SuSanA - Forum Kunena Site Syndication http://forum.susana.org/ Thu, 08 Dec 2016 00:08:26 +0000 Kunena 1.6 http://forum.susana.org/components/com_kunena/template/default/images/icons/rss.png SuSanA - Forum http://forum.susana.org/ en-gb Recording and follow up from the webinar on CLTS in urban and peri-urban settings - by: Petra http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/5-community-led-approaches-for-example-community-led-total-sanitation-clts/19261-recording-and-follow-up-from-the-webinar-on-clts-in-urban-and-peri-urban-settings#19261 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/5-community-led-approaches-for-example-community-led-total-sanitation-clts/19261-recording-and-follow-up-from-the-webinar-on-clts-in-urban-and-peri-urban-settings#19261
You can listen to a recording of the webinar and watch the presentation on our youtube channel
You can also download the powerpoint presentation here www.communityledtotalsanitation.org/reso...-peri-urban-settings

And if you are interested in this subject , the September 2016 CLTS Newsletter has a useful overview of resources on urban CLTS www.communityledtotalsanitation.org/story/clts-e-newsletter

If you have questions or comments to share, please email us at This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it or leave your thoughts in the comments section here www.communityledtotalsanitation.org/reso...-peri-urban-settings]]>
Community led approaches, for example community-led total sanitation (CLTS) Fri, 07 Oct 2016 13:49:22 +0000
Re: Using a CLTS approach in urban and peri-urban settings - by: Petra http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/5-community-led-approaches-for-example-community-led-total-sanitation-clts/18438-using-a-clts-approach-in-urban-and-peri-urban-settings#19238 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/5-community-led-approaches-for-example-community-led-total-sanitation-clts/18438-using-a-clts-approach-in-urban-and-peri-urban-settings#19238 www.communityledtotalsanitation.org/reso...d-urban-environments

Regards,
Petra]]>
Community led approaches, for example community-led total sanitation (CLTS) Wed, 05 Oct 2016 08:49:39 +0000
Re: Using a CLTS approach in urban and peri-urban settings - by: psewor http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/5-community-led-approaches-for-example-community-led-total-sanitation-clts/18438-using-a-clts-approach-in-urban-and-peri-urban-settings#19236 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/5-community-led-approaches-for-example-community-led-total-sanitation-clts/18438-using-a-clts-approach-in-urban-and-peri-urban-settings#19236 Thank you]]> Community led approaches, for example community-led total sanitation (CLTS) Wed, 05 Oct 2016 08:32:31 +0000 e-discussion: Moving beyond ODF to safely managed sanitation for all - by: bronwynpowell http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/5-community-led-approaches-for-example-community-led-total-sanitation-clts/18994-e-discussion-moving-beyond-odf-to-safely-managed-sanitation-for-all#18994 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/5-community-led-approaches-for-example-community-led-total-sanitation-clts/18994-e-discussion-moving-beyond-odf-to-safely-managed-sanitation-for-all#18994 e-discussion: What is required of organisations, particularly CSOs, in thinking beyond Open Defecation Free (ODF) to safely managed sanitation for all

Hosted by the Civil Society WASH Fund, this e-Discussion will run from 12 September until 5 October 2016 to explore the role that organisations, particularly Civil Society Organisation (CSOs, or NGOs), play in assisting households, communities and governments to move up the sanitation ladder to ensure the safe and sustainable sanitation for all. Each week a new question will be posed. The e-discussion is facilitated by Mark Ellery.

The objective of this e-discussion is for CSOs and other practitioners to share their experiences of working with households and communities, private and public sector agencies to not only eradicate open defecation but to ensure the safe management of sanitation for all. This e-discussion will seek to understand the role that CSOs and others are currently playing in assisting communities:
• to move from the eradication of open defecation (i.e. triggering the behaviour change of individuals within communities to achieve collective ODF status);
• to improved sanitation for all (i.e. including the proximate, sufficient, affordable and hygienic sanitation facilities for all including children, the poor & disabled);
• to total sanitation (i.e. including the management of fecal sludge, drainage and solid waste services); and
• to ensuring improved health outcomes (i.e. including the regulation and enforcement of environmental health compliance of sanitary facilities).

Contribute your experiences to the e-discussion here.]]>
Community led approaches, for example community-led total sanitation (CLTS) Wed, 14 Sep 2016 04:16:57 +0000
Sustainable Sanitation for all: experiences, challenges and innovations- new publication! - by: Petra http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/5-community-led-approaches-for-example-community-led-total-sanitation-clts/18436-new-book-out-now-sustainable-sanitation-for-all-experiences-challenges-and-innovations#18467 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/5-community-led-approaches-for-example-community-led-total-sanitation-clts/18436-new-book-out-now-sustainable-sanitation-for-all-experiences-challenges-and-innovations#18467
Describing the landscape of sustainability of CLTS and sanitation with reference to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and through examples from Africa and Asia, the book captures a range of experiences and innovations from a broad range of institutions and actors within the WASH sector, and attempts to make recommendations and practical suggestions for policy and practice for practitioners, funders, policymakers and governments.

The book is published by Practical Action and is available for purchase in hardcopy developmentbookshop.com/sustainable-sanitation-for-all or as a free download by chapter www.developmentbookshelf.com/doi/book/10.3362/9781780449272

This short film features interviews with some of the authors and gives you an idea of the content. www.communityledtotalsanitation.org/vide...and-innovations-film]]>
Community led approaches, for example community-led total sanitation (CLTS) Fri, 22 Jul 2016 10:05:23 +0000
Re: Sustainable Total Sanitation in Nigeria - implementation, learning, research, and influence on practice and policy (WaterAid America) - by: Rbroseus http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/5-community-led-approaches-for-example-community-led-total-sanitation-clts/14553-sustainable-total-sanitation-in-nigeria-implementation-learning-research-and-influence-on-practice-and-policy-wateraid-america#18459 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/5-community-led-approaches-for-example-community-led-total-sanitation-clts/14553-sustainable-total-sanitation-in-nigeria-implementation-learning-research-and-influence-on-practice-and-policy-wateraid-america#18459
Please find below the most recent updates on WaterAid's Sustainable Total Sanitation project in Nigeria. Please let us know if you have any questions/comments!

- A few blogs which give an overview of WaterAid's work in Nigeria and discuss CLTS in urbanised areas:
www.wateraid.org/news/blogs/2015/decembe...as-sanitation-dreams
www.wateraid.org/news/blogs/2016/june/cl...-and-start-targeting

- A link to WaterAid's website (below) including:
www.wateraid.org/uk/what-we-do/policy-pr...a4-96cd-a370e28da5c2

a) A brief which provides evidence to improve the targeting of CLTS in Nigeria;
b) The ‘Deep Dive’ (i.e. market research) report undertaken as part of the Sanitation Marketing component of this project;
c) Two posters presented in May 2016 at the WASH Futures Conference in Brisbane (Australia), which investigate how to improve targeting and outcomes of CLTS and explore how we can accelerate sustainable sanitation coverage to achieve universal access by 2030.

Kind regards,

Romain]]>
Community led approaches, for example community-led total sanitation (CLTS) Thu, 21 Jul 2016 01:12:30 +0000
Using a CLTS approach in urban and peri-urban settings - by: Petra http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/5-community-led-approaches-for-example-community-led-total-sanitation-clts/18438-using-a-clts-approach-in-urban-and-peri-urban-settings#18438 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/5-community-led-approaches-for-example-community-led-total-sanitation-clts/18438-using-a-clts-approach-in-urban-and-peri-urban-settings#18438
The outputs include a 4 page learning brief and a longer learning paper. The paper is not a straight forward record of events but focuses on what were agreed as important stages of an urban CLTS process. Each stage is explained, examples provided and advice given. The intention is not a guidebook but a set of ideas and considerations for those interested in embarking on a similar approach.

www.communityledtotalsanitation.org/reso...d-urban-environments]]>
Community led approaches, for example community-led total sanitation (CLTS) Fri, 15 Jul 2016 06:44:41 +0000
New! Frontiers issue 9: CLTS in post-emergency and fragile states settings - by: Petra http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/5-community-led-approaches-for-example-community-led-total-sanitation-clts/18437-new-frontiers-issue-9-clts-in-post-emergency-and-fragile-states-settings#18437 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/5-community-led-approaches-for-example-community-led-total-sanitation-clts/18437-new-frontiers-issue-9-clts-in-post-emergency-and-fragile-states-settings#18437


Download it here www.communityledtotalsanitation.org/reso...gile-states-settings and sign up for a free webinar www.communityledtotalsanitation.org/stor...gile-states-settings]]>
Community led approaches, for example community-led total sanitation (CLTS) Fri, 15 Jul 2016 06:41:31 +0000
New book out now! Sustainable Sanitation for all: Experiences, challenges and innovations - by: Petra http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/5-community-led-approaches-for-example-community-led-total-sanitation-clts/18436-new-book-out-now-sustainable-sanitation-for-all-experiences-challenges-and-innovations#18436 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/5-community-led-approaches-for-example-community-led-total-sanitation-clts/18436-new-book-out-now-sustainable-sanitation-for-all-experiences-challenges-and-innovations#18436
Describing the landscape of sustainability of CLTS and sanitation with reference to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and through examples from Africa and Asia, the book captures a range of experiences and innovations from a broad range of institutions and actors within the WASH sector, and attempts to make recommendations and practical suggestions for policy and practice for practitioners, funders, policymakers and governments.

The book is published by Practical Action and is available for purchase in hardcopy or as a free download by chapter www.communityledtotalsanitation.org/reso...nges-and-innovations]]>
Community led approaches, for example community-led total sanitation (CLTS) Fri, 15 Jul 2016 06:10:45 +0000
CLTS activities at the 39th International WEDC Conference in Ghana in July - by: Petra http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/5-community-led-approaches-for-example-community-led-total-sanitation-clts/18263-clts-activities-at-the-39th-international-wedc-conference-in-ghana-in-july#18263 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/5-community-led-approaches-for-example-community-led-total-sanitation-clts/18263-clts-activities-at-the-39th-international-wedc-conference-in-ghana-in-july#18263
Participate in the CLTS Sharing and Learning workshop on the 10th July
www.communityledtotalsanitation.org/stor...ference-kumasi-ghana

Attend the launch of our book Sustainable Sanitation for All: Experience, challenges and innovations (Tuesday 12th July, evening side session)
www.communityledtotalsanitation.org/stor...ences-challenges-and

Listen to Jamie Myers' present on Using a CLTS approach and/or CLTS tools in urban environments: Themes and Trends. (Wednesday 13th July, morning session)

Join Robert Chambers and Jamie Myers for a session on The partial usage of toilets: a growing problem (Wednesday 13th July, afternoon session)

Come and have a conversation and pick up free copies of our publications at the CLTS stall in the exhibition area

Please consult the conference programme for details of the exact times and rooms for these sessions.

You can download a flyer with an overview of all these activities here www.communityledtotalsanitation.org/site...activities_flyer.pdf]]>
Community led approaches, for example community-led total sanitation (CLTS) Thu, 16 Jun 2016 13:48:11 +0000
CLTS Study - Teachers and Sanitation Promotion: An Assessment of Community Led Total Sanitation in Ethiopia - by: campbelldb http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/5-community-led-approaches-for-example-community-led-total-sanitation-clts/18254-clts-study-teachers-and-sanitation-promotion-an-assessment-of-community-led-total-sanitation-in-ethiopia#18254 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/5-community-led-approaches-for-example-community-led-total-sanitation-clts/18254-clts-study-teachers-and-sanitation-promotion-an-assessment-of-community-led-total-sanitation-in-ethiopia#18254 Sanitation Updates.

Teachers and Sanitation Promotion: An Assessment of Community Led Total Sanitation in Ethiopia. Env Sci Tech, May 2016.

Authors: Jonny Crocker, Abiyot Geremew, Fisseha Atalie, Messele Yetie, and Jamie Bartram

Community-led total sanitation (CLTS) is a participatory approach to addressing open defecation that has demonstrated success in previous studies, yet there is no research on how implementation arrangements and context change effectiveness. We used a quasi-experimental study design to compare two interventions in Ethiopia: conventional CLTS in which health workers and local leaders provided facilitation and an alternative approach in which teachers provided facilitation.

In 2012, Plan International Ethiopia trained teachers from 111 villages and health workers and leaders from 54 villages in CLTS facilitation. The trained facilitators then implemented CLTS in their respective villages
for a year. Latrine ownership, use, and quality were measured with household surveys.

Differences between interventions were explored using surveys and interviews. The decrease in open defecation associated with teacher-facilitated CLTS was 8.2 percentage points smaller than for conventional CLTS (p = 0.048). Teachers had competing responsibilities and initially lacked support from local leaders, which may have lessened their success.

Teachers may be more appropriate for a supporting rather than leading role in sanitation promotion because they did demonstrate ability and engagement. Open defecation decreased by 15.3 percentage points overall but did not change where baseline open defecation was below 30%.

Ownership of a latrine with stable flooring increased by 8.7 percentage points overall. Improved latrine ownership did not change during the intervention. CLTS is most appropriate where open defecation is high because there were no significant changes in sanitation practices or latrine upgrades where baseline open defecation was low.]]>
Community led approaches, for example community-led total sanitation (CLTS) Wed, 15 Jun 2016 16:18:28 +0000
Re: Evaluating the Impact of Community Led Total Sanitation Programs in Mali (Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Argentina) - by: malzua http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/5-community-led-approaches-for-example-community-led-total-sanitation-clts/17312-evaluating-the-impact-of-community-led-total-sanitation-programs-in-mali-universidad-nacional-de-la-plata-argentina#18107 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/5-community-led-approaches-for-example-community-led-total-sanitation-clts/17312-evaluating-the-impact-of-community-led-total-sanitation-programs-in-mali-universidad-nacional-de-la-plata-argentina#18107
We decided to do a very sound impact evaluation of CLTS that required a big sample size, geographically representative, and measuring many outcomes. Also, we had external finance for the evaluation, separated from the implementing team. I'm an economist by training, but teamed up with sanitation specialists in order to train the enumerators who conducted the evaluation, We don't do this sort of training unless we are doing the evaluation ourselves. Which kind of training did you have in mind?

Maria Laura]]>
Community led approaches, for example community-led total sanitation (CLTS) Thu, 26 May 2016 12:17:20 +0000
Re: From Haiti to Indonesia: What’s Different; What’s the Same in CLTS Implementation - by: Marijn Zandee http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/5-community-led-approaches-for-example-community-led-total-sanitation-clts/17065-from-haiti-to-indonesia-whats-different-whats-the-same-in-clts-implementation#17985 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/5-community-led-approaches-for-example-community-led-total-sanitation-clts/17065-from-haiti-to-indonesia-whats-different-whats-the-same-in-clts-implementation#17985
I would like to try to put this thread in the spotlight again, as the report that is linked in the first post is an interesting read. Or at least I found it interesting, as I had not kept up with developments in CLTS very much.

The report gives a good insight, I think, in how CLTS –as implemented by PLAN and their partners- has evolved over time. I personally was still under the impression that CLTS was still done by small “triggering teams” in many communities somewhat disconnected from the wider governance structure. However, it seems that with the scaling-up of CLTS some things have changed. Below some of my main takeaways:

The brief presents CLTS more as one component of a sanitation strategy, which should also include building up a supply infra structure. Lack of appropriate materials (and knowledge) is recognized as a problem.

Further, the learning brief mentions that most of the projects work intensively with local governments, and that (lack of) capacity of local governments in working in the CLTS framework is often a difficulty.

Also, I found it interesting to see that Local Volunteers (the Natural Leaders of earlier publications) need a lot of Government or NGO support, and should be compensated for their time.

In general, my impression is that CLTS has moved away somewhat from the notion that communities can do this all by themselves, as long as they are motivated enough. The framework seems to have evolved into an awareness raising and demand creation technique, which works best with significant government or other support.

Finally, what I find really disturbing is finding 5, which is that sanctions for not having toilets are often administered by local officials without a legal framework. In other words, local government officials deny people access to basic government services at their discretion, without a relevant law, for not having a toilet. From anecdotal evidence I know that this can go as far as denying voter registration. As much as I want people to have toilets, I find this indefensible. My impression from the report is that this kind of punishment is quite prevalent under CLTS approaches.

Regards

Marijn]]>
Community led approaches, for example community-led total sanitation (CLTS) Wed, 11 May 2016 13:41:53 +0000
Re: Sustainable Total Sanitation in Nigeria - implementation, learning, research, and influence on practice and policy (WaterAid America) - by: AdaOkoWilliams http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/5-community-led-approaches-for-example-community-led-total-sanitation-clts/14553-sustainable-total-sanitation-in-nigeria-implementation-learning-research-and-influence-on-practice-and-policy-wateraid-america#17908 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/5-community-led-approaches-for-example-community-led-total-sanitation-clts/14553-sustainable-total-sanitation-in-nigeria-implementation-learning-research-and-influence-on-practice-and-policy-wateraid-america#17908
Apologies that we did not get back to you sooner on your queries. Thank you for your interest in the STS project in Nigeria.

The project is still on course and we have attempted to address the challenges of wide spread open defecation in Nigeria from a rigorous research perspective. Combining information from the research with demonstration of what works and carefully documenting to inform practice change among stakeholders in the country as well as to influence policy change is how we are approaching it.
Nigeria has over a decade experience of using CLTS. We have learnt a lot of lessons but they have been in the most part anecdotal. The STS research component is clearly filling the information and data gap that should help the country move forward from its position of promotion of a single approach to addressing the sanitation challenge.It is emerging now the inadequacies of the application of a single approach to addressing such a difficult problem as open defection in a complex, diverse and heterogeneous context as Nigeria ( a country of over 250 distinct ethnic groups)

One very interesting issue from the project was the assertion of communities to prefer to continually defecate in the open rather than build what they describe as make shift non durable toilets. This was a clear indication of the aspirations of the people and it clearly demonstrated why there was very low levels of latrine uptake ( construction and use) following triggering sessions. By the way in the decade plus years of application of CLTS in Nigeira, ODF attainment rate for triggered communities is about 35-40%. This had previously been almost totally blamed on poor quality of triggering.

Before now, it was also assumed that everyone in the community could not afford standard durable and aesthetically appealing toilets hence at triggering, the only form of toilet talked about was basically ones with use of local materials.
Under the project, this approach has changed in the sense that now, triggering is followed by presentation of options! Through a market research product development process a fusion of different latrine technologies emerged as the WET, Water Easy Toilet and it is being currently promoted within the project with prospects of other models already in view. The important thing is this is responding to the needs and aspirations of the people.

We envisage that post the research phase, there will be huge uptake, literal explosion of the market for the WET in Nigeria. Right now it is only available in treatment communities under the research protocol.

Another major modification to the triggering process is related to the community entry processes. These are being adapted to suit the context in each community. Literacy levels and nearness to cities or town centers is indicative of levels of education and the community's ability to perceive the direction of travel at a triggering session. Where the traditional concept of CLTS suggesting you do not disclose the mission of the triggering team and lead the people to arrive at it much later have been found to be work against the purpose in some instance where communities felt insulted and that affected trust.

On our definition of sustainable sanitation, we are looking at all that is required for anyone who gains access to sanitation to continually have access to sanitation. So we see this beyond the toilet unit installed in a home to all that is required for that toilet to continue to function and provide the desired service for which it was intended. In summary therefore we look at what is required to continuous demand, what is required to an effective supply of all that is required. A system approach is what we apply to define and assure sustainable sanitation. More importantly this is always defined in the context as we realise that what is required for sustainable sanitation in community A may well be very different for Community B.

We would like to hear more of your thoughts on Sustainable sanitation too form the work you are doing.
Very kind regards,

Ada]]>
Community led approaches, for example community-led total sanitation (CLTS) Tue, 03 May 2016 17:53:46 +0000
Global Waters Radio: Darren Saywell on Community-Led Total Sanitation - by: campbelldb http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/5-community-led-approaches-for-example-community-led-total-sanitation-clts/12027-testing-clts-approaches-for-scalability-enhancing-the-role-of-local-actors-in-clts-implementation-plan-usa-and-water-institute-at-unc-kenya-ethiopia-and-ghana?limit=12&start=12#17788 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/5-community-led-approaches-for-example-community-led-total-sanitation-clts/12027-testing-clts-approaches-for-scalability-enhancing-the-role-of-local-actors-in-clts-implementation-plan-usa-and-water-institute-at-unc-kenya-ethiopia-and-ghana?limit=12&start=12#17788 USAID Water Team blog.]]> Community led approaches, for example community-led total sanitation (CLTS) Fri, 22 Apr 2016 18:49:56 +0000