SuSanA - Forum Kunena Site Syndication Tue, 16 Sep 2014 04:54:30 +0000 Kunena 1.6 SuSanA - Forum en-gb Re: Games for Urine Diversion Toilets - by: canaday
To go with the games in educational activities ...

Here are candy lollipops in the shape of toilet plungers that one puts into little plastic toilets of sour powder. Among other things, the empty plastic toilets left at the end could be used to make doll-sized models of sanitation systems.

Best wishes,
Training, education, WASH in schools Mon, 25 Aug 2014 20:15:02 +0000
Re: Use of urinals for girls in schools (Malawi) - by: muench
For the benefit of the others, here is the link to that group that she mentioned (it is a closed group, meaning you have to join first before you can read any posts):

Here is the link to Violet's question:

This is what she asked:


Violet Kumwenda
WASH Officer at UNICEF Malawi
Top Contributor

What could be the best design of urinals for girls in our schools- User Friendly????

It was a short question but she got many replies so far.

E.g. here is the first response:

Kimberley Patrick
Kimberley Patrick
Water Supply, Sanitation & Hygiene Specialist
Top Contributor

Dear Violet,
Might I suggest that the foundation of user friendly urinals for girls in schools is actually a design based on a system whereby the ongoing cost of cleaning, operation, maintenance and repair is accounted for. The schools in most instances will not have funds to cover this cost. Might I therefore suggest that you need to work on a model whereby the urine can be easily collected and transported away to be treated with the mineral zeolite to produce a phosphorus rich fertiliser. In return for the rights to the urine, the school will enter into a contract with an individual or company who will be responsible for Cleaning, Operation, Maintenance and Repair. Within that contract, the responsibility for ensuring the continuity of water supply at the latrines should be with the individual / company that is the new owner of the urine. Urine trading as a way of paying for sanitation has been tried in the case of household sanitation and failed. But I think urine trading (as a payment for O&M services) in the context of the high urine volumes collected in school settings is going to be very competitive. Lots of excellent information out there on zeolite mineral and its absorption of phosphorus... particularly well established in Sweden I believe. Good luck with the project Violet.... sounds great. And please say hi to your UNICEF MALAWI WASH colleague Ben Cole! I was hoping to hear from him these days.

and a reply from Leslie:

Leslie Moreland
Leslie Moreland
MSc Public Health in Developing Countries Student at London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine

Dear Violet,

My colleagues in Uganda designed a system for female urinals for school-aged girls and have shared some of this in a paper that you can find here: or on the WEDC knowledge base site titled Restoring child dignity through WASH in schools: an urban study of Kiddawalime Primary School, Kampala * (2013), Muduwa, Fatumah B. For the design you can contact them directly with the email in this paper.

SWASH+ also did a report on the acceptability and feasibility of girls urinals that you might find of interest:

Hope this helps.


Am I actually allowed to copy posts from their "closed group" to this "open forum"? I get a little bit frustrated at having these separate discussion groups, but I guess people use what they prefer and if we can at least cross-pollinate, like what Ina did here, then it's a good start. Their group has 4600 members, and I think many people are a member in that group and also on this forum. We have currently 3800 members.

We also had a discussiona about urinals for girls in schools in Malawi here on the forum, see the three posts by Joseph DeGabriele who used to work on a project by WASTE in Malawi:

Training, education, WASH in schools Wed, 30 Jul 2014 10:34:46 +0000
Use of urinals for girls in schools (Malawi) - question and discussion from LinkedIn group - by: inajurga
just wanted to highlight an interestingon the LINKED-IN Group "community of practice on sanitaton and hygiene in developing countries"

Violet - from unicef Malawi posted there a question
"What could be the best design of urinals for girls in our schools- User Friendliness"

some of you on this forum might have an answer for her, or are interested in the discussions.]]>
Training, education, WASH in schools Wed, 30 Jul 2014 08:31:30 +0000
Re: Games for Urine Diversion Toilets - by: inajurga ]]> Training, education, WASH in schools Thu, 24 Jul 2014 08:17:26 +0000 Re: Games for Urine Diversion Toilets - by: inajurga
Thank you ! for the link as well for the compliments.

what a fun exhibition - would love to visit it!!!!
we also do have a shit-hat here in the office , and me have a golden one =)

strictly speaking, playing a "shithead" might not be the a good message, but what i do love is that one "dives" into the unknown sewer & wastewater system.]]>
Training, education, WASH in schools Thu, 24 Jul 2014 07:25:44 +0000
Re: Games for Urine Diversion Toilets - by: CeciliaRodrigues
I hope you are doing fine! I am happy to hear that you're a featured user!

I came across this exhibition going on at the 'National Museum of Emerging Science and Innovation', in Japan. I'm not sure if it was posted elsewhere here in the forum.

The pictures of the installation are quite nice and cute. It may serve as inspiration for games!

Training, education, WASH in schools Wed, 23 Jul 2014 21:18:41 +0000
Seeking Input: Global Handwashing Day Resource - by: WASHanna
The current Planner's Guide may be found here.

The survey is available here.

If you have stories, photos, or ideas for what should be included in the update, please let me know!


Training, education, WASH in schools Wed, 11 Jun 2014 14:10:11 +0000
Re: The work which Annie Kanyemba and I did with the school children in Epworth, close to Harare, Zimbabwe - by: elizabethtilley
I'm always so impressed at how many people- students, teachers, masons, etc.- you involve in the work, and what a huge, multiplying impact that must have in the long run.

Especially nice to see was Miss Zimbabwe! While it's easy to criticize beauty pageants as superficial, clearly she is using her fame for good use. Having her as a champion for menstrual hygiene management is such a success for bringing attention to a taboo subject and must have had a huge impact on the young women there. Bravo to her, Annie and you for addressing MHM in such a forthright and public way. It's a model that should surely be copied.

All the best,
Training, education, WASH in schools Wed, 04 Jun 2014 08:08:14 +0000
The work which Annie Kanyemba and I did with the school children in Epworth, close to Harare, Zimbabwe - by: morgan
I am sending a short slideshow which briefly shows the work which Annie Kanyemba and I did with the school children in Epworth, close to Harare, Zimbabwe. Many aspects were covered, including toilet construction, recycling diluted urine to promote the growth of green vegetables, maize and trees, making hand washing devices, improving family wells etc.

Annie also worked with the school girls on the important subject of Menstrual Hygiene Management, and wrote the lovely booklet “Growing up at School.” The work was undertaken as a research project supported by SEI, Sweden. All the training and activities carried out by the pupils were performed as extra-curricular activities. The school curriculum in Zimbabwe does include details of various aspects of water supply, hygiene and sanitation. Learning practical skills at school is important, and that includes building and agriculture. I hope you will enjoy the short video.

SEI supported us from 2008 to 2010 with the work at schools. Then we carried on without external support. I still use the area as a research site. We are still at work. Currently working on several aspects of development in the school and WASH sector.

Best wishes

Peter Morgan]]>
Training, education, WASH in schools Tue, 03 Jun 2014 10:33:04 +0000
Re: We can do it - Teaching school girls how to build toilets (Blair VIPs) in Zimbabwe - by: morgan Good to hear from you again. Yes the practical side of things regarding sanitation and the Blair VIP was introduced into the school curriculum many years ago. Most school kids know what a Blair is and how it works. The practical side of construction did not develop however, and most of these toilets are built by artisans. What we tried to show was that school children can build in brick and make very effective toilets. Although the substructures can also be built by the children, they are too shallow for practical reasons. In our work, an artisan digs the pit and builds the substructure. The pupils can get involved in building the spiral superstructure and fitting a roof, if the school is happy with that. Otherwise the artisan does the whole job. This has been well described in our book on teaching ecosan at schools. We went further is showing that not only boys but girls can also do the construction work. It is very practical.
We are a research organisation and not normally involved in further extension work.

But having said this, the concepts we have worked out on construction, could be taken much further by organsations that have budgets to do this. We have no money to do this.

What is interesting is that we have gone further, and shown that these Blair VIP units, when made as single units can be designed so they can be emptied and the extracted material processed in a safe way and then recycled (eg in orchards or tree plantations such as woodlots). This can be done at household level, but perhaps more importantly at the school level. Currently the GOZ recommends multi-compartment Blair VIPs for schools, a design we worked out years ago. But with new methods of construction, single units may actually be cheaper to construct and have greater flexibility and benefits.

Annie has also performed work with the school girls in relation to menstruation and the use of toilets for girls.

It seems to me that this whole package could make a huge impact on school sanitation on this continent. But to do this, requires a budget and an organisation equipped to do so. We can train and teach, but need some sort of support even to do this.

What we have shown is that this system can work and is both possible and practical.

I guess that has been Aquamor's role

Very best wishes

Training, education, WASH in schools Sun, 13 Apr 2014 06:02:09 +0000
Re: We can do it - Teaching school girls how to build toilets (Blair VIPs) in Zimbabwe - by: christian.rieck Great to read from you on this forum. In your work you have not only showed how girls learn how to construct toilets, but rather all students, boys and girls. I guess it is in particular a genuine set up in Zimbabwian school system, to have practical teaching. It would be great to include this practical teaching on how to construct stuff in a simple way to other countries. Can you tell us, how it came about in the school system of Zimbabwe?

Training, education, WASH in schools Fri, 11 Apr 2014 12:36:25 +0000
Re: We can do it - Teaching school girls how to build toilets (Blair VIPs) in Zimbabwe - by: morgan Thanks for replying to this and glad you are still globe trotting as they say. Yes we are still tinkering away on a tiny scale here. Elisabeth has urged me to put some of the more recent material on this site and I am learning how to handle the system. Curious that much of the stuff I am now placing on this site has already been placed on our website for some time. I guess the method of introduction and the process of reacting may draw more attention to individual papers, reports, files or videos etc. Since leaving the SEI group, I have been paying more attention to water supplies in my retirement. But of course retirement is not possible in this discipline!!! I guess we are all trying from all angles. Great to be in touch. Keep well.
Very best wishes
Training, education, WASH in schools Fri, 11 Apr 2014 06:10:47 +0000
Re: We can do it - Teaching school girls how to build toilets (Blair VIPs) in Zimbabwe - by: madeleine
Good to see you participate in this forum. I am currently in Kenya after visiting Burkina Faso and passing Ethiopia. It is so great to see traces from your genius robust and sustainable technology being shared from west to east and from north to south. In Northen Ghana at Tamale University Medical students are instructing communities to construct and use aborloos and other of your simple technologies. There are no funds for the infrastructure but through the students the communities understand the importance and manage to construct with their own financial means. The understanding of the health and livelihood consequences of living without sanitation is a key , knowledge about sustainable technical solutions are important for improved community health over time. Integrating this knowledge and practice in the communities into curricula university module is a way sharing knowledge with little cost but with knowledge and monitoring . In addition the knowledge is brought forward by the enthusiastic knowledge "hungry " youth. You met and and inspired Mustapha at our ASKNet meeting in Vilancolus 2008 , your books and knowledge are now brought forward by his students. They also introduce reuse to the communities. Great development and the power of knowledge is convincing.

Warm regards from Madeline in a Rainy Nairobi]]>
Training, education, WASH in schools Fri, 11 Apr 2014 03:31:32 +0000
Re: We can do it - Teaching school girls how to build toilets (Blair VIPs) in Zimbabwe - by: morgan Yes indeed, the more school girls get through their entire education system the better - for the whole African continent. And that's not just for Africa. So every means possible should be used to achieve this goal. And one way is to place "grown up school girls" in the control seats, where they can make important decisions which can be put into practice. And those that are willing to say what is in their mind, without fear ...from personal experience.
Best wishes
Training, education, WASH in schools Thu, 10 Apr 2014 11:33:07 +0000
Re: We can do it - Teaching school girls how to build toilets (Blair VIPs) in Zimbabwe - by: arno Regards
Training, education, WASH in schools Sun, 06 Apr 2014 13:26:06 +0000