SuSanA - Forum Kunena Site Syndication Mon, 23 Jan 2017 23:04:07 +0000 Kunena 1.6 SuSanA - Forum en-gb Re: Other Sanitation Networks - Complete the List with yours - by: muench
Thanks for starting this list. Could you please clarify a bit more what you meant with
We've started to compile a list of sister networks in order to solidify collaboration in the near future.

What are sister networks?

How did you choose the ones that are currently on your list? E.g. in which way would be a sister network? Isn't that only a blog?

And what is the "list of resources" that you started?

If I go to the SuSanA website and click on partner and then filter by Type: network/association I get these 28:

Is that also how you generated the list above?

What order is your list in? Perhaps convert it into alphabetical order so that it's easier to see which one is missing.

E.g. I am missing these two Dgroups:

Are you differentiating between organizations and tools?
E.g. WSSCC would be the organization but the LinkedIn Group "WSSCC‘s Community of Practice on Sanitation and Hygiene in Developing Countries" would be the tool (

How are you planning to priortise the entries in this list in future?

Miscellaneous - any other topic Mon, 23 Jan 2017 14:23:21 +0000
If you're a government employee working on Rural Sanitation, please take this survey - by: emilype


Miscellaneous - any other topic Tue, 17 Jan 2017 19:30:22 +0000
Re: Other Sanitation Networks - Complete the List with yours - by: canaday
If you like, you may include my blog in Spanish and English:

Best wishes,
Chris Canaday]]>
Miscellaneous - any other topic Sun, 15 Jan 2017 11:25:26 +0000
Other Sanitation Networks - Complete the List with yours - by: arno

LIST of RESOURCES SURVEY!! (Online sharing of Water and Sanitation Knowledge)]]>
Miscellaneous - any other topic Sun, 15 Jan 2017 00:24:23 +0000
Using Wastewater to Flush out Drug Dealers - by: F H Mughal Using Wastewater to "Flush" out Drug Dealers

Those of us, well-versed with wastewater management, will find it hard to believe that wastewater can be used for crime prevention, or more appropriately, to “flush” out the drug dealers!

Here it is how, in brief – more can be read at:

In some European cities, the wastewater is sifted so that police can track down the crime by studying the results. It is called wastewater-based epidemiology.

The toilet bowl and its contents, once extremely private, are becoming public. Improved sensing techniques and analysis have made the contents of sewers and waste pipes a powerful source of data. Although people may tell lies, the urine they send down the drain rarely does.

For a decade or so, the analysis of wastewater has mostly been used to obtain information that people would prefer others did not have — their use of illegal drugs. Drugs broken down in the body leave telltale traces of metabolites, some of which can be found, quantified and back-calculated to work out how much of the original substance was present.

Combined with a reliable estimate of the number of people who may have contributed to the sample, the analysis can offer guidance on average consumption and how it changes.

Heroin use in one European city was estimated by measuring morphine in the sewers and subtracting what was known to have been prescribed medically. Between October 2013 and December 2014, the scientists estimated that average daily consumption of pure heroin in the city was 13 grams. During the study, the police arrested two dealers, and analysis of phone records and interviews with users suggested that the dealers sold about 6 grams a day between them, about half the total market. This supported police intelligence that heroin, unlike other drugs such as methamphetamine, was supplied by a small number of local dealers who could be effectively targeted.

When they flush the toilet, most people don’t think about what happens next. You can flush, but you can’t hide.

F H Mughal]]>
Miscellaneous - any other topic Thu, 08 Dec 2016 10:14:44 +0000
Re: Interest in Sanitation – November 2016 Sanitation Updates - Views by Country - by: muench United States come from people working for organization doing work on sanitation in developing countries. For example Unicef, WSP, WaterAid America, World Vision and the many universities and organizations in the US who have grants from the Gates Foundation.

If you look at SuSanA's membership database you have the same two countries at the front: India and the US.

Both countries also have a high total population; you could convert the numbers into % viewers from that country, and a different picture may emerge (e.g. small countries like Netherlands or Switzerland might well have a higher figure based on % of total population).

Another thing you should keep in mind is that Sanitation Updates is only available in English. Perhaps having it in other languages would lead to more readership in some countries, e.g. having it in French for the francophone African countries might be interesting.

Miscellaneous - any other topic Mon, 05 Dec 2016 20:41:12 +0000
Interest in Sanitation – November 2016 Sanitation Updates - Views by Country - by: F H Mughal Interest in Sanitation – November 2016 Sanitation Updates - Views by Country

My good friend, Dan Campbell, Knowledge Creation/WASH Specialist, USAID Water Communications and Knowledge Management (CKM) Project, has shared with me, among others, extremely useful and interesting information.

The information pertains to the viewing of Nov 2016 Sanitation Updates by country. The list is attached. The list shows interest in sanitation by viewers from various countries.

The list shows that 5,627 viewers from India visited the Sanitation Updates page. This is understandable, as sanitation is a major problem in India, and India is a populous country. This is indicative of peoples’ eagerness to seek knowledge in sanitation, and solve sanitation problems in India.

Very surprisingly, the next country in the list, with highest viewers, is none other than United States, with 3,822 views. Sanitation is not a problem in a rich and developed country like United States. This leads to the question: Why so many viewers from United States? This constitute, so to say: “Believe it or Not!” I would welcome comments, especially from people living in United States, on why so many viewers from United States are interested in sanitation.

UK had 814 views. Although, there are little sanitation problems in UK, the number of viewers indicate concern of people for sanitation, though the viewers are nearly one-fourth the US viewers.

Viewers from other countries are: Philippines 532; Kenya 339; Bangladesh 277; South Africa 276; Australia 260; and Nepal 233. Though sanitation is a problem in Bangladesh, the number of viewers are relatively low. Australian viewers seem significant, considering the status of sanitation in that country.

Pakistan had 146 viewers. This shows lack of interest in sanitation, despite the fact that we have major problems of sanitation.

I’m sure, the Susana community will find the list interesting.

F H Mughal]]>
Miscellaneous - any other topic Mon, 05 Dec 2016 15:48:55 +0000
“Don’t focus on smart cities. We need to grow into a smart society.” - by: AquaVerde Thomas Rau: “Don’t focus on smart cities. We need to grow into a smart society.”
What is your view on smart cities?

I think the question is irrelevant. We shouldn’t be asking ourselves how we could live in a city by making it smart and sustainable. We have to ask ourselves if we should want to live in cities at all. I often wonder why it is that so many people chose to live in such a crowded space. Isn’t it time to re-evaluate? It’s all a matter of choices, and we have to chose smart. By focusing on making cities smart, we make it an objective instead of a means. It’s a way of continuing the past, while we should transform the future.


Miscellaneous - any other topic Mon, 28 Nov 2016 14:25:03 +0000
Trans Africa Pipeline ("TAP") - an 8800km water pipeline across the Sahel region of Africa - by: Templeton More information may be found at and included on our web site is a short 2 minute video about our plans. TAP needs volunteers in the countries of the proposed pipeline route. If you are interested please contact us at This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Thank you for considering this.]]>
Miscellaneous - any other topic Thu, 13 Oct 2016 16:43:54 +0000
Skeletal Fluorosis, What aggravates it and what makes fluoride in the water that you drink to go crazy in your body and lead to bone deformity? - by: VikasR Note by moderator: The following is a copy from this blog post:


What makes fluoride play around in your body and aggravate? Does a standardized, universal bench mark of 1.5 ppm of fluoride per liter in water hold good? are there other reasons that need to be factored in?

Questions in your mind, yes?

Ok, lets start things off; The reason for Fluorosis is High levels of fluoride in drinking water supplies and in food grown in endemic areas. the more fluoride there is in the water and food you consume the more severe is your fluorosis, as simple as that.

But interestingly; although there is a standard defined by the World Health Organisation (WHO), which has come up with a universally accepted theory that any fluoride in water upto 1.5 ppm per day per liter is safe to have, The truth is that there cannot be a fixed rule that applies randomly to all. The body mass, the body built, your being a child or adult and other factors have a huge role in determining how much of an effect fluoride can have on you if you happen to be in a endemic area.

Also; in a fluoride affected area, Tropical or extreme hot weather and some hard manual labor can make you feel thirstier, so your body’s water requirement grows and you’d be drinking more water. A lot more fluoride, therefore, which is beyond what’s reasonable; no matter what the limit therefore enters your body.

If your nutrition is poor; which in “fluorosis avoiding terms” essentially means that your food is deficient in reasonable calcium, magnesium and vitamin C which gives you the wherewithal in countering fluorosis by making fluoride flush out; you could end up having really bad skeletal fluorosis, if you keep drinking contaminated water.

Magnesium has a peculiar relationship with fluoride and its optimum intake helps in elimination of fluoride from the body. Vitamin C as well is beneficial in some way in reducing fluoride toxicity.

Fluorosis which earlier used to take much more time to manifest itself in people and very rarely in children, has for the past decade or so started showing up much quicker now. even in small children who are showing symptoms, which was never before the case.

The deterioration in food habits,i.e. foods people that now have being low in nutritional value, is what is leading these things to happen.

A Renal or kidney disease can also aggravate your fluorosis by increased deposition of fluoride in the bones. A diseased kidney cannot handle fluoride excretion from the body, and hence you’d find an increased deposition taking place in bones.

After all; where else can the excess fluoride go if it is unable to find it’s way out of the body?

to sum it up briefly; its about you taking the right kind of food and the capacity it gives you to flush toxins such as fluoride out of your body, along with switching to safe water]]>
Miscellaneous - any other topic Sat, 23 Jul 2016 05:49:53 +0000
Re: acuaponia - by: AquaVerde]]> Miscellaneous - any other topic Sat, 11 Jun 2016 11:08:21 +0000 Re: acuaponia - by: JKMakowka
If you meant "hydroponics", as a pure plant based recirculation system, then maybe, but the strength of the waste water would need to be really thin and you could only produce non-food crops to avoid contamination.

It would also not "sanitize" the water as that would mean removal of pathogens. It would probably result in some reduction of pathogens, but mainly it would be a way to reduce the nutrient content before discharge.

Of course you could call an artificial wetland a very simple hydroponics system for non-food plants... but I guess this is not what you had in mind ]]>
Miscellaneous - any other topic Thu, 09 Jun 2016 10:31:28 +0000
Could aquaponics be a method of sanitization of water? - by: DanSevilla I have a question:

Could aquaponics be a method of sanitization of water?

i will thank you so much ]]>
Miscellaneous - any other topic Thu, 09 Jun 2016 04:15:01 +0000
Re: Two researchers made nearly every scientific paper ever published available for free to anyone, anywhere in the world - by: muench

Generally, I think the shift from "user pays" to "author pays" to provide access to papers is gradually taking place which is good. More and more of the more recent papers have the "author pays" model and are therefore not behind a paywall. See e.g. the paper by Moritz and colleagues here (Sandec seems to have adopted a policy on this, as I see their more recent papers tend to be free access):

I agree with you that free access (or even better: open access) * would be good to have. I've realised the importance of it also through my Wikipedia editing work where we provide sources for all statements and if these sources are open access then this is easier for the Wikipedia editor and also easier for the Wikipedia reader.


* If anyone is wondering "what's the difference between free access and open access?" then please read here:]]>
Miscellaneous - any other topic Thu, 12 May 2016 12:12:32 +0000
Re: Two researchers made nearly every scientific paper ever published available for free to anyone, anywhere in the world - by: AquaVerde
Thanks for putting it in the right boxes.

Let me answer just with an actual example about susana's very point of interest:
Why Do Water and Sanitation Systems for the Poor Still Fail? Policy Analysis in Economically Advanced Developing Countries

The results of an independent evaluation of 60 case studies of water and sanitation infrastructure projects in India, Mexico, and South Africa, most of them implemented since 2000, demonstrate an ongoing problem of failing infrastructure even in economically advanced developing countries. This paper presents a meta-analysis of those project case study results and analyses whether the design of existing policies or other factors contribute to failures. It concludes that the observed failures are due to well-known reasons and recommends how the implementation of the Dublin–Rio Principles can be improved. (They were introduced twenty years ago to avoid such failures by means of more sustainable planning.)

Purchase This Content
Choose from the following options:

$40.00 for 48 hours of access
Members, log in with your ACS ID to see your reduced price.

Miscellaneous - any other topic Thu, 12 May 2016 08:57:57 +0000