SuSanA - Forum Kunena Site Syndication Sat, 19 Apr 2014 17:40:54 +0000 Kunena 1.6 SuSanA - Forum en-gb Approaches in Sanitation - New ADB Publication From Toilets to Rivers - Experiences, New Opportunities, and Innovative Solutions - by: F H Mughal “From Toilets to Rivers - Experiences, New Opportunities, and Innovative Solutions” ( that document case histories around the world on best practices.

Case histories have been classified under various eye-catching headings, like innovations, governance, energy recovery, constructed wetlands, on-site sanitation, wastewater reuse, etc. According to ADB, the compilation of good practices and working models intends to show that sustainable sanitation is possible, and aims to inspire replication, institutionalization of sanitation both in policy and practice, and scaling up of investments.

Various project briefs are appealing and note-worthy, and it is clear that the publication is the result of hard work put in by the ADB and IWA staff. They deserve a pat on their back for producing a useful publication.

I have, however, a minor observation. The projects, highlighted in the document, are generally costly approaches. I think, in poor developing countries, low-cost approaches would be more appropriate. In areas, where people resort to open defecation, simple sanitation measures that conveys sewage hygienically and treats in low-cost wastewater treatment plants, are far more desirable than costly propositions.

The document has a section on low-cost sewerage systems ( the simplified sewerage systems, advocated by Duncan Mara of Leeds University, nearly 3 decades back), but that is only one part – conveying of sewage in shallow-depth, small-bore sewer system . The other part, that of low-cost wastewater treatment systems, is missing.

The title of the report says: From Toilets to Rivers. There is nothing on the “rivers” side, though it is known that the treated wastewater, quite often, is discharged in receiving streams. I reckon, the title “Rational Approaches in Sanitation,” would have been more appropriate. Nevertheless, it is an excellent publication, and the colleagues on this Forum must look at the project briefs.

F H Mughal
PS: I'm also attaching the publication, in case the link doesn't work.]]>
New publications Thu, 10 Apr 2014 05:00:54 +0000
Re: Resources #2: review of publications on water, sanitation and hygiene in developing countries - by: F H Mughal
This is interesting - WASH publications in developing countries. Could I kindly suggest for inclusion of two more sections - one on Innovations in WASH sector, or emerging technologies; and the other on blogs in the WASH field. Thank you


F H Mughal]]>
New publications Wed, 26 Mar 2014 05:20:44 +0000
Resources #2: review of publications on water, sanitation and hygiene in developing countries - by: denis]]>
New publications Mon, 24 Mar 2014 15:37:48 +0000
Re: Socio-cultural acceptance of UDDTs in Bangladesh - by: F H Mughal
Thank you for your informative and helpful response.Your suggestion of taking various stakeholders on board is very useful. Thank you.

Best regards,

F H Mughal]]>
New publications Mon, 24 Mar 2014 05:17:36 +0000
Re: Socio-cultural acceptance of UDDTs in Bangladesh - by: nazimuddin
Thank you for your message.

There were many factors considered to assess the overall acceptance of UDDTs. Except users of UDDTs, a survey was also conducted among the residents who did not have any UDDT and they were the neighbors (residents in the same study villages) of users and have a bit idea on this. This study revealed the results of the survey among both users and non-users towards acceptance of UDDTs. However, there were some drivers to accept the initial number of UDDTs in the area. At the beginning of the project there was some socio-cultural and religious taboos among the users to accept, but later the taboos were overcome due to the roles played by local CBOs. Although there were a demand of UDDTs among the non-users, still a number of non-users have the socio-cultural and some prestigious issues to accept it which need to be overcome.

It is recommended to take the initiatives with all types of stakeholders (e.g. religious leaders and institutions, educational institutions, natural leaders) to scale up any technology anywhere. Sometimes those key role players are not considered in our planning to deployed any technologies including UDDTs.

Hope this is fine for you!
Best regards
New publications Mon, 24 Mar 2014 01:01:07 +0000
Re: Socio-cultural acceptance of UDDTs in Bangladesh - by: F H Mughal
Thanks for sharing the study. I have access to the abstract only and, the abstract says:

"The study results showed that UDDTs have been generally accepted by almost all users and to some extent by non-users. There were some social and cultural barriers to accepting UDDTs in the study area."

Could you kindly elaborate a bit on "non-users." Could I also know, whether the religion was a barrier, as well.


F H Mughal]]>
New publications Sun, 23 Mar 2014 17:52:05 +0000
Socio-cultural acceptance of UDDTs in Bangladesh - by: nazimuddin
The following study has just been published. Hope it would be useful:

'Socio-cultural acceptance of appropriate technology: Identifying and prioritizing barriers for widespread use of the urine diversion toilets in rural Muslim communities of Bangladesh'

Best regards

New publications Wed, 19 Mar 2014 01:12:32 +0000
Re: Towards total sanitation workshop report - key findings - by: F H Mughal
Thank you for sharing a very interesting publication. The four findings perfectly reflect actual sanitation scenario, quite often in a developing country. It is a good strategy for sanitation scale-up.

However, I would like to add one more point, and that is:

Desirable, or affordable, sanitation (if the outlook is broad enough), or toilets (if we limit ourselves to the establishment of toilets only). I think, that sets the context, aim, or goal.

Nevertheless, it is good of you for sharing this useful publication. Thank you,


F H Mughal]]>
New publications Sun, 09 Mar 2014 12:00:26 +0000
Towards total sanitation workshop report - key findings - by: dietvorst workshop ”Towards sustainable total sanitation”. The workshop was organised by IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre in partnership with WaterAid, SNV and UNICEF.

The key findings of the workshop a presented in a new report, which is divided into four categories, covering the four conditions to trigger a service:

  • strengthening the enabling environment
  • demand creation and advocacy to change behaviour
  • strengthening the supply chain, and
  • appropriate incentives and financial arrangements
New publications Sat, 08 Mar 2014 14:06:37 +0000
Realizing Sanitation and Hygiene for All: Horizon International invites you to share and submit articles for possible inclusion in series. - by: jselendy focuses on the background of the problem and what it means for nearly half the people of the developing world who lack adequate sanitation and hygiene. This article is largely based on and contains many quotes from our book, Water and Sanitation Related Diseases and the Environment: Challenges, Interventions, and Preventive Measures, a Wiley-Blackwell collaboration with Horizon International.]]> New publications Mon, 10 Feb 2014 14:43:09 +0000 FYI: workbook "Guided Choices towards a Circular Business Model" for SME’s - by: AquaVerde Workbook 'Circular Economy' for Companies

The workbook ‘Guided Choices towards a Circular Business Model’ supports companies to find out how the Circular Economy can be of value for them. The workbook is meant as a source of inspiration and support for SME’s. The title is a promise: the workbook provides guided choices towards a circular business model. The workbook is meant to be a source of inspiration and support for small- and medium enterprises (SME’s) that want to enter the Circular Economy. The focus is on the choices that companies need to make in their search for a circular business model. Each company is different and makes different choices. The workbook shows there are multiple solutions for the same problem. Based on the given possibilities the best solution for each company can be created. The workbook supports raising awareness, learning about the situation of the company and it’s partners, product (re-)design, service redesign and testing concepts in a business model calculation.

PDF 50 pages]]>
New publications Thu, 02 Jan 2014 20:19:05 +0000
Latest posts to WASHplus blogs - by: campbelldb
Below are links to the lastest WASHplus blogs and updates

- Can Transfer Programs be Made More Nutrition Sensitive?
- USAID – DRAFT Nutrition Strategy Results Framework
- Integrating WASH into NTD Programs: A Desk Review
- Growing Tall and Smart with Toilets

- Heavy Rainfall Events and Diarrhea Incidence
- GiveWell analysis of water quality interventions
- The Hyper-Efficient, Highly Scientific Scheme to Help the World’s Poor

- Multi-actor Approaches to Total Sanitation in Africa
- Improved Sanitation and Its Impact on Children: An Exploration of Sanergy
- Connecting informal settlements to the formal city through household waste collection

- WASHplus Weekly: Inclusive WASH
- India, Madhya Pradesh: sanitation campaign humiliates women, say critics
- Campaign uses “Slum Britain art” for fundraising
- Oxfam – Proposals to design, develop sanitation system for flood areas
- Improved Sanitation and Its Impact on Children: An Exploration of Sanergy
- USAID – Freshwater Conservation and Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Integration Guidelines
- WASHplus Weekly: Community-Led Total Sanitation]]>
New publications Thu, 26 Dec 2013 19:22:32 +0000
Draft of upcoming WASHplus Weekly on Community-Led Total Sanitation - by: campbelldb
I have attached a draft of the upcoming WASHplus Weekly on Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS). If your organization has 2013 research or manuals, guidelines, etc that we can feature please email the links by this Thursday, Dec 11, if possible.

Dan Campbell]]>
New publications Mon, 09 Dec 2013 18:41:54 +0000
Akvo & IRC launch Akvopedia Sustainability portal - by: dietvorst sustainability frameworks, such as the IRC's Triple-S framework, as well as the FIETS approach, which was developed by the Dutch WASH Alliance and takes into account five key areas of sustainability - financial, institutional, environmental, technical and social. These key areas have been chosen as the five pillars of the portal's main page.

Web site:]]>
New publications Fri, 22 Nov 2013 15:04:16 +0000
Re: IWA Publishing textbook "Biological wastewater treatment in warm climate regions" free to download - by: Langergraber since 2010 the newsletters from the IWA SG on Wetland Systems for Water Pollution Control are available for everyone and can be downloaded from IWA WaterWIKI (see
Best regards,


SG = Specialist Group
IWA = International Water Association]]>
New publications Mon, 18 Nov 2013 06:42:48 +0000