SuSanA - Forum Kunena Site Syndication http://forum.susana.org/ Thu, 02 Jul 2015 21:27:24 +0000 Kunena 1.6 http://forum.susana.org/components/com_kunena/template/default/images/icons/rss.png SuSanA - Forum http://forum.susana.org/ en-gb UNICEF/WHO: Progress on Sanitation and Drinking Water – 2015 update and MDG assessment - by: campbelldb http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/89-new-publications-books-articles-partner-newsletters-journals-blogs-websites-videos/13964-unicefwho-progress-on-sanitation-and-drinking-water--2015-update-and-mdg-assessment#13964 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/89-new-publications-books-articles-partner-newsletters-journals-blogs-websites-videos/13964-unicefwho-progress-on-sanitation-and-drinking-water--2015-update-and-mdg-assessment#13964 report on access to drinking water and sanitation ahead of the MDG’s.

There is a link to the report, fact sheets, etc. on Sanitation Updates.]]>
New publications (books, articles, partner newsletters, journals, blogs, websites, videos) Wed, 01 Jul 2015 15:55:00 +0000
Re: A handbook on Technical Options for Solid and Liquid Waste Management in Rural Areas - by: pkjha http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/89-new-publications-books-articles-partner-newsletters-journals-blogs-websites-videos/13130-a-handbook-on-technical-options-for-solid-and-liquid-waste-management-in-rural-areas-ministry-of-drinking-water-and-sanitation-govt-of-india#13893 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/89-new-publications-books-articles-partner-newsletters-journals-blogs-websites-videos/13130-a-handbook-on-technical-options-for-solid-and-liquid-waste-management-in-rural-areas-ministry-of-drinking-water-and-sanitation-govt-of-india#13893 The book Technological options for Solid and liquid waste management in rural areas, is not for the toilet/ on-site sanitation. It is meant for the waste water treatment not for toilet options. It does not mention any toilet technology, except septic tank. Septic tank comes under toilet as well as for primary treatment of sewage.
Options of toilet technologies are mentioned in another book – Technical options for on-site sanitation, released by the Ministry of Drinking water and sanitation. It was also written by me in 2012 and is available on the link of india water portal - www.indiawaterportal.org/sites/indiawate...ion-modws-2012_0.pdf
You are right that under option 1 there should be other technologies also in addition to Twin pit toilet for black water and soakage pit for grey water. Objective of the book is treatment of grey water. Soakage pit is the simplest way for individual households for grey water, where water table is not too high. Where other technologies for black water are available, it is equally acceptable. However, its fact that pit (single or double pit) is the most commonly found technology in India. UDDT or composting toilets are also under the guidelines of the MoDWS. Such toilets are also being implemented in some areas under the financial support from different agencies. But their number is too low.
Under different technologies of waste water treatment, we have mentioned their applicability, advantages and limitations/ disadvantages. It is upto the beneficiaries to select the technology as per their affordability and constraints.
The book is targeted to District level and state level officials involved in the field of SLWM. Much details of the technologies is not possible within the scope of the book. I get queries from States when they require further detail of any particular technology. Detail of any technology depends on quantity of waste water, quality of effluent required for different reuse purpose etc.

Regards
Pawan]]>
New publications (books, articles, partner newsletters, journals, blogs, websites, videos) Fri, 26 Jun 2015 12:01:42 +0000
Re: A handbook on Technical Options for Solid and Liquid Waste Management in Rural Areas - by: muench http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/89-new-publications-books-articles-partner-newsletters-journals-blogs-websites-videos/13130-a-handbook-on-technical-options-for-solid-and-liquid-waste-management-in-rural-areas-ministry-of-drinking-water-and-sanitation-govt-of-india#13846 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/89-new-publications-books-articles-partner-newsletters-journals-blogs-websites-videos/13130-a-handbook-on-technical-options-for-solid-and-liquid-waste-management-in-rural-areas-ministry-of-drinking-water-and-sanitation-govt-of-india#13846 Thanks for posting this handbook (which we should also put in the SuSanA library). It looks well written, laid out and pleasant to read with many photos and schematics. Congratulations and thanks for sharing!

Could you explain a bit more about the target audience for this book? It is broad, a bit like the Eawag-Sandec Compendium, providing an overview of options, but not with enough detail for people to design or implement the various systems.

However, it seems to have a strong bias on solutions that involve flush toilets, mixed wastewater, sewers and small wastewater treatment plants. That's fine if that's the target group.
I am just a bit baffled that your Option 1 on page 6 is the only one that keeps toilet waste(water) separate from greywater and that's for a twin pit pour flush toilet. I know that is the preferred recommended toilet type of the government of India.

Could you explain a little bit why no mention is made of any other types of simple toilets (without a water seal), in particular urine-diverting dry toilets (UDDTs) or composting toilets? Is that because of the issue with the manual scavenging act in India which lumps pretty much all forms of "dry latrines" together as being "insanitary latrines" (which is not "fair")?

Please also not the discussion I had started with Joe here about manual scavenging in India. I would love to hear your take of the situation here:
forum.susana.org/forum/categories/142-go...of-manual-scavenging

Thanks.

Kind regards,
Elisabeth]]>
New publications (books, articles, partner newsletters, journals, blogs, websites, videos) Wed, 24 Jun 2015 21:07:49 +0000
Magazine: Africa Water Sanitation & Hygiene May - June 2015 Vol.10 No.3 Now Available - by: mwaniki http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/89-new-publications-books-articles-partner-newsletters-journals-blogs-websites-videos/13564-magazine-africa-water-sanitation-a-hygiene-may-june-2015-vol10-no3-now-available#13564 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/89-new-publications-books-articles-partner-newsletters-journals-blogs-websites-videos/13564-magazine-africa-water-sanitation-a-hygiene-may-june-2015-vol10-no3-now-available#13564 Africa Water, Sanitation & Hygiene

This is the new May- June 2015 Vol.10 No.3 You may view this edition via this link afriwater.org/virtual-magazine or afriwater.org/publication/online-magazines . You can also download a pdf version via afriwater.org/publication/publications




Comments are welcome.

Kind regards Steven Mwaniki]]>
New publications (books, articles, partner newsletters, journals, blogs, websites, videos) Thu, 04 Jun 2015 06:05:46 +0000
Monthly updates of peer-review WASH studies - by: campbelldb http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/89-new-publications-books-articles-partner-newsletters-journals-blogs-websites-videos/13543-monthly-updates-of-peer-review-wash-studies#13543 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/89-new-publications-books-articles-partner-newsletters-journals-blogs-websites-videos/13543-monthly-updates-of-peer-review-wash-studies#13543
WASHplus distributes an informal email each month that contains abstracts and links to peer review studies from various WASH-related journals. If this would be useful to you, please send me an email and I can add you to the list. Below is the latest sample but the links to the original article are not included:

Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies, May 2015

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene: Moving the Policy Agenda Forward in the Post-2015 Asia (Full text) Authors: Aidan A. Cronin, Chander Badloe, Harriet Torlesse and Robin K. Nandy

Asia, despite its rapid development and large contribution to the global progress of the MDGs, still has a large unfinished health and nutrition agenda. Poor WASH services, in particular, contribute to the unacceptably high levels of child morbidity, mortality and undernutrition in the region. Even with gaps, there is sufficient evidence of the benefits accruing from greater attention to WASH but, in Asia as on other continents, it continues to be under prioritized. New potential opportunities for driving the WASH sector forward in Asia are emerging within the SDG framework but these will require policy strengthening, political prioritisation, renewed focus on quality data for action and institutional reform for greater integration and accountability if the desired governance, equity and sustainability outcomes are to be achieved.

Microbial Ecology in Health & Disease 2015, 26: 28316

Opportunities to assess factors contributing to the development of the intestinal microbiota in infants living in developing countries (Full text) Authors: Dennis Lang and MAL-ED Network Investigators

Recent evidence suggests that establishment of a healthy gut microbiota shortly after birth is important to achieve optimal growth and development of children. Being born into a resource-poor environment presents challenges to the establishment of a healthy gut microbial flora in the newborn. Among these challenges are births that occur at home, traditional pre-lacteal feeding of newborns leading to failure to initiate lactation, poor sanitation and water quality, early environmental exposure to, and infection with, enteric or other pathogens, suboptimal breast feeding duration and intensity, deficiencies in weaning and childhood diets contributing to micro- and macro-nutrient deficiencies, and the frequent use of antibiotics. These factors should be considered in the design and implementation of preventive and therapeutic interventions aimed at improving the health and development of these children.

​Health Policy Plan - 2015 June

The cost of a knowledge silo: a systematic re-review of water, sanitation and hygiene interventions (Full text) Authors: Michael Loevinsohn, Lyla Mehta, Katie Cuming, Alan Nicol, Oliver Cumming, and Jeroen H J Ensink

Understanding how complex interventions achieve their effects—how they are made to work or not—is impeded by disconnects between health and other disciplinary and practice communities. When evaluations of water, sanitation and hygiene interventions were reviewed jointly from health and development perspectives, evidence of a broader range of impacts emerged than when they had been reviewed from a health perspective alone. Other actions than those assumed by the original systematic review often contributed to impacts, in some cases calling into question the conclusions of the original systematic review. Additional impact pathways are suggested, pointing to a number of ways in which investments in these interventions might enhance health and wellbeing.

American Jnl Infection Control – May 2015

Identifying the psychological determinants of handwashing: Results from two cross-sectional questionnaire studies in Haiti and Ethiopia (Abstract/order info) Authors: Nadja Contzen, Mosler Hans-Joachim.

The psychological determinants of handwashing in Haiti and Ethiopia were specified. Awareness and health knowledge explained only 11-19% of the variance. Further factors accounted for 25–44% additionally-explained variance. Among the most relevant factors were the attitude factor disgust and social norms. Handwashing campaigns should focus especially on these factors.

Redefining shared sanitation (Full text) Authors: Thilde Rheinländer, et al.

We argue that the focus for future sanitation programmes should be on improving the hygienic standards of shared facilities to a level that satisfies and protects sanitation users – irrespective of the toilet design. If well managed, household shared sanitation can be a feasible, economical, practical and a socially acceptable choice of sanitation for millions of sanitation users

Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg - 2015 June

Laboratory development and field testing of sentinel toys to assess environmental faecal exposure of young children in rural India. (Abstract) Authors: Torondel B, Gyekye-Aboagye Y, Routray P, Boisson S, Schimdt W, Clasen T.

Sentinel toys are increasingly used as a method of assessing young children's exposure to faecal pathogens in households in low-income settings. However, there is no consensus on the suitability of different approaches. In the laboratory, urethane foam balls took up more indicator bacteria than the other balls. Bacteria recovery did not differ based on mechanic vs no agitation. Higher temperatures and moisture levels increased bacterial yield. In the field, the only factor associated with a decreased recovery of TTC from the balls was having a soil (unpaved) floor. Sentinel toys may be an effective tool for assessing young children's exposure to faecal pathogens. However, even using methods designed to increase bacterial recovery, limited sensitivity may require larger sample sizes.]]>
New publications (books, articles, partner newsletters, journals, blogs, websites, videos) Tue, 02 Jun 2015 13:29:16 +0000
Latest progress report from the Global Sanitation Fund. - by: DaveTrouba http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/89-new-publications-books-articles-partner-newsletters-journals-blogs-websites-videos/13542-latest-progress-report-from-the-global-sanitation-fund#13542 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/89-new-publications-books-articles-partner-newsletters-journals-blogs-websites-videos/13542-latest-progress-report-from-the-global-sanitation-fund#13542
WSSCC just issued the latest progress report for the Global Sanitation Fund. It has cumulative results to date (year-end 2014) as well as for the year of 2014. You can read more and access the report at this link:

www.wsscc.org/resources/resource-news-ar...ene-communities-13-c

I have also attached the report as a file, in case you want it directly.

With best regards,

Dave Trouba
WSSCC]]>
New publications (books, articles, partner newsletters, journals, blogs, websites, videos) Tue, 02 Jun 2015 12:23:13 +0000
Re: Sanitation Safety Planning: Manual for Safe Use and Disposal of Wastewater, Greywater and Excreta - by: F H Mughal http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/89-new-publications-books-articles-partner-newsletters-journals-blogs-websites-videos/13422-sanitation-safety-planning-manual-for-safe-use-and-disposal-of-wastewater-greywater-and-excreta#13426 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/89-new-publications-books-articles-partner-newsletters-journals-blogs-websites-videos/13422-sanitation-safety-planning-manual-for-safe-use-and-disposal-of-wastewater-greywater-and-excreta#13426 According to the WHO newsletter, the formal launch of the SSP Manual is scheduled at AfricaSan 4 in Dakar, Senegal on Wednesday 27 May at 12.40 (Room C05/06) at the King Fayd Palace.]]> New publications (books, articles, partner newsletters, journals, blogs, websites, videos) Sat, 23 May 2015 04:08:53 +0000 Re: Sanitation Safety Planning: Manual for Safe Use and Disposal of Wastewater, Greywater and Excreta - by: joeturner http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/89-new-publications-books-articles-partner-newsletters-journals-blogs-websites-videos/13422-sanitation-safety-planning-manual-for-safe-use-and-disposal-of-wastewater-greywater-and-excreta#13423 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/89-new-publications-books-articles-partner-newsletters-journals-blogs-websites-videos/13422-sanitation-safety-planning-manual-for-safe-use-and-disposal-of-wastewater-greywater-and-excreta#13423 New publications (books, articles, partner newsletters, journals, blogs, websites, videos) Fri, 22 May 2015 19:09:18 +0000 Sanitation Safety Planning: Manual for Safe Use and Disposal of Wastewater, Greywater and Excreta - by: F H Mughal http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/89-new-publications-books-articles-partner-newsletters-journals-blogs-websites-videos/13422-sanitation-safety-planning-manual-for-safe-use-and-disposal-of-wastewater-greywater-and-excreta#13422 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/89-new-publications-books-articles-partner-newsletters-journals-blogs-websites-videos/13422-sanitation-safety-planning-manual-for-safe-use-and-disposal-of-wastewater-greywater-and-excreta#13422 Sanitation Safety Planning: Manual for Safe Use and Disposal of Wastewater, Greywater and Excreta

The World Health Organization (WHO) has issued a new publication - Sanitation Safety Planning: Manual for Safe Use and Disposal of Wastewater, Greywater and Excreta – that aims to protect the public health.

According to WHO, the publication will assist the users to:

• Systematically identify and manage health risk along the sanitation chain;

• Guide investment based on actual risks, to promote health benefits and minimize adverse health impacts; and

• Provide assurance to authorities and the public on the safety of sanitation-related products and services.

As if to increase its scope, Maria Niera, Director Department of Public Heath, Environmental and Social Determinants of Health, WHO, in her foreword, says:

“Sanitation Safety Planning is a tool to help sanitation system operators maximise health benefits and minimise health risk of their system. It guides operators to prioritize and target risk management efforts to where it will have the most impact and to improve over time. The outputs can be used to provide assurance to the public and authorities of the system performance based on sound risk based management.”

Interestingly, the Sanitation Safety Planning manual was tested with national authorities in Hanoi, Vietnam; Karnataka, India; Lima, Peru; Kampala Uganda; Benevente, Portugal; and Manila, Philippines under the guidance of a strategic advisory group and with review by experts and practitioners. This shows the publication’s global exposure.

The publication has a useful list of glossary and abbreviations, an aspect which Elisabeth will be delighted to see!

The companion volume of the publication: 2006 WHO Guidelines for Safe Use of Wastewater, Excreta and Greywater, is, I believe, available in the forum’s library.

The publication is available at: www.who.int/entity/water_sanitation_heal...er/ssp/en/index.html


F H Mughal]]>
New publications (books, articles, partner newsletters, journals, blogs, websites, videos) Fri, 22 May 2015 17:25:22 +0000
Evaluation of a closed-loop sanitation system in a cold climate: a case from peri-urban areas of Mongolia - by: nazimuddin http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/89-new-publications-books-articles-partner-newsletters-journals-blogs-websites-videos/13348-evaluation-of-a-closed-loop-sanitation-system-in-a-cold-climate-a-case-from-peri-urban-areas-of-mongolia#13348 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/89-new-publications-books-articles-partner-newsletters-journals-blogs-websites-videos/13348-evaluation-of-a-closed-loop-sanitation-system-in-a-cold-climate-a-case-from-peri-urban-areas-of-mongolia#13348
Following study has just been published at the Journal of 'Environment and Urbanization'.

Abstract: This study examines a closed-loop sanitation system (CLSS) in the ger
areas (informal peri-urban settlements) of Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia in order to evaluate
system feasibility and to identify the future prospects of CLSS as an alternative to
conventional sanitation and drainage options. Results show that the CLSS concept
is well understood and accepted by users and that services are being scaled up. Over
50 per cent of respondents used CLSS technologies during both winter and summer,
testifying to the potential for scaling up these technologies and services. Moreover,
all users responded positively in their evaluation of the emptying services. Despite
some problems and challenges, the system proved to be feasible, replicable and
acceptable in the study area. It is recommended that the entire CLSS approach be
tested through scientific validation to convince more communities, government
and other stakeholders about scaling up the system beyond the study area for better
health, environmental conservation and resource recovery.

Keywords: closed-loop sanitation system / cold climate / composting / emptying
services / ger areas / urine-diverting toilets

Link- eau.sagepub.com/content/early/2015/05/14...47815584539.abstract

Best regards

Nazim]]>
New publications (books, articles, partner newsletters, journals, blogs, websites, videos) Fri, 15 May 2015 12:42:41 +0000
Re: A handbook on Technical Options for Solid and Liquid Waste Management in Rural Areas - by: JKMakowka http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/89-new-publications-books-articles-partner-newsletters-journals-blogs-websites-videos/13130-a-handbook-on-technical-options-for-solid-and-liquid-waste-management-in-rural-areas-ministry-of-drinking-water-and-sanitation-govt-of-india#13134 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/89-new-publications-books-articles-partner-newsletters-journals-blogs-websites-videos/13130-a-handbook-on-technical-options-for-solid-and-liquid-waste-management-in-rural-areas-ministry-of-drinking-water-and-sanitation-govt-of-india#13134

Thanks for making us aware!]]>
New publications (books, articles, partner newsletters, journals, blogs, websites, videos) Thu, 30 Apr 2015 12:54:49 +0000
A handbook on Technical Options for Solid and Liquid Waste Management in Rural Areas (Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation, Govt. of India) - by: pkjha http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/89-new-publications-books-articles-partner-newsletters-journals-blogs-websites-videos/13130-a-handbook-on-technical-options-for-solid-and-liquid-waste-management-in-rural-areas-ministry-of-drinking-water-and-sanitation-govt-of-india#13130 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/89-new-publications-books-articles-partner-newsletters-journals-blogs-websites-videos/13130-a-handbook-on-technical-options-for-solid-and-liquid-waste-management-in-rural-areas-ministry-of-drinking-water-and-sanitation-govt-of-india#13130
Its my pleasure to inform you all that a Handbook on Technical Options for Solid and Liquid Waste Management in Rural Areas, released by the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation, Government of India, on 21st April,is now available on the website site of the Ministry at-


mdws.gov.in/sites/upload_files/ddws/file...id_Waste_%28E%29.pdf


I had wrote the manuscript of the book while working as a Consultant (Sanitation and Waste Management) with the Ministry till February 2014.
The book was written taking into consideration the socio-economic and cultural aspects of the rural areas and the policy and program of the Ministry to improve SLWM in rural areas. Most of the technologies mentioned in the book are equally suitable for small towns in India and many developing countries.
The book is only 3.4 MB size and can be downloaded easily. Hope, it proves useful for many professionals working in the field.

Regards

Pawan]]>
New publications (books, articles, partner newsletters, journals, blogs, websites, videos) Thu, 30 Apr 2015 11:15:29 +0000
Re: 2nd Edition of the Compendium of Sanitations Systems and Technologies is now available! - by: ulrichl http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/89-new-publications-books-articles-partner-newsletters-journals-blogs-websites-videos/9486-2nd-edition-of-the-compendium-of-sanitations-systems-and-technologies-is-now-available?limit=12&start=12#13097 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/89-new-publications-books-articles-partner-newsletters-journals-blogs-websites-videos/9486-2nd-edition-of-the-compendium-of-sanitations-systems-and-technologies-is-now-available?limit=12&start=12#13097
Yes, the Compendium is currently being translated to French and will be published in a few months. Hence, if you wish to use the French technology schematics in the final version of the factsheets for Morocco this should be possible. It is probable that they will be ready in about 2 months (though I don't know the exact date yet). Please contact me again around that time.

A French version of the eCompendium is also in the pipeline, featuring additional further readings, case studies and links to interactive materials in French. We will produce it as soon as the translation is finalized.

For anybody interested in the French version of the Compendium, you may subscribe to this thread to receive the news once it is published.

A bientôt,
Lukas]]>
New publications (books, articles, partner newsletters, journals, blogs, websites, videos) Tue, 28 Apr 2015 14:07:02 +0000
Re: 2nd Edition of the Compendium of Sanitations Systems and Technologies is now available! - by: muench http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/89-new-publications-books-articles-partner-newsletters-journals-blogs-websites-videos/9486-2nd-edition-of-the-compendium-of-sanitations-systems-and-technologies-is-now-available?limit=12&start=12#13037 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/89-new-publications-books-articles-partner-newsletters-journals-blogs-websites-videos/9486-2nd-edition-of-the-compendium-of-sanitations-systems-and-technologies-is-now-available?limit=12&start=12#13037
In September last year you said that a French version of the Compendium will be coming out in the coming months... How is it looking now, is it nearly finished? That would be great.

I am particularly interested in the French schematics of the different technologies, as a few of them have been improved in the English version for the second edition compared to the 2008 version.*

I am by the way also finding the eCompendium very helpful and practical, thanks to Dorothee and everyone else involved there (ecompendium.sswm.info). Just wanted to point out that I have already incorporated some of the schematics in some Wikipedia articles, like the one on septic tanks:
(en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Septic_tank - it is not yet a very good article, needs more work):



Kind regards,
Elisabeth


* As you know, I have been including these compendium technology schematics in the 30 French 4-page factsheets on rural sanitation technologies which I have been working on for the GIZ-AGIRE project in Morocco since two years (mentioned here on the forum in the past: forum.susana.org/forum/categories/54-wg-...are-available-online). With any luck we will have them finished mid this year, too.]]>
New publications (books, articles, partner newsletters, journals, blogs, websites, videos) Thu, 23 Apr 2015 09:53:21 +0000
Re: Sanitation in Cities (topic in journal Environment and Urbanization) - by: secretariat http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/89-new-publications-books-articles-partner-newsletters-journals-blogs-websites-videos/12301-sanitation-in-cities-topic-in-journal-environment-and-urbanization#12983 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/89-new-publications-books-articles-partner-newsletters-journals-blogs-websites-videos/12301-sanitation-in-cities-topic-in-journal-environment-and-urbanization#12983
you might know it from the newsletter, but the April 2015 issue of Environment and Urbanization on Sanitation and drainage in cities is now available online. It is not open access and the SuSanA secretariat has no arrangements in order to make it available.
However, some of the articles can be accessed for free here (the ones with the grey background are free of charge).

The articles available are:

Best regards,
Lasse (on behalf of the SuSanA secretariat)]]>
New publications (books, articles, partner newsletters, journals, blogs, websites, videos) Mon, 20 Apr 2015 10:18:14 +0000