Solutions for pit desludging and sludge management in low income urban settlements in Malawi (Mzuzu University) - and policy issues
(1 viewing) (1) Guest
  • Page:
  • 1
  • 2

TOPIC: Solutions for pit desludging and sludge management in low income urban settlements in Malawi (Mzuzu University) - and policy issues

Re: Update: Solutions for pit desludging and sludge management in low income urban settlements in Malawi (Mzuzu University) 29 Oct 2014 10:53 #10727

  • Click here to view this person’s forum profile
    muench
  • This button allows you to contact another forum user directly by sending a private message.
    Message
  • Moderator
  • Freelance consultant (former roles: program manager, lecturer, process engineer)
  • Posts: 1758
  • Likes received: 537
  • Karma: 38
[Start of Page 2 of the discussion]

Dear Rochelle,

You mentioned this large EU project in Malawi (allafrica.com/stories/201306250338.html). It is € 24 million and will provide access to sanitation for this number of people:

The project will benefit 84,000 people from 19,090 households, and 14, 400 learners from nine schools in peri-urban areas of Masasa, Chibavi, Chibanja, Zolozolo, Luwinga and Mchengautuwa.


As a simplistic sanity check (I know there are also project overheads and so forth), this would be 240 Eur per person. This seems like a lot of money and makes me think the money will be used to build sewer systems?

The article doesn't state which sanitation technologies will be used - do you know?

Also you mentioned:
Unfortunately most of the sanitation research in Malawi is urban, rather than rural.


And here I am wondering what is your definition of urban and rural is? Is the town of Mzuzu regarded as urban or rural (or both)? Some town planners in developing countries use the simplistic definition sewer = urban, no sewer = rural, is that also the case in Malawi perhaps?

Regards,
Elisabeth
Dr. Elisabeth von Muench
Independent consultant
Community manager of this forum via SEI
(see: www.susana.org/en/resources/projects?search=SEI)
Wikipedian, co-founder of WikiProject Sanitation: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:WikiProject_Sanitation

Location: Frankfurt, Germany
This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
Twitter: @EvMuench, website: www.ostella.de
Last Edit: 13 Nov 2014 10:21 by muench.

Re: Update: Solutions for pit desludging and sludge management in low income urban settlements in Malawi (Mzuzu University) 26 Nov 2014 09:00 #11139

  • Click here to view this person’s forum profile
    rochelleholm
  • This button allows you to contact another forum user directly by sending a private message.
    Message
  • Manager of Mzuzu University Centre of Excellence in Water and Sanitation, Malawi. To learn more about the Centre visit http://www.mzuniwatsan.com/.
  • Posts: 37
  • Likes received: 8
  • Karma: 2
Current sanitation projects in Mzuzu City, Malawi include:
1.) Plan Malawi as funded by the European Union (EU). The Plan Malawi target in Mzuzu for the PUSH project is 84,000 residents from 19,090 households, 14,400 school learners from 9 schools in 6 peri-urban locations of Mzuzu City (Chiputula, Masasa, Luwinga, Zolozolo, Mchengautuwa, Chibanja). The outputs are: Construction of 12 affordable privately run toilets in market places; construction of 18 VIP latrines in schools; construction of 48 ecological toilets in schools; promote construction of 2500 improved toilets at household level; conduct 54 triggering sessions; training of extension workers (HSAs and others) and 10 CBOs in sanitation marketing and UCLTS; hygiene promotion campaigns; promote use of 3Rs in waste management in informal settlements, markets and schools. Lastly this project will strive to conduct other capacity building activities for Mzuzu City Council members and sanitation entrepreneurs.
2.) Malawi Red Cross Society as funded by the European Union (EU). Malawi Red Cross Society is also conducting a WASH Project (30 months) in 6 peri-urban locations of Mzuzu City, within different areas from Plan Malawi. They aim to improve community knowledge, attitudes and practices on safe water, hygiene and sanitation; increase access to potable water through the construction of 15 water kiosks and the rehabilitation of 15 non-functioning water kiosks (30,000 inhabitants from the project areas); increase sanitation coverage in households, including schools, markets and bus stands, taking into consideration the needs of special groups; facilitate pit emptying and proper disposal of sludge. Lastly, they will build the capacity of private sector and authorities at local level to support community and other initiatives to improve access to safe water, adequate sanitation and hygiene.

These two projects are noticeably similar, and are being coordinated by Mzuzu City Council to ensure linkages but no overlaps.

Thank you to Dan Nyirenda for helping pull together this summary information. Dan is currently working to develop a FSM policy for Mzuzu City which would cover activities under both of these projects through his Master’s study at Mzuzu University.

Mzuzu City is considered urban. It was also specifically asked what sanitation technologies will be used under the Mzuzu sanitation projects. For both projects, the City Council guidance is the same. For construction of toilets at schools, it will be primarily eco-san toilets but other designs may be considered in line with Government approved designs for schools and preferences of the individual schools. Household toilets in urban areas may additionally include pour-flush. Sewer systems are not being built under either of the projects.
Rochelle Holm, Ph.D., PMP
Mzuzu University
Centre of Excellence in Water and Sanitation
Last Edit: 30 Nov 2014 05:47 by rochelleholm. Reason: Added project funding "as by the European Union (EU)"

Re: Solutions for pit desludging and sludge management in low income urban settlements in Malawi (Mzuzu University) - and policy issues 19 Jan 2015 12:57 #11678

  • Click here to view this person’s forum profile
    Daniel82
  • This button allows you to contact another forum user directly by sending a private message.
    Message
  • Shit is not a bad word!
  • Posts: 5
  • Likes received: 2
  • Karma: 0
It is almost a year now since I enrolled for the Master of Science in Sanitation at Mzuzu University working on a Water Research Commission funded project. The focus of my research is to analyze policy gaps in Malawi with respect to Fecal Sludge Management (FSM) so that by the end of the day a Fecal Sludge Management Policy for Mzuzu City Council is developed. This type of policy will be the first of its kind and will set a benchmark on which other cities in Malawi and of course elsewhere will have a reference point.


With the MOU between Mzuzu University and The City Council in place, I had an opportunity to work closely with the Director of Health and Social Services whose department is in charge of sanitation in the city as mandated by the Local Government Act of the Republic of Malawi. During this period, access to the By-Laws and The Sanitation Bill which is awaiting enactment by Parliament, was granted. The By-Laws of the City are archaic and the miss a lot of things including FSM so a task to align them with the Sanitation Bill was incumbent upon the researcher. These By-Laws were formulated in 1992 and have not been amended since then such that the fines therein are less that the service charges. In addition, one stakeholder consultative meeting was held were all WASH stakeholders in the City including Entrepreneurs and Service Providers were invited. This forum provided a good platform for identification of who is doing what in the city. This meeting laid a strong foundation for future meetings of a similar nature which I plan to conduct in order to get information relevant for policy development.


Currently, a review of several pieces of legislation is in progress to identify what is complimentary and what is antagonistic among these documents.
Daniel Nyirenda
WASH Project Officer/ MSc in Sanitation Student
Mzuzu University
Mzuzu.

Re: Solutions for pit desludging and sludge management in low income urban settlements in Malawi (Mzuzu University) - and policy issues 01 Oct 2015 10:33 #15227

  • Click here to view this person’s forum profile
    Daniel82
  • This button allows you to contact another forum user directly by sending a private message.
    Message
  • Shit is not a bad word!
  • Posts: 5
  • Likes received: 2
  • Karma: 0
Dear All,

I write to share the progress made for my research work on investigating Faecal Sludge Management (FSM) Policy gaps in Mzuzu City – Malawi.

I did household surveys to determine the current FSM practice in the city. I discovered that over 50% of households did not own the residential premises which made it difficult for them to make decisions on the facilities. The city does not recommend any specific type of facility which leads to people just constructing any type. This coupled with distance to sludge ponds leads to varying costs of pit emptying services. Additionally, some households construct deep pits in areas with high water tables which risks contamination of ground water.

A review of government WASH related policy documents and Acts showed that they are disjointed as they are not clear as to which entity is mandated to do what and which one is responsible to enforce the guidelines. From the research work, FSM guidelines are going to be developed for the city basing on the already existing by-laws for solid waste management.
I therefore invite any input towards suggestions on what needs to be incorporated in the guidelines for FSM considering the background given. You may also wish to look at the paper presented at the 38th WEDC International Conference and comment. Follow the link below:

wedc.lboro.ac.uk/resources/conference/38/Nyirenda-2257.pdf
Daniel Nyirenda
WASH Project Officer/ MSc in Sanitation Student
Mzuzu University
Mzuzu.
The following user(s) like this post: chifundo

Re: Solutions for pit desludging and sludge management in low income urban settlements in Malawi (Mzuzu University) - and policy issues 15 Dec 2015 07:46 #16251

  • Click here to view this person’s forum profile
    fcharlesc
  • This button allows you to contact another forum user directly by sending a private message.
    Message
  • Posts: 5
  • Likes received: 1
  • Karma: 0
I am Charles Chirwa and pursuing my Masters studies in Sanitation with Mzuzu University. I am working on a study aimed at assessing the strength of pit-latrine sludge which focuses on peri-urban areas of Mzuzu City. This will culminate in development of a digital system to be utilised in sanitation monitoring.
With the increasing demand for improvement in pit emptying efficiency, the need for understanding of physical properties of in-situ feacal sludge needs to be well documented to assist in planning. The focus of this study is the understanding that most pit emptying technology fails to efficiently remove the wastes from pit latrine due to variability in sludge strength which affects the effectiveness of pit emptying equipment relying on suction to remove sludge. This is compounded by poor understanding of the strength of the sludge and the composition of the sludge which tend to block the equipments. In most cases, pit emptying is done without the knowledge of the strength of the sludge contained in the latrine. As a result, most emptying exercise only achieve partial removal of sludge which results in accumulation of thick sludges in the pit over time which becomes more difficult to remove. Results from this study are going to be utilised in planning for emptying services. For case, data on sludge strength will help in planning for procedures to utilise in sludge fluidisation of pit sludge. Availability of data on sludge strength combined with the development of the monitoring system for sanitation monitoring is likely to provide a better understanding of prevailing sludge characteristics that will be utilised in planning for emptying services.
For my study I will investigate 300 pit latrines from around Mzuzu. The sample size has been chosen to get a clear view of sludge strength from around Mzuzu. The households from the sampled households will be interviewed on their sanitation practices and their knowledge on sanitation services. This will help in understanding some of the factors affecting the physical properties of latrine sludge. Results from household interviews will also be utilised in identifying key aspects to be included in the monitoring system I am intending to develop.
The monitoring system will combine both feacal sludge management and some components of domestic waste management. The system aims at equipping members to be able to recognise the sanitation challenges and empower them to take actions to trigger quick response by responsible authorities such as latrine emptiers and city assembly garbage collectors. A central data processing system will be established within the city assembly department where members can lodge their sanitation concerns that require immediate attention.
Any feedback on my approach would be appreciated.
The following user(s) like this post: chifundo

Re: Solutions for pit desludging and sludge management in low income urban settlements in Malawi (Mzuzu University) - and policy issues 15 Dec 2015 11:55 #16255

  • Click here to view this person’s forum profile
    AParker
  • This button allows you to contact another forum user directly by sending a private message.
    Message
  • Lecturer in International Water and Sanitation at Cranfield University, working on many apsects of urban water and sanitation, including leading Cranfield's response to the BMGF Reinvent the Toilet Challenge.
  • Posts: 86
  • Likes received: 23
  • Karma: 9
Hi Charles,

Thanks for this update. What is your method for assessing sludge strength?

Alison
Alison Parker
www.nanomembranetoilet.org
Apply to study our MSc in Community Water and Sanitation:
www.cranfield.ac.uk/courses/masters/comm...-and-sanitation.html

Re: Solutions for pit desludging and sludge management in low income urban settlements in Malawi (Mzuzu University) - and policy issues 15 Dec 2015 11:59 #16256

  • Click here to view this person’s forum profile
    fcharlesc
  • This button allows you to contact another forum user directly by sending a private message.
    Message
  • Posts: 5
  • Likes received: 1
  • Karma: 0
I will used the cone penetrometer test. This is the only device we currently have at Mzuzu Univesrsity.

Re: Solutions for pit desludging and sludge management in low income urban settlements in Malawi (Mzuzu University) - and policy issues 15 Dec 2015 13:40 #16258

  • Click here to view this person’s forum profile
    AParker
  • This button allows you to contact another forum user directly by sending a private message.
    Message
  • Lecturer in International Water and Sanitation at Cranfield University, working on many apsects of urban water and sanitation, including leading Cranfield's response to the BMGF Reinvent the Toilet Challenge.
  • Posts: 86
  • Likes received: 23
  • Karma: 9
We also had good experiences using a cone penetrometer. Do watch Damian's talk at fSM4 and let us know if you have any questions!

Alison Parker
www.nanomembranetoilet.org
Apply to study our MSc in Community Water and Sanitation:
www.cranfield.ac.uk/courses/masters/comm...-and-sanitation.html

Re: Solutions for pit desludging and sludge management in low income urban settlements in Malawi (Mzuzu University) - and policy issues 15 Dec 2015 13:47 #16259

  • Click here to view this person’s forum profile
    fcharlesc
  • This button allows you to contact another forum user directly by sending a private message.
    Message
  • Posts: 5
  • Likes received: 1
  • Karma: 0
Well, I am hoping to use almost the same procedures. Do you mind sharing some challenges for the sake of planning. As I have indicated in my post, I will conduct the tests on 300 latrines and I am hoping to start this January.

Re: Solutions for pit desludging and sludge management in low income urban settlements in Malawi (Mzuzu University) - and policy issues 15 Dec 2015 14:05 #16260

  • Click here to view this person’s forum profile
    AParker
  • This button allows you to contact another forum user directly by sending a private message.
    Message
  • Lecturer in International Water and Sanitation at Cranfield University, working on many apsects of urban water and sanitation, including leading Cranfield's response to the BMGF Reinvent the Toilet Challenge.
  • Posts: 86
  • Likes received: 23
  • Karma: 9
Of coruse. Do you want to message me your e-mail address and I'll put you in touch with Damian?
Alison Parker
www.nanomembranetoilet.org
Apply to study our MSc in Community Water and Sanitation:
www.cranfield.ac.uk/courses/masters/comm...-and-sanitation.html
  • Page:
  • 1
  • 2
Time to create page: 0.64 seconds