SuSanA - Forum Kunena Site Syndication http://forum.susana.org/ Fri, 02 Dec 2016 19:52:42 +0000 Kunena 1.6 http://forum.susana.org/components/com_kunena/template/default/images/icons/rss.png SuSanA - Forum http://forum.susana.org/ en-gb Re: sanitation model in a refugee camp - by: ecoloo http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/18885-sanitation-system-in-a-refugee-camp-cameroon-biogas#18969 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/18885-sanitation-system-in-a-refugee-camp-cameroon-biogas#18969
Greetings from ECOLOO Group!

Let me introduce you to our system of which we believe will be a good platform for refugee camps.

Our technology has been installed in 17 countries so far including UNESCO World Heritage sites such as Petra, Wadi Rum and Dibbin in Jordan. Please read the following article and let us know if you need further details for cooperation:
Jordan Times: www.ecoloo.eu/pdf/ECOLOO-Biodiversity-Project-JordanTimes.pdf

Looking forward to working closely with you in the near future.

All the best!]]>
Challenging environments, emergencies, reconstruction situations, resilience issues Sat, 10 Sep 2016 06:47:16 +0000
Re: sanitation model in a refugee camp - by: wilfried http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/18885-sanitation-system-in-a-refugee-camp-cameroon-biogas#18952 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/18885-sanitation-system-in-a-refugee-camp-cameroon-biogas#18952
Thank you very much for your contribution.

Best regards]]>
Challenging environments, emergencies, reconstruction situations, resilience issues Thu, 08 Sep 2016 22:46:06 +0000
Re: sanitation model in a refugee camp - by: wilfried http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/18885-sanitation-system-in-a-refugee-camp-cameroon-biogas#18951 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/18885-sanitation-system-in-a-refugee-camp-cameroon-biogas#18951 Thank you very much for your assistance.
Looking to your first comment I confirm that the Minawao refugee camp located in the Northern part of Cameroon is permanent (>3 months), still functioning but facing sustainable sanitation problem. The said refugee camp is facing increasing population growth that is estimated at 54.806 Inhabitants (UNHCR, 2016) with 60 % of the population represent by teenager and 53% of women.
Following to your comments and can assume that the biogas systems will not be easy to be implement as it requires a lot of expertise and it seems to be expensive in comparison to the UDDTs which offer more flexibility.
The cultural/social aspect as well as the acceptability of the system in the refugee camp will be take into consideration during the implementation of the project.
Thank once more for sharing with me. I therefore remain open for any other further questions or suggestions.

With regards

Wilfried Letah]]>
Challenging environments, emergencies, reconstruction situations, resilience issues Thu, 08 Sep 2016 22:40:34 +0000
Re: sanitation model in a refugee camp - by: Ewoods http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/18885-sanitation-system-in-a-refugee-camp-cameroon-biogas#18922 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/18885-sanitation-system-in-a-refugee-camp-cameroon-biogas#18922 here is a report of lessons learned that Sanivation produced after a piloting a new approach to sanitation in Kakuma Refugee Camp (Western Kenya). While we produced a solid fuel source (briquettes) and not biogas as our re-use product, the information contained within the report will hopefully give you some insight into the sanitation servicing process, challenges, and opportunities in the refugee camp setting.

A bit of background - in 2013, Sanivation partnered with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, UNHCR, and the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) — the implementing partner in charge of sanitation at Kakuma refugee camp — to pilot a innovative new method for sanitation. The report is intended to offer the reader an understanding of each of the stages Sanivation undertook during this pilot. Human centered design is heavily featured. We have recently secured a contract with the UNHCR to expand and implement this method for ~1,500 users over the next 9 months in Kakuma and will be sharing further insights and lessons learned after that.

Best!]]>
Challenging environments, emergencies, reconstruction situations, resilience issues Tue, 06 Sep 2016 07:08:43 +0000
Re: sanitation model in a refugee camp - by: JKMakowka http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/18885-sanitation-system-in-a-refugee-camp-cameroon-biogas#18888 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/18885-sanitation-system-in-a-refugee-camp-cameroon-biogas#18888
For short term camps you can find the sort of standard practice in the "Engineering in Emergencies" book (can be found online for download).

For more permanent camps, all the standard approaches for communal/public toilets would apply. Although I have my doubts regarding the use of biogas in such a setting, unless very well managed by a company (or similar money generating entity) that also adds other organic waste and has a good use for the produced gas.

In a more or less permanent refugee settlement one could probably try UDDTs, but due to likely higher number of users a version with a removable container and external treatment site is probably preferable (mainly to avoid smell issue due to insufficient drying).

In short term camps or transitional camps that would need constant re-training of new arrivals in correct use of UDDTs, it is probably better to stick with an option people are already used to.

On a side note: one should also think about the psychological well-being of already highly stressed refugees/IDPs. My personal feeling is that it is probably not advisable to further stress them with unfamiliar and potentially not properly working sanitation systems.]]>
Challenging environments, emergencies, reconstruction situations, resilience issues Wed, 31 Aug 2016 06:33:10 +0000
Sanitation system in a refugee camp (Cameroon) - biogas? - by: wilfried http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/18885-sanitation-system-in-a-refugee-camp-cameroon-biogas#18885 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/18885-sanitation-system-in-a-refugee-camp-cameroon-biogas#18885
I am a Cameroonian Junior WaSH Researcher (PhD candidate) at the Wastewater Research Unit, University of Yaounde I, Cameroon.
I am involve with a Cameroonian NGO working in the WaSH topic. So we need to build ToR looking sustainable sanitation technologies in a refugee’s camp (Minawao) located in the North part of Cameroon (boundary area between Cameroon and Nigeria).
Could you please share with me some of similar researches carried out in the refugee’s camp in other area of the world? I will like to have an overview of key points that are usually used to build a ToR for a Biogas implementation study and a model of Ecological sanitation in a refugee camp.

Looking forward to your suggestions and comments
Best regards


Mr. Wilfried Arsène LETAH, MSc., PhD candidate

Sanitation and Hygiene Specialist, Research Assistant
Wastewater Research Unit
Faculty of Science, University of Yaounde I
P.O. Box 812, Yaounde, Cameroon

Tel : (+237) 653207132/655416729
Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it / This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it ]]>
Challenging environments, emergencies, reconstruction situations, resilience issues Tue, 30 Aug 2016 15:29:24 +0000
Free webinar on CLTS in Post-Emergency and Fragile States Settings - by: Petra http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/18343-free-webinar-on-clts-in-post-emergency-and-fragile-states-settings#18343 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/18343-free-webinar-on-clts-in-post-emergency-and-fragile-states-settings#18343 attendee.gotowebinar.com/register/1667059014940772098. The webinar will take place on July 21st from 11.30-13.00 BST.

Frank Greaves, the lead author, will present the potential and some of the learnings, on how CLTS, as a community-based collaborative approach to sanitation behavioural change, can be applied successfully in contexts of fragility and displacement, leading to communities more convinced and prepared to maintain and develop safe sanitation practices. The presentation will be followed by a question and answer session.

Frank Greaves has worked in the role of WASH Lead for Tearfund since 2007. His key interest is in the application of WASH approaches which are sustainable throughout the Relief-to-Development continuum.

Sign up for the free webinar here attendee.gotowebinar.com/register/1667059014940772098]]>
Challenging environments, emergencies, reconstruction situations, resilience issues Fri, 01 Jul 2016 11:40:29 +0000
Sanitation in Emergencies - by: F H Mughal http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/17015-key-documents-for-the-sub-category-on-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues#17386 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/17015-key-documents-for-the-sub-category-on-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues#17386 Sanitation in Emergencies

News in today’s (12 March 2016) newspaper (Dawn, Karachi) informed of children exposure to the raw sewage, under the title “Children exposed to raw sewage, noxious fumes at Greek border camp
www.dawn.com/news/1245092/children-expos...at-greek-border-camp

The news informed: “Days of heavy rain have turned Greece’s Idomeni border camp into a foul-smelling bog, exposing migrant children to raw sewage, noxious fumes and bitter cold, with aid workers describing conditions as “critical”. "The bathrooms are flooded, there is sewage water everywhere, you see a lot of children as well playing in the sewage water."

There are some publications that deal with WASH (water, sanitation and hygiene) in emergencies. Some that I know of are:

Engineering in Emergencies – A Practical Guide for Relief Workers
Jan Davis and Robert Lambert
ITDG Publishing and RedR
The publication of 736 pp covers a wide range of topics like planning, management, assessment, environmental health, environmental sanitation, emergency water supply, water source development, water treatment and distribution, among others.

Emergency Sanitation – Assessment and Program Design
Harvey, Peter; Baghri, Sohrab; Reed, Bob.
WEDC
This publication covers topics like wastewater management, wastewater management at medical centers, Hygiene promotion, solid waste management, community participation, rapid assessment, and program design.

Emergency Water Sources – Guidelines for Selection and Treatment
WEDC
reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/...0water%20sources.pdf

The 320pp publication is very useful and, I use it as an reference publication. As the title suggests, it is all about water treatment and distribution, with description on survival supply and, longer term supply of water.

The SPHERE series is also useful, especially the module: Minimum standards in Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion. The module has 7 sections. There are: Water supply, sanitation and hygiene promotion (WASH); Hygiene promotion; Water supply; Excreta disposal; Vector control; Solid waste management; and Drainage. This is useful publication, if one is interested in the minimum standards.


F H Mughal]]>
Challenging environments, emergencies, reconstruction situations, resilience issues Sat, 12 Mar 2016 07:23:50 +0000
Re: Key documents for the sub-category on schools (sanitation and hygiene in schools) - by: BelindaA http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/17015-key-documents-for-the-sub-category-on-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues#17251 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/17015-key-documents-for-the-sub-category-on-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues#17251
Very happy with this selection!

As a general feedback, it's important that this list includes that of humanitarian standards, The Sphere Project, for me has been critical to my work! It is translated in many different languages. Here's the link to the website. www.sphereproject.org/handbook/ I apologise that I am unable to summarise for you. However, the kind colleagues in the Sphere Project could be contacted to assist, I am sure !

All the best,

Belinda]]>
Challenging environments, emergencies, reconstruction situations, resilience issues Mon, 29 Feb 2016 04:27:28 +0000
Re: Key documents for the sub-category on challenging environments, emergencies, reconstruction situations, resilience issues - by: yokepean http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/17015-key-documents-for-the-sub-category-on-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues#17067 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/17015-key-documents-for-the-sub-category-on-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues#17067
I would like to recommend the following as an important document:

Rush, H.; Marshall, N. Case Study: Innovation in Water, Sanitation and Hygiene. CENTRIM, University of Brighton, Brighton, UK (2015) 63 pp.

Download from r4d.dfid.gov.uk/Output/201207/Default.aspx

The study examines the state of innovation in the WASH sector in terms of results, resources, relationships, etc (among other concepts), and helps us understand why gaps in the emergency sanitation are or are not being addressed effectively.]]>
Challenging environments, emergencies, reconstruction situations, resilience issues Thu, 18 Feb 2016 04:57:51 +0000
Re: five key documents for emergency sanitation - comments on my proposal - by: muench http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/17015-key-documents-for-the-sub-category-on-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues#17064 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/17015-key-documents-for-the-sub-category-on-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues#17064
I've looked at the dropbox folder where Jan had provided a range of documents. There is lots of good stuff there, I am just discussing with him and the secretariat in the background how best to share those documents.

Meanwhile, two documents that stuck out for me:

Gap Analysis in Emergency Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion
Andy Bastable and Lucy Russell, Oxfam GB for Humanitarian Innovation Fund (HIF)
July 2013
www.susana.org/en/resources/library/details/2452

(edit by EvM: is now included in the Top-5 list)

From the executive summary:

The most significant gaps identified in emergency WASH were:
1. Latrines in locations where no pits are possible (urban, high watertable/flooding)
2. Community participation and empowerment of vulnerable groups, including monitoring and evaluation from the outset
3. Latrine emptying and desludging
4. Hygiene promotion and the importance of understanding context, including socioanthropology issues
5. Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) and sanitation marketing
6. Urban alternatives for excreta disposal
7. Exit strategies and sustainability issues from the outset
8. Final sewage disposal options after desludging and treatment
9. Further development of non-toilet options/early response/mobile
10. Hand washing hardware and promotion and sustainability (including soap) and non-soap options
11. Water Treatment, particularly bulk and point of use household filters, including cost and sustainability issues
12. The need for low-tech WASH solutions acceptable and sustainable by locals

and:

Emergency Sanitation Project (ESP) Final Report
June 2015
International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), lead agency
WASTE, Oxfam Great Britain

From the executive summary:

The ESP included the following work streams:
· Alternative toilet and no toilet options, with a collection/disposal system
· Biodegradable bags
· Desludging
· Handwashing (household and communal)
· Latrine pit linings, superstructures, and raised latrines
· Locally produced latrine slabs
· Multipurpose and non-stick latrine slabs
· Urinals
· Wastewater treatment and disposal



Further comments regarding either key documents (Top 5) or other important documents and links to be included in the sticky post above are welcome!

Elisabeth


P.S. These two documents were originally in the list of Top-5 but were later removed:

Luff, R. (2012). Compendium of WASH in Schools Facilities in Emergencies. United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), New York, USA
www.susana.org/en/resources/library/details/1683

The ‘Compendium of WASH in Schools Facilities in Emergencies’ has been prepared as a resource for coordination and management of WASH interventions in emergency preparedness, response and early recovery. The primary audience includes those who are implementing interventions in schools being used as emergency shelter and temporary learning spaces established by governments, non-governmental organizations, the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, or United Nations agencies.



Harvey, P.A. (2007). Excreta Disposal in Emergencies - A Field Manual. WEDC, Loughborough, UK
www.susana.org/en/resources/library/details/359

In this manual existing, innovative and new technologies and approaches for excreta disposal in emergency situations are investigated. It provides practical guidance on how to select, design, construct and maintain appropriate excreta disposal systems to reduce facael transmission risks and protect public health in emergency situations. Relevant situations include natural disasters, relief for refugees and internally displaced persons, and complex emergencies, focusing on rural and peri-urban areas.
]]>
Challenging environments, emergencies, reconstruction situations, resilience issues Thu, 18 Feb 2016 02:55:51 +0000
Re: five key documents for emergency sanitation - comments on my proposal - by: jspit http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/17015-key-documents-for-the-sub-category-on-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues#17042 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/17015-key-documents-for-the-sub-category-on-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues#17042
Interesting setup. I can imagine the HIF WASH Gap analysis could be placed in the top 5 documents as it provides a clear guidance on what is still missing at the moment. (edit by EvM: is now included in the Top-5 list)

For a training for the German NGOs active in the WASH emergency world I prepared a dropbox folder with the documents that are most valuable a this moment. I have invited you for this dropbox folder and feel free to use the contents.*

I hope you find this useful.

Final date for Speedkits EU project is 1 March 2016. We have our final workshop on 7 and 8 April 2016.

And of course, tomorrow we have a new webinar on Faecal Sludge Treatment for VIA Water:

www.viawater.nl/news/second-faecal-sludge-webinar


Best regards

Jan Spit

Adviser Sanitation
WASTE Advisers on Urban Environment and Development • Lange Houtstraat 26 • 2511 CW Den Haag • The Netherlands
Twitter @janspitdelft • www.waste.nl


* Note by moderator (EvM): I will move documents from this dropbox folder that are not yet in the SuSanA library to the SuSanA library and will let you know tomorrow which documents Jan had provided there.]]>
Challenging environments, emergencies, reconstruction situations, resilience issues Wed, 17 Feb 2016 09:38:40 +0000
Key documents for the sub-category on challenging environments, emergencies, reconstruction situations, resilience issues - by: muench http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/17015-key-documents-for-the-sub-category-on-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues#17015 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/67-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues/17015-key-documents-for-the-sub-category-on-challenging-environments-emergencies-reconstruction-situations-resilience-issues#17015 For more information about why I am creating this new thread, please see here:
forum.susana.org/forum/categories/10-gen...d-sub-category-level

++++++++++++++

This thread is a "sticky thread" which means it will always remain at the top of this sub-category. It contains a recommendation and orientation for newcomers regarding the most important five documents and website links in this thematic area.

Recommended top five documents in the thematic area of "Challenging environments, emergencies, reconstruction situations, resilience issues", in reverse chronological order:

(1)
Grange, C. (2016). Faecal Sludge Management - WASH in Emergencies, Problem Exploration Report. HIF (Humanitarian Innovation Fund) Problem Exploration Report. Cardiff: ELRHA
www.susana.org/en/resources/library/details/2455

Currently, there is a lack of available equipment and technical guidelines on how to manage excreta in emergencies. More standardised and reliable concepts need to be developed to facilitate the implementation and management of sanitation programmes. Furthermore, the management of excreta during an emergency in an urban context has very limited options. This is because there is a lack of available space to implement suitable infrastructures for the users. This report puts forward a few areas for further exploration and development.


(2)
Bryant, J. and Campbell, L. (2014) Urban WASH in Emergencies, ALNAP, RedR
www.urban-response.org/resource/19245

In 2014, RedR held a pilot course for 24 WASH experts on the subject of addressing the social, institutional and technical gaps that currently exist for water, sanitation and hygiene provision in the urban emergency context. This document captures the key messages, lessons and experiences of both course facilitators and participants on the topic of WASH in urban emergency response.


(3)
Reed, B., Shaw, R., Chatterton, K. (2013). Technical Notes on Drinking-water, Sanitation and Hygiene in Emergencies. World Health Organization (WHO), Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC), Loughborough, UK
www.susana.org/en/resources/library/details/1825
Also available in French here: www.susana.org/en/resources/library/details/1929

The following technical notes for emergencies have been prepared for the World Health Organization (WHO), by the Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC):

1. Cleaning and disinfecting wells, 2. Cleaning and disinfecting boreholes,
3. Cleaning and disinfecting water storage tanks and tankers, 4. Rehabilitating small-scale piped water distribution systems, 5. Emergency treatment of drinking water at the point of use
6. Rehabilitating water treatment works after an emergency, 7. Solid waste management in emergencies, 8. Disposal of dead bodies, 9. How much water is needed,
10. Hygiene promotion in emergencies, 11. Measuring chlorine levels in water supplies
12. Delivering safe water by tanker, 13. Planning for excreta disposal in emergencies,
14. Technical options for excreta disposal, 15. Cleaning wells after seawater flooding


(4)
Bastable, A., Russell, L. (2013). Gap Analysis in Emergency Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion. Humanitarian Innovation Fund (HIF), London, UK
www.susana.org/en/resources/library/details/2452

Excreta disposal issues such as latrines in areas where pits cannot be dug, desludging latrines, no-toilet options and the final treatment or disposal of the sewage are the areas in which people have identified gaps in emergency responses. Unsurprisingly, given current patterns in urban migration and the nature of recent emergency responses, urban sanitation in particular was identified as a major gap. The other major issue highlighted was weak community participation and the critical importance of designing appropriate hygiene promotion activities for each context. Sustainability also emerged as an important issue for all WASH activities, as did the emergency development continuum, the importance of better preparation and resilience and the need for exit strategies and environmental considerations.


(5)
Johannessen, A., Patinet, J., Carter, W., Lamb, J. (2012). Sustainable sanitation for emergencies and reconstruction situations - Factsheet of Working Group 8. Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA)
www.susana.org/en/resources/library/details/797

This factsheet addresses current developments, challenges, gaps and solutions in the planning and implementation of sustainable sanitation for emergencies and reconstruction situations focusing on low and middle income countries. It is mainly intended for students, researchers, policy makers and practitioners.



You can find further important documents and website links dealing with this topic here:

Please provide your feedback. What do you think of this selection?

Regards,
Elisabeth]]>
Challenging environments, emergencies, reconstruction situations, resilience issues Tue, 16 Feb 2016 11:34:28 +0000