SuSanA - Forum Kunena Site Syndication Thu, 27 Oct 2016 01:06:59 +0000 Kunena 1.6 SuSanA - Forum en-gb Re: Why FSM gets prioritised - by: ddiba
Good luck!]]>
Faecal sludge management Wed, 26 Oct 2016 20:07:44 +0000
Re: Why FSM gets prioritised - by: paresh ]]> Faecal sludge management Wed, 26 Oct 2016 15:18:21 +0000 Re: Why FSM gets prioritised - by: paresh I am aware that more people are connected to on-site systems and they are looked as stop-gap arrangement while engineers and planners prefer sewerage system.

I am currently doing the task but haven't found anything on why FSM needs to be prioritised over effluent and greywater. In some places, the septic tanks are over sized and hence not emptied for many years. The question which arises is what is the problem if septage remains in tank for long duration besides the fact that it starts hardening thereby reducing effective size of the tank.

One is trying to understand why FS which needs to be treated only when tanks are emptied (this is not frequent) is getting attention while effluent from septic tank and grey water which is a daily outcome is neglected, is it that the concentration of pathogens is higher or any other reason?? . This is also going to be an obvious question from jurors who may not be experts in the field.

PS: It was only a humble request to suggest literature, not do the review for me.

Faecal sludge management Wed, 26 Oct 2016 15:17:35 +0000
Re: Why FSM gets prioritised - by: ddiba In addition to JK's points above, I would recommend that you start by reading the Faecal Sludge Management book by Sandec/Eawag and UNESCO-IHE since it gives a good over view of the state of FSM globally, especially the first chapter. The book can be downloaded in the SuSanA library:

Faecal sludge management Wed, 26 Oct 2016 15:01:50 +0000
Re: Why FSM gets prioritised - by: JKMakowka
If your actual question is why it *should* be prioritized (but isn't), than that is easy: any sanitation coverage figure will tell you that globally much more people have on-site sanitation than are conected to a sewer system.

P.s. the purpose of such a home work is doing literature research, not asking other people to do the work for you

P.P.s.: if you are referring to effluent from a septic tank and not a sewer system, than again it isn't really. But I agree that this is probably a bit of an overlooked topic... but a full septic tank without good effluent treatment is much worse than an regularly empied one without.]]>
Faecal sludge management Wed, 26 Oct 2016 12:19:33 +0000
why FSM needs to be prioritised over effluent and greywater? - Question from India - by: paresh Need a little help. Doing literature review of FSM for as a part of coursework at IIT-Bombay, India. Need to understand why FSM is being prioritised over effluent and greywater treatment.

Request to share relevant literature.

Faecal sludge management Wed, 26 Oct 2016 08:46:46 +0000
Re: FSM innovation challenge - iniated by The Netherlands Red Cross - by: fmeulman
Thanks for your response! Indeed, the Red Cross / Open House program should be approached as a testing program. If substantial funds are required to get a prototype going, which indeed for some can be a need, than at the moment we don’t have the opportunity to fulfill this need.

In the program, attention will be paid to problem-solution fit, the business model, testing (does it actually work), and positioning of the product in the market.

What we can offer as a tailor-made solution afterwards is matching with various launching customers to enable commercialization, and if needed, financing.

So see these as chronological steps.

Thanks for the heads up on your earlier efforts. Sorry to hear that it had to be shelved. Yes, BMGF has different characteristics in terms of pre-prototype funding. Wouldn’t this be useful for your ideas/example/project?

Also appreciate very much your comment on ATADs. Will get a look into this.

Faecal sludge management Fri, 21 Oct 2016 15:24:27 +0000
Re: FSM innovation challenge - iniated by The Netherlands Red Cross - by: JKMakowka It doesn't seem like there is any direct financial support to build the prototype or something like that?

I was actually working on this exact topic a few years back trying to do a PhD in sanitary engineering, but ultimately I had to shelve the idea because there was no-one willing to fund the production of a prototype. Yeah, maybe I am a bit bitter in that regard, but really: couldn't it be done like the Gates Foundation's innovation challenges that pre-select candidates and give a small start-up fund to get things rolling?

Anyways, I did a lot of research on this, and in my opinion the only technology capable of fulfilling the above requirements are ATADs. Maybe this company could be contacted and asked if they want to participate:

Back then they were mildly interested in the idea (really almost exactly what this project is asking for), but couldn't justify the expenses for building and testing a prototype.]]>
Faecal sludge management Fri, 21 Oct 2016 13:25:39 +0000
FSM innovation challenge - initiated by The Netherlands Red Cross - by: fmeulman
Hi from a collaborative project between The Netherlands Red Cross and Open House - Amsterdam, The Netherlands. With this post I would like to create awareness of a new sanitation innovation challenge.

The Netherlands Red Cross is calling on companies to present innovative solutions for faecal sludge collection and treatment, to be used during humanitarian response. The Red Cross partners with Open House as the latter enables access to music festivals as a safe testing ground.

Please feel free to inform anyone that could contribute to this challenge. Below is a short description of the problem, some design requirements, and information to subscribe / get in contact.

The development of suitable treatment and disposal methods of large quantities of human excreta in (post) emergency settings has often been neglected due to other priorities. We aim to develop a system that can be rapidly deployed to safely collect and treat faecal sludge to prevent further harm to people affected by humanitarian disasters. The common problem regarding treatment and disposal facilities for emergency situations is the unavailability of cost-effective, rapid-deployable, low-tech and effective methods for the treatment and disposal of faecal sludge.

Solution design requirements
  • Small land footprint (<500m2)
  • Easily transported (flat pack, light and compact design; according to the following formula: 1m3 transport volume = 100m3 operational volume)
  • Can be installed on the surface rather than being dug-in the ground in case of floods / hard bedrock; Also usable in urban contexts
  • At least some of the material can be sourced locally
  • Installation is quick (no more than 2 weeks) and can be done with simple tools
  • Capable of dealing with liquid and semi-solid sludge (20m3 per day)
  • Minimum 2log pathogen reduction (99%) decontamination capacity
  • Waste does not need secondary treatment; can safely disposed of (e.g. dump-site)
  • Not dependent on existing infrastructure, can be deployed independently for 3mnths
  • If necessary supplied with own generator
  • Reasonable initial investment cost (<75k USD) and reasonable operational costs
  • Reasonable training requirements and labour requirements
  • The technology should be beyond initial design phase and have potential to scale-up
  • Supplied with scope for local business plan

Please submit proposals through
  • Click on ‘Register’ at the bottom of the page.
  • Then select ‘programs’ in the drop-down
  • Halfway the next page at ‘select a challenge’, select ‘humanitarian’ from the drop-down box.
  • All proposals should be in English.
  • Operational (prototype) testing should be possible during summer 2017.
  • Ideas / solutions not required to be fully developed or commercialized when submitted.
  • In the form, include technical, financial, user-acceptance and business model details.
  • Business model innovation is encouraged too: renting instead of owning? Or…?
  • You may add information on evaluation or operational test results.
  • The methodological and analytical rigour and independence of tests will be taken into account when assessing the track record.
  • Please provide a brief description of the track record of the company and (if applicable) details of previous projects and adaptations made to current models, evaluations and operational testing, and user-satisfaction surveys.
  • Do include a brief description of how the technology will be deployed or developed on site, and if prior preparation and/or local input is required of local populations.
  • A brief description of how the installed solution would be sustained – without additional external funding – and how the approach could be scaled up in the future also needs to be included.

Here you can find a file with all information:

Selected solutions will be introduced and operationally tested at selected festivals in 2017 in collaboration with and under the operations of Open House. After, The Red Cross can decide to apply successful pilots in aid camps. The Innovation Committee reserves the right to reject some or all applications.

Again, please feel free to inform companies or people you know that could contribute to this challenge. If you have any questions or require more information, feel free to contact Freek Meulman (Open House) at This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it or 0031 618 725 204.

Thank you,

Freek Meulman]]>
Faecal sludge management Fri, 21 Oct 2016 11:36:06 +0000
Live Streaming -- Workshop Septage treatment Technology: October 20-21, 2016, Pune, India - CEPT University - by: aasimmansuri
Greetings from PAS Project, CEPT University - India.

CEPT University is organizing a a workshop on Septage Treatment Technology, in partnership with UDD, Government of Maharshtra, and AIILSG, during October 20-21, 2016. It is being held at Hotel Hyatt, Kalyani Nagar, Pune.

The workshop will be streamed live online and you are cordially invited to view it at the following link The workshop will start at 10 am (Indian standard Time) on both the days

The workshop aims to discuss various options for septage treatment for small towns in India and review treatment options that have been implemented at city wide scale in India and abroad. Experts will share their work experience and lessons from South East Asia. Various technology providers based in India are also invited to inform the participants about what is available. ODF cities of Maharashtra that aim to become ODF+ are also being invited.

The tentative agenda of the workshop is attached.

We hope you will be able to join us virtually, if you have any queries please do write to us.


Meera Mehta Dinesh Mehta
CEPT University, Navrangpura, Ahmedabad-380009, Gujarat, India
M: +91 98982 00148 | O: +91 79 26302470 ext: 467
This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it |
f | in[attachment]]>
Faecal sludge management Wed, 19 Oct 2016 15:27:02 +0000
Criteria to assess the safety, sustainability and functionality of the feacal sludge management practice at household level - by: wilfried Dear all,

I am working on the characterization of the existing faecal sludge management practices in household level in the capital city of Cameroon, Yaounde. In order to assess their safety, sustainability and functionality of the system, I would like to know if there are some criteria usually used.

Thank you in advance for your contribution
With regards
Faecal sludge management Fri, 23 Sep 2016 05:32:14 +0000
Re: New FSM Page on Wikipedia - can you help us improve it further? - by: muench
I am really proud of this achievement of setting up an article on FSM in Wikipedia! I will monitor its Google ranking over the coming months (I am sure it will climb to the top quite quickly; at the moment it's the book by Sandec that appears at the top of a Google search on fecal sludge management). With the next FSM conference coming up soon (in February in India), I think it's really important that we have a joint understanding and agreement of what the definition of FSM (fecal sludge management) is and what the key information is that we want lay people to easily access and understand when they come to this page.

It's been a real pleasure working with Dave on this page (he provided most of the content and I massaged it into the Wikipedia style). We both hope that other SuSanA members who are interested in FSM will give us an honest critique and constructive criticism for improving this page further.

I have put some suggestions for improvements on the talk page ( as follows:

  • Re-check existing references (e.g. year missing for the reference on constructed wetlands by AIT), add further references at critical places
  • Re-check clarity, shorten sentences that are too long or complex
  • Simplify language further for lay persons if needed
  • Re-check captions of images, possibly insert more images
  • Decide if the article on septage should be merged into here. I would say yes.

There is also text that was proposed in the earlier draft which we didn't end up using (it become too detailed for lay people) but feel free to take a look at that as well:

So don't be shy, get involved - whether you are an expert in FSM or a novice doesn't matter! The target group for this article are interested lay people and those working in the WASH sector.

Faecal sludge management Tue, 16 Aug 2016 12:50:16 +0000
New FSM Page on Wikipedia - can you help us improve it further? - by: dmrobbins10
We are excited to announce the new FSM page on Wikipedia! Here is the link:

Wikipedia is a free, open content online encyclopedia created through the collaborative effort of a community of users known as Wikipedians. The FSM page is a good way to highlight the work we have all been doing while providing useful information for those interested in learning more about the topic. We encourage everyone to help us improve it further. We know that it’s far from perfect but we think it’s a good foundation to build upon. If you are interested in contributing, simply go to the link. You do not need to be a registered user to edit articles.

Or if you would rather talk about it, here is a link to the talk page where we can discuss further improvements:

Also if you are interested in providing additional context about sanitation content on Wikipedia, here is the link to use:

Thanks for your interest in this. We are looking forward to seeing your edits and contributions.

Dave Robbins and Elisabeth von Muench.]]>
Faecal sludge management Fri, 12 Aug 2016 06:43:02 +0000
Re: Fecal sludge management platform - Maputo, Mozambique - by: AndreMA
Thanks for the message. Well, things did not really go the way we wanted and we did not hand in the full proposal as we now re-assessing how to proceed. You can read all about it on our web-page ( ) and also download the two working documents that we produced. We do think that such platform can be a great tool and we hope that somehow both documents can help people who have similar ideas.]]>
Faecal sludge management Fri, 17 Jun 2016 09:34:02 +0000
Re: Fecal sludge management platform - Maputo, Mozambique - by: kengelly
I hope your proposal was successful - would love to hear if you have any updates to share.

Faecal sludge management Thu, 16 Jun 2016 14:52:16 +0000