Collecting good case studies of sustainable sanitation in schools and kindergartens from all over the world
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TOPIC: Collecting good case studies of sustainable sanitation in schools and kindergartens from all over the world

Re: [Wg7] Collecting good case studies of sustainable sanitation in schools and kindergartens from all over the world 20 Feb 2014 15:27 #7435

  • avanepps
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Dear Elisabeth (and everyone),

I just wanted to provide an update on the publication you had asked about back in January. I am an environmental engineer from the US, spending the next four months in the Sustainable Sanitation Programme at GIZ. In the last few weeks, I have been working with Christian to move the publication on sustainable sanitation in schools further along towards completion. It is our hope that we should be able to send a draft out to the SuSanA partners whose work is highlighted shortly to let them review the stories. We should then be able to use their feedback to make further edits, and then we should be able to move further along to things like layout, design, etc. (The plan at this point is still to have an actual publication as opposed to a Wiki.)

I’m not sure I can tell you exactly when it will be available, but I just wanted you to know that it hasn’t been forgotten and is still being worked on!

Best,
Amanda
Amanda Van Epps
Visiting Fellow
Sustainable Sanitation Programme
and SuSanA Secretariat
GIZ, Eschborn, Germany
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Re: [Wg7] Collecting good case studies of sustainable sanitation in schools and kindergartens from all over the world 20 Feb 2014 16:00 #7437

  • Florian
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Jan 2014
Dear Amanda,
I somehow managed to overlook this thread all the time. Are you still able include more case studies? In our project in Moldova, we support a lot of schools with constructing UDDT toilets blocks, with quite some good success. Here some information.

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EDIT: As agreed with Amanda, I add a little more information here, the case/story may later be covered more in detail in the 2nd volume. I just try to add some facts, we can do it more in story style later when you start the 2nd volume.
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School sanitation in Moldova:

With support of the ApaSan Project (funded by Swiss and Austrian Governments, implemented by Skat), 51 school toilets have been constructed or are currently in construction in rural villages in Moldova, serving about 16.000 pupils and teachers.

The toilets are urine diversion dry toilets that are attached to the main school building. The toilets are maintained by the school caretakers. Collected urin is brought to fields, dried feces are usually buried (the amount is relatively small).

Toilet buildings are built to a "European standard" with tiles, lightening, ventilation and heating. Handwashing facilites are included.

These toilets replace the old toilets, which are typically toilets located outside (cold in winter), badly maintained, and very smelly. The old toilets normally use simple concrete tanks where the fecal matter is collected and supposed to be removed by vacuum trucks and brought to (now mostly disfunctional) wastewater treatment plants.

As flush toilets are no alternative in most villages due to lack of sewers and wastewater treatment plants, the UDDT toilets provide a comfortable and environmental friendly alternative to the old toilets.

The project runs already since several years, which has allowed to constantly improve the design of the toilets and the implementation modalities. Improvements added over the years include:
- Optimizing the design for reducing construction costs
- Attaching the toilet to the main building rather than seperate buildings (allows using the toilet without having to go out in the cold
- Reducing barriers to access (latest generation allows access with wheelchairs)
- Increased responsbility of partners and moving towards up-scaling (latest projects are done with the district school administration rather than with indivdual schools, which allows for higher number of toilets to be implemented in parallel)
- Increased local financing (now approaching 50%)
- Moving from directly training pupils to training of trainers (the teachers)

The toilets are generally very popular and percieved as a much more comfortable and modern alternative to the tradtional toilets. A recent assessment of the toilets that are in operation since several years showed that all toilets are operating and are generally in a good state. However the assessment also showed that about half of the toilets have some issues with not so perfect maintenance, like non-functiong water supply (for hand washing), urine smell (e.g. due to non-replacement of the condom-smell trap), etc. These issues will be addressed in the follow-up support provided by the project.

Examples of old toilets that are replaced by new UDDTs:


The new UDDT toilet blocks from outside:


... and inside:


Removing urine from storage tanks and distribution on a field:


Best regards,
Florian
Florian Klingel
Water and Sanitation Specialist at Skat Consulting Ltd.
Last Edit: 09 May 2014 08:28 by Florian.
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Re: [Wg7] Collecting good case studies of sustainable sanitation in schools and kindergartens from all over the world 09 Apr 2014 09:10 #8158

  • avanepps
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Dear Florian,

I apologize for the slow response to your post, but if you are still interested we would love to have the case study of your work in Moldova! I can forward you a copy of the other stories, so you have a sense of the style of the other stories.

Best,
Amanda
Amanda Van Epps
Visiting Fellow
Sustainable Sanitation Programme
and SuSanA Secretariat
GIZ, Eschborn, Germany
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Last Edit: 09 Apr 2014 18:44 by avanepps.

Re: Compiling SuSanA school sanitation success stories in a publication 10 Apr 2014 00:20 #8171

  • scottchen
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Claudia:
How about my story ?

During 2008-2010, encouraged by Arno and I , the SOHO China Foundation built UDDT for 31 schools with about 20,000 students and teachers in Gansu province of China.

As a volunteer for teaching the students to use the toilets, I have been using the urine to grow cherries and apples with a good profit since 2010.

In 2011, the harvest was around 5,000 kg apples with a income of 120,000 RMB cooperating with one orchard owner.

In 2012, the harvest was 60,000 kg apples,cherries and vegetables with an income of 1.3 million RMB working with 30 orchard owners.

In 2013, I cut the production to 40,000 kg apples and cherries with an income of 1.1 million RMB becuase of the insufficient urine.

The profit to my family is about 0.8 million RMB for the apple and urine business during last 3 years. Neither the schools nor the farmers pay me for transporting the urine.

Marketing and orders processing are done by the Internet 100%. The products are delivered to the thousands of customers in big cities over 1,000 km away. Over 50% orderes were placed on us before the actual harvest.

Within last 12 months, among 1485 comments on the product quality , only 3 bad comments were found.

Over 3,000 people have been registered as my potential customers in my Internet homepage shop72303853.taobao.com/shop/view_shop.h..._number_id=889090749 .

Over 30 news media have covered my story of apple and urine giving me many opportunies to advocate the sustainable sanitation business.

www.flickr.com/photos/gtzecosan/sets/721...903/with/7286289662/

www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2012-07/12/content_15571981.htm
Chen Xiang Yang, an apple dealer,is growing apples and cherries with the human waste collected from 31 school UDDTs donated by SOHO China Foundation, based in Tianshui City, Gansu Province , China. This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it , tel:0086 151 9380 3972
Last Edit: 10 Apr 2014 00:25 by scottchen. Reason: wrong typing
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Re: [Wg7] Collecting good case studies of sustainable sanitation in schools and kindergartens from all over the world 10 Apr 2014 00:22 #8172

  • scottchen
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Amanda:
Yes, it is a good idea to have SuSana partners to review the publication.
best regards
Scott
Chen Xiang Yang, an apple dealer,is growing apples and cherries with the human waste collected from 31 school UDDTs donated by SOHO China Foundation, based in Tianshui City, Gansu Province , China. This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it , tel:0086 151 9380 3972

Re: [Wg7] Collecting good case studies of sustainable sanitation in schools and kindergartens from all over the world 06 May 2014 13:23 #8490

  • christian.rieck
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Dear Scott,
Thanks a lot for your interesting story. As we have collected already quite a lot of stories we could take it onboard for a second edition. The project is of big scale and a perfect example for productive use of human waste. Great!

Lets stay in touch.

Cheers
Christian
Sustainable sanitation program
GIZ, Germany
and SuSanA secretariat
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Re: [Wg7] Collecting good case studies of sustainable sanitation in schools and kindergartens from all over the world 08 May 2014 04:50 #8521

  • scottchen
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Hi, Christian:
Thank you for your good comments on my work.
Yes,it is a big scale project.
We are still improving it.
best regards
Scott
Chen Xiang Yang, an apple dealer,is growing apples and cherries with the human waste collected from 31 school UDDTs donated by SOHO China Foundation, based in Tianshui City, Gansu Province , China. This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it , tel:0086 151 9380 3972

Zimbabwe Chisungu school sanitation story for WG 7 publication 09 May 2014 14:32 #8543

  • morgan
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I have prepared something about our work at Chisungu for Christian's school sanitation book, see attached.
It should be 2 pages. It has 5 pictures we took 1000's !

It is amazing how many benefits came out of it, although the method has not yet been replicated in other schools in Zimbabwe.

Best wishes Peter
Attachments:
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Peter Morgan
Harare, Zimbabwe
Website: www.aquamor.info
Last Edit: 09 May 2014 12:41 by muench.
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RE: [Wg7] Collecting good case studies of sustainable sanitation in schools and kindergartens from all over the world 05 Jun 2014 19:11 #8886

  • bankabio
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One from India:

Environmentally Friendly Bio-toilets by Banka BioLoo in states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, India

The Andhra Pradesh Educational Welfare & Infrastructure Development Corporation (APEWIDC) is a government owned entity that is entrusted the task of constructing schools for the socio-economically disadvantaged children. On knowing about the innovative bio-digester technology that treats human waste at source, APEWIDC approached Banka BioLoo Pvt Ltd – the premier bio-toilet company – to convert APEWIDC’s residential schools’ septic tanks to bio-tanks. To pilot with, in 5 schools, Banka BioLoo upgraded the hugely built septic tanks to lesser space consuming multi-chambered matriced bio-tanks. The bio-digester bacteria in these tanks treat the fecal matter, resulting into pathogen-free effluent water – that the schools effectively use for gardening. The system also releases bio-gas, and that is the next step: collect and utilize this bio-gas for cooking. The overall mandate is to upgrade 350 schools’ sanitation systems to this environmentally friendly and sustainable one.

Best regards,
Sanjay
Last Edit: 05 Jun 2014 18:47 by muench.
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Re: [Wg7] Collecting good case studies of sustainable sanitation in schools and kindergartens from all over the world 11 Jun 2014 15:54 #8932

  • jckuchena
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Check the dry toilets built in Windhoek, Namibia by UNhabitat through the Clay House Project, Otjiwarongo, Namibia. The appear under Ecosur orEcosouth. Prof Kurt Rhyner for Gruppo Suffonias is the chair. Ecosur have a web for this and other technologies

Jabulani
Last Edit: 12 Jun 2014 09:18 by muench.

Otji toilets Namibia - Collecting good case studies of sustainable sanitation in schools and kindergartens from all over the world 12 Jun 2014 09:36 #8938

  • muench
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Dear Jabulani,

Can you please introduce yourself, at least a little bit (e.g. by editing your forum profile, see: forum.susana.org/forum/categories/134-user-profile)?

We have had information about the Otji toilets in Namibia (urine diverting dry toilets) on the forum and in the Susana library before (see links below), although none of them talked specifically about Otji toilets in schools in Namibia or in South America where they also have them (in Ecuador, I think).

Do you have fist-hand information on that which you could share?

Here the links to previous stuff about Otji toilets:

Forum post: forum.susana.org/forum/categories/34-uri...-for-the-otji-toilet

Susana case study:
Kleemann, F., Berdau, S. (2011). Otji toilets for peri-urban informal households - Omaruru, Namibia. Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA).
susana.org/lang-en/library?view=ccbktype...p;type=2&id=1186

Conerence paper from 2012:
Ingle, R., Berdau, S., Kleemann, F., Arndt, P. (2012). What does it take to convince decision makers in Omaruru, Namibia to scale up urine diversion dehydration “Otji toilets”?. 4th International Dry Toilet Conference, Tampere, Finland.
susana.org/lang-en/library?view=ccbktype...p;type=2&id=1608

Further documents about Otji toilets in Susana library:
www.susana.org/library?search=otji

Regards,
Elisabeth
Dr. Elisabeth von Muench
Independent consultant
Frankfurt, Germany
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Twitter: @EvMuench
Website: www.ostella.de
Member of SuSanA (www.susana.org)

Re: Compiling SuSanA school sanitation success stories in a publication 12 Jun 2014 10:25 #8942

  • thilde
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Dear Forum,
I dont have specific case stories of sustainable solutions - unfortunately. Rather I have seen kindergarten sanitation solutions fail in many countries incl. Vietnam, Ghana, Sri Lanka, and South India.

Some strategic observations from these experiences:
- Kindergartens are enourmously important platforms for sanitation promotion, but are often forgotten as an integral part of School sanitation. In some countries this is due to Kindergartens not belonging to the official school systems. So I am very happy to see kindergartens mentioned specifically and upfront in this endevour!

- Kindergartens or creches are emerging in huge numbers in low income countries, because parents need child care when they attend to their work to secure incomes. Therefore kindergartens are underatken by a wide variety of agencies including commercial companies, faith-based organisations, educational authorities and private filantropics. The quality of child care including health, hygiene and sanitation standards varies wildly since many of these kindergartens do not have to follow government standards for water, sanitation and hygiene.

Woking towards aligning WASH standards for kindergartens and having strong kindergarten WASH policies and guidelines for all types of institutions is a MUST for future work.
Thilde Rheinländer,
Researcher with interests in socio-cultural factors in WASH
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