a generator so the energy produced is now used to light the site as well as charge batteries for the local community.

"I’m really pleased to introduce the Loowatt Tsiky experience to Madagascar homes. If you are interested in having a Tsiky Toilet, please contact us." - Anselme Andriamahavita, Director of Operations, Loowatt SARL

6 months later, Loowatt is installing more Tsiky Toilets in Antananarivo households, following the successful pilot operation of 5 Tsiky household toilets which began in December 2014. These new Tsiky Toilets have the same external shape and appearance as the 2014 toilets but with added touches to improve performance and ease of installation. Most importantly, they are made in Madagascar.

On 29 April 2015, Loowatt’s process and implementation engineer Armel Segretain went to the Malagasy Society of Plastics Processing (La Société Malgache de Transformation de Plastiques, or SMTP), which is a Malagasy company that makes everything plastic or recycled plastic, such as tubes, pipes and tanks. SMTP also produces objects in molded fiberglass for boats, digesters and septic tanks. Armel was there to inspect the manufacturing of the new Loowatt Tsiky Toilet mold. The final color choices for the Tsiky Toilets are green, blue and grey. Let us know which one is your favorite at]]>
Sanitation as a business and business models Fri, 31 Jul 2015 16:24:39 +0000
Service & Business Design Specialist (with WSUP, London, UK) - by: gsmikhael Salary: £40,000 depending on experience + up to maximum 5% pension contribution
Closing date: Friday, 4 September at 9am UK time

Please apply here:

This is a great opportunity to be a part of a dynamic organisation with the scope to make a significant contribution to the innovation and design culture within WSUP.

Experience starting new and exciting businesses or services and leading on design is essential, together with creative thinking and skills in analysing business / financial models. The successful candidate will be comfortable growing an innovative culture and able to drive their own work forward within a small team.

WSUP is a non-profit partnership between the private sector, NGOs and research institutions focused on solving the global problem of inadequate water and sanitation in low-income urban communities. WSUP brings lasting solutions to low-income areas by working in partnership with service providers; including water utilities, local authorities and businesses, and the communities they serve. WSUP strengthens the capacity of service providers to deliver sustainable city-wide water and sanitation services, promote good hygiene and raise the environmental standards of low-income communities.

Interview dates: Tuesday 22 and Wed 23 September 2015

WSUP is an equal opportunities employer – equality of opportunity, fairness and valuing diversity underpin every area of our work.

We request no contact from agencies.]]>
Jobs, consultancies, internships Fri, 31 Jul 2015 15:26:24 +0000
Re: Use of viral agents to improve the economics of human waste disposal (Amrita School of Biotechnology, Amrita University, Kerala, India) - by: JKMakowka
However, I am skeptical when it comes to waste-water applications.

Contrary to food production where it is currently mainly used as an additional HACCP barrier preventing regrowth in an already low bacteria and usually cooled environment, sanitation systems are pretty much the epitome of where bacterial evolution happens (and thus partial resistance to Bacteriophages or the other lytic agents mentioned here).
Sanitation systems also tested for pathogens to much less detail and at longer intervals, making it very likely that bacterial adaption will occur unnoticed and treatment becomes inefficient.

Of course Bacteriophages will adapt as well, but unless their evolution is constantly guided by scientists with the specific objective of high lytic capacity, it is much more likely that they will become less virulent and somehow "arrange" themselves with their host bacteria.]]>
Processing technologies for excreta or faecal sludge Fri, 31 Jul 2015 12:05:19 +0000
Re: Are so-called "freezing toilets" common in Finland? Does anyone know anything about them? - by: muench
Indeed, it would be interesting to know up to which kind of climate zone such a freezing toilet would be possibly economical. I can easily imagine the Scandinavian (cold) countries, and also my country (Germany), but perhaps Italy is already too hot for it? Mind you, people also have deep freezers in Italy so perhaps there is no real correlation with ambient temperature?
In any case, one would need to have a stable power supply.
I don't think anyone would promote them for really hot countries or regions with frequent power cuts...

Just the other day I received this e-mail from a Finish owner of a freezing toilet:



I saw your question from May this year at the Susana-forum. Did not want to register, so my answer is here:

Freezing toilets are great and useful, and my family has one (second one) at our cottage near Helsinki. To lawfully dispose of the waste you really have to understand composting.

It is very handy and odourless and nice. It is easy for me to empty. I always cover it in the compost with garden material.

I bought the first one in the 1990's, from Sweden, and also the second one. The reason why I found your question is I googled to find where I could find new buckets to it but seems the Swedish manufacturer (Rumla-something) is no more.

These toilets are coming more and more popular, now made in Finland, and the prices have come down.

Greetings from Finland



Would be nice to hear from more people who own such a toilet?


P.S. The e-mail by M. shows once again that people use Google to find information and that they sometimes land on our forum as a result of it which is nice. ]]>
Other types of toilets and sanitation systems Fri, 31 Jul 2015 07:14:53 +0000
Re: Are so-called "freezing toilets" common in Finland? Does anyone know anything about them? - by: avann ]]> Other types of toilets and sanitation systems Fri, 31 Jul 2015 04:04:35 +0000 Re: Tippy Tap in schools way to go!? (and other group handwashing facilities at schools) - by: WASHanna Group Handwashing Facilities in School Technical Design Manual.

You may also find the key resources page of the Global Public-Private Partnership for Handwashing's website useful.]]>
Handwashing activities at schools Thu, 30 Jul 2015 20:09:26 +0000
Use of viral agents to improve the economics of human waste disposal (Amrita School of Biotechnology, Amrita University, Kerala, India) - by: spal05
Title of grant: Use of viral agents (and microbial fuel cell and effective recycling strategies)* to improve the economics of human waste disposal

* Note: This is the original title proposed but reviewers advised not to include microbial fuel cell (MFC) in that project. Even though we are working on MFC for last several years, this is not included in this project.

• Name of lead organization: Amrita School of Biotechnology, Amrita University
• Primary contact at lead organization: Dr. Bipin G. Nair
• Grantee location: Amritapuri, Kollam, Kerala, India
• Developing country where the research is being tested: India
• Start and end date: Dec 3, 2014 – Dec 2, 2016
• Grant type: Reinvent the Toilet Challenge India**
• Funding for this research currently ongoing (yes/no): Yes

Short description of the project:

This is proof-of-concept grant, where we have proposed to develop appropriate lytic agents (which “lyse” or kill cells) against major enteric pathogens and sulfur reducing bacteria (that cause malodour in the sewage). After production in a cost effective way, the lytic agents need to be dispensed (broadcasted) in sewage/septic tank. Appropriate lytics broadcasting system (LBS) is being developed to filter and broadcast different lytic agents such as bacteriophages, enzymes, bacteriocins* and small molecules from cheap renewable natural sources such as plant biomass waste (kitchen/agro-waste). Among the lytic agents, bacteriophages (viruses infecting the bacteria) are highly specific to the target pathogens and hence very safe. They are the most important and abundant biological entities on earth. They have been used for over 90 years as an alternative to antibiotics in the former Soviet Union, eastern Europe and France. They are currently being tried as possible therapeutic agents against multi-drug-resistant strains of many bacteria. Phages against many food borne pathogens have been approved by FDA, US.

* Note: Bacteriocins are proteinaceous toxins produced by bacteria to inhibit the growth of similar or closely related bacterial strain(s)

Reduction of pathogen load and odour in wastewater

Development of bacteriophages and other biological agents and their appropriate broadcasting system in wastewater

Implementation partners:
Mata Amritanandamayi Math (MA Math), Amritapuri, Kerala, India (Parent organization of Amrita University) Note: Amrita University is managed by a non-profit philanthropic spiritual organization, MA Math led by Mata Amritanandamayi popularly known as Amma (mother).

Links, further readings – results to date:
Project website:

Current state of affairs:
After six months of the formal start of the project, we have been improving the strength and stability of the phages and other lytic agents so that they can be deployed in wastewater treatment. A prototype of the Lytics Broadcasting System (LBS) is being developed.

Appropriate lytics broadcasting system (LBS) is being developed to filter and broadcast different lytic agents such as bacteriophages, enzymes, bacteriocins and small molecules from cheap renewable natural sources such as plants, fungi and bacteria. Bacteriophages have been developed against five different enteric bacteria.

Overall, we have isolated about 25 phages against different strains of E. coli, Salmonella, Shigella, and Vibrio, procured either from hospitals or wastewater. Few phages have been also developed against sulfur reducing bacteria (SRB) such as Salmonella andProteus vulgaris. They were able to reduce production of hydrogen sulfide (one of major causes of the rotten egg smell). We have also started exploring the possibility of hosting the phage population in the human intestine surface layer (epithelia) so that they can work for the human host against the pathogens infecting the gastro-intestinal tract. Furthermore, we have isolated several E. coli bacteriophages that bind fibronectin and gelatin (denatured collagen) which are important matrix proteins of epithelial cells. We are currently testing their efficacy on protecting human epithelial cells (HT29) from E. coli infection.

This work has two purposes: test the safety of phages against human/animal exposure (even it is known as safe) and second is therapeutic purpose. This is not to be mixed with sanitation issue.

Biggest successes so far:
Development of bacteriophages against five enteric pathogens and their appropriate lytics broadcasting system

Main challenges:
The lytic agents are being made from mainly biological sources and they are susceptible to inhibition by heavy metals, detergents and other pollutants. Wastewater is very heterogeneous in composition with respect to biological pathogens, heavy metals, detergents, toiletries and other pollutants. Hence treatment procedures may be needed to be customized to tackle the inhibitors of the lytic agents. Thus the development and production cost may increase. In situ production of the lytic agents by the endogenous organisms which are not pathogenic and sustains pollutants in wastewater is one of the ideal ways. Our study should increase the deeper understanding of the different complex ecological interaction in wastewater and should be able to tackle these issues effectively.


Sanjay Pal, PhD
Amrita School of Biotechnology
Amrita University, Kollam, Kerala.

Note by moderator (EvM):

** The total amount of the RTTC India grant is $1,068,908, which is spread over six research projects, one of them is this one (see also:

Further information about the RTTC India grant scheme is also available here on the forum:]]>
Processing technologies for excreta or faecal sludge Thu, 30 Jul 2015 18:02:09 +0000
Re: What constitutes success for CLTS? – Measuring community outcomes and behavior change - Webinar on Wed 22 July 2015 - by: pippa
I'm very happy to share the videos of this webinar held on the 22nd July. These are split into sections:

1. Introduction

2. Chat show - where the 4 speakers indicated above shared their insights

3. Feedback from breakout rooms

4. Closing Panel's comments

Please feel free to continue to share your comments and reflections on this thread!
CLTS (Community led total sanitation) and other community led approaches Thu, 30 Jul 2015 17:52:48 +0000
Re: 38th WEDC INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE : Call for papers and other contributions (27–31 July 2015, Loughborough, UK) - by: muench
The title was: Can we fix the internet? Improving Wikipedia's sanitation content with the ‘WikiProject Sanitation’

Here is the short version:

Here is the longer version of my presentation with additional slides in the Appendix:

Note these slides are under the licence CC-BY SA so you can reuse them for whatever purpose you like (including commercial purposes), just mention the source.

I think that my presentation was well received and that I managed to trigger some more people about editing Wikipedia in future or at least looking at Wikipedia with different eyes next time you look up a WASH or a non-WASH topic there!


P.S. You can find out more about what was discussed at this conference by looking for #wedc38 on twitter. The papers will be uploaded to the WEDC Knowledge Database (makes me think, should we also upload them to the SuSanA library or is that a doubling of efforts?). The presentations in the main lecture theatres have also been filmed with "Lecture Capture" (simple camera system like a fly on the wall), so they should become available soon. Apparently the opening and closing ceremonies were even live streamed over the internet, although I didn't see the links for it.]]>
Conferences, seminars and workshops Thu, 30 Jul 2015 15:46:50 +0000
Re: Kicking off the discussion on microfinance for sanitation - by: tahunganh
Creating a good business model is also a solution for microfinacing the sanitation especially in Faecal Sludge management.

Our research team are suggesting the innovative business model OF FAECAL SLUDGE COLLECT & TRANSPORT SERVICE so we would like to have your opinion to validate this model by join our international survey in this link:

(1) Your opinion is very valuable to propose the innovative theoretical business model of this service.

(2) By joining this survey, we hope you may gain some great ideas about business model innovation of this very promising business.

(3) In case, you know any person may answer for this survey topic, kindly help to circulate/forward this email with the survey link to your community.

All your contribution, comments, questions are very welcomed via my email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it ]]>
Theme 2: Microfinance Thu, 30 Jul 2015 14:43:49 +0000
Reminder: WG1 (capacity development on Thursday 27 August 13:30-15:30h (prior to the plenary working group exchange) - by: dorothee.spuhler
This is a reminder for you to subscribe for the meeting and to provide your inputs to the working group meeting agenda.

In order to know how many participants we can expect please register here and don't forget to tick the box for WG1 meeting (if you are not sure yet, please register anyway).
If you would like to share some of your experiences as part of the agenda, please write an email to me.

The general topic of the meeting is about approaches addressing the lack of trained sanitation professionals to reach the post-2015 agenda.
The idea is to collect our experiences on innovative and effective tools for capacity development at all levels and its relevance to reach the sustainable development goals. Online discussion forums and e-learning are definitively going to be key issues. But also regional knowledge management and sharing nodes to bring those tools more efficiently to where they are needed most urgently are of relevance.
The meeting might feed into a common factsheet on capacity development for sustainable sanitation that we can disseminate through SuSanA and use for influencing policy and raising funds for up-scaling our activities in this field.

Please feed into the discussion even though you will not be physically present in Stockholm! The outcomes of the meeting will be presented and further discussed here and we will also use the forum to work on a future factsheet on this.

Cheers, Dorothee]]>
WG 1 (Capacity development) Thu, 30 Jul 2015 12:40:54 +0000
Re: Fit For School Approach (F4S) - 10 primary schools in Moshi, Tanzania - by: hajo
1 the training for ministries, LGAs (local government) and NGOs has been done in the first half of June;

2 ChildReach (-> ) our NGO in Moshi has held training with school management of 10 schools and with respective ward officers about the F4S approach;

3 the hand-washing facilities have been tendered and contract will be awarded shortly (see also );

4 I have followed the discussion on the Forum where the usefulness of mass deworming among school children is being questioned (see also );

5 ... and it has been questioned whether F4S should be a (core) activity of a GIZ water programme. Thus financing of our activity beyond Feb2016 is not yet sure.

Ciao Hajo]]>
Schools (sanitation and hygiene in schools) Thu, 30 Jul 2015 12:28:04 +0000
Re: Submit your favorite reading about capacity development (WG1 topic) and win one of many prizes! - by: dorothee.spuhler
Thanks for your submissions. For the ones that have not yet voted: please submit your choice here: - or send me an email!
Don't hesitate to suggest additional favorite readings and documents on capacity development for sustainable sanitation either here or via email.

WG 1 (Capacity development) Thu, 30 Jul 2015 12:23:58 +0000