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Topics in Category: Community-led approaches - SuSanA Forum Sat, 24 Jun 2017 19:25:31 +0200 Joomla! - Open Source Content Management /media/kunena/images/icons/rss.png Topics in Category: Community-led approaches - SuSanA Forum en-gb Key documents in the area of community-led total sanitation (CLTS) - by: muench "CLTS monitoring and measuring community outcomes".

For the webinar on 22 July on this topic (see here on the forum), Pippa Scott had asked the expert panel and chair to share their top picks and relevant resources on CLTS monitoring and measuring community outcomes. The result is shown in the list below:
  1. The Sanitation Monitoring UNICEF toolkit is an excellent resource:
  2. Developing and Monitoring Protocol for the Elimination of Open Defecation in Sub-Saharan Africa. UNICEF. 2013,
  3. Community-Led Total Sanitation in East Asia and Pacific: Progress, Lessons and Directions. UNICEF,
  4. Sanitation Marketing Lessons from Cambodia: A Market-Based Approach to Delivering Sanitation. Danielle Pedi, Phyrum Kov and Susanna Smets. Water and Sanitation Program. 2012,
  5. Testing CLTS Approaches for Scalability, UNC / Plan International project website:
  6. How can a large sample survey monitor open defecation in rural India for the Swatch Bharat Abhiyan? Coffey and Spears, 2014, or here:
  7. In regards to improving outcomes, diffusion theory, and natural leaders: "Association Between Social Network Communities and Health Behavior: An Observational Sociocentric Network Study of Latrine Ownership in Rural India." Holly B. Shakya PhD et al. 2014.
  8. IDS in Action: Sharing and learning on CLTS and sustainability. Andy Robinson. 2014,
Community-led approaches Wed, 12 Aug 2015 10:33:37 +0200
CLTS Knowledge Hub activities at WEDC 2017 - by: Petra
The CLTS Knowledge Hub will be there, offering a variety of activities, including:
Sunday 23rd July 9.30-17.00 at Burleigh Court, CLTS Sharing and Learning Workshop: The CLTS Knowledge Hub (IDS, UK) invites those who will be attending the WEDC conference and anyone interested in CLTS to join us for this opportunity to exchange experiences, discuss ideas, challenges, innovations etc and to network. The workshop is free of charge and will include coffee breaks and lunch. Further details will be sent to registered participants nearer the time. Please register by sending your name, organisation, job title and country to Stacey Townsend: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Monday 24th July, evening side session, time to be confirmed, Revisiting Subsidies: Supporting the poorest in CLTS: Recent studies have highlighted issues of sustainability and inclusion that raise questions about the strong position against subsidies associated with CLTS. This side event will share workshop discussions, highlighting innovations, challenges and opportunities of integrating support for the poorest with CLTS programming at scale from a recent workshop convened by the CLTS Knowledge Hub and UNICEF. It will be a highly interactive event, asking participants to share their own experiences, knowledge and views.
CLTS Knowledge Hub stall with publications and time to meet and chat with Hub staff and other people throughout the conference

More info here: ]]>
Publications and webinars about CLTS Wed, 14 Jun 2017 09:47:38 +0200
Recording and resources from a webinar on Monitoring, Verification and Certification of CLTS - by: Petra
You can watch a recording of the webinar, download the presentations and find related resources here ]]>
Publications and webinars about CLTS Thu, 04 May 2017 17:04:40 +0200
Piloting a Community Led School Sanitation Improvement in Conflict Affected areas in ARMM Philippines was a success. - by: RoyCal The remaining beneficiary schools that have been selected with Department of Education Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (Deped ARMM)were in Lanao area. This brings along some security challenges as the schools are in red areas and therefore GIZ and its contractors cannot directly access the schools.
The shift of strategy of GIZ in implementing sanitation facilities improvement from contractor led approach to community led brings high accomplishment rating making the DepEd ARMM decide to replicate it in island provinces.

The DepEd ARMM Regional Monitoring Team (RMT), Division Facilities Coordinators, School Heads and the Trained Sanitation Community Skilled Workers (SCSW) played a great role in this success.

The 3 agencies set up guiding roles and responsibilities to implement this approach:

DepEd ARMM Regional Office

•Provide the delivery of construction materials from GIZ Warehouse in Cotabato City to the schools
•Committed to provide incentive reward worth Php 10,000.00 per school who completed the classroom toilet construction
•Conducts monitoring of the target schools

School communities

•Identify a skilled worker to participate in the training
•Provide the needed labour
•Ensure the construction is completed in a timely manner


•Provide orientation to school heads and on-the-job training for CSW
•Provide construction materials to the schools

DepEd Regional Monitoring Team and GIZ FFS staff developed a simple monitoring tool for non-engineers to be use by the team during school site visits. This was used during the early stage of classroom toilet construction wherein during the school visit of RMT, and any findings was discussed to the school heads and the SCSW before leaving the school. This is to minimize back jobs and meet the standard classroom toilet set by DepEd ARMM.

Since rainfall in Lanao and Marawi areas is frequent, rainwater catchment is very feasible for school children have access to water inside the new constructed classroom toilets. Some of the schools replicated the temporary rainwater catchment that the skilled workers installed in the classroom toilets they have constructed.

Some of the output of community led classroom toilet constructed in Lanao and Marawi schools are shown in the attachment

As of today 32 out of 35 schools have completed the repair and construction of classroom toilet and received their reward incentives in the amount of Php 10,000.00. For the 3 schools they were given memo by the office of the DepEd ARMM Secretary to do lots of explaining on the status of the project.]]>
Community-led approaches Fri, 21 Apr 2017 03:17:33 +0200
Using CLTS in the transition phase from emergency to development - by: nityajacob
I haven't seen CLTS implemented in the aftermath of emergencies, but in many rural communities in India. The routine is sending a team of trained motivators to spend 3 days in a village (or habitation). Day 1 is for pre-triggering where they meet people, survey the village and draw the OD maps during a public meeting. Day 2 is for triggering in different localities, taking care to have a relatively homogenous group. There is no prescribed way for this but the rule of thumb seems to be one member from each family and people from the same caste and religion in each triggering session. Day 3 is for setting up the local groups to stop people from defecating in the open by intercepting them in the morning and evenings.

The motivators' experiences seem to suggest small groups work best. Therefore, in a situation where people have been displaced, homogeneity would be desirable but harder than in settled villages. Local leaders in their experience work without payment but the motivators are paid. A local official is part of their team to lend weight to the process. Their team revisits the village every few days after triggering for a few months to keep tabs on what's happening and brings aberrations to the notice of senior officials.

Local leaders do crave some form of recognition - citations, uniform, badges, etc., and if a job is well done, then an award. They usually do not get cash awards but their efforts are recognised by high-ups in the government. This seems to keep them going. Pure altruism is rare to find, however!

Community-led approaches Tue, 04 Apr 2017 10:31:05 +0200
In Portuguese! Rastrear Progresso e Sustentabilidade: Monitoria, Verificação e Certificação de CLTS - by: Petra
Esta Nota de Reflexão examina as questões e os desafios que estão a surgir relativamente a monitoria, verificação e certificação à medida que o CLTS vai sendo usado em escalas maiores. Embora se tenham registado progressos, subsistem lacunas significativas na prática, que se colmatariam melhor com mais inovação e mais aprendizagem.

Baixar esta Nota de Reflexão ]]>
Publications and webinars about CLTS Wed, 22 Feb 2017 09:00:44 +0100
Sustainable Sanitation for all: experiences, challenges and innovations- new publication! - by: Petra
Le livre 'Assainissement pour tous: expériences, défis et innovations' est maintenant disponible en français
Télécharger le livre par chapitre ici

À propos du livre
Ce livre s’attache à décrire la mosaïque de paysages de durabilité de l’ATPC et de l’assainissement en faisant référence aux Objectifs de développement durable (ODD) et en prenant des exemples tirés d’Afrique et d’Asie ; il capture une myriade d’expériences et d’innovations issues d’un large éventail d’institutions et d’acteurs au sein du secteur de l’EAH et il s’efforce de formuler des recommandations et des suggestions pratiques en matière de politiques et de pratiques à l’intention des bailleurs de fonds, des décideurs, des pouvoirs publics et des praticiens.]]>
Publications and webinars about CLTS Tue, 21 Feb 2017 11:27:37 +0100
In French: Un assainissement durable pour tous: expériences, défis et innovations - by: Petra Télécharger le livre par chapitre ici

À propos du livre
Ce livre s’attache à décrire la mosaïque de paysages de durabilité de l’ATPC et de l’assainissement en faisant référence aux Objectifs de développement durable (ODD) et en prenant des exemples tirés d’Afrique et d’Asie ; il capture une myriade d’expériences et d’innovations issues d’un large éventail d’institutions et d’acteurs au sein du secteur de l’EAH et il s’efforce de formuler des recommandations et des suggestions pratiques en matière de politiques et de pratiques à l’intention des bailleurs de fonds, des décideurs, des pouvoirs publics et des praticiens.]]>
Publications and webinars about CLTS Tue, 21 Feb 2017 11:26:38 +0100
New Learning Brief- Tracking Progress and Sustainability: Monitoring, Verification and Certification of CLTS - by: Petra Monitoring, verification and certification are essential for ensuring the success and sustainability of Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) efforts. Monitoring assesses and documents progress towards and the sustainability of Open Defecation Free (ODF) status. Verification and certification provide a goal for communities and help implementing agencies and governments to ensure consistency and reliability of desired outcomes.

This Learning Brief considers the issues and challenges that are emerging around monitoring, verification and certification as CLTS is being used at scale. Whilst there has been progress, significant gaps in practice still remain. These would benefit from further innovation and lesson learning.

Download the Learning Brief here

This Learning Brief complements a longer Learning Paper Keeping Track: CLTS Monitoring, Certification and Verification available here ]]>
Publications and webinars about CLTS Tue, 24 Jan 2017 10:38:32 +0100
Picturing inclusive CLTS Photo Competition - by: Petra
We are looking for photographs that show examples of inclusive CLTS, highlight good practice, depict innovative programming and emphasize the need to ‘reach the one in everyone’.

We invite submission of photos that
  • show an activity that aims at making CLTS inclusive
  • feature an adaptation to a programme, either in terms of processes or infrastuctures that make sanitation inclusive and meet the needs of a specific (normally excluded) group of people
  • tell a story about how challenges around equity and inclusion have been addressed as part of CLTS,
  • illustrate the plight and a corresponding solution of one of the groups of people which often faces exclusion or difficulty in accessing
  • depict a monitoring or verification activity that tracks the inclusiveness of sanitation

The winning entries will be published in a special feature on the CLTS website. Both winning and non-winning photos will be used in publications such as our Frontiers of CLTS series and/or Learning Briefs/Learning Papers, as well as on the website, with full credit to the photographer, so by submitting an image you are giving us permission to use the photo in this way.

More information on how to enter the competition is available here ]]>
Community-led approaches Tue, 10 Jan 2017 12:15:25 +0100
Recording and follow up from the webinar on CLTS in urban and peri-urban settings - by: Petra
You can listen to a recording of the webinar and watch the presentation on our youtube channel

You can also download the powerpoint presentation here

And if you are interested in this subject , the September 2016 CLTS Newsletter has a useful overview of resources on urban CLTS

If you have questions or comments to share, please email us at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or leave your thoughts in the comments section here ]]>
CLTS in urban settings Fri, 07 Oct 2016 13:49:22 +0200
Using a CLTS approach in urban and peri-urban settings - by: Petra

CLTS in urban settings Wed, 05 Oct 2016 08:49:39 +0200
e-discussion: Moving beyond ODF to safely managed sanitation for all - by: bronwynpowell e-discussion: What is required of organisations, particularly CSOs, in thinking beyond Open Defecation Free (ODF) to safely managed sanitation for all

Hosted by the Civil Society WASH Fund, this e-Discussion will run from 12 September until 5 October 2016 to explore the role that organisations, particularly Civil Society Organisation (CSOs, or NGOs), play in assisting households, communities and governments to move up the sanitation ladder to ensure the safe and sustainable sanitation for all. Each week a new question will be posed. The e-discussion is facilitated by Mark Ellery.

The objective of this e-discussion is for CSOs and other practitioners to share their experiences of working with households and communities, private and public sector agencies to not only eradicate open defecation but to ensure the safe management of sanitation for all. This e-discussion will seek to understand the role that CSOs and others are currently playing in assisting communities:
• to move from the eradication of open defecation (i.e. triggering the behaviour change of individuals within communities to achieve collective ODF status);
• to improved sanitation for all (i.e. including the proximate, sufficient, affordable and hygienic sanitation facilities for all including children, the poor & disabled);
• to total sanitation (i.e. including the management of fecal sludge, drainage and solid waste services); and
• to ensuring improved health outcomes (i.e. including the regulation and enforcement of environmental health compliance of sanitary facilities).

Contribute your experiences to the e-discussion here .]]>
Community-led approaches Wed, 14 Sep 2016 04:16:57 +0200
Sustainable Total Sanitation in Nigeria - implementation, learning, research, and influence on practice and policy (WaterAid America) - by: Rbroseus
Please find below the most recent updates on WaterAid's Sustainable Total Sanitation project in Nigeria. Please let us know if you have any questions/comments!

- A few blogs which give an overview of WaterAid's work in Nigeria and discuss CLTS in urbanised areas:

- A link to WaterAid's website (below) including:

a) A brief which provides evidence to improve the targeting of CLTS in Nigeria;
b) The ‘Deep Dive’ (i.e. market research) report undertaken as part of the Sanitation Marketing component of this project;
c) Two posters presented in May 2016 at the WASH Futures Conference in Brisbane (Australia), which investigate how to improve targeting and outcomes of CLTS and explore how we can accelerate sustainable sanitation coverage to achieve universal access by 2030.

Kind regards,

Community-led approaches other than CLTS Thu, 21 Jul 2016 01:12:30 +0200
New! Frontiers issue 9: CLTS in post-emergency and fragile states settings - by: Petra

Download it here and sign up for a free webinar ]]>
Publications and webinars about CLTS Fri, 15 Jul 2016 06:41:31 +0200