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Topics in Category: Miscellaneous - any other topic - SuSanA Forum Fri, 26 May 2017 11:21:45 +0200 Joomla! - Open Source Content Management /media/kunena/images/icons/rss.png Topics in Category: Miscellaneous - any other topic - SuSanA Forum en-gb Innovative Sanitation and Water Supply Technologies - by: ecoloo Greetings from ECOLOO Group!

Please visit our website and FB page for details about our award winning solution selected by United Nations Foundation as one of the top ten solutions for the SDG last year.

Please don't hesiate to contact us should you have any questions.

Thank you.]]>
Miscellaneous - any other topic Thu, 04 May 2017 01:59:30 +0200
The difference between open access and free access explained (open access policies, CC BY licence) - by: muench
Yes, the whole open access thing is really interesting and very important. Open access is much more than just free access.
(I've learned about open access mainly through my involvement with Wikipedia, which is all completely open access, using the CC-BY SA 4.0 licence)

So thanks for your post on this!
I have moved your post into this existing thread to keep it all together with previous posts about open access and free access (please scrol up) .
Definitions, glossaries, dictionaries, mapping tools Tue, 02 May 2017 00:33:51 +0200
Saving Toilet Paper - by: JKMakowka
And while I can see some benefit to prevent clogging of plumbing due to excessive toilet paper use, I think it will have unintended negative side effects...
After all most public toilets are not only used for pure defecation. You might have a some sort of emergency that require more toilet paper to clean yourself etc.]]>
Miscellaneous - any other topic Sat, 15 Apr 2017 07:00:00 +0200
Has anyone tried to develop a DALY for sanitation? - by: kengelly Definitions, glossaries, dictionaries, mapping tools Fri, 24 Mar 2017 14:40:28 +0100 History Of Sanitary Sewers (website by Historian, AZ Water Association, California, U.S.) - by: arno Thanks for this posting. There is certainly a rich array of collected materials by Jon on ; I hope this work will continue.

I noticed a rather graphic display of how engineers were thinking a hundred years ago along the Pacific coast near Los Angeles.

Miscellaneous - any other topic Thu, 16 Mar 2017 09:56:48 +0100
List of companies committted to the Water Mandate - by: ossai THANKS FOR YOUR RESPONSE TO MY REQUEST
Miscellaneous - any other topic Mon, 20 Feb 2017 12:42:42 +0100
Death in Manhole - by: F H Mughal Death in Manhole
According to the news of 18 January 2017, 3 persons died in the manhole in Key Largo, Florida ( ).

The manhole was filled with hydrogen sulfide and methane gas created from years of rotted vegetation. The manhole was 15 ft deep, and its diameter was just enough to fit a body. The workers, who were not of the utility department (they were outsourced workers), probably, had no training and, they went inside without safety measures.

According to US Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), While moderate concentrations of hydrogen sulfide can cause more severe eye and respiratory irritation (including coughing, difficulty breathing, accumulation of fluid in the lungs), headache, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, staggering and excitability, high concentrations can cause shock, convulsions, inability to breathe, extremely rapid unconsciousness, coma and death. Effects can occur within a few breaths, and possibly a single breath.

While these accidents are common in poor developing countries, it is a bit surprising that the incident occurred in a developed country.

It is essential that the sanitary workers are taught about the safety measures, before they descend in manholes.

F H Mughal]]>
Miscellaneous - any other topic Sun, 29 Jan 2017 16:40:37 +0100
Other Sanitation Networks - Complete the List with yours - by: muench
Thanks for starting this list. Could you please clarify a bit more what you meant with

We've started to compile a list of sister networks in order to solidify collaboration in the near future.

What are sister networks?

How did you choose the ones that are currently on your list? E.g. in which way would be a sister network? Isn't that only a blog?

And what is the "list of resources" that you started?

If I go to the SuSanA website and click on partner and then filter by Type: network/association I get these 28:

Is that also how you generated the list above?

What order is your list in? Perhaps convert it into alphabetical order so that it's easier to see which one is missing.

E.g. I am missing these two Dgroups: Are you differentiating between organizations and tools?
E.g. WSSCC would be the organization but the LinkedIn Group "WSSCC‘s Community of Practice on Sanitation and Hygiene in Developing Countries" would be the tool ( )

How are you planning to priortise the entries in this list in future?

Miscellaneous - any other topic Mon, 23 Jan 2017 14:23:21 +0100
Interest in Sanitation – November 2016 Sanitation Updates - Views by Country - by: muench United States come from people working for organization doing work on sanitation in developing countries. For example Unicef, WSP, WaterAid America, World Vision and the many universities and organizations in the US who have grants from the Gates Foundation.

If you look at SuSanA's membership database you have the same two countries at the front: India and the US.

Both countries also have a high total population; you could convert the numbers into % viewers from that country, and a different picture may emerge (e.g. small countries like Netherlands or Switzerland might well have a higher figure based on % of total population).

Another thing you should keep in mind is that Sanitation Updates is only available in English. Perhaps having it in other languages would lead to more readership in some countries, e.g. having it in French for the francophone African countries might be interesting.

Miscellaneous - any other topic Mon, 05 Dec 2016 20:41:12 +0100
“Don’t focus on smart cities. We need to grow into a smart society.” - by: AquaVerde Thomas Rau: “Don’t focus on smart cities. We need to grow into a smart society.”

What is your view on smart cities?

I think the question is irrelevant. We shouldn’t be asking ourselves how we could live in a city by making it smart and sustainable. We have to ask ourselves if we should want to live in cities at all. I often wonder why it is that so many people chose to live in such a crowded space. Isn’t it time to re-evaluate? It’s all a matter of choices, and we have to chose smart. By focusing on making cities smart, we make it an objective instead of a means. It’s a way of continuing the past, while we should transform the future.


Miscellaneous - any other topic Mon, 28 Nov 2016 14:25:03 +0100
Trans Africa Pipeline ("TAP") - an 8800km water pipeline across the Sahel region of Africa - by: Templeton More information may be found at and included on our web site is a short 2 minute video about our plans. TAP needs volunteers in the countries of the proposed pipeline route. If you are interested please contact us at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Thank you for considering this.]]>
Miscellaneous - any other topic Thu, 13 Oct 2016 16:43:54 +0200
Village Cleanliness Index (Government of India) - by: nityajacob
Issued in September 2016, the note is available at It includes parameters of managing solid waste, water, presence and use of toilets. A detailed statistical analysis from a sample of 70,000 households in 75 districts was conducted to work out the parameters and the weight to be attached to each.

The data from this will be included in the MIS of the Swachh Bharat Mission, after ratification by the village assembly.]]>
Definitions, glossaries, dictionaries, mapping tools Mon, 10 Oct 2016 12:32:48 +0200
Skeletal Fluorosis, What aggravates it and what makes fluoride in the water that you drink to go crazy in your body and lead to bone deformity? - by: VikasR Note by moderator: The following is a copy from this blog post:


What makes fluoride play around in your body and aggravate? Does a standardized, universal bench mark of 1.5 ppm of fluoride per liter in water hold good? are there other reasons that need to be factored in?

Questions in your mind, yes?

Ok, lets start things off; The reason for Fluorosis is High levels of fluoride in drinking water supplies and in food grown in endemic areas. the more fluoride there is in the water and food you consume the more severe is your fluorosis, as simple as that.

But interestingly; although there is a standard defined by the World Health Organisation (WHO), which has come up with a universally accepted theory that any fluoride in water upto 1.5 ppm per day per liter is safe to have, The truth is that there cannot be a fixed rule that applies randomly to all. The body mass, the body built, your being a child or adult and other factors have a huge role in determining how much of an effect fluoride can have on you if you happen to be in a endemic area.

Also; in a fluoride affected area, Tropical or extreme hot weather and some hard manual labor can make you feel thirstier, so your body’s water requirement grows and you’d be drinking more water. A lot more fluoride, therefore, which is beyond what’s reasonable; no matter what the limit therefore enters your body.

If your nutrition is poor; which in “fluorosis avoiding terms” essentially means that your food is deficient in reasonable calcium, magnesium and vitamin C which gives you the wherewithal in countering fluorosis by making fluoride flush out; you could end up having really bad skeletal fluorosis, if you keep drinking contaminated water.

Magnesium has a peculiar relationship with fluoride and its optimum intake helps in elimination of fluoride from the body. Vitamin C as well is beneficial in some way in reducing fluoride toxicity.

Fluorosis which earlier used to take much more time to manifest itself in people and very rarely in children, has for the past decade or so started showing up much quicker now. even in small children who are showing symptoms, which was never before the case.

The deterioration in food habits,i.e. foods people that now have being low in nutritional value, is what is leading these things to happen.

A Renal or kidney disease can also aggravate your fluorosis by increased deposition of fluoride in the bones. A diseased kidney cannot handle fluoride excretion from the body, and hence you’d find an increased deposition taking place in bones.

After all; where else can the excess fluoride go if it is unable to find it’s way out of the body?

to sum it up briefly; its about you taking the right kind of food and the capacity it gives you to flush toxins such as fluoride out of your body, along with switching to safe water]]>
Miscellaneous - any other topic Sat, 23 Jul 2016 05:49:53 +0200
Could aquaponics be a method of sanitization of water? - by: AquaVerde ]]> Miscellaneous - any other topic Sat, 11 Jun 2016 11:08:21 +0200 Two researchers made nearly every scientific paper ever published available for free to anyone, anywhere in the world - by: muench

Generally, I think the shift from "user pays" to "author pays" to provide access to papers is gradually taking place which is good. More and more of the more recent papers have the "author pays" model and are therefore not behind a paywall. See e.g. the paper by Moritz and colleagues here (Sandec seems to have adopted a policy on this, as I see their more recent papers tend to be free access):

I agree with you that free access (or even better: open access) * would be good to have. I've realised the importance of it also through my Wikipedia editing work where we provide sources for all statements and if these sources are open access then this is easier for the Wikipedia editor and also easier for the Wikipedia reader.


* If anyone is wondering "what's the difference between free access and open access?" then please read here: ]]>
Miscellaneous - any other topic Thu, 12 May 2016 12:12:32 +0200