SuSanA - Forum Kunena Site Syndication Fri, 28 Aug 2015 07:26:33 +0000 Kunena 1.6 SuSanA - Forum en-gb Re: Two labourers died while emptying septic tank - by: osbert Some people have attributed memory loss and mental disorders to working long time in faecal sludge related environment. Anyone that knows more about this?]]> Miscellaneous - any other topic Wed, 26 Aug 2015 11:36:34 +0000 Two labourers died while emptying septic tank - by: pkjha
Two persons died yesterday while emptying a septic tank in Delhi- reports, The Hindu News Paper today. Paper clipping is attached.
Now the big question is - who is real culprit- septic tank owner or septic tank technology or policy / law enforcement agency or deceased themselves or something else.
Household owner or deceased might not be aware about the poisonous gas- Methane inside tank. There was no safety measure while doing such job manually.
Any way, this is a great shame and challenge for the society and Government as well.­die­inside­septic­tank/article7576958.ece?css=print
Miscellaneous - any other topic Tue, 25 Aug 2015 04:35:03 +0000
The "Drinkable Book" - by: F H Mughal The “Drinkable Book”

A book, called “drinkable book,” has been developed that can be torn out to filter drinking water. The book combines treated paper with printed information on how and why water should be filtered. Its pages contain nanoparticles of silver or copper, which kill bacteria in the water as it passes through.

The book was tested at 25 contaminated water sources in South Africa, Ghana and Bangladesh. The paper successfully removed more than 99 per cent of bacteria.

Dr Teri Dankovich, a postdoctoral researcher at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, developed and tested the technology for the book over several years. "It's directed towards communities in developing countries," Dr Dankovich said, noting that 663 million people around the world do not have access to clean drinking water.

All you need to do is tear out a paper, put it in a simple filter holder and pour water into it from rivers, streams, wells etc and out comes clean water - and dead bacteria as well. The bugs absorb silver or copper ions - depending on the nanoparticles used - as they percolate through the page. Ions come off the surface of the nanoparticles, and those are absorbed by the microbes.

More details at:

F H Mughal]]>
Miscellaneous - any other topic Tue, 18 Aug 2015 10:45:48 +0000
Re: Camel urine and camel milk is a health for human being and what are the benefit? - question from Somalia - by: boorso Thank you for your response. We know its indeed we have out of the topic of sanitation but discussing camel urine and milk is a very crucial matter we would like share with you some of our observations are the following.
1 Diabetic treatment.
2 HIV//AIDS/ treatment.
2 De worming.
3 body health and stronger if you use seven days.
Sorry to bother you with this topic and it's necessary to share health matters for the benefit of human kind.
By Hassan Isaak

Note by moderator (EvM):
The discussion on such alleged health aspects is outside of the scope of this forum and we would like to close the discussion thread at this point. Further inputs on this topic will not be accepted.
Miscellaneous - any other topic Mon, 22 Jun 2015 19:22:59 +0000
Re: Camel urine and camel milk is a health for human being and what are the benefit? - question from Somalia - by: boorso
Thanks for your input about the the camel urine and milk.We have noted your concern and we have seen the practical advantages camel urine not the blood, people who have diabetic diseases who normally uses camel urine and milk gets better the level of the sugar reduces drastically. On the other hand it kills the internal worms of the body. also it cures skin problems such as skin fungal is eliminated by the camel dung when it become dry when it you rub it on the skin gently until it produces blood the affected place of the skin. Thus if you use the camel urine and milk for seven days your body become stronger and healthy also it camel urine and milk cures HIV/AIDS this is proven and practical made by the people who keep the camels especially those who permanently uses, we will invite you to visit a camel range see the benefit of camel urine and camel milk then you can research of it.
NB we don't use the camel blood.
By Hassan Isaak
Miscellaneous - any other topic Mon, 22 Jun 2015 19:05:52 +0000
Re: SuSanA Network Analysis Survey (results from PhD thesis of Adam Saffer, UNC Chapel Hill, USA) - by: AdamSaffer Miscellaneous - any other topic Mon, 22 Jun 2015 14:24:36 +0000 Re: Camel urine and camel milk is a health for human being and what are the benefit? - question from Somalia - by: joeturner
Some scientists say there is a significant risk of catching Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) from consumption of camel urine and blood.

These are some blogs by a virologist on the subject (with lots of academic sources):

see also this very recent paper:]]>
Miscellaneous - any other topic Mon, 22 Jun 2015 09:31:59 +0000
Re: Camel urine and camel milk is a health for human being and what are the benefit? - question from Somalia - by: muench
It's always nice to hear from someone from Somalia on this forum. Hoever, I am not too sure if the topic that you raised is sufficiently closely related to sanitation issues? The common element is urine but otherwise it's not so related.

Anyhow, for all things to do with claimed or real health benefits, I can recommend to you Wikipedia where many people are striving to provide good health information. You can find an article here about "urine therapy":

You can see there that its health benefits are claimed by many people, even e.g. many public figures. I think when you search the internet you will find it is quite common still in many countries.
However, according to the Wikipedia article:
There is no scientific evidence of a therapeutic use for untreated urine.[5][10][13]

Miscellaneous - any other topic Mon, 22 Jun 2015 09:10:00 +0000
Camel urine and camel milk is a health for human being and what are the benefit? - question from Somalia - by: boorso
Please tell us more about camels urine? As i know it has great value to the human body as a medicine and a therapy. So, can we share our knowledge about camel milk and camel urine. Kindly share your views with us.
By Hassan Ali Isaak
Miscellaneous - any other topic Sat, 20 Jun 2015 21:54:24 +0000
Toilets on trains and at train stations - how to keep them clean (Pakistan, Thailand) - by: F H Mughal
Train Toilets

Toilets in homes, hospitals and in schools have been highlighted and discussed on this forum. Toilets in trains, and in the railway stations, have not yet been discussed.

In this country, the train toilets, and toilets at the railway stations, are most pathetic. They are unclean and emit bad odors. The janitorial staff, responsible for their cleaning, is not quite efficient in performing their job. As a result, the toilets are, most of the time, dirty and wretched.

However, a new train service, launched on 15 May 2015, called Greenline trains, have fairly improved toilets. They are cleaned every 2 hours, due to strict top supervision. Many people have appreciated the condition of toilets in Greenline trains.

A unique way has been adopted to keep the Greenline trains’ toilets clean, and to run the trains on time. If the toilets are clean and the train runs on time during a month, then the train staff would get honorarium during that month. And, if the toilets are dirty and the trains are not punctual on their timings, during a month, a certain percentage from the salaries of staff would be deducted during that month. This keeps the staff on their toes!!

Recent news in Bangkok Post ( shows that toilets at 77 train stations are being improved. A photograph of toilet, shown in the Bangkok Post article, depicts a picture of very clean and appealing toilet.

F H Mughal]]>
Miscellaneous - any other topic Sat, 20 Jun 2015 18:54:29 +0000
Re: SuSanA Network Analysis Survey RESULTS - by: AdamSaffer
I have bullet-ed your questions and responded to each below.

  • I have picked out some more of your results that I deemed important for the readers of this page. Do you agree with my selection, is it balanced? Or would you like to add further key points?

Yes, this is a good selection of the important results. Of course, each member might find other results to be more important depending on their needs and position.

  • I have also linked to the Wikipedia page on social network analysis (, is that page fairly good?

This is a very good source. And good for connecting to influential pages such as that one.

  • What is the title of your PhD thesis? (perhaps its URL can be added at a later stage then; I understand that your "PhD thesis is under copyright embargo by PhD granting university. It will be made publicly available January 2016 when the embargo is lifted.")

My Ph.D. thesis (called a dissertation in the U.S.) is titled, SHARED MEANING IN NETWORKS: A MIXED METHODS APPROACH TO STUDYING SOCIAL CAPITAL IN AN INTERNATIONAL COALITION. I've attached a draft for member of SuSanA to view if they are interested on my Academia page.

  • Can I also upload this report to the SuSanA library so that it can be more easily found in future? I could provide a link to your page as well, and our page also tracks the views and downloads.

Yes, please upload to the library if you'd like. Here is a link to the report.

  • How does Figure 2 and 4 in your report differ to the figure that you have added to the forum post? I am still not clear on that.

Figure 2 merely shows all of the connections among partners in the SuSanA network. The visual illustrates the consistency of connections among partners but is also telling of who is central to the network. The more well-connected partners are positioned at the center of the network visual. In Figure 4 the visual is identifying partners others in the network see as important within the SuSanA network. The partners with larger dots (called nodes) have higher communication importance scores. The communication importance score is an aggregate of partners indicating how important their communicative relationships with other SuSanA partners are. For example, we can see Eawag has a large blue dot, which means others who are connected to Eawag indicated find the communicative relationship (the exchange of information, professional knowledge, and support) important to their organization's success in the sustainable sanitation space.

Does that help explain the difference?

  • In the interviews are you sure that people answered “as partner representatives” instead of “as individual members”? it could be quite difficult to keep the two "hats" separately, for people who wear both.

Yes, this was an issue for some people but in the interviews I made an effort to ask which "hat" they were wearing. If there is a specific instance you are referring to, I'd be happy to clarify.]]>
Miscellaneous - any other topic Wed, 10 Jun 2015 23:00:57 +0000
Collecting Environmental Data is a Crime in Wyoming, USA - by: F H Mughal
Collecting Environmental Data is a Crime in Wyoming, USA

Poorly-managed and poorly-constructed latrines allow the excrement to get into groundwater, and in surface water bodies that supply drinking water. According to UNICEF, one gram of feces can contain 10,000,000 viruses, 1,000,000 bacteria, 1,000 parasite cysts, and 100 parasite eggs.

E.coli is a type of faecal coliform bacterium that is found only in faeces of humans and other warm-blooded animals. Presence of E.coli in water indicates faecal pollution and the possible presence of pathogenic types that often occur in the intestines as well.

Escherichia coli is a gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacterium of the genus Escherichia that is commonly found in the lower intestine of warm-blooded organisms. Presence of E. coli in a water sample is a good indicator of recent faecal contamination.

According to a Canadian publication: “Although the presence of E. coli is a good indicator of recent faecal contamination, such contamination is often intermittent and may not be revealed by the examination of a single sample. Therefore, if a sanitary inspection shows that an untreated supply is subject to faecal contamination, or that treated water is subject to faecal contamination during storage or distribution or is inadequately treated, the water should be considered unsafe, irrespective of the results of E. coli analysis.” [Health Canada (2012). Guidelines for Canadian Drinking Water Quality: Guideline Technical Document — Escherichia coli. Water, Air and Climate Change Bureau, Healthy Environments and Consumer Safety Branch, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario].

Who would have thought that E.coli could lead to a drastic action? According to the attached Act, it is now a crime to collect environment data in Wyoming, USA. Background information shows that streams in Wyoming are polluted by E.coli, caused by cattle grazing in the area, and perhaps, the ranchers are influential, and hence this Act.

F H Mughal]]>
Miscellaneous - any other topic Fri, 22 May 2015 05:18:00 +0000
Re: Emergency Relief Appeal for Nepal - by: dorothee.spuhler
Just to let you know that we are still happy for any contribution.
The first earthquake has caused many deaths and injuries. But during the days after, optimism and upbeat came up again.
Now, after the second big tremble there exists great despondency. People are afraid that the earth is going to shake again and again and a feeling of powerlessness is spreading.
Kathmandu, where ENPHO is mainly active seems not to be too much affected comparing to the rural areas hardly accessible.
However, camp settlements are building up as people are still too afraid (legitimately) to sleep in their houses and safe drinking water and sanitation will play a major role to prevent larger epidemics.
Even though the relief phase is not likely to end soon and economically, this will be a huge drawback for Nepal, Nepali people are used to affront situations which seem hard to overcome and we are confident that it will soon go upward again. We will keep your donations ready for this moment in order to contribute to the rehabilitation of the water and sanitation situation together with ENPHO.
Please visit for regular update.

Kind regards


Post-Earthquake Assessment at Siddhipur

Source: ENPHO]]>
Miscellaneous - any other topic Mon, 18 May 2015 15:20:57 +0000
Emergency Relief Appeal for Nepal - by: dorothee.spuhler
On April 25th at midday, Nepal was shaken by an earthquake with a magnitude of 7.8. Over 7’000 people were killed and 14’000 people injured. Nepal’s infrastructure, which was weak before the earthquake, was heavily damaged. In the Nala area east of Kathmandu, for example, more than 90% of the homes are uninhabitable, leaving many people homeless. Also, large parts of the water supply and sanitation infrastructure were damaged or completely destroyed. The lack of safe drinking water and sanitation could lead to the spread of disease and, thereby, adversely affect the already fragile situation even further.

Sandec, the Department of Water and Sanitation in Developing Countries at the Eawag has been doing research in Nepal with local partners over many years. Sandec researchers were in the field, when the earthquake struck. Fortunately, none of our local partners, friends or researchers in the field were killed or severely injured.

We would like to help our friends and partners to contribute to disaster relief and rebuild Nepal’s water and sanitation infrastructure.

One of our strongest partners in Nepal is ENPHO (Environment and Public Health Organization). ENPHO was quick to respond and started with hygiene awareness, chlorine production and distribution, and the construction of temporary toilet units. At the same time, ENPHO is coordinating with other local organizations and volunteers to plan the rehabilitation of drinking water supply and sanitation infrastructure (see also . Sandec’s contact person at ENPHO, Mingma Sherpa, who has often worked at Eawag in Dübendorf over the years, will manage the relief efforts in Nepal. We believe they will put our financial support to best use and contribute to rehabilitation and future disaster risk reduction. 100% of the money will go directly to ENPHO.

If you would like to contribute financially to the support of ENPHO, donate either view paypal or creditcard here: or by making a payment to a dedicated Post Finance account:
Account number: 31-938719-8
IBAN: CH43 0900 0000 3193 8719 8
Account holder: Samuel Dario Renggli, Zürich
Purpose of payment: Nepal

We will keep you updated on the ongoing activities and results here: (accessible starting 07. May)

Futher Links below.


Chris Zürbrugg Christoph Lüthi Samuel Renggli Dorothee Spuhler]]>
Miscellaneous - any other topic Thu, 07 May 2015 16:04:33 +0000
Re: SuSanA Network Analysis Survey RESULTS - by: muench It's a great presentation (I think it should also be put in the SuSanA library? I found it here on the website:

However, for my purposes on Wikipedia (i.e. trying to cite independent sources that have said something about SuSanA) I cannot really use it. It starts with the fact that the presentation is using the SuSanA template. And in one of the earlier slide it states:

Therefore, the GIZ sector program “Sustainable Sanitation” which manages the SuSanA
secretariat has commissioned a team of specialists
to support SuSanA in the process of
developing a strategy / Roadmap, in a collaborative manner with input from the core group and
SuSanA key stakeholders. The team of specialists under the direction of seecon, consists of:...

You and I know that seecon did a great job as an independent consultant, but on paper, it is not an independent review as it was commissioned and steered by GIZ... That was my problem.

However, I could cite it in different parts of the Wikipedia article if it contains content that I have not yet included. Is there anything in particular which you think should be pulled from the ppt and be included in the Wikipedia article about SuSanA?

Miscellaneous - any other topic Tue, 05 May 2015 20:29:19 +0000