SuSanA - Forum Kunena Site Syndication Tue, 23 Sep 2014 20:23:11 +0000 Kunena 1.6 SuSanA - Forum en-gb Re: Exposure to WASH-borne hazards: A scoping study on peri-urban Ger areas in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia - by: JKMakowka
I have been following it for a while now (got first in contact with it through the german IWRM-MoMo project in 2012) and I really think this deserves more attention even though it is a bit of an unusual setting (i.e. Mongolia).]]>
New publications Tue, 23 Sep 2014 13:08:24 +0000
Exposure to WASH-borne hazards: A scoping study on peri-urban Ger areas in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia - by: nazimuddin
Following is the article which has been published recently. You can get free access to the article by using the following link which is valid for 50 days, until November 7, 2014

Title- Exposure to WASH-borne hazards: A scoping study on peri-urban Ger areas in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia


The present scoping study seeks to address the sources of water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) exposure of residents of peri-urban Ger areas of Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. Field observations and semi-structured key informant interviews were carried out during 2012 and 2013 to assess the existing WASH situation in the peri-urban Ger areas of Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. In addition, a knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) survey was conducted by Action Contre la Faim (ACF) Mongolia in 210 households to identify the sources of WASH-borne hazards in a statistically representative way. Moreover, the quality of drinking water was analyzed both at the household (n = 210) and water point (kiosk) (n = 40) levels to assess the risk of chemical and pathogenic contaminants. Both field observations and interviews revealed that the sanitary environment of the Ger residents is characterized by the lack of a drainage system, unimproved sanitation technology (e.g. unhygienic pit latrines and soak pits), unsafe water supply, and insufficient collection, transportation, and storage mechanisms. Poor infrastructure is associated with low standards of living. The transmission of WASH-borne disease (e.g. diarrhea, dysentery, hepatitis A) is the gravest consequence and source of hazards. The results from the water quality analysis demonstrate that Ger residents are more exposed to biological contamination of stored drinking water by Escherichia coli during the summer (May to August) than in the winter (November to February). During the winter, 36% of household storage containers were contaminated by E. coli at an average level of 12.5 E. coli per 100 ml, while, during the summer, 56% of household storage containers were contaminated at an average level of 50 E. coli per 100 ml. KAP surveys further reveal that the common practice of Ger residents to discharge greywater (with higher chemical oxygen demand) into pit latrines, soak-pits, yards, and streets likely causes environmental pollution and health hazards. Multifaceted WASH-borne exposure was addressed by the scoping study such that various WASH interventions could be planned for the study area and beyond. To tackle the above challenges and problems, a range of appropriate interventions and programs are recommended to reduce the exposure of WASH-borne hazards in the study area and other parts of the world – in both urban and peri-urban settings. The recommendations include: the development and implementation of a water safety plan (WSP), an effective monitoring system for collection, transportation and storage at both water kiosk and household levels, user training for correct use of water containers, effective coordination among stakeholders (including urban planners), development of a household greywater disposal system, and implementation of a functioning solid waste management system. Prior to taking these actions, a detailed study on the ‘pollution load from peri-urban to urban’ should be carried out to assess the WASH-borne vulnerability of both peri-urban and central urban population.


•Multifaceted WASH-borne exposure was addressed in peri-urban context.
•Poor infrastructure is associated with low standards of living.
•The transmission of WASH-borne diseases is the gravest consequence and source of hazards.
•Summer is more hazardous than winter in terms of biological contaminations.
•Various WASH interventions are recommended to reduce the exposure of WASH-borne hazards.

Many thanks
Best greetigns

New publications Sat, 20 Sep 2014 04:21:28 +0000
NaWaTech Compendium of Technologies avaliable on SuSanA library - by: lucia
Project NaWaTech “Natural Water Systems and Treatment Technologies to cope with Water Shortages in Urbanised Areas in India” is a Indo-European research and development initiative aiming to explore, assess and enhance the potential of natural and compact water and wastewater treatment systems in order to improve their performance and reliability to cope with water shortages in India.

The Compendium of NaWaTech Technologies is an effort to pinpoint and describe water and wastewater technologies that could enable the sustainable water management in Indian cities. It is intended as a reference for water professionals in charge of planning, designing and implementing sustainable water systems in the Indian urban scenario, based on a decentralised approach. The NaWaTech Compendium does not aim to be an engineering manual for the detailed design and construction, and the objective of the NaWaTech consortium is to inspire practitioners, igniting the shift from the conventional end-of-pipe thinking to intelligent practices to come up with sustainable solutions to the water and sanitation crisis in urban India. This piece of work is the result of a joint effort of the specialists of the NaWaTech consortium, and was realised thanks to the support of the Department of Science and Technology of the Government of India and the European Commission through its 7th Framework Program.

Find the publication in:]]>
New publications Fri, 19 Sep 2014 11:44:07 +0000
Publication of the first edition of the WASH 4 All Comic Book Series offered for free announced by Horizon International and MediaBFI. - by: jselendy
“WASH 4 ALL” (water, sanitation and hygiene for all) comic book series and short animated cartoon videos are being produced by Horizon International, an NGO based at Yale University, New Haven, CT, in collaboration with the media service of Beautiful Feet International (MediaBFI), a non-profit organization based in Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria. The comics are being created to positively engage youths in the fight against diseases related to Water, Sanitation and Hygiene.

The 12-page colored comic book, draws upon the content of Horizon’s book and its accompanying DVDs, “Water and Sanitation Related Diseases and the Environment: Challenges, Interventions and Preventive Measures.” It was completed with comments and reviews from several of that book’s 59 authors, experts from the fields of public health, medicine, epidemiology, environmental health, climate change, environmental engineering, and population research. The book was published by Wiley-Blackwell in collaboration with Horizon International in November 2011.

The comic book, “Schoolchildren Battle Malaria and Other Diseases,” was created and designed by Francis Odupute, an award-winning artist and journalist, and his MediaBfi team in Nigeria. Francis U. Odupute is Founder and President of Bfi and an artist for Horizon International.

This is the first edition of a planned 12 part series entitled “WASH 4 All.”

Young boys and girls of school age in developing countries where WASH culture is relatively very poor, the health implications of which takes its toll on the lives and education of these children, are the main audience. The audience not only includes youths aged 7 to 19, but also those in their early adulthood. “Parents, schoolteachers, and community-leaders and health care workers through the entire world who can use the comic as a learning tool, are also part of our audience,” said Odupute. “They all play strategic roles in WASH education efforts.”

As Odupute says, “Cartoons and comics are a unique art form and powerful information, education communication tool for public education and behavioral change, especially among youths. Working together with Horizon International has given us the opportunity to apply our talents to help youth especially in countries where the need for greater understanding of the importance of WASH is greatest. And to thus engage youths to tackle WASH challenges in the spirit of securing their future.”

“Through the comic book,” says Janine M. H. Selendy, Chairman, President and Publisher of Horizon International, “we employ simple stories with powerful graphics to convey complicated health concerns, devastating health problems destroying childhoods and killing millions of children, and to provide some examples of preventive measures that can be taken by families, schools, and communities.”

This first comic book focuses on malaria and touches on other water-related diseases. In the school of Dan and Ann, “somewhere in a remote part of Africa,” their classmates are suffering from the symptoms of and dying from malaria. In one of its informative side bars, the comic book states: “Malaria is a dangerous disease caused by a parasite transmitted by mosquitoes, a disease vector, Every year, over 600,000 people die from malaria…especially children under 5 and pregnant women in tropical Africa. 3.4 billion people, almost half the world’s population is at risk.”

“Every minute a child dies from malaria, according to World Health Organization (WHO),” says Selendy. “Meeting WASH needs is vital to the health and well-being of everyone. We will focus on various diseases while building on the knowledge of what can be done to prevent them.”

“An estimated 2.4 to 2.6 billion individuals lack access to any type of improved sanitation facility according to the WHO,” says Selendy. “According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), half of the developing world, more than 35 % of the world’s population lack access to adequate sanitation. And, poor sanitation and hygiene are inextricably linked to water quality.”

“With roughly 884 million people lacking access to an improved water supply, water that is protected from outside contamination, in particular from contamination with fecal matter, 1.2 billion individuals are exposed to water-related illness from their drinking water.” Selendy adds.

“The lack of this most fundamental service contributes to an estimated 1.87 million annual deaths due to diarrhea- more than 90 % of which are in children under 5 years of age,” writes Jay Graham, Assistant Professor and Director of the MPH in Global Environmental Health at the George Washington University School of Public Health and Health Services in the book, “Water and Sanitation Related Diseases and the Environment: Challenges, Interventions and Preventive Measures.”

Diarrhea remains the second leading cause of death in children under 5 years of age globally, and nearly one in five child deaths, around 1.5 million a year, is due to diarrhea. This equates to the death of one child every 15 seconds, meaning more than 4,000 child deaths every day, and exceeds the death rates from such killer diseases as malaria and tuberculosis according to the World Bank.

“The magnitude of health problems caused by inadequate water, sanitation and hygiene are so immense that most people have difficulty grasping the consequences. For example, diarrhea remains the second leading cause of death in children under 5 years of age globally, and nearly one in five child deaths, around 1.5 million a year, is due to diarrhea. This equates to the death of one child every 15 seconds, meaning more than 4,000 child deaths every day, and exceeds the death rates from such killer diseases as malaria and tuberculosis according to the World Bank.”

The late Dr. Lee jong-wook when he was Director-General of the World Health Organization, expressed the importance of addressing water and sanitation so well when he wrote, “…once we can secure access to clean water and to adequate sanitation facilities for all people, irrespective of the difference in their living conditions, a huge battle against all kinds of diseases will be won.”

“The focus of the second edition of the WASH 4 All comic book series will focus on the sensitive, often neglected, subject of open-defecation,” Odupute said.

“While six billion people worldwide have mobile phones, only 4.5 billion have access to toilets or latrines – meaning that 2.5 billion people, mostly in rural areas, do not have proper sanitation, according to UN figures,” said Selendy. “In addition, 1.1 billion people still defecate in the open.”

Media are invited to announce and provide PDF copies and links to sources where the comic book can be downloaded. It is available on the Horizon International Solutions Site at and on the MediaBFI Blog:

The comic books are one of many planned means of providing the contents of “Water and Sanitation Related Diseases and the Environment: Challenges, Interventions and Preventive Measures” for general audiences of all ages. Horizon International is already distributing the book’s accompanying 4-hours of multimedia DVDs to thousands of libraries and institutions in 139 less-wealthy countries as part of the multidisciplinary Social Science Library resources being distributed free of charge by the Global Development And Environment Institute (GDAE) at Tufts University. These DVDs were designed for use as teaching tools in classrooms and communities, by organizations, researchers and policy makers. As of September 15, 2014, these resources are offered in over 1,500 entities across 58 countries. The flyer with the book’s table of contents being sent with the DVDs is available at Bfi is one of the Distribution Partners making the DVDs available in Nigeria.

In addition, “Supplementary Material,” for the book, now more than 52 articles, is published on a Wiley-Blackwell companion Web site for the volume, on the Horizon International Solutions Site at


Janine M. H. Selendy, Founder, Chairman, President and Publisher
Horizon International
Yale University
Department of Biology
New Haven, CT 06520-8103
Mobile: (914) 329-1323
This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
Janine Selendy is available for interviews.
The Book, Water and Sanitation Related Diseases and the Environment: Challenges, Interventions and Preventive Measures, and DVDs contents are described in a flyer available at

About Horizon International:

Horizon International works to find and advance solutions in the interconnected areas of health, the environment, population and economic well being and, in recent years, is concentrating on addressing water and sanitation and hygiene problems and solutions. The non-profit NGO is based at Yale where it has been a guest of the University since 1992. Multimedia programs including a solutions site at, which is the organizations main web presence, an oceans website at, and international TV programs, many of which can be viewed on YouTube at, other educational materials, lectures, conference participation and consultations, and an associate program with interns and other volunteers are means employed to achieve its goals. Horizon’s recent effort is the production of the book, Water and Sanitation Related Diseases and the Environment: Challenges, Interventions and Preventive Measures, a Wiley-Blackwell collaboration with Horizon International, for which Horizon’s head, Janine M. H. Selendy, is Editor.
Horizon International’s Home website is:

About Beautiful Feet International (BFI):

The Beautiful Feet International (BFI) Ministry is a faith-based organization in Nigeria whose objectives include charity, youth empowerment, moral suasion/evangelism, development education and community health/WASH issues, media advocacy, and educational literature distribution, among other development efforts. Since its establishment in 1998, BFI has collaboratively networked internationally to bring about sustainable youth as well as moral capital development and wholesome living in the society, the latest of which is the CARTOON AFRICA INTERNATIONAL BIENNIAL (CAIB) festival hosted by Nigeria.

The BFI Kreative Brainz Klub (BFIKBK) is one of the leading implementing partners/organizers of the CAIB festival, a collaborative, public education project using comedic Art-drawings, cartoons, animations, etc, to collaboratively push for sustainable development in Africa by promoting Cartooning as a great art form, celebrating and rewarding excellence in the use of cartoons and comics to address issues of public interest, raise awareness on many critical issues and concerns that are not given the level of attention they rightly deserve; to engage African youths in addressing these concerns via creative education and capacity building in multidisciplinary communication skills needed for securing Africa’s future; and to shape opinions of the general public, deepen democracy and catalyze moral capital development revolution in a global context, within the prism of humor, edutainment and cross-cultural education/exchanges. The “WASH 4 ALL” comic books, other free comics, cartoons and more information about the Cartoon Africa International Biennial (CAIB) festival can be freely downloaded from their official website:

As part of an ongoing youth/community-led WASH education/health outreach by BFI for schools and communities, the “WASH 4 ALL” comic book plus the new “Me-WASH info-graphic bulletins” being produced by MediaBFI, are also expected to be published in print version by MediaBFI as part of the CAIB-MeWASH Free Comics And Cartoon Workshop For Youths supporting events at every CAIB event to help youths and schoolchildren in Nigeria and across Sub-Saharan Africa, who can’t access or download the virtual versions online, to be able to read the comics and share the information via peer-education.

Other members of the Bfi team who worked on this comic book are:
Sophia C. Odupute, Logistics And Concepts Support, Joy Otono, Letterer, and Architect Edwin Irabor, Colourist.

Francis Umendu Odupute was the 2012 World Water Week (WWW) award winner in the cartoon/photo category where he and Selendy met. The WWW is organized by the Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI) and takes place in Stockholm, Sweden. “It has been the annual focal point for the globe’s water issues since 1991,” according to SIWI. “It is a platform for over 200 collaborating organizations to convene events about water and development issues. Individuals from around the globe also present their findings at the scientific workshops.” The SIWI website is available at

An article about Odupute and his award, “WASH Media Award Winners Recognized for Excellence in Reporting,” is available on the Horizon International Solutions Site at

An article by Odupute, based on his own daughter’s previous school, “Evbuotubu Primary School, Nigeria: A Journalist’s Experience (1 and 2),” is available at]]>
New publications Tue, 16 Sep 2014 15:25:44 +0000
A new short documentary film, "Behind The Data: The People Who Make Research Happen", on Sandec's YouTube channel! - by: donahupa
The film, written and narrated by Liz Tilley, highlights the work done in rural communities by the people who were instrumental in collecting and recording data for a sanitation-based research project. These are the people who though often away from the spotlight, provide the foundation of research projects by gathering and generating huge quantities of information. The film was meant as a way of thanking participants, employees and the communities for their work and support, and to show the fundamental value of each person’s role in achieving the ultimate research objectives.]]>
New publications Tue, 16 Sep 2014 14:25:48 +0000
Re: 2nd Edition of the Compendium of Sanitations Systems and Technologies is now available! - by: ulrichl
Thanks a lot for the feedback on our new Compendium!
A few additional comments from my side:

1. Elisabeth:
..., and good luck with adding the French and Spanish (and any other languages) versions as well in the coming months.

There will indeed be a French translation in the coming months (PDF version only). We would of course also support the production of a new version in Spanish (and any other languages), but unfortunately we currently do not have the funds for further translations and prints.

2. Mughal:
In case of emerging technologies, please indicate for each technology, the merits and demerits; whether it is a mature technology, or is still at pilot stage, and where it has been used. Also, the list appears small. In the new edition, please include more.

Liz already answered very well in her post:
We have defined the emerging technologies as "those that have moved beyond the laboratory and small-pilot phase, and are currently (as of June 2014) being implemented in relevant contexts (i.e., in a developing country) and at a scale that indicates that expansion is possible (i.e., not a single unit)." We actually reviewed a very long list for consideration, but settled on this fairly short list of technologies that had been replicated and tested at scale (or close to it). Hopefully we will be able to add both more of a critical appraisal and more examples in the coming years once more piloting is complete.

I just want to emphasize that the emerging technologies listed are just examples of promising developments, and that the list doesn't mean to be exhaustive. As you know also from the Science and Technology section of the forum, the current developments in the field of sanitation technology innovation are so dynamic (which is great!), that it would not have been very easy/useful to provide just a snapshot of them all.

3. Compared to the print version, the new eCompendium has the advantage that updated references, new reports, case studies, pictures, videos, etc. can be easily added to each of the featured technologies. Please feel free to send us any new materials and updates!

Kind regards,
New publications Tue, 16 Sep 2014 13:43:44 +0000
Re: Sanitation Matters - Issue 6 - by: SudhirPillay
The results of the pilot have been shown in the magazine. But you can also have at the research report. I would also direct you to the recommendations part of the report. Hope this helps.]]>
New publications Wed, 03 Sep 2014 07:45:04 +0000
Re: Sanitation Matters - Issue 6 - by: osbert Interesting Magazine. The idea of entrenchment looks the cheapest in the short run for towns which still have some agricultural lands in neighborhood. But i doubt whether it can be accepted by some authorities. would be much interested in the effect of the buried sludge in a given area in terms of pollution,the magnitude of the problem especially on groundwater.]]> New publications Mon, 01 Sep 2014 09:01:45 +0000 Re: Sanitation Matters - Issue 6 - by: JKMakowka New publications Mon, 01 Sep 2014 08:36:33 +0000 Re: Sanitation Matters - Issue 6 - by: SudhirPillay
Thanks for the input and advice. We call it a magazine because it is made as a popular article for both professionals and non-professionals. And it is more to be informative. And if people want more especially on technical aspects, they can read the research reports or contact the researchers.

Hope that helps. Kind Regards]]>
New publications Mon, 01 Sep 2014 06:33:34 +0000
Re: Sanitation Matters - Issue 6 - by: F H Mughal
I suggest that in future issues, there may be a spotlight on the sanitation champions of South Africa.

F H Mughal]]>
New publications Sun, 31 Aug 2014 18:19:44 +0000
The interactive version of the Compendium of Sanitation Systems and Technologies (eCompendium) is now online! - by: dorothee.spuhler
The interactive version of the Compendium of Sanitation Systems and Technologies (eCompendium) is now online!

The eCompendium is the digital version of theCompendium of Sanitation Systems and Technologies. It is an interactive planning tool designed for engineers and planners to facilitate decision-making on sanitation systems and technologies in meetings and workshops. The main added value to the eCompendium is that the user is guided throughout the entire sanitation-chain by the aid of interactive links. In order to select suitable technologies, a customised filter can be applied based on the desired input or output products of technologies.

It is based on the second edition of the Compendium (see rest of this thread). It comprises the same content as the print version, plus additional links to references, further readings and cross-references to the Sustainable Sanitation and Water Management (SSWM) Toolbox at your fingertips. All Technology Info Sheets are now stored in the SSWM database and can be directly linked with previously uploaded factsheets, further readings, training materials, weblinks, videos and - yes, even ready-made powerpoint presentations from the SSWM repository!
The eCompendium has been designed and implemented by the SSWM team on behalf of Sandec/Eawag. It is one of a series of specific topic entry pages (STEPs) with the aim of making the SSWM content more accessible for particular target groups of SSWM partners and contributors.

Go to the eCompendium:
Visit the SSWM Toolbox:

For the SSWM Team,
Dorothee Spuhler]]>
New publications Sun, 31 Aug 2014 14:15:48 +0000
Sanitation Matters - Issue 6 - by: SudhirPillay
In this issue:
* The SanTech Demo Programme
* The SPLASH Workshop
* Industrial Use of Faecal Sludge for Fuel Purposes
* Sanitation Community of Practice Workshop
* The Low Flush Toilet for Anal Wipers
* Entrenching of Faecal and Sewerage Sludges
* In the Spotlight: Water for People Uganda
* Snapshot: Latest from SRFA Project

WIN-SA is a network of organisations focusing on improving knowledge sharing in the water and sanitation sector, targeting decision makers in government and non-government water services sector.]]>
New publications Fri, 29 Aug 2014 10:11:34 +0000
Media Handbook on Water Supply and Sanitation in Nigeria - by: babalobi
Download Inner pages: HandbookonWASH

Download Cover page: CoverWASHhandbook
The handbook contains basic information, statistics and facts on Nigeria’s WASH profile, including access rate, coverage, and status towards meeting the Millennium Development Goal and target for water and sanitation in Nigeria.

The Handbook also features challenges in providing sustainable access to WASH services in Nigeria, and social as well as economic cost of poor access to WASH services especially by the urban and rural poor]]>
New publications Fri, 08 Aug 2014 09:37:23 +0000
Re: Book on Ecological Sanitation from 2004 - by: mwaniki
I had counted the moderators of the forum to come up with a response like yours but my anticipation didn’t go into that direction. Instead, for some reason I got directed to a link for the book that was already in our possession. May be it was a lapse of some kind but that was a complete surprise to me.

Thanks Chris. You have been very helpful. By the way, we couldn’t find space for the second part of the Minimalist Urine-diverting Dry Toilet as the production costs for the hard copy went stratospheric. We will make good in this oncoming edition, hopefully.

Kind regards / Mwaniki]]>
New publications Sun, 03 Aug 2014 15:57:03 +0000