SuSanA - Forum Kunena Site Syndication http://forum.susana.org/ Wed, 10 Feb 2016 20:01:53 +0000 Kunena 1.6 http://forum.susana.org/components/com_kunena/template/default/images/icons/rss.png SuSanA - Forum http://forum.susana.org/ en-gb Second VIA Water Webinar on faecal sludge: 'Treatment'. - by: Viawater http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/53-faecal-sludge-management/16949-second-via-water-webinar-on-faecal-sludge-treatment#16949 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/53-faecal-sludge-management/16949-second-via-water-webinar-on-faecal-sludge-treatment#16949 Invitation to join the second VIA Water webinar on 'Treatment of faecal sludge'

What happens with the piles of sh*t gathering close to every human settlement? There are many ways to treat faecal sludge. Jan Spit will discuss different methods of treatment, from traditional- to emergency- to innovative approaches.

In this webinar of 45 minutes, we invite you to listen to Jan's experiences, and to share your own. The aim of the webinar is to share best practices, to learn, to get to know ánd inspire each other.

Time: 18 February, at 14.00 CET (13.00 GMT)
Link to webinar (will become active 30 minutes before the meeting):Find the link here.
RSVP: we invite you to fill in the form, so we know who will be joining us, and so we can keep you updated on any changes. The information will only be used linked to this webinar. Sign up here.

Programme:
  • Definition of Faecal Sludge Management (FSM)
  • Aim of FSM
  • Design criteria
  • ‘Traditional’ overview
  • ESP/S(p)eedkits overview
  • Experiences in Malawi
  • Discussion per system
]]>
Faecal sludge management Wed, 10 Feb 2016 14:56:10 +0000
Re: Join the VIA Water webinar on faecal sludge December 15th - by: Viawater http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/53-faecal-sludge-management/16209-join-the-via-water-webinar-on-faecal-sludge-december-15th#16948 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/53-faecal-sludge-management/16209-join-the-via-water-webinar-on-faecal-sludge-december-15th#16948 Invitation to join the second webinar on 'Treatment of faecal sludge'

What happens with the piles of sh*t gathering close to every human settlement? There are many ways to treat faecal sludge. Jan Spit will discuss different methods of treatment, from traditional- to emergency- to innovative approaches.

In this webinar of 45 minutes, we invite you to listen to Jan's experiences, and to share your own. The aim of the webinar is to share best practices, to learn, to get to know ánd inspire each other.

Time: 18 February, at 14.00 CET (13.00 GMT)
Link to webinar (will become active 30 minutes before the meeting):Find the link here.
RSVP: we invite you to fill in the form, so we know who will be joining us, and so we can keep you updated on any changes. The information will only be used linked to this webinar. Sign up here.

Programme:
  • Definition of Faecal Sludge Management (FSM)
  • Aim of FSM
  • Design criteria
  • ‘Traditional’ overview
  • ESP/S(p)eedkits overview
  • Experiences in Malawi
  • Discussion per system
]]>
Faecal sludge management Wed, 10 Feb 2016 14:49:12 +0000
Re: Stimulating Faecal Sludge Management (FSM) business through private sector engagement in Kathmandu Valley, Nepal (ENPHO) - by: muench http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/53-faecal-sludge-management/15924-stimulating-faecal-sludge-management-fsm-business-through-private-sector-engagement-in-kathmandu-valley-nepal-enpho#16913 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/53-faecal-sludge-management/15924-stimulating-faecal-sludge-management-fsm-business-through-private-sector-engagement-in-kathmandu-valley-nepal-enpho#16913 Just letting you know that information from Kampala City Council about their FSM project (funded by BMGF and DfID) which Fred mentioned in his post from 23 Nov 2015 just above this one is now available here:
forum.susana.org/forum/categories/194-ci...ing-by-bmgf-and-dfid

Hope you and others are finding it useful. Feel free to comment or ask questions in that thread.

Regards,
Elisabeth]]>
Faecal sludge management Tue, 09 Feb 2016 08:47:29 +0000
Re: Oxfam's Septage Management Leader's Guidebook - by: dmrobbins10 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/53-faecal-sludge-management/16708-oxfams-septage-management-leaders-guidebook#16741 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/53-faecal-sludge-management/16708-oxfams-septage-management-leaders-guidebook#16741
Thanks for your query.

Cheers,

Dave]]>
Faecal sludge management Thu, 28 Jan 2016 08:20:26 +0000
Re: Oxfam's Septage Management Leader's Guidebook - by: JKMakowka http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/53-faecal-sludge-management/16708-oxfams-septage-management-leaders-guidebook#16740 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/53-faecal-sludge-management/16708-oxfams-septage-management-leaders-guidebook#16740
Do you happen to know if the Oxfam office in Tacloban has some printed copies they would be willing to share? We are a bit behind our schedule regarding the advocacy of this in our municipalities, but this would be a nice book to bring the next time we meet with the local government officials.

If not, does Oxfam allow reproducing this book as a ring book printed locally?]]>
Faecal sludge management Thu, 28 Jan 2016 08:09:12 +0000
Re: Oxfam's Septage Management Leader's Guidebook - by: dmrobbins10 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/53-faecal-sludge-management/16708-oxfams-septage-management-leaders-guidebook#16737 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/53-faecal-sludge-management/16708-oxfams-septage-management-leaders-guidebook#16737
Thanks very much for your comments. Let me try and answer them in the order you present them:

1. Applicability. The manual is intended for use by cities or municipalities where the majority of buildings are served by on-site wastewater management systems with some form of fecal sludge containment tank. This might include i) septic tank, ii) pit latrine, or iii) sewage vault. It is assumed that some if not most of these systems will not be designed in accordance with any standard. The septage management programs developed through the use of the manual will indeed accomplish the collection, transport, treatment of the septage, and hopefully reuse of the collected biosolids. Additionally, the program will promote (over time) on-site system upgrading through the inspection and enforcement mechanisms that the program promotes.

2. Steps 1 – 3, include 1) the initial stakeholder meeting, 2) appointing the Technical Working Group members, and 3) preparing the work plan and administrative budget. These initial tasks are led by the program implementer, which is usually either the City Environmental Officer (CENRO), Health Officer, or other senior city or municipal staff tasked by the mayor. Under step 3, the administrative budget approval is sought by the mayor, which will be an early indication of the long term success of the program. If the mayor doesn’t support, implementers need to step back and work a little harder to make the case to the mayor of why this program is important. So in reality, under this program, only the stakeholder meeting will need to be initially funded prior to receiving city-financial support for the program development activities. These administrative activities (not to be confused with the actual CAPEX and OPEX of the program) are supported by internal city or municipality funds. Our experience in using this model in the Philippines is that the program development activities do not have to be very expensive. It is often the case, especially when the mayors become excited about the program, that they will provide increased support, such as funding study tour visits through their own resources.

3. Under this model, the initial technology selection is an interactive process between the Technical Working Group members and a trained Technical Service Provider. In the Oxfam program, it is the administrator of the revolving fund (the Philippine Business for Social Progress) that has a cadre of trained TSPs, trained by Oxfam to help the TWGs on this task. Together, they review the variables pertaining to their project including i) site constraints, ii) the city or municipality’s organizational capacity, iii) the degree of treatment needed to achieve reuse goals, and others. They measure these variables based on case study data from other similar projects as well as the Decision Support Toolkit to come up with a short list of technology options. This list is approved by the mayor and council, and then refined through the design process. We have found that most of the city or municipal engineers are capable of designing passive systems by using these tools. For sites requiring more mechanization, outside engineering support is usually required.

4. The Septage Management Decision Support Tool (SMDST) was first developed by the USAID supported Philippine Sanitation Alliance project back in 2008 under the name “Septage Management Toolkit”. We are still using that one today. I have attached it here, this version populated with data from Dumaguete City, Philippines. The toolkit is undergoing a major upgrade under a new project by USAID; this one led by MWH Global. This version of the SMDST is (initially) Indonesian specific and will be released in the next month or two. We have been using the original tool with success for projects in several countries. Hope you like it.

Thanks again for your questions and comments.]]>
Faecal sludge management Thu, 28 Jan 2016 00:55:12 +0000
Re: Oxfam's Septage Management Leader's Guidebook - by: dorothee.spuhler http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/53-faecal-sludge-management/16708-oxfams-septage-management-leaders-guidebook#16725 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/53-faecal-sludge-management/16708-oxfams-septage-management-leaders-guidebook#16725
Thank you for sharing this document online.
I particularly appreciate the “The 3 pillars of sustainable septage management programs (figure 3, page 6)” and the weight that is given to empowerment of local leaders. I also like the very practical and detailed guidelines provided to implement the presented concepts in a particular context (see e.g. page 16, agent for initial stakeholder meeting). Although a total number of 16 steps might be overwhelming at a first glance

I have three questions:

Scope:
  • Is it correct that this manual is designed for the specific case where are households do have an appropriately designed on-site sanitation facilities such as a pit latrine or septic tank and the problem remains only in collecting, treating and reusing/disposing faecal sludge?

Project financing and lead:
  • The workflow starts with a stakeholder meeting and then several tasks led by a technical working group (TWG) before possible sources for financing are identified. How are these initial steps (1 to 4) financed and who should lead them?

Technology selection
  • In step 8 the suitable technology options for treatment and collection are selected. Who leads this process? And how can stakeholders influence the criteria used for selection? In the guide it is mentioned that technologies are selected based on a cost/benefit analysis including CAPEX, OPEX, land requirements, ease of operation, and performance. How should these criteria be measured? What definitions and scales should be used particularly for “ease of operation” and “performance” knowing that not all stakeholders to have the same perspective on this issues?
  • For costs your recommend to use the Septage Management Decision Support Toolkit (SMDST). Is this also available for non Oxfam-Projects?


Kind regards

Dorothee]]>
Faecal sludge management Wed, 27 Jan 2016 09:37:35 +0000
Oxfam's Septage Management Leader's Guidebook - by: dmrobbins10 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/53-faecal-sludge-management/16708-oxfams-septage-management-leaders-guidebook#16708 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/53-faecal-sludge-management/16708-oxfams-septage-management-leaders-guidebook#16708
I am pleased to present the Septage Management Leader’s Guidebook, a product of Oxfam through their program to improve sanitation in the super typhoon Haiyan devastation area of the central Philippines. While the manual is the “Philippines edition”, we think it has good information and presents a reasonable step-by-step strategy for scaling up septage management services more widely. The “Quick Start Guide” and the tools and checklists at the beginning of each step are designed to make the manual useful to anyone tasked with leading the effort to implement septage management programs for their city or municipality.

We would be very interested in hearing your feedback, and especially if you would like to collaborate on similar manuals for other countries.

Thanks for any comments you would like to share, and kind regards from the Oxfam Septage Management Team.]]>
Faecal sludge management Tue, 26 Jan 2016 10:41:10 +0000
Re: Regulation about handling of the ash that is the residue of sludge burning? - by: F H Mughal http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/53-faecal-sludge-management/16639-regulation-about-handling-of-the-ash-that-is-the-residue-of-sludge-burning#16700 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/53-faecal-sludge-management/16639-regulation-about-handling-of-the-ash-that-is-the-residue-of-sludge-burning#16700
Elisabeth has a valid point. You must look into that. Incineration, after all, has its share of problem, especially when it is located close to human population.

Cheers,
F H Mughal]]>
Faecal sludge management Mon, 25 Jan 2016 15:11:17 +0000
Re: Regulation about handling of the ash that is the residue of sludge burning? - by: muench http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/53-faecal-sludge-management/16639-regulation-about-handling-of-the-ash-that-is-the-residue-of-sludge-burning#16697 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/53-faecal-sludge-management/16639-regulation-about-handling-of-the-ash-that-is-the-residue-of-sludge-burning#16697
Don't forget the big question of who would operate and maintain such a plant in the longer term.]]>
Faecal sludge management Mon, 25 Jan 2016 12:07:59 +0000
Re: Regulation about handling of the ash that is the residue of sludge burning? - by: mannetjejos http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/53-faecal-sludge-management/16639-regulation-about-handling-of-the-ash-that-is-the-residue-of-sludge-burning#16695 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/53-faecal-sludge-management/16639-regulation-about-handling-of-the-ash-that-is-the-residue-of-sludge-burning#16695
Thanks for your helpfull tips, ; You also gave me a lot of research work to do.

I would like to be more specific about my question.

My company wants to install a sewage treatment system for a 500man compound in Mali where soldiers are for a UN-mission (Minusma).
But we want to do this on the most sustainable way with a "zero footprint" in the country.
Our idea is to install an incinerator but we end with the ash problem. Either we looking for a sollution on location or the surroundings of the compound, or we have to ship these ashes to Europe where we have other problems with custom etc.etc..

The water treatment plant has an outcom of purrified water that could be spread on surface as part of an agriculture project. Maybe the ashes can be diluted with this water.

Looking forward on your advice about this solutions and I'll look at the links you both gave me.
Thanks again,

Jos]]>
Faecal sludge management Mon, 25 Jan 2016 11:51:30 +0000
Re: Regulation about handling of the ash that is the residue of sludge burning? - by: F H Mughal http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/53-faecal-sludge-management/16639-regulation-about-handling-of-the-ash-that-is-the-residue-of-sludge-burning#16686 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/53-faecal-sludge-management/16639-regulation-about-handling-of-the-ash-that-is-the-residue-of-sludge-burning#16686 That was a good review - Thanks, Elisabeth

F H Mughal]]>
Faecal sludge management Mon, 25 Jan 2016 07:06:32 +0000
Faecal Management Enterprises (FaME) project - using dried faecal sludge as a solid biofuel in kilns - and SEEK project - by: muench http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/53-faecal-sludge-management/6582-faecal-management-enterprises-fame-project-using-dried-faecal-sludge-as-a-solid-biofuel-in-kilns-and-seek-project-sludge-to-energy-enterprises-in-kampala?limit=12&start=12#16685 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/53-faecal-sludge-management/6582-faecal-management-enterprises-fame-project-using-dried-faecal-sludge-as-a-solid-biofuel-in-kilns-and-seek-project-sludge-to-energy-enterprises-in-kampala?limit=12&start=12#16685
I am just wondering how the SEEK project is progressing. Your last post about it was from a year ago (unless you started a new thread for it? But I can't fine one)

I am asking because I just mentioned your project in a post I made here:
forum.susana.org/forum/categories/53-fae...sludge-burning#16684

I thought of it in the context of that thread which is entitled: "Regulation about handling of the ash that is the residue of sludge burning". Perhaps you could also contribute in that thread, too, if this is something you have looked at in the past.

Thanks,
Elisabeth]]>
Faecal sludge management Mon, 25 Jan 2016 06:29:24 +0000
Re: Regulation about handling of the ash that is the residue of sludge burning? - by: muench http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/53-faecal-sludge-management/16639-regulation-about-handling-of-the-ash-that-is-the-residue-of-sludge-burning#16684 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/53-faecal-sludge-management/16639-regulation-about-handling-of-the-ash-that-is-the-residue-of-sludge-burning#16684 forum.susana.org/forum/categories/53-fae...gal-uganda-and-ghana

I copy a quote from Moritz's first post in that thread:
Pilot-scale kilns* were constructed in Dakar and Kampala to research the use of FS as a combustible. The pilots will compare combustion of FS with other local biofuels in use. The pilots will provide the first scientific data on combustion of FS in the context of developing countries.


* I didn't really know what exactly a kiln is, so I turned to Wikipedia which says:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kiln

A kiln is a thermally insulated chamber, a type of oven, that produces temperatures sufficient to complete some process, such as hardening, drying, or chemical changes. Various industries and trades use kilns to harden objects made from clay into pottery, tiles and bricks.[1] Various industries use rotary kilns for pyroprocessing—to calcinate ores, produce cement, lime, and many other materials.


Publications are also here on their website:
www.eawag.ch/en/department/sandec/projec...agement-enterprises/

The FaME project is now completed, currently they have a follow-on project called SEEK (Sludge to Energy Enterprises in Kampala: Innovative resource recovery from faecal sludge), see post by Moritz here (page 2 of the same thread):
forum.susana.org/forum/categories/53-fae...2&start=12#11130

Website of that project:
www.eawag.ch/en/department/sandec/projec...erprises-in-kampala/

Actually, I will ask Moritz if he could give us an update about the SEEK project here on the forum.

Anyway, perhaps this gives you some useful leads?

Regards,
Elisabeth]]>
Faecal sludge management Mon, 25 Jan 2016 06:26:03 +0000
Re: Regulation about handling of the ash that is the residue of sludge burning? - by: F H Mughal http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/53-faecal-sludge-management/16639-regulation-about-handling-of-the-ash-that-is-the-residue-of-sludge-burning#16683 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/53-faecal-sludge-management/16639-regulation-about-handling-of-the-ash-that-is-the-residue-of-sludge-burning#16683
Elisabeth has given a good picture of ash in developed countries. In developed countries, it is different.

Please read this carefully:

What we get from municipal (when I say "municipal," I mean non-toxic) wastewater treatment plants is treated sludge from secondary sedimentation tanks. This sludge is sun-dried in sludge drying beds. What we get then is the dried sludge. The sludge is used as soil conditioner.

We do not incinerate this sludge. Since, we have plenty of sunshine and the weather is relatively hot here, we resort to sludge drying. We don't have regulations here for this.

Generally speaking, if you have non-toxic ash, then, it can be used, as you said, in cement production.

For regulations, please try your luck at USEPA website; and UNEP chemicals in Japan
(www.unep.org/dtie/Branches/ChemicalsandW...d/29687/Default.aspx)

Regards,
F H Mughal]]>
Faecal sludge management Mon, 25 Jan 2016 05:30:39 +0000