SuSanA - Forum Kunena Site Syndication Sat, 23 Aug 2014 05:30:26 +0000 Kunena 1.6 SuSanA - Forum en-gb Re: Countries with legislation that include material-flow-based and/or resource-oriented (sustainable) sanitation and waste management - by: Staeudel
thanks a lot for this reply and the xls-file. It helps me to give a short overview about the status quo of the legislation and helps in some points for the discussion. I will not work on this topic in particular and therefore will not be able to contribute to an update of this list.
However, I think it is a very interesting topic to work on, maybe in form of a Masters thesis. How future-oriented is environmental legislation in terms of wastewater, sanitation, reuse in this world and how seriously take governments the implementation of their own laws? Anybody interested to work on that?

My dissertation is about:
Development, Implementation and Operation of Integrated Sanitation Systems based on Material, Money and Energy Flows – Integrated Sanitation in the City of Darkhan, Mongolia - A Practical Example

Thanks a lot again and all the best to you,
Global political processes Mon, 18 Aug 2014 12:56:11 +0000
Re: Countries with legislation that include material-flow-based and/or resource-oriented (sustainable) sanitation and waste management - by: rahulingle
We had made a short review of the existing programs and policies in 2010 which I am attaching below. But as you can see it needs to be updated for the last 4 years. For Africa, the latest update of Ethekwini monitoring baseline with commitment 3a focussing on establishing national sanitation policies could be of help. Would be great if once you are done with your dissertation to post the updated list for the users.

All the very best for your dissertation,

Global political processes Fri, 15 Aug 2014 16:08:47 +0000
Countries with legislation that include material-flow-based and/or resource-oriented (sustainable) sanitation and waste management - by: Staeudel I have 2 particular questions on the status of worldwide legislation concerning material-flow-based sanitation and waste management.

1. Is there an overview existing about how many countries have currently legislation / policies effective on material-flow-based or sustainable sanitation and waste management?
2. How many of these countries have actually implemented the law?
(I am thinking of laws such as the german "Closed Substance Cycle Waste Management Act" (in German: Kreislaufwirtschaftsgesetz))

I am currently working on my dissertation and try to get an overview on how much all this work on sanitation issues (source separation, reuse etc) is actually reflected in worldwide policies.

Thanks a lot for you help,
Kind regards,
Global political processes Mon, 11 Aug 2014 14:49:04 +0000
  • water and sanitation/hygiene are now separate subgoals
  • the inclusion of the words "equitable" and "those in vulnerable situations"
  • a specific reference to ending open defecation
  • a quantifiable subgoal of "halving the proportion of untreated wastewater" by 2030, and
  • acknowledgement of the role of local communities in water and sanitation management.

If you are cynical you might conclude that the publicity surrounding the rape and murder of the two girls in India (see the discussion in the SuSanA Forum) has influenced the inclusion of ending open defecation in SDG subgoal 6.2, while the root of the problem remains unaddressed. Women's groups regret that the proposed SDGs "fall short of women’s aspirations for a strong set of transformative goals needed to achieve gender equality, women’s human rights, sustainable development in harmony with nature, and an end to inequalities". If you are not (or less) cynical, you might say that it is a result of the good work of UN Deputy Secretary-General Jan Eliasson who launched the End Open Defecation campaign.

So what got left out? First, specific references to the human right to water and sanitation and to extra-household WASH (schools, health centers and refugee camps). One could argue that these issues are already covered by terms like "universal access", "equitable" and "for all" including "women and girls and those in vulnerable situations".

Secondly, as IRC's Catarina Fonseca mentions in her blog, missing in an emphasis on the actual provision of water and sanitation services rather than just infrastructure. She also points to the fact that there is still of lot of work needed to make all the targets smart and measurable.

Will the water SDG end up in the final list next year? Even though there is a strong UN and civil society lobby - led by the likes of UN-Water and End Water Poverty, respectively - we can't be complacent. In her blog, Catarina lists what sector organisations need to do keep the pressure on.

Here is the full text of Proposed Goal 6: Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all

6.1 by 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all

6.2 by 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all, and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations

6.3 by 2030, improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater, and increasing recycling and safe reuse by x% globally

6.4 by 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity, and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity

6.5 by 2030 implement integrated water resources management at all levels, including through transboundary cooperation as appropriate

6.6 by 2020 protect and restore water-related ecosystems, including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes

6.a by 2030, expand international cooperation and capacity-building support to developing countries in water and sanitation related activities and programmes, including water harvesting, desalination, water efficiency, wastewater treatment, recycling and reuse technologies

6.b support and strengthen the participation of local communities for improving water and sanitation management]]>
Global political processes Sun, 27 Jul 2014 07:30:37 +0000
Following our earlier discussion on this subject, I would like to inform you that last Saturday, the Open Working Group for Sustainable Development Goals adopted a proposal for Sustainable Development Goals to be forwarded to the 69th session of the General Assembly for its consideration. The proposal contains 17 sustainable development goals, each with its set of targets and means on implementation. It is the fruit of nearly 18 months of discussion on the post-2015 agenda.

I think we can be very pleased that Water and Sanitation figure very prominently in the proposal.

First of all, water and sanitation is the subject of a dedicated SDG, goal 6 aiming to “Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all”. Under this goal, 6 targets foster measurable and time-bound actions to: achieve universal access to water, sanitation and hygiene; improve water quality and increase waste water treatment; enhance water efficiency and sustainability of water withdrawals; implement integrated water resources management, including through transboundary cooperation; and protect and restore water related ecosystems. Means of implementation include international cooperation and capacity-building and participation of local communities.

Moreover, water and sanitation are also strongly mainstreamed in the other goals of the agenda: explicitly referred under the goals on health, cities and human settlements, sustainable consumption and production and terrestrial ecosystems, and more implicitly in many others, including the goals on poverty, gender equality and climate change.

At this stage, it is still unclear how much this report will remain unchanged during next year of negotiations: whether it will be reopened or adopted by the General Assembly as it is at the Summit in September 2015. Therefore, the advocacy efforts for water and sanitation must carry on next year. Moreover, next year will be also important for reflections on the implementation of the agenda, in particular the water and sanitation SDG, including on its monitoring, on the partnerships needed to support it, etc.

Whatever the course of the future negotiations on the whole agenda will be next year, it is important to recognize that the consensus on water and sanitation is very broad and the support to the goal on water and sanitation is strong and consistent throughout the regions and the groups of countries.

Therefore this report can be seen as a good summary of the global water agenda and will guide and influence the work of all of us both at the national and international levels.

With best regards
Roland Schertenleib

Independent consultant, formerly head of Eawag-Sandec (Dübendorf, Switzerland
One of the founding fathers of SuSanA
Global political processes Fri, 25 Jul 2014 14:00:36 +0000
Zero Draft of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for post-2015 agenda - by: tmsinnovation
the zero draft for the SDG for the post 2015 Agenda are out and online here:

The 6th of 17 goals is of interest to the SuSanA community:
List of Proposed Sustainable Development Goals to be attained by 2030
6. Secure water and sanitation for all for a sustainable world

Details of the goal from the zero draft:

Proposed goal6. Secure water and sanitation for all for a sustainable world

6.1 by 2030, provide universal access to safe and affordable drinking water, adequate sanitation and hygiene for all

6.2 by 2030 provide universal access to safe and affordable sanitation and hygiene including at home, schools, health centers and refugee camps, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls

6.3 by 2030, improve water quality by significantly reducing pollution, eliminating dumping of toxic materials, and improving wastewater management by x%, recycling and reuse by y%

6.4 by 2030, improve water-use efficiency by x% across all sectors

6.5 implement integrated water resources management, including appropriate trans-boundary co-operation

6.6 ensure sustainable extraction and supply of fresh water, and by 2020 protect and restore ecosystems and aquifers that provide water-related services

6.7 by 2030 decrease by x% mortality, and decrease by y% economic losses caused by natural and human-induced water-related disasters

6.8 provide adequate facilities and infrastructure, both built and natural, for safe drinking water and sanitation systems, for productive uses of water resources and for mitigating the impacts of water-related disasters

I look forward to when the X% and Y% are included.

Global political processes Mon, 09 Jun 2014 10:09:59 +0000
Re: Should shared sanitation services be considered 'improved' sanitation? (and MDG implications) - by: dineshmehta100]]>
Global political processes Fri, 09 May 2014 06:24:23 +0000
Re: Post 2015 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) - by: dietvorst
A group of 77 NGOs led by the Mining Working Group and including Biofuel Watch, Blue Planet Project, Corporate Accountability International and the End Water Poverty Coalition, have signed a letter of protest accusing the UN Open Working Group (OPW) on SDGs of bypassing water and sanitation as a basic human right.

The new SDGs are expected to be adopted at a summit meeting of world leaders in September 2015.

Read more in the IPS article by Thalif Deen on "U.N.’s Post-2015 Agenda Skips the Right to Water and Sanitation", 6 May 2014.

Twitter hashtags to follow include: #SDGs and #OWG11]]>
Global political processes Wed, 07 May 2014 14:52:44 +0000
Re: Post-2015 – Communication material for potential WASH targets and indicators - by: susanaforum 8 May 2014 the 2014 update of the Joint Monitoring Programme Report (JMP) will be released by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF).

The JMP report is released every year with up-to-date data that aim to accelerate progress towards universal sustainable access to safe water and basic sanitation.

We will provide further links as soon as the official documents are available.

(posted by Friederike)]]>
Global political processes Tue, 06 May 2014 09:45:59 +0000
High Level Meeting of Sanitation and Water for All (SWA) - Washington D.C., USA (April 11, 2014) - by: Thilo
My name is Thilo Panzerbieter, executive director of the German Toilet Organization, Chair of the German WASH Network (consisting of 18 German NGOs working in the field of water, sanitation and hygiene). Since I was in Washington for the meeting, I also wanted to add my views:

I strongly believe in the Sanitation and Water for All Partnership (SWA), as it offers a unique platform for convinced WASH actors to join hands in raising the profile of water, sanitation and hygiene at the highest political level. Being elected by my colleagues as the “northern” Civil Society Representative at the 2014 SWA High Level Meeting (HLM) was therefore a great honour and I flew to Washington DC with a mixture of excitement, optimism, but also scepticism: Would the announced ministers really show up? What would their commitments be worth?
The impressive high level attendance at the Sector Ministers’ Meeting (SMM) and the HLM proved that the hard work of the past years is paying off. Compared to 2012 the number of attending Finance Ministers had quadrupled. The importance of the issue was highlighted by the presence of the United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and the World Bank’s President Dr. Jim Yong Kim, with more than 40 country delegations in attendance, making 265 new commitments. WASH is finally receiving the attention it deserves.
At the Sector Minister’s Meeting itself, I was pleasantly surprised by the approachability and earnestness of the approximately 35 sector ministers present. The priority that many nations give to the issue was exemplified by Ethiopia’s presence of three Ministers (Water/Infrastructure, Health and Education) at the SMM, only to be joined by their Minister of Finance at the HLM.
Coming back from Washington, I want to encourage others (like my own country, Germany) to engage more actively in the partnership. I also want to motivate my fellow colleagues in civil society to keep up the great work. Our important role was highlighted time and again by various constituencies. Everyone is counting on us to keep up the pressure, which is required, to assist the willing departments of our governments to fulfil their commitments.

Best regards,
Global political processes Tue, 06 May 2014 06:49:19 +0000
Re: Should shared sanitation services be considered 'improved' sanitation? (and MDG implications) - by: dietvorst group toilets as an alternative to community toilets (CTs). They have summarised their findings so far in Ideas for India:

Group toilets help address two key issues that affect demand for individual on-premise toilets. Household surveys across cities in the states of Gujarat and Maharashtra suggest that principal reasons for households not having on-premise toilets is space constraints and lack of affordability.

A group toilet programme can overcome the space constraint, by identifying a location for a toilet that can serve 2-4 families, within the properties of the families. When these families share a toilet, the affordability issue is also resolved, as costs are shared and public subsidies become available to all the families sharing the toilet. Analysis in a small town in Maharashtra suggests that this programme can be fully supported through local funds, without waiting for any state or national funding. When more families shift to group toilets, CTs can be closed down. This would result in savings in expenditure on their operation and maintenance as well as free up public land. To accelerate this process, however, innovative financing from corporates under their Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and social investors needs to be explored.

Conventionally public subsidy for toilets under programmes such as Integrated Low Cost Sanitation (ILCS) is linked to the toilet. In many states, public funds are also used to build CTs. However, incentive for households to use the group toilet option is possible using smart subsidies that are provided on a per household basis rather than on a per toilet basis as conventionally done. The extent of subsidy can be minimised by facilitating access of households to a variety of micro-credit options through self-help groups (SHGs), microfinance institutions (MFIs), credit cooperative societies or the new housing finance companies being set up with a focus on small loans.
Global political processes Mon, 05 May 2014 09:50:01 +0000
Re: Post 2015 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) - by: dietvorst

There has been a whole series of stakeholder discussions and now it is up to the Open Working Group (OWG) on Sustainable Development Goals to submit their recommendations to the UN General Assembly by September 2014. After the May meeting, there will be be two more OWG sessions in June and July.

There has been broad support for a dedicated water SDG and the specific target being discussed on 6 May is shown below (note that hygiene has been included after pressure from WaterAid, EWP and other groups):

Focus area 6. Water and sanitation

Water and sanitation for a sustainable world

a) by 2030, provide universal access to safe and affordable drinking water, sanitation and hygiene[44], especially for women and girls[45]

b) by 2030, improve wastewater management, recycling and reuse by x%[46]

c) by 2030, improve water-use efficiency[47] by x% in all sectors, with particular focus on agriculture [48]

d) implement integrated water resource management, including appropriate trans-boundary co-operation[49]

e) by 2030, bring fresh water extraction in line with sustainable supply, protect and restore ecosystems, to provide water-related services [50]

f) by 2030, significantly improve water quality, eliminate pollution and dumping of toxic materials in water bodies, and protect aquifers [51]

g) invest in water harvesting and storage technologies, and double the rainwater harvested by 2030[52]

h) decrease by x% mortality and serious injuries, and decrease economic losses caused by water-related disasters, by 2030 [53]

Appropriate means of implementation

The numbers in brackets refer to the country and stakeholder groups that support the specifc sub-target, as listed in the OWG working document.]]>
Global political processes Mon, 05 May 2014 09:31:30 +0000
Re: Should shared sanitation services be considered 'improved' sanitation? (and MDG implications) - by: PatrickBBB
Elizabeth suggests that some of the shared sanitation services should be contribute to the sanitation coverage. This definitely makes sense in my opinion. I am wondering though, what are the implications on monitoring? Would it make monitoring too complex and time-consuming? Is there any merit to this concern?]]>
Global political processes Fri, 02 May 2014 06:59:32 +0000
Re: Should shared sanitation services be considered 'improved' sanitation? (and MDG implications) - by: JKMakowka
Attached a good policy brief on the issue from u-act research project (with findings from Kampala).

Christoph discussed an included very interesting diagram on perception of cleanliness Vs. number of users here:]]>
Global political processes Fri, 02 May 2014 05:40:39 +0000
Re: Should shared sanitation services be considered 'improved' sanitation? (and MDG implications) - by: jkohlitz Global political processes Thu, 01 May 2014 21:29:29 +0000