SuSanA - Forum Kunena Site Syndication http://forum.susana.org/ Mon, 27 Mar 2017 10:44:04 +0000 Kunena 1.6 http://forum.susana.org/components/com_kunena/template/default/images/icons/rss.png SuSanA - Forum http://forum.susana.org/ en-gb Re: Water availability at hospitals in low- and middle-income countries - by: Kebede http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/26-health-issues-and-connections-with-sanitation/20694-water-availability-at-hospitals-in-low-and-middle-income-countries#20772 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/26-health-issues-and-connections-with-sanitation/20694-water-availability-at-hospitals-in-low-and-middle-income-countries#20772 www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/facilities/healthcare/en/
www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/publ...-care-facilities/en/

The problem is also linked to climate change causing water shortage in some facilities.

Regards,
Kebede Eticha]]>
Health issues and connections with sanitation Wed, 08 Mar 2017 06:43:44 +0000
Susana Forum Posting - by: jcolford http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/26-health-issues-and-connections-with-sanitation/19896-wash-benefits-studies-published-in-2016-evidence-on-the-health-and-developmental-benefits-of-water-quality-sanitation-handwashing-and-nutritional-interventions#20766 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/26-health-issues-and-connections-with-sanitation/19896-wash-benefits-studies-published-in-2016-evidence-on-the-health-and-developmental-benefits-of-water-quality-sanitation-handwashing-and-nutritional-interventions#20766
Thanks for your interest in WASH Benefits. The primary outcome results were recently presented at the 2016 meeting of the American Society of Tropical Medical and Hygiene. We are in the process of submitting manuscripts to peer-reviewed journals. We post all publications on our website as soon as they are available (www.washbenefits.net), and we will also update the SuSanA forum as well. Please check either for updates later this year.

thanks, Jack Colford]]>
Health issues and connections with sanitation Tue, 07 Mar 2017 19:23:22 +0000
Re: Water availability at hospitals in low- and middle-income countries - by: F H Mughal http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/26-health-issues-and-connections-with-sanitation/20694-water-availability-at-hospitals-in-low-and-middle-income-countries#20739 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/26-health-issues-and-connections-with-sanitation/20694-water-availability-at-hospitals-in-low-and-middle-income-countries#20739
The findings of the paper are correct. My experience shows that in government hospitals here, not only the supply of water is erratic, the quality of the water is also poor.

Please have a look at the news (www.dawn.com/news/1318414/over-70pc-wate...or-human-consumption), in today's local newspaper, which says that around 80 per cent of potable water samples in Karachi have bacterial contamination. Karachi is a megacity.

Regards,

F H Mughal]]>
Health issues and connections with sanitation Sun, 05 Mar 2017 06:57:05 +0000
Water availability at hospitals in low- and middle-income countries - by: neilpw http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/26-health-issues-and-connections-with-sanitation/20694-water-availability-at-hospitals-in-low-and-middle-income-countries#20694 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/26-health-issues-and-connections-with-sanitation/20694-water-availability-at-hospitals-in-low-and-middle-income-countries#20694 www.hifa.org) in case you haven't seen this paper

'Less than two-thirds of hospitals providing surgical care in 19 LMICs had a reliable water source.' This is the shocking conclusion of a literature review in the Journal of Surgical Research.

I highlight the paper here on HIFA as a reminder that health care disempowered by workers have a range of basic needs to provide health care. On HIFA we have described these as SEISMIC (Skills, Equipment, Information, Systems infrastructure, Medicines, Incentives, Communication facilities). A reliable water supply is a fundamental requirement of the systems infrastructure needed to support health care. Improving access to information for helath workers needs to be done in combination with meeting other basic needs.

HIFA is proud to be collaborating with the International Confederation of Midwives, Commonwealth Nursing and Midwifery Foundation and WaterAid in campaigning for quality healthcare for all through water, sanitation and hygiene in all health facilities.
www.hifa.org/news/hifa-joins-icm-cnmf-an...water-sanitation-and

CITATION: J Surg Res. 2016 Sep;205(1):169-78. doi: 10.1016/j.jss.2016.06.040. Epub 2016 Jun 18.
Water availability at hospitals in low- and middle-income countries: implications for improving access to safe surgical care.
Chawla SS1, Gupta S2, Onchiri FM3, Habermann EB4, Kushner AL5, Stewart BT6.
Author information

Abstract
INTRODUCTION:
Although two billion people now have access to clean water, many hospitals in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) do not. Lack of water availability at hospitals hinders safe surgical care. We aimed to review the surgical capacity literature and document the availability of water at health facilities and develop a predictive model of water availability at health facilities globally to inform targeted capacity improvements.
METHODS:
Using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines, a systematic search for surgical capacity assessments in LMICs in MEDLINE, PubMed, and World Health Organization Global Health Library was performed. Data regarding water availability were extracted. Data from these assessments and national indicator data from the World Bank (e.g., gross domestic product, total health expenditure, and percent of population with improved access to water) were used to create a predictive model for water availability in LMICs globally.
RESULTS:
Of the 72 records identified, 19 reported water availability representing 430 hospitals. A total of 66% of hospitals assessed had water availability (283 of 430 hospitals). Using these data, estimated percent of water availability in LMICs more broadly ranged from under 20% (Liberia) to over 90% (Bangladesh, Ghana).
CONCLUSIONS:
Less than two-thirds of hospitals providing surgical care in 19 LMICs had a reliable water source. Governments and nongovernmental organizations should increase efforts to improve water infrastructure at hospitals, which might aid in the provision of safe essential surgical care. Future research is needed to measure the effect of water availability on surgical care and patient outcomes.

Best wishes, Neil

Let's build a future where people are no longer dying for lack of healthcare knowledge - Join HIFA: www.hifa.org

HIFA profile: Neil Pakenham-Walsh is the coordinator of the HIFA campaign (Healthcare Information For All - www.hifa.org ) and current chair of the Dgroups Foundation (www.dgroups.info), which supports 700 communities of practice for international development, social justice and global health. Twitter: @hifa_org FB: facebook.com/HIFAdotORG This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it ]]>
Health issues and connections with sanitation Wed, 01 Mar 2017 09:03:43 +0000
Re: Benefits of water quality, sanitation, handwashing and nutritional interventions for health and child development (Kenya, Bangladesh) - by: jbr http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/26-health-issues-and-connections-with-sanitation/15234-benefits-of-water-quality-sanitation-handwashing-and-nutritional-interventions-for-health-and-child-development-kenya-bangladesh#20347 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/26-health-issues-and-connections-with-sanitation/15234-benefits-of-water-quality-sanitation-handwashing-and-nutritional-interventions-for-health-and-child-development-kenya-bangladesh#20347
"The trials are currently conducting their final round of outcome measurement. We anticipate primary results in late 2016 (Bangladesh) and mid 2017 (Kenya)."

Are there any results to share for the Bangladesh study?

Very best
John Brogan
Terre des hommes]]>
Health issues and connections with sanitation Fri, 03 Feb 2017 20:57:22 +0000
Re: studies from WASH benefits project - by: jcolford http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/26-health-issues-and-connections-with-sanitation/15234-benefits-of-water-quality-sanitation-handwashing-and-nutritional-interventions-for-health-and-child-development-kenya-bangladesh#20331 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/26-health-issues-and-connections-with-sanitation/15234-benefits-of-water-quality-sanitation-handwashing-and-nutritional-interventions-for-health-and-child-development-kenya-bangladesh#20331
The following articles related to WASH Benefits were published in 2016. Please check here: www.washbenefits.net/publications.html for an up-to-date list of all publications related to the study.


++++++++++++

Vitamin B-12 Concentrations in Breast Milk Are Low and Are Not Associated with Reported Household Hunger, Recent Animal-Source Food, or Vitamin B-12 Intake in Women in Rural Kenya. Williams AM, Chantry CJ, Young SL, Achando BS, Allen LH, Arnold BF, Colford JM Jr, Dentz HN, Hampel D, Kiprotich MC, Lin A, Null CA,Nyambane GM, Shahab-Ferdows S, Stewart CP. J Nutr. 2016 May;146(5):1125-31. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27075905

Hand- and Object-Mouthing of Rural Bangladeshi Children 3-18 Months Old. Kwong LH, Ercumen A, Pickering AJ, Unicomb L, Davis J, Luby SP. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016 Jun 4;13(6). www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27271651 #1 (NCBI)
www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/13/6/563/htm #2 (MDPI)

Soil-Transmitted Helminth Eggs Are Present in Soil at Multiple Locations within Households in Rural Kenya. Lauren Steinbaum, Sammy M. Njenga, Jimmy Kihara, Alexandria B. Boehm, Jennifer Davis, Clair Null, Amy J. Pickering. PLOS. Published: June 24, 2016.

journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10....journal.pone.0157780

Hygiene Practices During Food Preparation in Rural Bangladesh: Opportunities to Improve the Impact of Handwashing Interventions. Fosiul A. Nizame, Elli Leontsini, Stephen P. Luby, Md. Nuruzzaman, Shahana Parveen, Peter J. Winch, Pavani K. Ram, Leanne Unicomb. Published online June 13, 2016, doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.15-0377. Am J Trop Med Hyg 2016 vol. 95 no. 2 288-297.

www.ajtmh.org/content/95/2/288.abstract?etoc

Towards a Scalable and Sustainable Intervention for Complementary Food Safety. Rahman MJ, Nizame FA, Nuruzzaman M, Akand F, Islam MA, Parvez SM, Stewart CP, Unicomb L, Luby SP, Winch PJ. - Food and Nutrition Bulletin. 2016 Jun;37(2):186-201.

fnb.sagepub.com/content/early/2016/03/03...72116631641.abstract

Occurrence of Host-Associated Fecal Markers on Child Hands, Household Soil, and Drinking Water in Rural Bangladeshi Households. Alexandria B. Boehm, Dan Wang, Ayse Ercumen, Meghan Shea, Angela R. Harris, Orin C. Shanks, Catherine Kelty, Alvee Ahmed, Zahid Hayat Mahmud, Benjamin F. Arnold, Claire Chase, Craig Kullmann, John M. ColfordJr., Stephen P. Luby, and Amy J. Pickering. Publication Date (Web): October 13, 2016. Environ. Sci. Technol. Lett. DOI: 10.1021/acs.estlett.6b00382.

pubs.acs.org/doi/pdf/10.1021/acs.estlett.6b00382

Adapting and Evaluating a Rapid, Low-Cost Method to Enumerate Flies in the Household Setting. Marlene K. Wolfe, Holly N. Dentz, Beryl Achando, MaryAnne Mureithi, Tim Wolfe, Clair Null, Amy J. Pickering. Am J Trop Med Hyg 2016 16-0162.

www.ajtmh.org/content/early/2016/12/08/ajtmh.16-0162

Nonrandomized Trial of Feasibility and Acceptability of Strategies for Promotion of Soapy Water as a Handwashing Agent in Rural Bangladesh. Sania Ashraf, Fosiul A. Nizame, Mahfuza Islam, Notan C. Dutta, Dahlia Yeasmin, Sadika Akhter, Jaynal Abedin, Peter J. Winch, Pavani K. Ram, Leanne Unicomb, Elli Leontsini, Stephen P. Luby. Am J Trop Med Hyg 2016 16-0304.

www.ajtmh.org/content/early/2016/12/22/ajtmh.16-0304.abstract

+++++++++



Jade Benjamin-Chung, PhD
Epidemiologist
Colford Research Group
Division of Epidemiology
University of California, Berkeley]]>
Health issues and connections with sanitation Thu, 02 Feb 2017 19:33:56 +0000
Open access WASH studies published in 2016 in the American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene - by: campbelldb http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/26-health-issues-and-connections-with-sanitation/20062-open-access-wash-studies-published-in-2016-in-the-american-journal-of-tropical-medicine-a-hygiene#20062 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/26-health-issues-and-connections-with-sanitation/20062-open-access-wash-studies-published-in-2016-in-the-american-journal-of-tropical-medicine-a-hygiene#20062 Sanitation Updates.

Dynamics and Trends in Fecal Biomarkers of Gut Function in Children from 1–24 Months in the MAL-ED Study Am J Trop Med Hyg 16-0496; Published online December 19, 2016,

Adapting and Evaluating a Rapid, Low-Cost Method to Enumerate Flies in the Household Setting Am J Trop Med Hyg 16-0162; Published online December 12, 2016,

Effectiveness of Membrane Filtration to Improve Drinking Water: A Quasi-Experimental Study from Rural Southern India Am J Trop Med Hyg 2016 95:1192; Published online September 6, 2016,

Assessing Latrine Use in Rural India: A Cross-Sectional Study Comparing Reported Use and Passive Latrine Use Monitors Am J Trop Med Hyg 2016 95:720; Published online July 25, 2016,

Subsidized Sachet Water to Reduce Diarrheal Disease in Young Children: A Feasibility Study in Accra, Ghana Am J Trop Med Hyg 2016 95:239; Published online May 23, 2016,

Ascaris lumbricoides Infection Following School-Based Deworming in Western Kenya: Assessing the Role of Pupils’ School and Home Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Exposures Am J Trop Med Hyg 2016 94:1045; Published online February 22, 2016,

Quantifying Contact with the Environment: Behaviors of Young Children in Accra, Ghana Am J Trop Med Hyg 2016 94:920; Published online February 15, 2016,

Population Density, Poor Sanitation, and Enteric Infections in Nueva Santa Rosa, Guatemala Am J Trop Med Hyg 2016 94:912; Published online February 8, 2016,

Infant and Young Child Feces Management and Enabling Products for Their Hygienic Collection, Transport, and Disposal in Cambodia Am J Trop Med Hyg 2016 94:456; Published online November 23, 2015]]>
Health issues and connections with sanitation Wed, 11 Jan 2017 15:14:43 +0000
Re: Squatting vs. Sitting - by: F H Mughal http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/26-health-issues-and-connections-with-sanitation/5352-squatting-versus-sitting-as-a-defecation-posture-the-squatty-potty-qhealthy-colon-healthy-lifeq?limit=12&start=12#20000 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/26-health-issues-and-connections-with-sanitation/5352-squatting-versus-sitting-as-a-defecation-posture-the-squatty-potty-qhealthy-colon-healthy-lifeq?limit=12&start=12#20000
F H Mughal]]>
Health issues and connections with sanitation Sat, 07 Jan 2017 04:52:11 +0000
Re: Squatting vs. Sitting - by: muench http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/26-health-issues-and-connections-with-sanitation/5352-squatting-versus-sitting-as-a-defecation-posture-the-squatty-potty-qhealthy-colon-healthy-lifeq?limit=12&start=12#19998 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/26-health-issues-and-connections-with-sanitation/5352-squatting-versus-sitting-as-a-defecation-posture-the-squatty-potty-qhealthy-colon-healthy-lifeq?limit=12&start=12#19998 Then again, perhaps women who are used to squatting for using the toilet (or for "sitting" around and waiting, like I have observed vendors to do in Thailand for example), are less impacted even during the later stages of pregnancy. Perhaps you could ask around amongst women that you know in Pakistan where squatting is the norm for toilet use? Could be interesting.

I have read that also the elderly may find it harder, and that grab bars attached to the wall would make a bit difference (also for people with disabilities).
See also posts by Carol and Kris here: forum.susana.org/component/kunena/93-inc...ars-in-squat-toilets]]>
Health issues and connections with sanitation Sat, 07 Jan 2017 00:07:16 +0000
Re: Squatting vs. Sitting - by: F H Mughal http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/26-health-issues-and-connections-with-sanitation/5352-squatting-versus-sitting-as-a-defecation-posture-the-squatty-potty-qhealthy-colon-healthy-lifeq?limit=12&start=12#19974 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/26-health-issues-and-connections-with-sanitation/5352-squatting-versus-sitting-as-a-defecation-posture-the-squatty-potty-qhealthy-colon-healthy-lifeq?limit=12&start=12#19974
Would the pregnant women still can squat, if she is a bit over-weight?

Regards,

F H Mughal]]>
Health issues and connections with sanitation Wed, 04 Jan 2017 05:44:13 +0000
Re: squat for money - The Squatty Potty - "healthy colon - healthy life" (product from the US) - by: muench http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/26-health-issues-and-connections-with-sanitation/5352-squatting-versus-sitting-as-a-defecation-posture-the-squatty-potty-qhealthy-colon-healthy-lifeq?limit=12&start=12#19963 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/26-health-issues-and-connections-with-sanitation/5352-squatting-versus-sitting-as-a-defecation-posture-the-squatty-potty-qhealthy-colon-healthy-lifeq?limit=12&start=12#19963 defecation postures (en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Defecation_postures) brought me back to this forum thread. That's because one of the other Wikipedians posted some interesting information on the article's talk page here:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Talk:Defecation_po...ap-around_foot_rests

He posted a link to this promotional video for the squatty potty:



Accompanying article:
www.adweek.com/news/advertising-branding...ted-sales-600-168526

"Squatty Potty's CEO Ignored Everyone, Made an Insane Video and Boosted Sales 600% Bold marketing helps bring in $15 million"

My fellow Wikipedian also asked:
I can't help but wonder whether it makes a difference whether you squat with a toilet seat supporting your body, as seen in the Squatty Potty video above, or whether you support your weight with your legs/feet, as is done in Japan. --Guy Macon (talk) 17:44, 7 December 2016 (UTC)


He also provided some references for health benefits from squatting although I think none of them stacks up as being good enough for Wikipedia's really high level of references for medical/health content which is explained here en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Identifying_reliable_sources_(medicine)
- and which disqualifies primary research and individual small study results.

I guess it is an under-researched topic so not easy to come by the very high quality large studies that would be required to be sure of the possible health benefits from squatting versus sitting ("sure" in the sense of Wikipedia articles' citations, not "sure" in the sense of your own personal experiences).

This is just another example of how Wikipedia work can help us in learning and identifying knowledge gaps and connecting with other interested people.

Regards,
Elisabeth]]>
Health issues and connections with sanitation Tue, 03 Jan 2017 14:31:31 +0000
WASH Benefits studies published in 2016 (evidence on the health and developmental benefits of water quality, sanitation, handwashing, and nutritional interventions) - by: campbelldb http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/26-health-issues-and-connections-with-sanitation/19896-wash-benefits-studies-published-in-2016-evidence-on-the-health-and-developmental-benefits-of-water-quality-sanitation-handwashing-and-nutritional-interventions#19896 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/26-health-issues-and-connections-with-sanitation/19896-wash-benefits-studies-published-in-2016-evidence-on-the-health-and-developmental-benefits-of-water-quality-sanitation-handwashing-and-nutritional-interventions#19896 WASH Benefits Studies Published in 2016 – The WASH Benefits Study provides rigorous evidence on the health and developmental benefits of water quality, sanitation, handwashing, and nutritional interventions during the first years of life. The study includes two, cluster-randomized controlled trials to measure the impact of intervention among newborn infants in rural Bangladesh and Kenya. The studies are large in scope (> 5,000 newborns per country) and will measure primary outcomes after two years of intervention.

December 2016 – Adapting and Evaluating a Rapid, Low-Cost Method to Enumerate Flies in the Household Setting. Marlene K. Wolfe, Holly N. Dentz, Beryl Achando, MaryAnne Mureithi, Tim Wolfe, Clair Null, Amy J. Pickering. Am J Trop Med Hyg 2016 16-0162.

October 2016 – Occurrence of Host-Associated Fecal Markers on Child Hands, Household Soil, and Drinking Water in Rural Bangladeshi Households. Alexandria B. Boehm, Dan Wang, Ayse Ercumen, Meghan Shea, Angela R. Harris, Orin C. Shanks, Catherine Kelty, Alvee Ahmed, Zahid Hayat Mahmud, Benjamin F. Arnold, Claire Chase, Craig Kullmann, John M. Colford Jr., Stephen P. Luby, and Amy J. Pickering. Publication Date (Web): October 13, 2016. Environ. Sci. Technol. Lett. DOI: 10.1021/acs.estlett.6b00382.

June 2016 – Towards a Scalable and Sustainable Intervention for Complementary Food Safety. Rahman MJ, Nizame FA, Nuruzzaman M, Akand F, Islam MA, Parvez SM, Stewart CP, Unicomb L, Luby SP, Winch PJ. Food and Nutrition Bulletin. 2016 Jun;37(2):186-201.

June 2016 – Hygiene Practices During Food Preparation in Rural Bangladesh: Opportunities to Improve the Impact of Handwashing Interventions. Fosiul A. Nizame, Elli Leontsini, Stephen P. Luby, Md. Nuruzzaman, Shahana Parveen, Peter J. Winch, Pavani K. Ram, Leanne Unicomb. Published online June 13, 2016, doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.15-0377. Am J Trop Med Hyg 2016 vol. 95 no. 2 288-297.

June 2016 – Soil-Transmitted Helminth Eggs Are Present in Soil at Multiple Locations within Households in Rural Kenya. Lauren Steinbaum, Sammy M. Njenga, Jimmy Kihara, Alexandria B. Boehm, Jennifer Davis, Clair Null, Amy J. Pickering. PLOS ONE, Published: June 24, 2016.

June 2016 – Hand-and Object-Mouthing of Rural Bangladeshi Children 3–18 Months Old. Kwong LH, Ercumen A, Pickering AJ, Unicomb L, Davis J, Luby SP. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016 Jun 4;13(6).

May 2016 – Vitamin B-12 Concentrations in Breast Milk Are Low and Are Not Associated with Reported Household Hunger, Recent Animal-Source Food, or Vitamin B-12 Intake in Women in Rural Kenya. Williams AM, Chantry CJ, Young SL, Achando BS, Allen LH, Arnold BF, Colford JM Jr, Dentz HN, Hampel D, Kiprotich MC, Lin A, Null CA,Nyambane GM, Shahab-Ferdows S, Stewart CP. J Nutr. 2016 May;146(5):1125-31.]]>
Health issues and connections with sanitation Thu, 22 Dec 2016 18:59:41 +0000
PLoS journals launch important WASH collection - by: campbelldb http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/26-health-issues-and-connections-with-sanitation/19615-plos-journals-launch-important-wash-collection#19615 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/26-health-issues-and-connections-with-sanitation/19615-plos-journals-launch-important-wash-collection#19615 Sanitation Updates.

The 2016 studies include:

Interpreting the Global Enteric Multicenter Study (GEMS) Findings on Sanitation, Hygiene, and Diarrhea
Jonny Crocker, Jamie Bartram
PLOS Medicine : 03 May 2016

The Hygiene Hypothesis and Its Inconvenient Truths about Helminth Infections
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases : 15 Sep 2016

Scaling up Rural Sanitation in India
PLOS Medicine : 26 Aug 2014

WASH Research
Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices regarding Diarrhea and Cholera following an Oral Cholera Vaccination Campaign in the Solomon Islands
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases : 22 Aug 2016

Ivermectin Treatment and Sanitation Effectively Reduce Strongyloides stercoralis Infection Risk in Rural Communities in Camb…
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases : 22 Aug 2016

Who Delivers without Water? A Multi Country Analysis of Water and Sanitation in the Childbirth Environment
PLOS ONE : 17 Aug 2016

High-Resolution Spatial Distribution and Estimation of Access to Improved Sanitation in Kenya
PLOS ONE : 12 Jul 2016

Sanitation and Hygiene-Specific Risk Factors for Moderate-to-Severe Diarrhea in Young Children in the Global Enteric Multicenter St…
PLOS Medicine : 03 May 2016

A Global Perspective on Drinking-Water and Sanitation Classification: An Evaluation of Census Content
PLOS ONE : 17 Mar 2016

School Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene, Soil-Transmitted Helminths, and Schistosomes: National Mapping in Ethiopia
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases : 08 Mar 2016

Have You Heard of Schistosomiasis? Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices in Nampula Province, Mozambique
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases : 04 Mar 2016

Risk of Intestinal Parasitic Infections in People with Different Exposures to Wastewater and Fecal Sludge in Kampala, Uganda: A Cross-S…
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases : 03 Mar 2016

The Ecological Dynamics of Fecal Contamination and Salmonella Typhi and Salmonella Paratyphi A in Municipal Kathma…
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases : 06 Jan 2016


++++++
* Added by moderator: What is PLos?
According to Wikipedia:
PLOS (for Public Library of Science) is a nonprofit open access scientific publishing project aimed at creating a library of open access journals and other scientific literature under an open content license.
See en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PLOS for more information.
]]>
Health issues and connections with sanitation Mon, 21 Nov 2016 18:07:49 +0000
The Ebola Crisis and Innovative WASH Solutions: Webinar recap - by: BijanFHI360 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/26-health-issues-and-connections-with-sanitation/19093-webinar-announcement-the-ebola-crisis-and-innovative-wash-solutions-recording-available#19242 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/26-health-issues-and-connections-with-sanitation/19093-webinar-announcement-the-ebola-crisis-and-innovative-wash-solutions-recording-available#19242
Sustaining long-term water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) practices are essential for strong public health systems which are influential in preventing the resurgence of diseases such as Ebola and preventing future outbreaks. For this reason, the Global Public-Private Partnership for Handwashing hosted a webinar in collaboration with Global Communities, UNICEF, and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) exploring how innovative WASH and social behavior change (SBC) solutions were critical in halting the West Africa Ebola crisis and how their programs are supporting the recovery process and promoting ongoing community health and wellbeing.

Global Communities Program Development Manager, Alice Urban, and WASH Specialist, Franky Li assessed the impact of community-led total sanitation (CLTS) interventions on helping contain and prevent the spread of Ebola in Liberia. They also described how CLTS engagement in other health-related activities has raised government awareness about the need for more targeted support to the community-level health system and demonstrates a low-cost, sustainable option. CLTS can be more than just a tool for sanitation promotion. Community momentum should be leveraged to promote other community health and development objectives.

Learn more about the CLTS methodology used in Liberia here and a report on the community-led response here.

Gaelle Fohr, a sanitation and hygiene consultant who worked as a specialist between 2014 and 2016 for UNICEF’s West and Central Africa program (WCARO), delivered a presentation on the impact of hygiene kits that were distributed in schools when they reopened in early 2015. Together with handwashing promotion, these kits helped form new norms and improved knowledge of handwashing with soap. Ultimately, hygiene kits became part of the safe school protocol. UNICEF continues to incorporate lessons learned from the Ebola response into their approach towards other infectious disease outbreaks. Programs, such as this, can lead to a stronger evidence base when projects have efficient knowledge management guidelines that work in conjunction with the monitoring and reporting processes.

Read how UNICEF launched global response to the Ebola outbreak in West Africa here and WCARO’s efforts here.

CDC’s Infection Prevention & Control program (IPC) was described by Dr. Nora Chea, Medical Epidemiologist. Dr. Chea demonstrated how improved WASH interventions in healthcare settings drove the success of IPC in Sierra Leone and how key results might be replicated in response to future outbreaks. IPC interventions—which include providing clean water, improving environmental cleaning and environmental waste management practices, and proper disinfection of medical equipment—can have a greater impact when technical guidance and evidence-based knowledge are provided at the regional and global levels and information management systems are supported. Integration is a current hot topic in development, and it is applicable in this context, too. Clearly defining cross-sectoral monitoring between sectors and response clusters can reduce gaps or duplicity between IPC and WASH programs. Dr. Chea concluded his presentation by emphasizing that IPC programs within healthcare structures must integrate improved WASH practices at all levels. WASH is critical in healthcare settings—both for IPC and for promoting public health.

Information about CDC’s ongoing IPC work may be found here. CDC has also produced Ebola outbreak communication resources, available here.

Learn more about key takeaways from these programs by accessing the webinar recording and downloading the presentation slides here. If you’d like to learn more about how handwashing with soap can help prevent Ebola virus transmission, read our one-page summary here.]]>
Health issues and connections with sanitation Wed, 05 Oct 2016 14:57:45 +0000
Webinar Announcement: “The Ebola Crisis and Innovative WASH Solutions” (recording available) - by: BijanFHI360 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/26-health-issues-and-connections-with-sanitation/19093-webinar-announcement-the-ebola-crisis-and-innovative-wash-solutions-recording-available#19093 http://forum.susana.org/component/kunena/26-health-issues-and-connections-with-sanitation/19093-webinar-announcement-the-ebola-crisis-and-innovative-wash-solutions-recording-available#19093 September 28 at 10:00 am EDT.

Description
In 2015, Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Guinea began to enter periods of Ebola-free recovery. We know that innovative water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) interventions, specifically handwashing behavior change programs, played a critical role in halting the crisis and promoting ongoing community health. Now, we must ask ourselves “What’s next?” How can we ensure that the lessons learned from this crisis are incorporated into how the WASH sector promotes sustained behavior change? Can the response to the Ebola crisis frame how the world responds other to infectious disease outbreaks?

Experts from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and Global Communities will share key takeaways on the impact of infection prevention and control programs, community-led total sanitation approaches, and WASH interventions in schools.

Join the Global Public-Private Partnership for Handwashing for this interactive webinar on to discuss these questions and more.

Confirmed Speakers
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Global Communities
UNICEF

Please register here


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Health issues and connections with sanitation Wed, 21 Sep 2016 15:25:49 +0000