SuSanA - Forum Kunena Site Syndication Tue, 01 Dec 2015 00:16:52 +0000 Kunena 1.6 SuSanA - Forum en-gb Re: Fit For School Approach (F4S) - 10 primary schools in Moshi, Tanzania - by: hajo Dear all,

… I know I am late reporting on progress…

By now we have installed 94 Nos. HWF and flower beds at 10 schools, the pupils have painted them and put them into use.

Regarding the theft: it was an isolated incident at one school and the school management was so embarrassed by the case, that they took measures to recover all costs from the security guards who somehow had been involved in the theft. All material and labour for the replacement was paid within shortest time by the school. I was positively surprised by their efforts. And we have not observed any other case of theft or vandalism on the installed HWF.

The HWF seem to be very much appreciated by the schools and they record on a monitoring sheet that the group hand-washing is performed at least twice a day, mostly in the morning after assembly and just before lunch. Also the use of soap is recorded.

One important aspect we noticed: the pupils (and teachers) have to be taught about water saving measures. We observed on some schools that when a number of pupils want to wash hands at the same time (after play-time, after toilet, …) they open the group washing tap and let all 11 openings run while only using 4 or 5 of them, often even they do not even close the tap while soaping. This leads to waste of water with the flower beds being flooded and even overflowing. We only wait for someone to blame the flowerbeds not being appropriate while it is actually a user problem.

Regarding the sanitation facilities: during the baseline study we checked the toilets and existing hand-wash facilities (if any) and the NGO received some funds to rehabilitate this infrastructure and bring it to a functional state. We did not build any new toilets, say to achieve national coverage rates (25 girls/ 20 boys per drophole).

At this point I want to remind you that we also support F4S in Dar es Salaam through NGO SAWA / GIZ and in Njombe through UNICEF. I hope some of my colleagues from those places may also find time to report on their achievements.

Ciao Hajo]]>
Schools (sanitation and hygiene in schools) Mon, 30 Nov 2015 08:00:05 +0000
Re: Fit For School Approach (F4S) - 10 primary schools in Moshi, Tanzania - by: F H Mughal
F H Mughal]]>
Schools (sanitation and hygiene in schools) Sun, 29 Nov 2015 15:14:19 +0000
Re: Fit For School Approach (F4S) - 10 primary schools in Moshi, Tanzania - by: muench
Thanks a lot for keeping us updated about this very interesting project! I really appreciate that you're posting these regular updates - your posts are very interesting! Thanks for also including the nice photos in your last post. Please do keep us posted how things evolve over the coming months.

I noticed in one post you said:
Unfortunately a number of fittings got stolen already at one school before installation

Was that an isolated incidence or is theft (and possibly vandalism and neglect) an issue that you're continually grappling with?

What state are the school toilets in, by the way, in those schools where you're installing the group handwashing facilities?

Schools (sanitation and hygiene in schools) Fri, 27 Nov 2015 08:55:10 +0000
Re: Girls and Schools WASH in the Pacific Free Webinar - Thursday 29 October, 2015; 12:00pm AEST/Brisbane time - by: muench I am just wondering if there is a recording available from this webinar or if the presentations are available? And what are the main countries that were represented in the webinar in the "Pacific region"? Just wondering where UNICEF, WaterAid and others are laying their focus in that region. You mentioned Fiji and Timor Leste in your post.

Schools (sanitation and hygiene in schools) Fri, 27 Nov 2015 08:35:48 +0000
Questionnaire on accessibility of WASH in schools in low income countries - by: darao
This is a cross-posting which I initially created a topic under "inclusion and disability" last year with survey questionnaire on inclusive WASH in school for my study with Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC) of Loughborough University and I just posted revised questionnaire based on comments and suggestions received.

If you are involved in WASH in school (WinS) programme implementation and actively consider accessibility of programme/facility for disabled children, I would like to have your inputs regarding the approach and progress made so far through the survey link below.

Thank you very much for your time in advance and look forward to receiving your feedback!
(Please let me know if you need clarification or have question on any aspect of this study)

Best regards,

Schools (sanitation and hygiene in schools) Mon, 09 Nov 2015 10:08:43 +0000
Re: Fit For School Approach (F4S) - 10 primary schools in Moshi, Tanzania - by: hajo Fit For School officially launched at Global Hand-Washing Day 2015

F4S in Moshi was officially launched at Nelson Mandela Primary School in Moshi Municipality. 13 group hand-washing facilities have been installed at the school, one in front of each class room. The school has about 1,000 pupils.

The school made tremendous effort to prepare for the event. From all the other nine schools under the project in town, representatives were invited, teachers, the SWASH club representatives. The public stakeholders from Moshi Municipality and District were represented as well as the two NGOs, Childreach and SAWA, from Moshi and Dar es Salaam, respectively. And also the Ministry of Education and Vocational Training send a representative from the national level as the guest of honour.

After the guest of honour had cut the ribbon and thus officially launched the project, performances by all the schools promoting hand-washing with soap under this year’s GHD motto “Raise a Hand for Hygiene!” entertained the guests with songs, dances and acts. Also the speeches by the different representatives emphasised the importance of hand-washing with soap at critical times.

Then finally the children were allowed to show off what they had learned about the seven steps of proper hand-washing. All the group hand-washing facilities were occupied and within short time all the buckets had run dry. It will be a challenge for the teachers to train the children in the understanding of water saving behaviour. 150 to 200 ml of water (a small drinking glass!) is sufficient to wash one’s hands, maybe not out of a glass but with these hand-washing facilities which release only a small stream of water.

While the official guests were then treated by the school with a generous lunch, the children in their official GHD T-shirts boarded their busses under laughing and singing. It has been an entertaining and successful day.

On Global Hand-Washing Day (15.10.2015) the Fit For School Project in Moshi was officially launched

Speeches, performances and interviews marked the day

With the ribbon cut by the representative from the Ministry of Education and Vocational Training, the children performed their first group hand-washing activity

|||||||||| ... washing with soap ... ||||||||||||||| ... rinsing soap off ... ||||||||||| ... wetting the hands …

… drying by 'Raising a Hand for Hygiene']]>
Schools (sanitation and hygiene in schools) Fri, 23 Oct 2015 18:15:36 +0000
Girls and Schools WASH in the Pacific Free Webinar - Thursday 29 October, 2015; 12:00pm AEST/Brisbane time - by: kimmee22
Please join a free webinar on Thursday 29 October (next week) on girls and schools WASH in the Pacific.

The lack of WASH facilities in schools is a major barrier to girls’ education globally and the Pacific is no exception. Ensuring the rights of girls are met within School WASH programs is challenging. Complex socio-cultural norms, ingrained gender bias and taboos, as well as resource constraints, make it a major issue for WASH practitioners in the Pacific. It is increasingly recognised that overcoming these issues must be recognised by the whole community, men and women alike, as well as taking creative approaches to break down barriers and harmful taboos.

The webinar is hosted by by the Civil Society WASH Fund. It will include a range of perspectives and case studies on girls and schools WASH in the Pacific as well as frameworks and tools useful for practitioners.

Presenters and topics include:

  • Krissy Nicholson, WASH Facilitator of the Pacific Regional Learning Event. Girls and Schools WASH: Setting the scene
  • Brooke Yamakoshi, WASH Specialist, UNICEF Exploring barriers and taboos of girls and WASH in Schools
  • Vasiti Seruvatu Qionimacawa, WASH Project Manager for Live and Learn Environmental Education (LLEE) Fiji. Integrating the rights of girls into LLEE WASH programs
  • Chealsea Huggett, Equity, Inclusion and Rights Advisor, WaterAid Australia. WaterAid’s Menstrual Hygiene Program in Timor Leste

As part of getting the conversation started for the upcoming Pacific Regional Learning Event, this webinar will be of interest to those working in Schools WASH in the Pacific and beyond.

Please register for the webinar (29/10/2015, 12:00-1:00pm AEST/Brisbane Time) at:

After registering, you will receive a confirmation email containing information about joining the webinar.]]>
Schools (sanitation and hygiene in schools) Thu, 22 Oct 2015 03:07:00 +0000
A Novel Approach to Enhance the Sustainability of WinS Interventions - by: JacquesPiP
I am glad to share here with you an innovative concept Partnerships in Practice recently developed, which should hopefully be of interest to all of us who are busy reflecting upon novel approaches to enhance the sustainability of WinS interventions. It stems from thought-provoking conversations with David Schaub Jones from See-Saw (, and has been refined through numerous exchanges with WinS stakeholders in LAC, Africa and South-Asia.

You can discover a short summary of this concept by playing the attached PowerPoint Slide Show or by watching the short video below. It looks good, has a fabulous soundtrack, and I trust that you should find valuable ideas in it. The introduction goes as follows:

“Integration of WASH-Health-Nutrition-Education efforts raises new hopes. Yet how to make it happen successfully in school-based programmes remains unclear. The novel approach presented here suggests a practical way to achieve this objective. It builds upon existing practices and addresses the most fundamental challenges experienced by practitioners on the ground: a lack of effective incentive and monitoring mechanisms to boost stakeholders’ accountability. The approach, presented here in a relatively generic fashion and with greater emphasis put on WASH (water sanitation & hygiene), can be tailored to different context and objectives.”

Sounds appealing? Give it a try: it won’t take much of your time! And please share your views on it, whether you think it is relevant or not really, where it would make sense to pilot it and under which conditions... We are very keen to use your critical inputs to improve this concept.

Best wishes,

Jacques-Edouard Tiberghien, Partnerships in Practice

Schools (sanitation and hygiene in schools) Wed, 14 Oct 2015 15:46:29 +0000
PSIA research projects on i) WinS partnership approaches and ii) Private sector participation. - by: JacquesPiP
Some time ago, we asked some of you to participate in a two-pronged research project on WASH in Schools led by BPD Water and Sanitation and Masters students from PSIA Sciences-Po Paris. The first component of this research analysed partnership approaches and the second focused on private sector participation. Some of you might also have heard of this project, when we introduced it during a UNICEF-led WinS network webinar.

We received very positive feedback from reviewers of peer-reviewed journals who underlined the relevance of this research and its value for the sector but who also pointed towards methodological limitations and analytical shortcomings. In hindsight, I think that we ventured into largely unchartered areas and tried to embrace too much. As a result, we produced very useful, often descriptive but perhaps insufficiently analytical findings with admittedly limited statistical validity.

However, appreciating the potential value of this work for many professionals interested in WASH in schools work, we decided to publish it as Partnerships in Practice research papers. We think that there is a lot to learn from what we gathered from the experience of all our informants. The papers (attached to this message) should trigger useful reflections and may well influence how WASH in schools partnerships are formed and managed and how private sector actors are engaged in this endeavour.

On behalf of BPD Water and Sanitation (now dissolved as a registered charity in the UK), Partnerships in Practice (its recent offshoot) and the eight Masters students of Sciences-Po PSIA, who graciously invested their time in this self-funded research, I thank all those who accepted to contribute to this project and I am glad to share it with you all. We hope that you will find the attached overview documents of interest.

Best regards,

Jacques-Edouard Tiberghien
PiP – Programme Manager
Partnerships in Practice Ltd.]]>
Schools (sanitation and hygiene in schools) Tue, 06 Oct 2015 11:36:23 +0000
Re: Fit For School Approach (F4S) - 10 primary schools in Moshi, Tanzania - by: hajo
Progress in September:

• Delivered 1st batch of 45 hand-washing facilities to 4 Primary Schools (Kilimanjaro, Nelson Mandela, Benjamin Mkapa and Ronga);

• Prepared and signed a contract for installation of HWF and construction of flower-bed surround with a Moshi contractor;

• Organised community participation in installation of HWF in these two schools;

• Start of installation of HWF at Ronga and Nelson Mandela Primary Schools;

• Unfortunately a number of fittings got stolen already at one school before installation;

• Prepared and distributed the checklist to the schools (cleaning schedule for toilets, list of key stakeholders and history of major repairs);

• Production of further 49 HWF for the other 6 schools is in progress;

• It is planned that the HWF at Nelson Mandela school will be officially inaugurated on Global Hand-washing Day, 15 October 2015;

• It should be mentioned that this project does not only run in Moshi but under the same MoEducation/GIZ/UNICEF cooperation 88 HWF will be installed at 10 primary schools in Dar es Salaam (by GIZ and SAWA NGO) and more by UNICEF in Mbeya, Iringa and Njombe (-> and )

• Some pictures of last month’s progress at Ronga school:

Ciao Hajo]]>
Schools (sanitation and hygiene in schools) Sun, 04 Oct 2015 08:37:38 +0000
Re: WASHplus survey of private sector support for WASH in schools - by: F H Mughal
I read elsewhere that, probably, Lifebuoy and P&G had some role for WASH in schools - Lifebuoy in handwashing with soap; and P&G for safe water. I'm afraid, I don't have the specific links.

F H Mughal]]>
Schools (sanitation and hygiene in schools) Sun, 27 Sep 2015 16:53:38 +0000
WASHplus survey of private sector support for WASH in schools - by: campbelldb
In preparation for a targeted activity, WASHplus is conducting a survey on private sector support for WASH in Schools to determine what organizations are involved, where they are working, and what their programs entail.

We would appreciate your responses to this brief survey 7 question survey if you have or know of WASH in Schools programs where the private sector is involved, or if you are part of a company that supports WASH in Schools.

Survey link:]]>
Schools (sanitation and hygiene in schools) Fri, 25 Sep 2015 16:22:06 +0000
Re: Fit For School Approach (F4S) - 10 primary schools in Moshi, Tanzania - by: hajo
1. A baseline survey was performed by ChildReach to establish the conditions of 1) the water supplies to the schools, 2) sanitation facilities, 3) existing hand-washing facilities and 4) knowledge and behaviour of pupils regarding hand-washing. The final report which will include the anticipated costs of rehabilitation of W&S infrastructure is awaited shortly.

2. Our NGO ChildReach, Local Government (Moshi Municipal and Moshi District) and the 10 schools have signed a MoU for the collaboration in the F4S implementation.

3. ChildReach supervised the training of teachers in the objectives and activities of the F4S approach at the 10 project schools using the LGA staff as facilitators whom they had trained in the month before.
Training of teachers

4. NIRA handpumps on wells at two schools were repaired and will ensure now the water supply for the daily hand-washing activities at these two schools.

NIRA pump working again

5. The hand-washing facilities are currently being manufactured. The supplier was very cooperative and we performed some physical tests on the performance of the HWF by which we established that the friction loss in the pipe is very low, thus flow/pressure at the first and last outlet hole is almost the same. Flow/pressure depends mainly on static pressure from tank to pipe and on the size of the hole whereby the flow from a 2.0mm hole is about 75% higher than from a 1.5mm hole. But we also tested that the flow from a 1.5mm hole (0.26 litre/min) is sufficient to wet the hands within 5 sec and to wash off the soap within 35 sec resulting in a total consumption of 170 ml for one person (adult person, smaller children hands may use less). Our supplier was even astonished that he could wash his hands with such small flow and so little water.

We test the flow of the HWF

6. We expect the HWF being supplied and installed at the first schools within the coming week and will keep you posted.

Ciao Hajo]]>
Schools (sanitation and hygiene in schools) Fri, 04 Sep 2015 07:58:38 +0000
Re: Exploring the Issues around Rural On-Site School Sanitation in South Africa - by: SudhirPillay
It is an interim publication because the project is on-going and we will update with new information as it becomes available. I thought Bobbie Louton wrote the literature well and was worth getting published earlier. She also did the geophagia one I added couple months ago.

Most households in RSA are sitters; even the ones of Asian descent. Might get few Muslim households that have both types. But definitely most are sitters.]]>
Schools (sanitation and hygiene in schools) Fri, 21 Aug 2015 13:59:14 +0000
Re: Exploring the Issues around Rural On-Site School Sanitation in South Africa - by: muench
Thanks so much for sharing this publication! I had a quick look - it looks great to me, a must-read for anyone interested in school sanitation in developing countries! The "School sanitation assessment tools" in the Appendix strike me as very detailed and practical. Good to see also that menstrual hygiene management is an integral part of this publication (and not a brief after-thought)

(I only found the reference section a bit weak; quite a few of the mentioned publications had their URLs missing. I was a bit suprised that the ecosan book by SEI from 2004 was cited extensively - it's a good book but now 11 years later I think we also have other more up to date publications about dry toilet systems by now)

I found this statement very relevant (p. 79 and 80):

The sanitation landscape in South Africa is dominated by two technologies on opposite ends of the
, with only small numbers of alternatives in operation: on the one hand is standard
waterborne technology, connected either to a municipal sewer or to a septic tank; on the other
hand is the pit latrine.


There is a recognition across the global sanitation community of a need for more options along the
continuum of sanitation technologies. On 3 September 2014 the brand new Department of Water
and Sanitation (DWS) announced the Sanitation Innovation Challenge to mobilise innovative
sanitation technologies and solutions towards providing more appropriate solutions to South Africa’s
sanitation challenge. The DWS defines sanitation innovations as “those systems or solutions which
are alternative to conventional waterborne sewerage and onsite ventilated improved pit latrines”
and specifies that “technologies should provide sustainable sanitation services to urban, peri-urban
and rural areas and take into account effectiveness, social preferences, water resource availability,
affordability, possible beneficiation of waste products, economic development and cost reduction in
the sanitation delivery chain” (DWS, pers. comm. 3 Sept 2014).

And (because I am interested in "who sits and who squats in different countries):

The choice of technologies and user interfaces must take into consideration whether users are
“wipers” or “washers” – i.e. use a dry material or water for anal cleansing – and whether they are
“sitters” or “squatters” – i.e. whether they are accustomed to sitting on a pedestal or squatting over
an opening in the floor.

While in South Africa it is common within the Indian community to use
water for anal cleansing and to use a squat plate arrangement rather than a pedestal, this project is geared at finding solutions for rural schools and informal settlements where the population is
overwhelmingly black. For that reason, technologies designed especially for “washing” or
“squatting” have not been considered in this review. They may, however, have application in terms
of the need for areas for washing for menstrual management, something which cannot easily be
accommodated by a pedestal toilet. They also may provide useful design ideas for female urinals.

Kind regards,
Schools (sanitation and hygiene in schools) Fri, 21 Aug 2015 13:49:11 +0000