Resources on WASH and undernutrition link... and your views and contributions!

  • Petra
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Resources on WASH and undernutrition link... and your views and contributions!

Dear all, I just wanted to draw your attention to a variety of resources on the CLTS website that are relevant to this topic... My colleague Robert (Chambers) has written several blog and other reflection pieces on the subject of the links between WASH and undernutrition/tropical enteropathy/stunting etc and we have engaged with a variety of people on this subject. You can find some relevant resources here
www.communityledtotalsanitation.org/search/site/nutrition

We are als very interested in hearing from others on the subject matter- so if you have relevant resources or research to share or would like to write a blog, case study etc on the matter, please get in touch This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. You are also welcome to add our views to the existing blogs by leaving a comment and starting a discussion.

Best wishes,
Petra

Petra Bongartz
CLTS Knowledge Hub at the
Institute of Development Studies
Brighton
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  • ade
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Re: Resources on WASH and undernutrition link... and your views and contributions!


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  • campbelldb
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Re: WASHplus Publication - WASH and Nutrition Integration

WASH & Nutrition Integration

Integrating Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene into Nutrition Programming, 2013.
www.washplus.org/sites/default/files/wash_nutrition2013.pdf

Diarrhea, pneumonia and birth complications are the top three killers of children under age 5 worldwide. Diarrhea is also a leading cause of undernutrition in this age group and one-third to one-half of all child mortality cases are linked to undernutrition. If mothers and other caregivers used basic hygiene practices and had better access to safe water and adequate sanitation this could greatly reduce under 5 deaths and improve child nutrition.

Dan Campbell
USAID Water Communications and Knowledge Management Project
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  • campbelldb
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Re: Resources on WASH and undernutrition link... and your views and contributions!

Here is a title listing of some of the reports and studies in the Resource Library: usaidlearninglab.org/working-group/55/resource

You are welcome to download or contribute to the library but an account must fist be set up on the Learning Lab.

Integrating Water, Sanitation and Hygiene into Nutrition Programming. WASHplus

Sanitation and Stunting in India Undernutrition’s Blind Spot . Chambers

Improving WASH Practices and Decreasing Underweight through Care Groups

Does Village Water Supply Affect Children’s Length of Stay in a Therapeutic Feeding Program in Niger?

The Impact of Irrigation on Nutrition, Health, and Gender: A Review Paper with - -

International Food Symptomatic and Asymptomatic Campylobacter Infections Associated with

Reduced Growth in Peruvian Children. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 7(1) 2013. Lee G, et al.

Environmental Enteropathy: Going Beyond Nutrition to Understand Child Growth and Development

The Case for Including the “Neglected Enteric Protozoa" (NEP) and Other Enteropathy-Associated Pathogens in the NTDs. L Bartelt, et al.

USAID Water and Development Strategy 2013-2018.

UNICEF/Ethiopia – Nutrition in Early Childhood: Insights from rural Ethiopia

Determinants of reduced child stunting in Cambodia: analysis of pooled data from three Demographic and Health Surveys-WHO Bulletin

Review: Enteropathies in the Developing World: Neglected Effects on Global Health. A. Prendergast.

How much international variation in child height can sanitation explain? Dean Spears

Alive & Thrive: Early child growth: how do nutrition and infection interact?

Risk assessment of aflatoxins in food in Africa, 2008. Gordon Shephard

LSHTM – Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH), nutrition and infection

“Barriers” to Child Development and Human Potential: The Case for Including the

“Neglected Enteric Protozoa” (NEP) and Other Enteropathy-Associated Pathogens in the NTDs. PLoS Negl Trop Dis, April 2013.Bartelt LA, Lima AAM,...

Dan Campbell
USAID Water Communications and Knowledge Management Project
ECODIT
1901 N. Moore St, Suite 1004
Arlington, VA 22209
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Re: Lancet Global Health survey of anaemia in women and children

Global, regional, and national trends in haemoglobin concentration and prevalence of total and severe anaemia in children and pregnant and non-pregnant women for 1995–2011: a systematic analysis of population-representative data. Lancet Global Health, July 2013.

Full text: download.thelancet.com/pdfs/journals/lan...2214109X13700019.pdf

Gretchen A Stevens, Mariel M Finucane, Luz Maria De-Regil, Christopher J Paciorek, Seth R Flaxman, Francesco Branca, Juan Pablo Peña-Rosas, Zulfi qar A Bhutta, Majid Ezzati, on behalf of Nutrition Impact Model Study Group (Anaemia)

Background - Low haemoglobin concentrations and anaemia are important risk factors for the health and development of women and children. We estimated trends in the distributions of haemoglobin concentration and in the prevalence of anaemia and severe anaemia in young children and pregnant and non-pregnant women between 1995 and 2011.

Methods - We obtained data about haemoglobin and anaemia for children aged 6–59 months and women of childbearing age (15–49 years) from 257 population-representative data sources from 107 countries worldwide. We used health, nutrition, and household surveys; summary statistics from WHO’s Vitamin and Mineral Nutrition Information System; and summary statistics reported by other national and international agencies. We used a Bayesian hierarchical mixture model to estimate haemoglobin distributions and systematically addressed missing data, non-linear time trends, and representativeness of data sources. We quantifi ed the uncertainty of our estimates.

Findings - Global mean haemoglobin improved slightly between 1995 and 2011, from 125 g/L (95% credibility interval 123–126) to 126 g/L (124–128) in non-pregnant women, from 112 g/L (111–113) to 114 g/L (112–116) in pregnant women, and from 109 g/L (107–111) to 111 g/L (110–113) in children. Anaemia prevalence decreased from 33% (29–37) to 29% (24–35) in non-pregnant women, from 43% (39–47) to 38% (34–43) in pregnant women, and from 47% (43–51) to 43% (38–47) in children. These prevalences translated to 496 million (409–595 million) non-pregnant women, 32 million (28–36 million) pregnant women, and 273 million (242–304 million) children with anaemia in 2011. In 2011, concentrations of mean haemoglobin were lowest and anaemia prevalence was highest in south Asia and central and west Africa.

Interpretation - Children’s and women’s haemoglobin statuses improved in some regions where concentrations had been low in the 1990s, leading to a modest global increase in mean haemoglobin and a reduction in anaemia prevalence. Further improvements are needed in some regions, particularly south Asia and central and west Africa, to improve the health of women and children and achieve global targets for reducing anaemia.

Dan Campbell
USAID Water Communications and Knowledge Management Project
ECODIT
1901 N. Moore St, Suite 1004
Arlington, VA 22209
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Re: Publications of relevance for WG 12 (WASH and nutrition)

Excellent refs! Please post any others you may come across.

Bill
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Re: WASH/Nutrition Literature Update - July 16, 2013

Below are some recent studies and reports on WASH and Nutrition. I will try to do a literature search on this topic once every 2 weeks.

1 - Commentary: Sanitation and Stunting in India Undernutrition’s Blind Spot. Economic & Political Weekly, June 2013. Robert Chambers.
www.indiasanitationportal.org/sites/defa...tunting_in_India.pdf

The puzzle of persistent undernutrition in India is largely explained by open defecation, population density, and lack of sanitation and hygiene. The impact on nutrition of many faecally-transmitted infections, not just the diarrhoeas, has been a blind spot. In hygienic conditions much of the undernutrition in India would disappear.

2 - Household Environmental Conditions Are Associated with Enteropathy and Impaired Growth in Rural Bangladesh. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2013 July. A Lin.
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23629931?report=abstract

This study assessed the relationship of fecal environmental contamination and environmental enteropathy. It compared markers of environmental enteropathy, parasite burden, and growth in 119 Bangladeshi across rural Bangladesh living in different levels of household environmental cleanliness. Results are consistent with the hypothesis that environmental contamination causes growth faltering mediated through environmental enteropathy.

3 - The Nutritional Value of Toilets: How Much International Variation in Child Height Can Sanitation Explain? June 2013. Dean Spears.
riceinstitute.org/wordpress/wp-content/u...anitation-6-2013.pdf

This update by Dean Spears states that the effect of sanitation on human capital does not merely reflect wealth or other dimensions of development.Open defecation, which is exceptionally widespread in India, can account for much or all of the excess stunting in India.

4 - Preventing Cryptosporidiosis: The Need for Safe Drinking Water. WHO Bulletin, Apr 2013. Rachel Peletz.
www.scielosp.org/scielo.php?pid=S0042-96...2&script=sci_arttext

Cryptosporidiosis is a significant disease in young children. The Global Enteric Multicenter Study found that Cryptosporidium is a major contributor to infant and toddler diarrheal illness in seven countries in Africa and Asia. Cryptosporidiosis was associated with a relatively high case fatality and nutritional stunting.

Dan Campbell
USAID Water Communications and Knowledge Management Project
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Re: Publications of relevance for WG 12 (WASH and nutrition)

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WASH/Nutrition Literature Update - August 2013

Attached is a bibliography of recently published WASH/Nutrition studies. If you have others that I should add to the bibliography, please let me know.

Regards,
Dan

Dan Campbell
USAID Water Communications and Knowledge Management Project
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  • F H Mughal
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Re: Publications of relevance for WG 12 (WASH and nutrition)

Great publications, as usual, Dan

Regards,

F H Mughal

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  • BMERCEDES
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Re: Publications of relevance for WG 12 (WASH and nutrition)

Dear all,

Here is some interesting studies on Wash and Nutrition linkages,

www.livemint.com/Politics/JTCF9qGB79rJhg...-with-bad-water.html

www.livemint.com/Opinion/xdB1Icq8xKNJSYd...ilding-latrines.html

Best regards,

Mercedes

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ACTION CONTRE LA FAIM | ACF-France
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4 rue Niepce - 75662 PARIS CEDEX 14
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Re: Publications of relevance for WG 12 (WASH and nutrition)

Dear Mercedes,

I'm sorry, but both the links are not working.

Thanks,

F H Mughal

F H Mughal (Mr.)
Karachi, Pakistan
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  • muench
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Re: Publications of relevance for WG 12 (WASH and nutrition)

Thanks for being observant, Mughal.

I have fixed the links in Mercedes' post above. Please try to access them again, it works now.

Greetings,
Elisabeth

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