SuSanA - Forum Kunena Site Syndication Mon, 27 Apr 2015 05:36:29 +0000 Kunena 1.6 SuSanA - Forum en-gb Re: FGM (Female Genital Mutilation) and Sanitation - by: awomansworthinc
I'm very late to this thread (new to the forums and site here) and realize this is from the last May28 day but want to chime in as I'm doing some FGM/C Menstruation surveying and work now. Currently doing key informant interviews and questionnaires on MHM practices and beliefs and Part 3 of our survey covers FGM in detail. I'm hoping to have this report wrapped up before this years May28 day. I'll be sure to post it here first. So far in the surveying we are hearing (and reading) several problems with menstruation due to FGM/C (including product use).]]>
Menstrual hygiene management (MHM) Fri, 24 Apr 2015 02:42:55 +0000
Re: MHM Practices & Beliefs Survey Ethiopia, Sierra Leone & Liberia - by: SusannahClemence Menstrual hygiene management (MHM) Thu, 23 Apr 2015 11:25:44 +0000 MHM Practices & Beliefs Survey Ethiopia, Sierra Leone & Liberia - by: awomansworthinc I'm new here and have been encouraged to make a first post. I am the Founder & ED of A Woman's Worth, Inc. We are currently (right now this very minute!) surveying on menstruation hygiene & practices in 3 countries; Ethiopia, Liberia & Sierra Leone. We will be publishing and making available to those in the WASH sector our full reports. As a fairly new and young organization I will be referencing these forums often. As early as next week we will have our fist survey back of 500 girls and women from 3 regions in Ethiopia and June 1st our first data from Sierra Leone comes in. If anyone would like to connect on this or has any valuable advice I certainly would love to read it. Thank you for approving my registration. I look forward to reading every single thread here.

Kimmy Cash-Fairbaugh
A Woman's Worth, Inc.]]>
Menstrual hygiene management (MHM) Wed, 15 Apr 2015 19:27:57 +0000
Re: Finished Master Thesis in MHM - Re: Research of the effects of menstrual hygiene interventions on school attendance - - by: dannyogwo Am sorry for not sharing my experience as I was still testing the strategy that have been used in Ethiopia and properly there was no indicator for its measurement.
Training of school girls and community women in local sanitary pads production as a strategy of promoting and improving sustainable menstrual hygiene management.
While sewing this materials (sanitary pads), a rapport for open discussion between mother and girls child is initiated to improve the girls knowledge of reproductive health and menstruation.
peer educators trainer strategy: this give the school girls the opportunity to openly discuss menstruation with their peer while sewing and distributing the sanitary pads.

Menstrual hygiene management (MHM) Tue, 14 Apr 2015 22:57:58 +0000
Re: Finished Master Thesis in MHM - Re: Research of the effects of menstrual hygiene interventions on school attendance - - by: muench
Congratulations on completing your Master Thesis on MHM! And I am so pleased that you took the approach of "sharing is caring" and have shared your final result, after we were able to follow some of your research progress here on the forum. Perfect!

I was just wondering about the title of your thesis:
"Dropping out of school because of Menstruation?"
Isn't it more about absenteeism (when the girls have their menstruation days each month), rather than dropping out completely? Dropping out completely might be more related to them being married off young, once they have their menstruation and are regarded as "adults" by some?

I saw your in your summary that you mentioned the girls' fear/hesitation to stand up in class to answer a question during their menstruation days (in case there is a stain on their skirt). I really feel for those girls. In Germany, the practice of having to stand up when you say something in class has been abandoned - unless it's about doing something at the blackboard or in front of the class; but not for a "normal" answer. This would help these girls...

Are you able to use your thesis work in your job that you are now pursuing after your degree?

And if you have some time in between jobs, how about weaving some of your knowledge into the relevant Wikipedia articles on menstruation topics? See here a related post I made a few days ago in the direction of WASH United:

Good luck with your next career moves!

Menstrual hygiene management (MHM) Tue, 14 Apr 2015 10:50:08 +0000
Re: The Ruby cup and MHM experiences from Kenya - by: secretariat
this might be of interest to all German-speaking forum members:

there is a very interesting interview (in German) with Maxie Matthiessen, co-founder of Ruby Cup online here.
It is a 40 minute interview broadcasted in february this year on the radio.

Regards, Lasse]]>
Menstrual hygiene management (MHM) Mon, 13 Apr 2015 09:14:41 +0000
Re: free peer-reviewed MHM articles in WaterLines - by: Doreen
Yes, it might be premature for the menstrual cups. Would be happy to meet when you are in Nairobi to discuss this further. Just let me know when you are around.

Best regards

Menstrual hygiene management (MHM) Sat, 11 Apr 2015 16:37:53 +0000
Re: free peer-reviewed MHM articles in WaterLines - by: PennyPH
Yes, it would be good to hear from the NGO community whether they encounter hygiene issues. It may be premature for feedback regarding hygiene issues around cup distribution, however, feedback on how NGOs are able to support handwashing and hygiene practices of schoolgirls when using pads would also be of great interest.

When I am next in Nairobi, perhaps we can organize a meeting to discuss this further
very best, Penny]]>
Menstrual hygiene management (MHM) Sat, 11 Apr 2015 08:38:18 +0000
Re: Training of school girls and boys on how to make Re-usable sanitary pad (Uganda) - by: SusannahClemence Menstrual hygiene management (MHM) Thu, 09 Apr 2015 12:25:08 +0000 Re: Keep the Flow Going - MHM and MH Day newsletter - by: muench
Your post alerting us to menstrual hygiene day on 28 May 2015 gave me the following idea:
If you are able to generate some attention for menstrual hygiene on that day, then more people might also turn to Wikipedia to find out more. Therefore, it may pay off to ensure the information on Wikipedia is good.

You could even think about creating a new article for Menstrual Hygiene Day.
(I actually think a Wikipedia article on World Toilet Day would also be good; so far, it re-directs to World Toilet Organisation)

I can help you with setting up such an article. But careful, it should not be seen as a purely promotional page, but it should be quite "neutral" and ideally include other references which have said something about this day, not just your own.

It would also be useful to review the existing Wikipedia articles on related topics which include:
  • Menstruation:
  • A dedicated article on MHM, including aspects of developing countries, has not yet been created (this should perhaps still be added in order to raise awareness)
  • Separate pages exist for the main menstrual products: Pads, tampons, Menstrual cup

(the Wikipedia page on menstrual cups I have already improved a bit myself because I like menstrual cups; it gets about 500 views per day which is pretty good:

The article on menstruation gets about 900 views per day (

Oh and these articles on Wikipedia are also not bad:

In each case, it is quite possible that developing country issues are under-represented which is something I have found on many Wikipedia pages that I have worked on so far (they often have a US-centric view, but we can change that!).

Menstrual hygiene management (MHM) Thu, 09 Apr 2015 11:43:48 +0000
Training of school girls and boys on how to make Re-usable sanitary pad (Uganda) - by: emmanuelkas2004 Indeed Menstrual hygiene management is a good thing especially in poor communities and rural schools. Our organization have taken part in training of school girls and boy on how to make Re-usable sanitary pad and its working in many schools of Bunyangabu country Kabarole district. We train on Making of Re-usable sanitary pads, Train on used sanitary disposal, Train on personal hygiene, menstrual pain management and train teachers and organized community groups on how to make home liquid soap that can be used especially on hand washing and floor scrubbing and as a side income since teachers get a lowest pay as salary.]]> Menstrual hygiene management (MHM) Tue, 07 Apr 2015 15:17:35 +0000 Re: free peer-reviewed MHM articles in WaterLines - by: Doreen
Thanks a lot for the information. Of course it would be interesting for us to know the activities that were carried out to monitor safety.
My only issue is the long term (health) effects that lack of water and hand washing can have on the girls.

I don't know how other organisations/NGOs that are promoting cups in low income areas and schools are dealing with the hygiene issues. Maybe they could shed a bit of light on this issue.

Best regards,

Menstrual hygiene management (MHM) Tue, 31 Mar 2015 09:19:42 +0000
Re: free peer-reviewed MHM articles in WaterLines - by: PennyPH
Many thanks Doreen for your comments

In response to your concern about hygiene, the paper published reported qualitative findings generated after girls had experienced use of menstrual cups, or sanitary pads. We also conducted extensive activities to monitor safety, which will be reported duly. No hazards were reported over the study duration. Schools were evaluated pre-intervention for WASH conditions. Because most lacked soap we provided monthly soap powder to all schools (across the three study arms) to support hand-washing throughout the study. We allocated research nurses to schools, who provided regular screening with girls (approx twice each term). These screenings, plus girls self-reports, include information collected on girls' hand-washing behaviour before and after using the latrines at school. A paper is in press with Waterlines which examines this.

As there was no assurity of the quality or availability of 'clean' water in or close to latrines, girls were advised to empty their menstrual cup then immediately reinsert, to minimize any risk of contamination.

Note below -the article authorship is incorrectly referenced - the correct reference is:

Linda Mason, Kayla F. Laserson, Kelvin Oruko, Elizabeth Nyothach, Kelly T. Alexander, Frank O. Odhiambo, Alie Eleveld, Emily Isiye, Isaac Ngere, Jackton Omoto, Aisha Mohammed, John Vulule, Penelope A. Phillips-Howard.

very best, Penny]]>
Menstrual hygiene management (MHM) Mon, 16 Mar 2015 11:57:36 +0000
Finished Master Thesis in MHM - Re: Research of the effects of menstrual hygiene interventions on school attendance - - by: Steff
sharing is caring! Attached you can find my finished Master Thesis.
Deppest gratitude to everyone who supported this work.
The document is also assessible at the SuSana library here.

If you have any questions or remarks please do not hesitate to contact me ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it ).


Dropping out of school because of Menstruation?
An analysis of factors of success for Menstrual Hygiene Management-projects in low and lower-middle income countries


Background and aims: Former research reveals that many girls in developing countries are challenged by the management of menstruation in their educational settings. Absenteeism dur-ing menstruation is a consequential occurrence that can potentially lead girls to drop out of school completely. Over the past decade, these findings have led to increased interest in Men-strual Hygiene Management by developmental organisations. The aim of this thesis is to ana-lyse whether the interventions such organisations conduct in order to improve these situations indeed lead to improvements in school attendance and, if so, to identify factors of success.
Methodology: The socio-ecological framework for Menstrual Hygiene Management is used as a theoretical foundation for the topic. A qualitative approach, based on a comparison of four case studies together with results from seven expert interviews, is used to gather information.
Results: The case studies show that the interventions ‘education’, ‘provision of sanitary items’, and the combination of both, have a positive impact on the reduction of menstruation-related school absenteeism but cannot completely prevent it. Analysis of the studies as well as the interviews suggests that, in addition to the promotion of sanitary items and sanitary infra-structure, the provision of menstruation-related education to girls and their communities is a key factor of success to keeping girls in school.
Conclusion: Menstrual Hygiene Management projects should include a holistic educational programme that is adapted to cultural contexts that focuses on teaching not only girls, but also their families, schools and communities. Furthermore, the promotion of access to sanitary items and adequate sanitary infrastructure is advised and a programme to support this should involve local stakeholders to ensure its long-term utilisation.]]>
Menstrual hygiene management (MHM) Wed, 11 Mar 2015 14:45:35 +0000
Re: Keep the Flow Going - MHM and MH Day newsletter - by: inajurga

With 28 May just three months away, we're unveiling the new slogan for 2015, giving you a sneak-peek at the MH Day POP-UP Exhibition Toolkit and sharing the latest MHM updates!]]>
Menstrual hygiene management (MHM) Tue, 03 Mar 2015 15:09:09 +0000