SuSanA - Forum Kunena Site Syndication http://forum.susana.org/ Tue, 28 Feb 2017 09:53:19 +0000 Kunena 1.6 http://forum.susana.org/components/com_kunena/template/default/images/icons/rss.png SuSanA - Forum http://forum.susana.org/ en-gb Global WASH cluster report from Nepal - by: eshaylor http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/20223-global-wash-cluster-report-from-nepal#20223 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/20223-global-wash-cluster-report-from-nepal#20223
In case anyone is interested please find attached the report from November 2016 Global WASH cluster in Nepal

Esther]]>
Challenging environments, emergencies, reconstruction situations, resilience issues Wed, 25 Jan 2017 14:32:52 +0000
Building the evidence base for pre-crisis market-based WASH programming (Oxfam in partnership with CRS, PSI and OFDA) - by: jonpar http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/19439-building-the-evidence-base-for-pre-crisis-market-based-wash-programming-oxfam-in-partnership-with-crs-psi-and-ofda#19439 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/19439-building-the-evidence-base-for-pre-crisis-market-based-wash-programming-oxfam-in-partnership-with-crs-psi-and-ofda#19439 waterinstitute.unc.edu/conferences/waterandhealth2016/) are attached

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Building the evidence base for pre-crisis market-based WASH programming
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Side event: Wednesday 12th October 2016

Convened by Oxfam in partnership with CRS, PSI and OFDA

Engagement with market actors is increasingly being recognised to be a key part of humanitarian programming as these actors are well positioned to provide services and distribute commodities to affected communities. At the same time, cash transfers are becoming more widely utilised to enable these same communities to access markets of goods and services that they urgently need.

In order to build local, national and international stakeholder interest and buy-in to the concept of market-based programming, there is a need to develop and test a robust evaluation and monitoring framework to support market-based programming in the target countries and subsequently to build the evidence-base for market-based programming.

The objectives of the session were to

a) Present current thinking in relation to monitoring and evaluation to support market-based programming in the humanitarian WASH sector.

b) Consider strengths and weakness of different approaches for market-based programming at different stages of the emergency cycle.

c) Consider synergies with the programmatic approaches and monitoring and evaluation frameworks adopted by the development community to support more resilient WASH services.

Agenda

10:30 Building the evidence base for pre-crisis market-based WASH programming – introduction
Jonathan Parkinson – Oxfam

10:45 Measuring the impact of delivering emergency WaSH through market based approaches
Sophie Martin-Simpson - Brunel University / Independent Consultant

For any further information please contact : Sophie Martin-Simpson: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

11:20 Effectiveness and efficiency of cash transfer versus direct build modalities for sanitation and shelter: a comparative study of CRS post disaster recovery interventions in the Philippines - presentation by Anna Hrybyk – Catholic Relief Services

For any further information please contact Rolando Wallusche Saul, CRS Global WASH Advisor Emergency, Recovery & DRR email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it tel : +46704010821

11:40 Panel debate and Plenary

Panelists : 1) Melissa Opryszko - Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion - OFDA
2) Genevieve Kelly - Associate Technical Advisor – PSI]]>
Challenging environments, emergencies, reconstruction situations, resilience issues Fri, 28 Oct 2016 23:35:26 +0000
Re: FSM innovation challenge - iniated by The Netherlands Red Cross - by: fmeulman http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/19374-fsm-innovation-challenge-initiated-by-the-netherlands-red-cross-to-be-used-during-humanitarian-response#19380 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/19374-fsm-innovation-challenge-initiated-by-the-netherlands-red-cross-to-be-used-during-humanitarian-response#19380
Thanks for your response! Indeed, the Red Cross / Open House program should be approached as a testing program. If substantial funds are required to get a prototype going, which indeed for some can be a need, than at the moment we don’t have the opportunity to fulfill this need.

In the program, attention will be paid to problem-solution fit, the business model, testing (does it actually work), and positioning of the product in the market.

What we can offer as a tailor-made solution afterwards is matching with various launching customers to enable commercialization, and if needed, financing.

So see these as chronological steps.

Thanks for the heads up on your earlier efforts. Sorry to hear that it had to be shelved. Yes, BMGF has different characteristics in terms of pre-prototype funding. Wouldn’t this be useful for your ideas/example/project?

Also appreciate very much your comment on ATADs. Will get a look into this.

Cheers,
Freek]]>
Challenging environments, emergencies, reconstruction situations, resilience issues Fri, 21 Oct 2016 15:24:27 +0000
Re: FSM innovation challenge - iniated by The Netherlands Red Cross - by: JKMakowka http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/19374-fsm-innovation-challenge-initiated-by-the-netherlands-red-cross-to-be-used-during-humanitarian-response#19376 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/19374-fsm-innovation-challenge-initiated-by-the-netherlands-red-cross-to-be-used-during-humanitarian-response#19376 It doesn't seem like there is any direct financial support to build the prototype or something like that?

I was actually working on this exact topic a few years back trying to do a PhD in sanitary engineering, but ultimately I had to shelve the idea because there was no-one willing to fund the production of a prototype. Yeah, maybe I am a bit bitter in that regard, but really: couldn't it be done like the Gates Foundation's innovation challenges that pre-select candidates and give a small start-up fund to get things rolling?

Anyways, I did a lot of research on this, and in my opinion the only technology capable of fulfilling the above requirements are ATADs. Maybe this company could be contacted and asked if they want to participate:

www.fuchs-germany.com/en/sewage-sludge/s...obic-digestion-atad/

Back then they were mildly interested in the idea (really almost exactly what this project is asking for), but couldn't justify the expenses for building and testing a prototype.]]>
Challenging environments, emergencies, reconstruction situations, resilience issues Fri, 21 Oct 2016 13:25:39 +0000
FSM innovation challenge - initiated by The Netherlands Red Cross - to be used during humanitarian response - by: fmeulman http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/19374-fsm-innovation-challenge-initiated-by-the-netherlands-red-cross-to-be-used-during-humanitarian-response#19374 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/19374-fsm-innovation-challenge-initiated-by-the-netherlands-red-cross-to-be-used-during-humanitarian-response#19374
Hi from a collaborative project between The Netherlands Red Cross and Open House - Amsterdam, The Netherlands. With this post I would like to create awareness of a new sanitation innovation challenge.

The Netherlands Red Cross is calling on companies to present innovative solutions for faecal sludge collection and treatment, to be used during humanitarian response. The Red Cross partners with Open House as the latter enables access to music festivals as a safe testing ground.

Please feel free to inform anyone that could contribute to this challenge. Below is a short description of the problem, some design requirements, and information to subscribe / get in contact.

Problem
The development of suitable treatment and disposal methods of large quantities of human excreta in (post) emergency settings has often been neglected due to other priorities. We aim to develop a system that can be rapidly deployed to safely collect and treat faecal sludge to prevent further harm to people affected by humanitarian disasters. The common problem regarding treatment and disposal facilities for emergency situations is the unavailability of cost-effective, rapid-deployable, low-tech and effective methods for the treatment and disposal of faecal sludge.



Solution design requirements
  • Small land footprint (<500m2)
  • Easily transported (flat pack, light and compact design; according to the following formula: 1m3 transport volume = 100m3 operational volume)
  • Can be installed on the surface rather than being dug-in the ground in case of floods / hard bedrock; Also usable in urban contexts
  • At least some of the material can be sourced locally
  • Installation is quick (no more than 2 weeks) and can be done with simple tools
  • Capable of dealing with liquid and semi-solid sludge (20m3 per day)
  • Minimum 2log pathogen reduction (99%) decontamination capacity
  • Waste does not need secondary treatment; can safely disposed of (e.g. dump-site)
  • Not dependent on existing infrastructure, can be deployed independently for 3mnths
  • If necessary supplied with own generator
  • Reasonable initial investment cost (<75k USD) and reasonable operational costs
  • Reasonable training requirements and labour requirements
  • The technology should be beyond initial design phase and have potential to scale-up
  • Supplied with scope for local business plan


Submissions
Please submit proposals through http://www.open-house.nl/challenge/humanitarian
  • Click on ‘Register’ at the bottom of the page.
  • Then select ‘programs’ in the drop-down
  • Halfway the next page at ‘select a challenge’, select ‘humanitarian’ from the drop-down box.
  • All proposals should be in English.
  • Operational (prototype) testing should be possible during summer 2017.
  • Ideas / solutions not required to be fully developed or commercialized when submitted.
  • In the form, include technical, financial, user-acceptance and business model details.
  • Business model innovation is encouraged too: renting instead of owning? Or…?
  • You may add information on evaluation or operational test results.
  • The methodological and analytical rigour and independence of tests will be taken into account when assessing the track record.
  • Please provide a brief description of the track record of the company and (if applicable) details of previous projects and adaptations made to current models, evaluations and operational testing, and user-satisfaction surveys.
  • Do include a brief description of how the technology will be deployed or developed on site, and if prior preparation and/or local input is required of local populations.
  • A brief description of how the installed solution would be sustained – without additional external funding – and how the approach could be scaled up in the future also needs to be included.


Here you can find a file with all information:

Selected solutions will be introduced and operationally tested at selected festivals in 2017 in collaboration with and under the operations of Open House. After, The Red Cross can decide to apply successful pilots in aid camps. The Innovation Committee reserves the right to reject some or all applications.

Again, please feel free to inform companies or people you know that could contribute to this challenge. If you have any questions or require more information, feel free to contact Freek Meulman (Open House) at This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it or 0031 618 725 204.

Thank you,


Freek Meulman]]>
Challenging environments, emergencies, reconstruction situations, resilience issues Fri, 21 Oct 2016 11:36:06 +0000
Re: sanitation model in a refugee camp - by: ecoloo http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/18885-sanitation-system-in-a-refugee-camp-cameroon-biogas#18969 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/18885-sanitation-system-in-a-refugee-camp-cameroon-biogas#18969
Greetings from ECOLOO Group!

Let me introduce you to our system of which we believe will be a good platform for refugee camps.

Our technology has been installed in 17 countries so far including UNESCO World Heritage sites such as Petra, Wadi Rum and Dibbin in Jordan. Please read the following article and let us know if you need further details for cooperation:
Jordan Times: www.ecoloo.eu/pdf/ECOLOO-Biodiversity-Project-JordanTimes.pdf

Looking forward to working closely with you in the near future.

All the best!]]>
Challenging environments, emergencies, reconstruction situations, resilience issues Sat, 10 Sep 2016 06:47:16 +0000
Re: sanitation model in a refugee camp - by: wilfried http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/18885-sanitation-system-in-a-refugee-camp-cameroon-biogas#18952 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/18885-sanitation-system-in-a-refugee-camp-cameroon-biogas#18952
Thank you very much for your contribution.

Best regards]]>
Challenging environments, emergencies, reconstruction situations, resilience issues Thu, 08 Sep 2016 22:46:06 +0000
Re: sanitation model in a refugee camp - by: wilfried http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/18885-sanitation-system-in-a-refugee-camp-cameroon-biogas#18951 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/18885-sanitation-system-in-a-refugee-camp-cameroon-biogas#18951 Thank you very much for your assistance.
Looking to your first comment I confirm that the Minawao refugee camp located in the Northern part of Cameroon is permanent (>3 months), still functioning but facing sustainable sanitation problem. The said refugee camp is facing increasing population growth that is estimated at 54.806 Inhabitants (UNHCR, 2016) with 60 % of the population represent by teenager and 53% of women.
Following to your comments and can assume that the biogas systems will not be easy to be implement as it requires a lot of expertise and it seems to be expensive in comparison to the UDDTs which offer more flexibility.
The cultural/social aspect as well as the acceptability of the system in the refugee camp will be take into consideration during the implementation of the project.
Thank once more for sharing with me. I therefore remain open for any other further questions or suggestions.

With regards

Wilfried Letah]]>
Challenging environments, emergencies, reconstruction situations, resilience issues Thu, 08 Sep 2016 22:40:34 +0000
Re: sanitation model in a refugee camp - by: Ewoods http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/18885-sanitation-system-in-a-refugee-camp-cameroon-biogas#18922 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/18885-sanitation-system-in-a-refugee-camp-cameroon-biogas#18922 here is a report of lessons learned that Sanivation produced after a piloting a new approach to sanitation in Kakuma Refugee Camp (Western Kenya). While we produced a solid fuel source (briquettes) and not biogas as our re-use product, the information contained within the report will hopefully give you some insight into the sanitation servicing process, challenges, and opportunities in the refugee camp setting.

A bit of background - in 2013, Sanivation partnered with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, UNHCR, and the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) — the implementing partner in charge of sanitation at Kakuma refugee camp — to pilot a innovative new method for sanitation. The report is intended to offer the reader an understanding of each of the stages Sanivation undertook during this pilot. Human centered design is heavily featured. We have recently secured a contract with the UNHCR to expand and implement this method for ~1,500 users over the next 9 months in Kakuma and will be sharing further insights and lessons learned after that.

Best!]]>
Challenging environments, emergencies, reconstruction situations, resilience issues Tue, 06 Sep 2016 07:08:43 +0000
Re: sanitation model in a refugee camp - by: JKMakowka http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/18885-sanitation-system-in-a-refugee-camp-cameroon-biogas#18888 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/18885-sanitation-system-in-a-refugee-camp-cameroon-biogas#18888
For short term camps you can find the sort of standard practice in the "Engineering in Emergencies" book (can be found online for download).

For more permanent camps, all the standard approaches for communal/public toilets would apply. Although I have my doubts regarding the use of biogas in such a setting, unless very well managed by a company (or similar money generating entity) that also adds other organic waste and has a good use for the produced gas.

In a more or less permanent refugee settlement one could probably try UDDTs, but due to likely higher number of users a version with a removable container and external treatment site is probably preferable (mainly to avoid smell issue due to insufficient drying).

In short term camps or transitional camps that would need constant re-training of new arrivals in correct use of UDDTs, it is probably better to stick with an option people are already used to.

On a side note: one should also think about the psychological well-being of already highly stressed refugees/IDPs. My personal feeling is that it is probably not advisable to further stress them with unfamiliar and potentially not properly working sanitation systems.]]>
Challenging environments, emergencies, reconstruction situations, resilience issues Wed, 31 Aug 2016 06:33:10 +0000
Sanitation system in a refugee camp (Cameroon) - biogas? - by: wilfried http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/18885-sanitation-system-in-a-refugee-camp-cameroon-biogas#18885 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/18885-sanitation-system-in-a-refugee-camp-cameroon-biogas#18885
I am a Cameroonian Junior WaSH Researcher (PhD candidate) at the Wastewater Research Unit, University of Yaounde I, Cameroon.
I am involve with a Cameroonian NGO working in the WaSH topic. So we need to build ToR looking sustainable sanitation technologies in a refugee’s camp (Minawao) located in the North part of Cameroon (boundary area between Cameroon and Nigeria).
Could you please share with me some of similar researches carried out in the refugee’s camp in other area of the world? I will like to have an overview of key points that are usually used to build a ToR for a Biogas implementation study and a model of Ecological sanitation in a refugee camp.

Looking forward to your suggestions and comments
Best regards


Mr. Wilfried Arsène LETAH, MSc., PhD candidate

Sanitation and Hygiene Specialist, Research Assistant
Wastewater Research Unit
Faculty of Science, University of Yaounde I
P.O. Box 812, Yaounde, Cameroon

Tel : (+237) 653207132/655416729
Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it / This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it ]]>
Challenging environments, emergencies, reconstruction situations, resilience issues Tue, 30 Aug 2016 15:29:24 +0000
Free webinar on CLTS in Post-Emergency and Fragile States Settings - by: Petra http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/18343-free-webinar-on-clts-in-post-emergency-and-fragile-states-settings#18343 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/18343-free-webinar-on-clts-in-post-emergency-and-fragile-states-settings#18343 attendee.gotowebinar.com/register/1667059014940772098. The webinar will take place on July 21st from 11.30-13.00 BST.

Frank Greaves, the lead author, will present the potential and some of the learnings, on how CLTS, as a community-based collaborative approach to sanitation behavioural change, can be applied successfully in contexts of fragility and displacement, leading to communities more convinced and prepared to maintain and develop safe sanitation practices. The presentation will be followed by a question and answer session.

Frank Greaves has worked in the role of WASH Lead for Tearfund since 2007. His key interest is in the application of WASH approaches which are sustainable throughout the Relief-to-Development continuum.

Sign up for the free webinar here attendee.gotowebinar.com/register/1667059014940772098]]>
Challenging environments, emergencies, reconstruction situations, resilience issues Fri, 01 Jul 2016 11:40:29 +0000
Sanitation in Emergencies - by: F H Mughal http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/17015-key-documents-for-the-sub-category-on-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues#17386 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/17015-key-documents-for-the-sub-category-on-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues#17386 Sanitation in Emergencies

News in today’s (12 March 2016) newspaper (Dawn, Karachi) informed of children exposure to the raw sewage, under the title “Children exposed to raw sewage, noxious fumes at Greek border camp
www.dawn.com/news/1245092/children-expos...at-greek-border-camp

The news informed: “Days of heavy rain have turned Greece’s Idomeni border camp into a foul-smelling bog, exposing migrant children to raw sewage, noxious fumes and bitter cold, with aid workers describing conditions as “critical”. "The bathrooms are flooded, there is sewage water everywhere, you see a lot of children as well playing in the sewage water."

There are some publications that deal with WASH (water, sanitation and hygiene) in emergencies. Some that I know of are:

Engineering in Emergencies – A Practical Guide for Relief Workers
Jan Davis and Robert Lambert
ITDG Publishing and RedR
The publication of 736 pp covers a wide range of topics like planning, management, assessment, environmental health, environmental sanitation, emergency water supply, water source development, water treatment and distribution, among others.

Emergency Sanitation – Assessment and Program Design
Harvey, Peter; Baghri, Sohrab; Reed, Bob.
WEDC
This publication covers topics like wastewater management, wastewater management at medical centers, Hygiene promotion, solid waste management, community participation, rapid assessment, and program design.

Emergency Water Sources – Guidelines for Selection and Treatment
WEDC
reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/...0water%20sources.pdf

The 320pp publication is very useful and, I use it as an reference publication. As the title suggests, it is all about water treatment and distribution, with description on survival supply and, longer term supply of water.

The SPHERE series is also useful, especially the module: Minimum standards in Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion. The module has 7 sections. There are: Water supply, sanitation and hygiene promotion (WASH); Hygiene promotion; Water supply; Excreta disposal; Vector control; Solid waste management; and Drainage. This is useful publication, if one is interested in the minimum standards.


F H Mughal]]>
Challenging environments, emergencies, reconstruction situations, resilience issues Sat, 12 Mar 2016 07:23:50 +0000