SuSanA - Forum Kunena Site Syndication http://forum.susana.org/ Fri, 12 Feb 2016 05:38:18 +0000 Kunena 1.6 http://forum.susana.org/components/com_kunena/template/default/images/icons/rss.png SuSanA - Forum http://forum.susana.org/ en-gb Re: How do we maintain cleanliness of school toilets? Question from Tanzania - by: muench http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/27-schools-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-schools/16484-how-do-we-maintain-cleanliness-of-school-toilets-question-from-tanzania#16966 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/27-schools-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-schools/16484-how-do-we-maintain-cleanliness-of-school-toilets-question-from-tanzania#16966
I saw your post in another thread but have pulled it out into a new thread as it introduces a new topic.

Ah, that's no good about the donor putting in pedestal toilets in schools if the pupils will only use squat toilets... Did the donor not show you their plans beforehand, were there no meetings between donor and school administration or local government? That's odd. (Do you work for the Moshi town council?)

About your other question regarding maintenance of school toilets. Well, that's the multi-million dollar question. Even schools in the global north grapple with that (e.g. vandalism of school toilets). Are there any SWASH guidelines in Tanzania that provide some guidance?

If not, you might find it useful to browse through some of the other threads in this category on school toilets here on the forum:
forum.susana.org/forum/categories/27-sch...d-hygiene-in-schools

And in the SuSanA library we also have lots on school toilets. See e.g. the library content filtered for keyword "school":
www.susana.org/library?search=school

Or filtered for Working Group 7 which deals with schools (amongst other things):
www.susana.org/en/resources/library?vbl_...amp;vbl_8%5B44%5D=44

Hope this helps. Please let us know if you have further questions and how you're progressing with this.

What's this Sanitation survey in Moshi Municipality all about? Is this specifically for schools only or for the whole town?

Regards,
Elisabeth]]>
Schools (sanitation and hygiene in schools) Thu, 11 Feb 2016 12:55:40 +0000
Re: Fit For School approach at primary schools in Tanzania - current focus on group handwashing facilities - by: hajo http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/27-schools-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-schools/12772-fit-for-school-approach-at-primary-schools-in-tanzania-current-focus-on-group-handwashing-facilities?limit=12&start=12#16662 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/27-schools-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-schools/12772-fit-for-school-approach-at-primary-schools-in-tanzania-current-focus-on-group-handwashing-facilities?limit=12&start=12#16662
Thanks for your posting and your interest in our work in Tanzania.

As indicated in my previous postings, our focus is on hand-washing with soap. This may eventually be extended to face-washing to tackle trachoma which is endemic in Tanzania and can easily be connected to hand-washing. De-worming we could also include as there are sometimes national health programmes on this issue.

Tooth-brushing especially with fluoride toothpaste is not high on the agenda also because groundwater in Tanzania and especially in the western Kilimanjaro region has a too high fluoride content and people actually suffer from diseases caused by too high fluoride: tooth decay and crippling skeletal fluorosis.

And anyway: our focus must be on making hand-washing with soap sustainable, ensuring that the approach becomes anchored in national SWASH policy, that local governments budget for appropriate supply of water and soap and that school committees and teachers take ownership of the responsibility for the daily hand-washing routine.

Good luck in Vientiane,
Ciao Hajo]]>
Schools (sanitation and hygiene in schools) Fri, 22 Jan 2016 06:11:44 +0000
Re: Fit For School approach at primary schools in Tanzania - current focus on group handwashing facilities - by: AlexanderWinkscha http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/27-schools-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-schools/12772-fit-for-school-approach-at-primary-schools-in-tanzania-current-focus-on-group-handwashing-facilities?limit=12&start=12#16661 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/27-schools-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-schools/12772-fit-for-school-approach-at-primary-schools-in-tanzania-current-focus-on-group-handwashing-facilities?limit=12&start=12#16661
greetings from Vientiane! I recently started working here in the Regional Fit For School Programme and am delighted to read about what is going on in Tanzania with regards to the approach. I really appreciate the regular updated you provide on the progress!

I'd be interested to know what the plan is for tackling oral hygiene. Will that be the third step after focusing on handwashing and de-worming? Or as was suggested above, is the problem of tooth decay and caries only a minor one in Tanzania?

Keep up the great work!

Alex]]>
Schools (sanitation and hygiene in schools) Fri, 22 Jan 2016 02:03:50 +0000
Re: Fit For School Approach (F4S) - 10 primary schools in Moshi, Tanzania - by: hajo http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/27-schools-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-schools/12772-fit-for-school-approach-at-primary-schools-in-tanzania-current-focus-on-group-handwashing-facilities?limit=12&start=12#16657 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/27-schools-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-schools/12772-fit-for-school-approach-at-primary-schools-in-tanzania-current-focus-on-group-handwashing-facilities?limit=12&start=12#16657
I quote from the December monthly report by Childreach reporting on F4S in Moshi:

• Conducted Monitoring Monthly meeting to seven school with head teachers and health teachers to discuss on the success and challenges of the project:
o In all schools pupils and teachers are happy about the project and the handwashing exercise is now practised regularly. In all schools group handwashing activity is carried out at least twice a day (after assembly in the morning and before lunch)
o SWASH club members are responsible in cleaning the facilities, fill the buckets with water, make sure soap is available and report to the responsible teachers on any damage on the facility or absence of soap
o In Mandela and J.K Nyerere primary schools, it was observed that water bills have reduced ever since the pupils started washing hands at the core modules because the outlets in the core modules allow the passage of small amount of water.
o The main challenge is that some pupils open the tap which allows the 11 outlets instead of just one even if there is only one pupil or two washing their hands and some pupils let the water run while performing the rest of handwashing steps, hence water is wasted unnecessarily. Also teachers mentioned on the difficulty in washing the facilities because the buckets are fixed on the stand.

• More awareness is therefore needed for proper handwashing while minimizing water usage (emphasis by me!)
• Conducted meetings with Head teachers, School Management Committee members and fundis at all project schools to discuss and agree on procedures of rehabilitation of toilet facilities.
• Issued money to the ten project schools for rehabilitation of toilet facilities based on the summited quotations. Rehabilitation has already commenced at all schools.


Besides the ongoing monitoring of the implemented schools in Moshi, we are preparing the second phase of F4S which may comprise:

• Ensure the sustainability of the group hand-washing exercise at the 20 schools already implemented;
• Expand the project to some more schools;
• Ensure national support by ministries having F4S anchored in national SWASH policy;
• Ensure support by local government through budgeting for SWASH activities;
• Half-annual de-worming;
• Follow-up promoting face washing under F4S to tackle trachoma which is endemic in some parts of Tanzania;
• Develop national F4S manuals representing the local context.

ciao Hajo]]>
Schools (sanitation and hygiene in schools) Thu, 21 Jan 2016 12:48:38 +0000
How do we maintain cleanliness of school toilets? Question from Tanzania - by: sebamug http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/27-schools-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-schools/16484-how-do-we-maintain-cleanliness-of-school-toilets-question-from-tanzania#16484 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/27-schools-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-schools/16484-how-do-we-maintain-cleanliness-of-school-toilets-question-from-tanzania#16484 Note by moderator: This post was originally in this thread:
forum.susana.org/forum/categories/230-ot...-toilet-at-all#16441

+++++++++++++

Dear Kumi,
I have read your post and became interested, really even in our country (Tanzania-east Africa) , the pedestal type of Toilet is not common in community facilities. Last week we had a discussion about the use of pedestal toilets in primary school. We got a donor who helped us to build a very nice and modern toilet in two primary schools, but at finishing stage we came to find out that pedestal toilet were fixed. Therefore now we are in discussion with the funder on how to change pedestal to Squatting toilets. If the situation will remain the same without changing , the toilets will not be used in a proper way as pupils will feel disgust to use and alternative will be to climb on top of them as we have already experienced in some schools which had pedestal type of toilet.
But the main issue here is how do we maintain cleanliness on those toilets ?, who clean those toilets? frequency of cleansing ? ,water availability is it stable? And hygiene education to the users.

Currently we are in preparations to conduct Sanitation survey in Moshi Municipality by collaborating with GIZ to find out the status of sanitation in Moshi and also we will obtain wishes of users on the question above.
Thank you,

Mgeta Sebastian]]>
Schools (sanitation and hygiene in schools) Sun, 10 Jan 2016 14:05:20 +0000
Re: Toilets in Schools - Maharashtra government (India) initiative - by: F H Mughal http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/27-schools-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-schools/16337-toilets-in-schools-maharashtra-government-india-initiative#16401 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/27-schools-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-schools/16337-toilets-in-schools-maharashtra-government-india-initiative#16401 timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/bengalu...cleshow/50351915.cms).

According to the news, “And where there are toilets, they are either in a shabby state or shut. Raghunath Gowda Patil, an RTE activist, told TOI, "About 50% of the toilets in government schools of Gadag district are always locked up as as they are in a bad shape.” “20% of girls have stopped going schools due to bad toilets and lack of them.”

Lack of toilets for girls leads to the high drop-out rates. As is noted above, 20 per cent of girls stop going to school, due to lack of toilets.

Moving on to the community level, a report (www.worldbank.org/en/news/feature/2015/1...-healthy-rural-india) talks of a new $1.5 billion World Bank program that will support the Government of India in implementing the rural component of the Clean India Mission.

The program will help accelerate results in India’s states by giving them performance-based incentives. “Implementation on the ground will be monitored. A national sample-survey of rural sanitation will be conducted every year by independent third-party agencies. Sanitation improvements will be measured in terms of the number of rural people who have stopped open defecation, sustaining the open defecation-free status of villages, and achieving improvements in solid and liquid waste management.” “The project will promote behavior change among rural communities and help accelerate results in India’s states by giving them performance-based incentives.”

Promotion of behavioral change is essential if success is to be achieved. However, there are two important issues. As noted by Mr. Imad above, maintenance and hygiene is more important than the installation of toilets because people will stop using them if the hygiene is bad and the toilets are left in terrible conditions. Likewise, a important point has been highlighted by Mr. Uzair Shah, above, when he says: “we found it every difficult to push them to be clean and keep your environment clean.”

Thus, in addition to behavioral change, it has to be established as to who will maintain the toilets in hygienic conditions, knowing fully well that it is very difficult to push people to keep toilets clean.

F H Mughal]]>
Schools (sanitation and hygiene in schools) Thu, 31 Dec 2015 07:00:38 +0000
Re: Toilets in Schools - Maharashtra government (India) initiative - by: STAROPK http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/27-schools-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-schools/16337-toilets-in-schools-maharashtra-government-india-initiative#16382 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/27-schools-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-schools/16337-toilets-in-schools-maharashtra-government-india-initiative#16382
Thank you very much for the useful info. I must say that the Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is taking good step to increase the enrollment in Government School. But i doubt that their strategy is short term and that is just because of the lack of facilities they provide and one of the major facility is TOILETS.

Even they provide the Toilets how and who is going to keep them hygienic? This is a big question mark and needs to be considered as top priority.

Being a NON GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATION we are working on WASH especially in government school.
Giving them Hygiene education again and again, we found it every difficult to push them to be clean and keep your environment clean.

They should add 1 more position in every school and that is of a cleaner. I think it will definitely put financial burden but will put very positive impact.

Lets pray and work hard together that one day we will achieve our objective.

Thank and regards,

Syed Mohammad Uzair Shah
Chief Executive
Social Transformation And Rehabilitation Organization
STARO]]>
Schools (sanitation and hygiene in schools) Sun, 27 Dec 2015 21:03:45 +0000
Re: Toilets in Schools - by: ecoloo http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/27-schools-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-schools/16337-toilets-in-schools-maharashtra-government-india-initiative#16343 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/27-schools-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-schools/16337-toilets-in-schools-maharashtra-government-india-initiative#16343
I do agree that maintenance and hygiene is more important than the installation of toilets because people will stop using them if the hygiene is bad and the toilets are left in terrible conditions.]]>
Schools (sanitation and hygiene in schools) Wed, 23 Dec 2015 00:43:35 +0000
Toilets in Schools - Maharashtra government (India) initiative - by: F H Mughal http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/27-schools-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-schools/16337-toilets-in-schools-maharashtra-government-india-initiative#16337 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/27-schools-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-schools/16337-toilets-in-schools-maharashtra-government-india-initiative#16337 Toilets in Schools

According to the Indian newspaper, Times of India (timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Mahara...cleshow/50162506.cms), the Maharashtra government (India) takes stringent steps for toilets in schools. The government has advised all states to ensure that all the schools, including those under the non-Government sector (private, aided schools etc.) must comply with the provision contained in Schedule to the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009 which states that every recognized school should have separate toilets for boys and girls.

Having worked for over 3 decades in government departments here, I can say for sure that this is a major step for provision of toilets in schools. It is not easy here to seek a notification from the government for toilets in schools. Just having a government notification is a major step. This might not be so in developed countries.

Toilets in schools, especially in the rural areas here, are in pathetic conditions. In most cases, there are no separate toilets for girls. As the result, the girls have to wait till the school time is over, go home and attend to toilets needs. Since all girls cannot do it, there is a significant dropout rate.

After notification, a major step in itself, comes the second stage that of implementation and taking action.Though a difficult step, due to evasive attitude of institutions, availability of funds is important for the construction of toilets.

Once constructed, the next step, which is equally important, is that of maintaining the toilets in clean hygienic conditions.

The Maharashtra government deserves credit for realizing the importance of toilets in schools.

F H Mughal]]>
Schools (sanitation and hygiene in schools) Tue, 22 Dec 2015 07:17:47 +0000
Re: Girls and Schools WASH in the Pacific Free Webinar - Thursday 29 October, 2015; 12:00pm AEST/Brisbane time - by: kimmee22 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/27-schools-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-schools/15569-girls-and-schools-wash-in-the-pacific-free-webinar-thursday-29-october-2015-1200pm-aestbrisbane-time#16216 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/27-schools-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-schools/15569-girls-and-schools-wash-in-the-pacific-free-webinar-thursday-29-october-2015-1200pm-aestbrisbane-time#16216 Sorry for the delay! There is a recording available of the webinar. Please see the link below for more information:

www.cswashfund.org/learning-events/webin...-barriers-and-taboos

Also, the main countries in the Pacific covered in the webinar presentations included Live & Learn Environmental Education's program in Fiji, WaterAid's work in Timor-Leste, and UNICEF covered some stories on the Solomon Islands and Kiribati.

Warmest,
~Kim]]>
Schools (sanitation and hygiene in schools) Thu, 10 Dec 2015 02:56:53 +0000
Re: Fit For School Approach (F4S) - 10 primary schools in Moshi, Tanzania - by: hajo http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/27-schools-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-schools/12772-fit-for-school-approach-at-primary-schools-in-tanzania-current-focus-on-group-handwashing-facilities?limit=12&start=12#16199 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/27-schools-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-schools/12772-fit-for-school-approach-at-primary-schools-in-tanzania-current-focus-on-group-handwashing-facilities?limit=12&start=12#16199
Some additional observations which cropped up while monitoring our Hand-Wash Facilities (HWF) in action:

1 I forgot to insert a fitting which allows replacing the valves without having to cut and re-thread the pipes. We have already changed this on the HWF which have not yet been installed in Dar es Salaam. A union and a nipple at the valves will be included in future production.

2 The little ones (Grade 1 and 2) at primary schools have been observed adopting the HWF most:
- they insist that the HWF in front of their classroom is theirs and nobody else is allowed to use it!
- they remind SWASH club members when the bucket is empty to (please) refill it!
- they remind others (older ones) to wash their hands!
Which proves again how important it is to start such ‘training’ as early as possible in a child’s development.

Although the title of this thread only relates to Moshi, you are aware that the same programme also runs in Temeke, Dar es Salaam. Please find enclosed a newspaper article on the official launching of the programme there.

Ciao Hajo ]]>
Schools (sanitation and hygiene in schools) Tue, 08 Dec 2015 05:43:55 +0000
Re: Fit For School Approach (F4S) - 10 primary schools in Moshi, Tanzania - by: hajo http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/27-schools-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-schools/12772-fit-for-school-approach-at-primary-schools-in-tanzania-current-focus-on-group-handwashing-facilities?limit=12&start=12#16100 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/27-schools-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-schools/12772-fit-for-school-approach-at-primary-schools-in-tanzania-current-focus-on-group-handwashing-facilities?limit=12&start=12#16100 Dear all,

… I know I am late reporting on progress…

By now we have installed 94 Nos. HWF and flower beds at 10 schools, the pupils have painted them and put them into use.

Regarding the theft: it was an isolated incident at one school and the school management was so embarrassed by the case, that they took measures to recover all costs from the security guards who somehow had been involved in the theft. All material and labour for the replacement was paid within shortest time by the school. I was positively surprised by their efforts. And we have not observed any other case of theft or vandalism on the installed HWF.

The HWF seem to be very much appreciated by the schools and they record on a monitoring sheet that the group hand-washing is performed at least twice a day, mostly in the morning after assembly and just before lunch. Also the use of soap is recorded.

One important aspect we noticed: the pupils (and teachers) have to be taught about water saving measures. We observed on some schools that when a number of pupils want to wash hands at the same time (after play-time, after toilet, …) they open the group washing tap and let all 11 openings run while only using 4 or 5 of them, often even they do not even close the tap while soaping. This leads to waste of water with the flower beds being flooded and even overflowing. We only wait for someone to blame the flowerbeds not being appropriate while it is actually a user problem.

Regarding the sanitation facilities: during the baseline study we checked the toilets and existing hand-wash facilities (if any) and the NGO received some funds to rehabilitate this infrastructure and bring it to a functional state. We did not build any new toilets, say to achieve national coverage rates (25 girls/ 20 boys per drophole).

At this point I want to remind you that we also support F4S in Dar es Salaam through NGO SAWA / GIZ and in Njombe through UNICEF. I hope some of my colleagues from those places may also find time to report on their achievements.

Ciao Hajo]]>
Schools (sanitation and hygiene in schools) Mon, 30 Nov 2015 08:00:05 +0000
Re: Fit For School Approach (F4S) - 10 primary schools in Moshi, Tanzania - by: F H Mughal http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/27-schools-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-schools/12772-fit-for-school-approach-at-primary-schools-in-tanzania-current-focus-on-group-handwashing-facilities?limit=12&start=12#16090 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/27-schools-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-schools/12772-fit-for-school-approach-at-primary-schools-in-tanzania-current-focus-on-group-handwashing-facilities?limit=12&start=12#16090
F H Mughal]]>
Schools (sanitation and hygiene in schools) Sun, 29 Nov 2015 15:14:19 +0000
Re: Fit For School Approach (F4S) - 10 primary schools in Moshi, Tanzania - by: muench http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/27-schools-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-schools/12772-fit-for-school-approach-at-primary-schools-in-tanzania-current-focus-on-group-handwashing-facilities?limit=12&start=12#16066 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/27-schools-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-schools/12772-fit-for-school-approach-at-primary-schools-in-tanzania-current-focus-on-group-handwashing-facilities?limit=12&start=12#16066
Thanks a lot for keeping us updated about this very interesting project! I really appreciate that you're posting these regular updates - your posts are very interesting! Thanks for also including the nice photos in your last post. Please do keep us posted how things evolve over the coming months.

I noticed in one post you said:
Unfortunately a number of fittings got stolen already at one school before installation

Was that an isolated incidence or is theft (and possibly vandalism and neglect) an issue that you're continually grappling with?

What state are the school toilets in, by the way, in those schools where you're installing the group handwashing facilities?

Regards,
Elisabeth]]>
Schools (sanitation and hygiene in schools) Fri, 27 Nov 2015 08:55:10 +0000
Re: Girls and Schools WASH in the Pacific Free Webinar - Thursday 29 October, 2015; 12:00pm AEST/Brisbane time - by: muench http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/27-schools-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-schools/15569-girls-and-schools-wash-in-the-pacific-free-webinar-thursday-29-october-2015-1200pm-aestbrisbane-time#16063 http://forum.susana.org/forum/categories/27-schools-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-schools/15569-girls-and-schools-wash-in-the-pacific-free-webinar-thursday-29-october-2015-1200pm-aestbrisbane-time#16063 I am just wondering if there is a recording available from this webinar or if the presentations are available? And what are the main countries that were represented in the webinar in the "Pacific region"? Just wondering where UNICEF, WaterAid and others are laying their focus in that region. You mentioned Fiji and Timor Leste in your post.

Regards,
Elisabeth]]>
Schools (sanitation and hygiene in schools) Fri, 27 Nov 2015 08:35:48 +0000