SuSanA - Forum Kunena Site Syndication http://forum.susana.org/ Sun, 01 Feb 2015 22:42:07 +0000 Kunena 1.6 http://forum.susana.org/components/com_kunena/template/default/images/icons/rss.png SuSanA - Forum http://forum.susana.org/ en-gb Re: Sowmyas Indian Community Sanitation Project - by: denniskl http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/5-clts-community-led-total-sanitation-and-other-community-led-approaches/11665-sowmyas-indian-community-sanitation-project#11701 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/5-clts-community-led-total-sanitation-and-other-community-led-approaches/11665-sowmyas-indian-community-sanitation-project#11701
If we look at any given situation, how do the set of questions strike you for defining a baseline?

Enough?

Too much?

Missing something?

Your comments are in line with the philosophy vehind our JigSaw Puzzle Programme

* give enough project management and "technical/subject matter" training, information, confidence, tools and capability for local community Puzzlers to identify problems in their community (sanitation, power, nutrition, healthcare etc)

* and enough soft skills training so they can work with their community (and external support resources we marshall and make easy to access) to develop suitable solutions - and the appropriate skills to facilitate project acceptance and implementation

The standard plan is to physically deploy the JigSaw Puzzle Training Programme via in-country local partners/agents (ngo's, training companies, etc) as a viable business model (green off grid living as you and i have discussed)

So this process with Sowmya is a type of pre-cursor, allowing us to build out a project step by step and incorporate the learnings in our JigSaw programme

Thanks Sowmya:)!! Looking forward to srepping along this path with you, the community, the involved ngo - and, of course, the susana members]]>
CLTS (Community led total sanitation) and other community led approaches Mon, 19 Jan 2015 22:55:22 +0000
Re: Sowmyas Indian Community Sanitation Project - by: canaday http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/5-clts-community-led-total-sanitation-and-other-community-led-approaches/11665-sowmyas-indian-community-sanitation-project#11700 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/5-clts-community-led-total-sanitation-and-other-community-led-approaches/11665-sowmyas-indian-community-sanitation-project#11700
This is a great idea. Most of my posts here and on my blog are aimed at making sanitation accessible to whoever wants it, such that it is more a matter of paradigm shift than capital investment. I suggest our goal should be to make available good do-it-yourself manuals on the internet, promote these amply, and be ready as persons to help people figure out complicated situations and answer questions. To some extent this already exists, but the idea would be to strengthen each component.

Count me in.

Best wishes,
Chris Canaday]]>
CLTS (Community led total sanitation) and other community led approaches Mon, 19 Jan 2015 20:26:53 +0000
Re: Sowmyas Indian Community Sanitation Project - by: denniskl http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/5-clts-community-led-total-sanitation-and-other-community-led-approaches/11665-sowmyas-indian-community-sanitation-project#11686 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/5-clts-community-led-total-sanitation-and-other-community-led-approaches/11665-sowmyas-indian-community-sanitation-project#11686
Great point - I went back to the form to see how I could express the question better (while including religion) - but just kept digging myself deeper and deeper into a hole:)

so took it out and left it at Race / ethnicity / culture - which while it may cover any cultural taboos, also provides the demographic data that is useful

Basic Questionnaire modified: goo.gl/forms/r0qqM2Jae7

Thanks again]]>
CLTS (Community led total sanitation) and other community led approaches Mon, 19 Jan 2015 15:32:21 +0000
Re: Sowmyas Indian Community Sanitation Project - by: denniskl http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/5-clts-community-led-total-sanitation-and-other-community-led-approaches/11665-sowmyas-indian-community-sanitation-project#11684 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/5-clts-community-led-total-sanitation-and-other-community-led-approaches/11665-sowmyas-indian-community-sanitation-project#11684
What we need is a general consensus from the community as to how the majority of people see the problems and impacts of the current sanitation practices; if they recognise serious impacts, it makes the next phase (wanting to change) easier for people to accept. (If I don't see a problem, why will I change?)

The other questions I have listed can be addressed (I believe) from an observational and community group aspect, so don't need individual responses (I may be wrong about this; I often am:)]]>
CLTS (Community led total sanitation) and other community led approaches Mon, 19 Jan 2015 15:21:23 +0000
Re: Sowmyas Indian Community Sanitation Project - by: Sowmya http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/5-clts-community-led-total-sanitation-and-other-community-led-approaches/11665-sowmyas-indian-community-sanitation-project#11682 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/5-clts-community-led-total-sanitation-and-other-community-led-approaches/11665-sowmyas-indian-community-sanitation-project#11682
Firstly, thank you so much for all that you are doing. Yes, I would be happy to work on a CLTS model also. I will send my inputs in a couple of days but, in the meantime, a quick question. You had mentioned this:

Sanitation Impacts - what type of health and other impacts are seen by community members as a result from the current sanitation practices? *
What do they see as the problem of the current sanitation systems and practices? (this will need a community group and / or household and / or individual survey - we can discuss options for this (paper, mobile phone etc)

Would the survey cover only this question or all the questions and present the results for way forward decision?

Warm regards,

Sowmya]]>
CLTS (Community led total sanitation) and other community led approaches Mon, 19 Jan 2015 15:01:38 +0000
Re: Sowmyas Indian Community Sanitation Project - by: MGuenard http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/5-clts-community-led-total-sanitation-and-other-community-led-approaches/11665-sowmyas-indian-community-sanitation-project#11680 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/5-clts-community-led-total-sanitation-and-other-community-led-approaches/11665-sowmyas-indian-community-sanitation-project#11680
My concern is to NOT stygmatise any religion.
Thus the questionnaire should be very clear as to why there is a question related to religion.
Michel]]>
CLTS (Community led total sanitation) and other community led approaches Mon, 19 Jan 2015 13:14:20 +0000
Re: Sowmyas Indian Community Sanitation Project - by: denniskl http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/5-clts-community-led-total-sanitation-and-other-community-led-approaches/11665-sowmyas-indian-community-sanitation-project#11677 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/5-clts-community-led-total-sanitation-and-other-community-led-approaches/11665-sowmyas-indian-community-sanitation-project#11677 Thanks for the question

I have no studies showing religious practice or beliefs impact on sanitation behaviours, other than perhaps the caste systems of hindu india

But I thought worthwhile including on the cultural section in case there were circumstances worth noting]]>
CLTS (Community led total sanitation) and other community led approaches Mon, 19 Jan 2015 11:53:56 +0000
Re: Sowmyas Indian Community Sanitation Project - by: MGuenard http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/5-clts-community-led-total-sanitation-and-other-community-led-approaches/11665-sowmyas-indian-community-sanitation-project#11673 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/5-clts-community-led-total-sanitation-and-other-community-led-approaches/11665-sowmyas-indian-community-sanitation-project#11673 Re: questionnaire
How can you document the questions dealing with religions?
do we have definitive studies and assessments demonstrating that religion plays a determinant role regarding sanitation methods and practices?

Regards
Michel]]>
CLTS (Community led total sanitation) and other community led approaches Mon, 19 Jan 2015 10:12:40 +0000
Sowmyas Indian Community Sanitation Project - by: denniskl http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/5-clts-community-led-total-sanitation-and-other-community-led-approaches/11665-sowmyas-indian-community-sanitation-project#11665 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/5-clts-community-led-total-sanitation-and-other-community-led-approaches/11665-sowmyas-indian-community-sanitation-project#11665
RE INDIAN SANITATION PROJECT - SCOPE, DESIGN, IMPLEMENTATION - CAN IT BE DONE BY THE COMMUNITY WITH ONLY REMOTE HELP FROM TECHNICAL AND SUBJECT MATTER EXPERTS?

This thread is an off shoot of this one (forum.susana.org/forum/categories/142-up...nd-why/post?do=reply) as the topic discussion became a much more specific project-based discussion

In summary, Sowmya and I were debating the ways to go forward with a community (or communities) for introducing improvements to the community sanitation systems.

Sowmya was raising the issue of systems and I was claiming that the tech and systems were already available, but it was community desire for improvements that made the difference.

So the question was - is technology the answer or is it mindset change (tech vs marketing question).

The next step was for me to make a statement that if a community TRULY wanted to improve their sanitation and change their practices from unhygienic and unsafe to safe and hygienic (because the COMMUNITY themselves recognises the negative health and financial impacts of their current sanitation systems - and NOT simply because they have been told it's bad by well-meaning NGO's, development bodies and government agencies), then I would do all I could to make sure they got what they needed (whether through resource availability, expertise access or fund raising).

The process I outlined would be:

a) get the data the community needs to establish the solution options suitable for them (problems faced now, solutions tried before this, challenges discovered during those trials, environment - urban, peri-urban or rural, tech options, cost levels, availability of water, space availability, etc etc) (SEE QUESTIONNAIRE LINK BELOW)

b) define the project timelines and activities and get agreement from the community for those

c) establish the likely costs and what sweat equity can be provided from the community to offset the estimated costs

d) define what materials and services we need beyond the communities resources (and then go looking for them close by - there's bound to be an NGO crew doing something like this somewhere to be found nearby:)

e) define exactly what shortfall we will / are likely to have on the cash front

f)find the rest of the cash

So here we are.

The support and input from the Susana community will be hugely appreciated as I would like to see if we the Forum members can (at a distance) support the community in scoping, designing and implementing a successful sanitation project.

I have created a Basic Questionnaire here to start the process (hopefully is useful for not just this project): goo.gl/forms/zN3N12GsUK

I would appreciate the Forum members feedback and comments on the Questionnaire (what else is needed for basic information, what questions are not clear, what is not required etc)

And I would like to create an informal Working Group on this Project, so please share thoughts on how best to keep this moving along

Core theme though is that the COMMUNITY keeps pushing this along; if they are not interested enough, it won't be successful]]>
CLTS (Community led total sanitation) and other community led approaches Mon, 19 Jan 2015 01:32:58 +0000
Re: Call for abstracts for writeshop and publication on sustainability - by: Petra http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/5-clts-community-led-total-sanitation-and-other-community-led-approaches/11450-call-for-abstracts-for-writeshop-and-publication-on-sustainability#11519 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/5-clts-community-led-total-sanitation-and-other-community-led-approaches/11450-call-for-abstracts-for-writeshop-and-publication-on-sustainability#11519 www.communityledtotalsanitation.org/stor...ation-sustainability

We look forward to hearing from you.]]>
CLTS (Community led total sanitation) and other community led approaches Tue, 06 Jan 2015 11:08:03 +0000
Call for abstracts for writeshop and publication on sustainability - by: Petra http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/5-clts-community-led-total-sanitation-and-other-community-led-approaches/11450-call-for-abstracts-for-writeshop-and-publication-on-sustainability#11450 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/5-clts-community-led-total-sanitation-and-other-community-led-approaches/11450-call-for-abstracts-for-writeshop-and-publication-on-sustainability#11450
• How to phase in sanitation marketing
• Post-ODF engagement of government, NGOS, donors and others
• How to ensure equity and inclusion
• How to transform social norms
• Monitoring, learning, changing

We want to bring together experience, knowledge and key learnings in this area and are therefore planning a workshop and a publication for 2015.

We are therefore inviting expressions of interest for participation in the workshop and contribution to the eventual publication from anyone who feels they have innovations, experience, ideas and learning to contribute in response to one of the five areas outlined above. Participants will be selected on the basis of an abstract. On acceptance, they will then be invited to elaborate this further into a first draft before the workshop.

The workshop will take place from the 6th to 12th April 2015 at Lukenya Getaway, Nairobi, Kenya and will be a combination of workshop and writeshop.

Application/selection of participants/contributors:

If you are interested in participating and have experience, an idea or a particular innovation that you can contribute, please send an abstract of 500-900 words outlining what you would like to write about in your chapter to This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it by 19th January 2015. If your application is successful, we will invite you to work on a first draft to be submitted by 13th March 2015.

For more information see www.communityledtotalsanitation.org/stor...ation-sustainability]]>
CLTS (Community led total sanitation) and other community led approaches Tue, 23 Dec 2014 12:12:18 +0000
Key documents for the sub-category on CLTS - by: muench http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/5-clts-community-led-total-sanitation-and-other-community-led-approaches/11320-key-documents-for-the-sub-category-on-clts#11320 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/5-clts-community-led-total-sanitation-and-other-community-led-approaches/11320-key-documents-for-the-sub-category-on-clts#11320 For more information about why I am creating this new thread, please see here:
forum.susana.org/forum/categories/10-gen...d-sub-category-level

++++++++++++++

This thread is a "sticky thread" which means it will always remain at the top of this sub-category.
It contains a recommendation for new people regarding the most important 3-5 documents in the thematic area of "CLTS (Community led total sanitation)".

The initial selection was done by me, but this is open for discussion and can be adjusted regularly. Edited on 19 December 2014 after recieving advice from Petra Bongartz (IDS).

Recommended top 5 documents in the thematic area of "CLTS", in inverse chronological order:

(1)
Frontiers of CLTS: Innovations and Insights (2013-2015)

So far three issues and several in the pipeline: it covers so many angles and aspects that it’s key reading.

www.communityledtotalsanitation.org/reso...vations-and-insights

On World Toilet Day 2013 (19th November), the CLTS Knowledge Hub at IDS launched a new publications series Frontiers of CLTS: Innovations and Insights. This is a series of short notes offering practical guidance on new methods and approaches and thinking on broader issues.


  • Issue 1: Participatory Design Development for Sanitation
  • Issue 2: How to Trigger for Handwashing with Soap
  • Issue 3: Disability-making CLTS fully inclusive

...and more in the pipeline


(2)
Lukenya Notes: Taking Community Led Total Sanitation to Scale with Quality - Outputs from a workshop in Nairobi, Kenya, 24th-27th July 2011
www.communityledtotalsanitation.org/reso...g-clts-scale-quality

The Lukenya Notes are a collection of experiences and key recommendations from the IDS meeting of CLTS practitioners held in Lukenya, Nairobi in July 2011, immediately after the AfricaSan3 meeting. The aim of the workshop was to focus on the key challenges we all face in taking CLTS to scale. Insights, case studies and options are clustered by themes which emerged from workshop brainstorming.



(3)
Kar, K. (2010). Workshops for Community-Led Total Sanitation - A Trainers' Training Guide. Water Supply & Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC)

www.susana.org/en/resources/library/details/695

CLTS is spreading fast in many countries in different regions. The demand for facilitators and trainers of facilitators far exceeds the supply of trainers who have got what it takes and who are able to devote their time and energy to training. To meet the challenges, and to spread good practice, guidelines for trainers are needed urgently.


(4)
Ashley, H., Kenton, N., Milligan, A., Bongartz, P., Musembi Musyoki, S. (2009). Tales of Shit: Community-Led Total Sanitation in Africa - Participatory learning and action (issues 61). iied, IDS, Plan, ISBN: 978-1-84369-782-4

www.communityledtotalsanitation.org/reso...tation-africa-pla-61
or
www.susana.org/en/resources/library/details/871

Where do you shit? In developing countries, the answer to this question may determine whether you live or die. Around 2.6 billion people do not have access to a toilet. Instead, they practice open defecation. The consequences are dire: shit carries disease and is a major killer. Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) is perhaps one of the fastest growing participatory methods and has shown promising results where previous rural sanitation programmes have failed.

Using simple Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) visual tools, communities confront the crude reality about mass open defecation and its negative effects on the entire community. CLTS enables communities to analyse and
learn from their hygiene habits and practices to create collective action plans for totally sanitising their habitat – without depending on external subsidies.

This issue provides examples from East and Southern, as well as West Africa, and allows practitioners to share their experiences of implementing CLTS in different contexts with researchers
and policy makers – and to stimulate debate about how they can engage in
development processes, specifically in the sanitation sector.


(5)
Kar, K., Chambers, R. (2008). Handbook on community-led total sanitation. Prepared with the support of Plan International (UK), Institute of Development Studies (IDS)

www.susana.org/en/resources/library/details/1814

This handbook has been developed from experiences with Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) since December 1999. These have been in Bangladesh, India, Cambodia, Indonesia, Mongolia, Nepal, China and Pakistan in Asia; in Uganda, Zambia, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Kenya and Sierra Leone in Africa; in Bolivia in South America; in Yemen in the Middle East; and in other countries. Users of this handbook must feel free to use its guidelines the way they find best. The methods described are not the only ways of implementing CLTS. Users are encouraged to use their own best judgments at all times and innovate locally appropriate approaches and tools to achieve and enhance community participation and empowerment leading to total sanitation and beyond.



There are oviously many more important documents dealing with CLTS.
This website has an extensive resources section on CLTS:
www.communityledtotalsanitation.org/resources

We also invite you to browse the SuSanA library by using the search term "CLTS":
www.susana.org/en/resources/library?search=CLTS

Regards,
Elisabeth]]>
CLTS (Community led total sanitation) and other community led approaches Wed, 10 Dec 2014 12:55:16 +0000
Reply: Debate about effectiveness of CLTS, prompted by UNICEF official after book launch about CLTS in Madagascar - by: psewor http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/5-clts-community-led-total-sanitation-and-other-community-led-approaches/10204-debate-about-effectiveness-of-clts-prompted-by-unicef-official-after-book-launch-about-clts-in-madagascar?limit=12&start=36#11291 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/5-clts-community-led-total-sanitation-and-other-community-led-approaches/10204-debate-about-effectiveness-of-clts-prompted-by-unicef-official-after-book-launch-about-clts-in-madagascar?limit=12&start=36#11291
Is an of killing the habitats slowly and indirectly

Thank you]]>
CLTS (Community led total sanitation) and other community led approaches Sun, 07 Dec 2014 09:42:01 +0000
Re: Debate about effectiveness of CLTS, prompted by UNICEF official after book launch about CLTS in Madagascar - by: pkjha http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/5-clts-community-led-total-sanitation-and-other-community-led-approaches/10204-debate-about-effectiveness-of-clts-prompted-by-unicef-official-after-book-launch-about-clts-in-madagascar?limit=12&start=36#11269 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/5-clts-community-led-total-sanitation-and-other-community-led-approaches/10204-debate-about-effectiveness-of-clts-prompted-by-unicef-official-after-book-launch-about-clts-in-madagascar?limit=12&start=36#11269 Social acceptability, economic affordability and environmentally safe are the basic aspects of sustainability. In India, two leach pit toilets are in use for years in many households in rural as well in urban areas. However, for areas having high water table it should not be considered a sustainable option as it causes ground water pollution. It is quite unsafe for areas where drinking water source is also on-site- from hand pumps or wells. However, most of the households are not aware of this negative aspect. For them it is a sustainable option. Again health and hygiene education is an important part here also.

Pawan]]>
CLTS (Community led total sanitation) and other community led approaches Fri, 05 Dec 2014 10:12:20 +0000
Re: Debate about effectiveness of CLTS, prompted by UNICEF official after book launch about CLTS in Madagascar - by: pjbury http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/5-clts-community-led-total-sanitation-and-other-community-led-approaches/10204-debate-about-effectiveness-of-clts-prompted-by-unicef-official-after-book-launch-about-clts-in-madagascar?limit=12&start=36#11267 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/5-clts-community-led-total-sanitation-and-other-community-led-approaches/10204-debate-about-effectiveness-of-clts-prompted-by-unicef-official-after-book-launch-about-clts-in-madagascar?limit=12&start=36#11267 A question: are you monitoring the effective use of latrines built over a longer period of time (at least 2 years I'd say)? Otherwise we have no clue if the solution is a valid (a.k.a. sustainable) one!?]]> CLTS (Community led total sanitation) and other community led approaches Fri, 05 Dec 2014 09:17:53 +0000