SuSanA - Forum Kunena Site Syndication Wed, 01 Mar 2017 19:56:14 +0000 Kunena 1.6 SuSanA - Forum en-gb SFD Promotion Initiative (SFD PI) News 3 - by: cfurlong The SFD PI ( would like to wish SuSanA a Happy 10th Birthday and to update you on our recent activities and news.

Join us at FSM 4!
The SFD PI team will be in Chennai, India for FSM 4, please come and join us at one of our events.

SFDs in the News
SFDs are mainstreaming in India! Two articles have been published that use and mention SFD in relation to faecal sludge management. The first article was in the Down To Earth magazine and highlights faecal sludge management in the towns and cities on the River Ganges
The second was in the Times of India and illustrates the use of SFDs as an advocacy tools

Resources Updates
Our new Graphics Generator is now online and short tutorial on how to use it can be found here:

On the 18th January a SFD PI webinar was hosted by SuSanA. It included an update on our activities in India by Dr Suresh Kumar Rohilla from CSE, a guided tour of the new Graphics Generator by Prof. Barbara Evans from the University of Leeds, and a review of our helpdesk by Dr Susanne Bieker from GIZ. This webinar can now be viewed:

New Reports
Three new SFD city reports have been published on our website:
Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
Holleta, Ethiopia
Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia

Other Stuff
Lara Fernandez Martinez an MSc student from the Water Engineering and Development Centre at Loughborough University (UK), successfully defended her thesis on “Using the Shit/Excreta Flow Diagrams (SFDs) - for modelling future scenarios in Kumasi, Ghana”

You can also follow our latest news on Twitter @SFD_PI
If you have any questions or comments, please contact us at This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
Kind regards

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs) / Excreta flow diagrams Wed, 15 Feb 2017 18:39:46 +0000
Re: SFD Promotion Initiative (SFD PI) News 2 - by: muench In my role as moderator:
I have fixed the 3 links now in Cecilia's post above. It's working now.

Reminder to all: please don't put a full stop at the end of your URL when it's the end of a sentence (rather put a gap and then the fullstop of the sentence) and do check any URLs that you've inserted after making your post. Thanks.

In my role as interested SuSanA member: I like the point you are making that using only two colours (red/green) in these SFDs is extremely simplistic. Using in-between colours would be really interesting, but I suspect that it goes against the philosophy of SFDs which are meant to be highly simplistic advocacy tools (perhaps saying that any form of treatment is - as a start - better than no form of treatment).

But I also get a stomach ache looking at these graphs that state "safely managed" and "unsafely managed"... very black and white. But this is just my personal opinion; I have my doubts about SFDs but I seem to be proven wrong as they seem to be popular with decision makers and lots and lots of people are now keen to produce them for their cities. So... as long as they serve a purpose for awareness raising perhaps that's all that matters for now. (?)

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs) / Excreta flow diagrams Sun, 05 Feb 2017 22:38:51 +0000
Re: SFD Promotion Initiative (SFD PI) News 2 - by: canaday
Thanks for responding to my suggestions, but I would say that each remains standing and valid.

Unfortunately, none of the links you mentioned worked.

Almost all of the letters in the new graph are much too small and do not take advantage of the space that is available. I suggest that the words occupy the entire width of each stream. In that way, the most important streams are the easiest to read.

I know that the idea of these SFD graphs is to summarize the situation, but I consider that these can include more of the reality of the situation. Dividing everything between red and green makes for simple graphs, but reality is more complicated.

In particular, in these graphs, if wastewater gets any treatment, it gets a green arrow and everything looks beautiful, even though we know that most wastewater treatment in the world is deficient, especially with respect to pharmaceuticals. If sewers only transport feces to the rivers, this is nearly the same as open defecation. I would like to suggest that the arrows showing treatment and discharge not just be red or green, but instead the color can range between red and green according to percent efficiency of the treatment. These colors can be obtained easily in Excel with "conditional formatting".

I would be glad to help, if you like.

(By the way, your response did not come to my Inbox, for some reason. I was lucky to find it in the Daily Digest.)

Best wishes,
Shit flow diagrams (SFDs) / Excreta flow diagrams Sun, 05 Feb 2017 13:53:38 +0000
Re: Looking for a consultant to undertake a Shit Flow Diagram Study in Zimbabwe - by: Munya
Looking foward to hear from you.

Munyaradzi Changara.]]>
Shit flow diagrams (SFDs) / Excreta flow diagrams Fri, 03 Feb 2017 20:55:15 +0000
Re: SFD Promotion Initiative (SFD PI) News 2 - by: CeciliaRodrigues
Thank you so much for taking the time to review and comment on our project and resources. I will try to answer your questions:

1. We have developed a new version of the SFD graphic which addresses some of your concerns about the layout and readability. The black ovals for example are gone and the diagram is simpler and easier to read. Since December, the graphics can be produced using the SFD Graphic Generator. You may like to look at this new version here: . Based on user feedback we may consider making this graphic editable so that users can adjust font sizes etc., so your feedback in this regard is very helpful.

2. We have invested a lot of time in discussing the terminology used, which is based on functionality, as we have found that terms are used interchangeably for systems that have a different functionality. We have therefore developed a glossary to aid people: . This is currently under revision, as we want to address some of the new features from the Graphic Generator.

3. The naming of the water bodies could be added on the editable diagram, but you need to consider that there may be many water bodies in a town and city, which may diverge and converge so this could be confusing. The labels in the graphic are only there to give the reader a rough indication of how close the pollution source is to the majority of the population in the city. The real detail is contained in the report, which the graphic is embedded into. In the report, you can describe the context and outcomes of the service provision.

4. We are also looking into how we can incorporate recycling and reuse into our tools, currently our focus has been on piloting both the methods and tools. Some aspects of reuse are covered in the report.

5. How clean is the wastewater that is treated? Again this is another issue that we have been exploring. Generally we have had to estimate this due to a lack of monitoring and data. The assumption we make to draw the SFD are clearly stated and justified in the report. The SFD reports are intended to be the first step for understanding the sanitation situation in a city. From it and depending on the priorities locally defined, you will be able to identify the additional data to be collected and research to be conducted, i.e. water quality, treatment efficiency etc.

Many of your points highlight the importance of not viewing the SFD graphic alone, it should be viewed with the report or executive summary where it is embedded. Here you can find some reports available: . The SFD shows the pathways taken by excreta in the city, but the details and assumptions are in the report.

We hope that helps!

Kind regards,
Shit flow diagrams (SFDs) / Excreta flow diagrams Fri, 03 Feb 2017 17:25:04 +0000
Looking for a consultant to undertake a Shit Flow Diagram Study in Zimbabwe - by: mtgharper

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs) / Excreta flow diagrams Mon, 30 Jan 2017 20:10:26 +0000
Re: SuSanA webinar: 'How to make your own SFD graphic using the SFD online tools’ Wednesday, January 18th 2017 at 16:00 CET - by: arno

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs) / Excreta flow diagrams Thu, 19 Jan 2017 00:50:25 +0000
SuSanA webinar: 'How to make your own SFD graphic using the SFD online tools’ Wednesday, January 18th 2017 - recording - by: SDickin

The SFD Promotion Initiative has over the past two years further developed and tested the tools and methods for standardized assessment of excreta flows in cities and towns. The output from the SFD process is a concise report which contains the SFD Graphic, the qualitative assessment of the service delivery context and a complete record of the data sources used. Over thirty reviewed SFD reports prepared following the SFD process are available online ( Recently, we were pleased to announce the launch of the SFD Graphic Generator, the online tool to generate the excreta flow diagrams. Throughout the next two years, a team formed by professionals experienced in preparing SFD reports will ready to provide support for preparing SFD reports via the SFD Helpdesk.

Content of the webinar

In this webinar, the SFD Promotion Initiative will be happy to present you the online tools, including the recently launched SFD Graphic Generator and the modalities of support available. In the first part of this webinar, Barbara Evans (University of Leeds) will demonstrate the Graphic Generator and its functionalities. Afterwards, Dr. Suresh Rohilla will share with the participants some examples of how SFDs have been used in India. Furthermore, Dr. Susanne Bieker (GIZ) will present how the SFD Promotion Initiative can be of assistance during the preparation of SFDs and the channels available to reach out to us.

- Dr. Arne Panesar, head of the Sustainable Sanitation Sector Programme at GIZ (chair)
- Professor Barbara Evans, Professor of Public Health Engineering at Institute of Public Health and Environmental Engineering, University of Leeds
- Dr. Suresh Rohilla, Programme Director at Centre for Science and Environment
- Dr. Susanne Bieker, adviser at the Sustainable Sanitation Sector Programme, GIZ

- SFD webportal:
- Introduction to SFDs (video presentation) by Barbara Evans, Stockholm, August 2016:
- SFD Graphic Generator: (new online!)
- Series ‘Voices on SFD’:

Schedule: The webinar will last approximately one hour including an open discussion with the SFD Promotion Initiative project team. We will also open the session 30 minutes beforehand so you can test your video or microphone and meet other participants.

The webinar is being hosted by Stockholm Environment Institute and the SuSanA secretariat as part of a grant to SEI funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

10:00 New York/Washington DC
15:00 London
16:00 Stockholm
18:00 Nairobi
20:30 New Delhi
22:00 Hanoi

To register please follow this link:]]>
Shit flow diagrams (SFDs) / Excreta flow diagrams Thu, 12 Jan 2017 14:45:46 +0000
Re: Make your own Shit Flow Diagram Graphic! Online tool now available! - by: JKMakowka Shit flow diagrams (SFDs) / Excreta flow diagrams Sat, 17 Dec 2016 09:06:29 +0000 Make your own Shit Flow Diagram Graphic! Online tool now available! - by: CeciliaRodrigues
We have great pleasure in announcing the launch of the online SFD Graphic Generator. You can now make your own SFD graphic using our quick and simple tool here

If you have questions about making an SFD graphic or want help, you can contact our friendly help desk for assistance here

For more information on SFDs in general, see our resources here which includes guidance on the SFD process and how to make a full SFD report.

We hope you will enjoy making your own SFD graphic!
Don't hesitate to contact us in case you have any question or comment!

Kind regards,
Shit flow diagrams (SFDs) / Excreta flow diagrams Fri, 16 Dec 2016 11:58:47 +0000
Re: SFD for Addis Ababa? - by: kengelly
This is fantastic, thank you so much! I know there is a lot happening in Addis, and I want to make sure that we are able to learn from the great work others have done! As far as I can tell, there isn't a formal SFD for Addis just yet but there is a lot of interest.

Daniel, I'll be sure to reach out Dorothee, thanks. Higu, I'll send an email in a moment.
In addition, I am sharing several resources that were shared with me via email in case others on the thread are similarly seeking resources on FSM for Ethiopia.

I'll be sure to share any updates we have, and if we start developing an SFD. Do reach out in the meantime if others have suggested contacts or findings!

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs) / Excreta flow diagrams Tue, 06 Dec 2016 17:53:27 +0000
Re: SFD for Addis Ababa? - by: higuenvironment This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it or 251918314818.

thank you

Higu Kefale]]>
Shit flow diagrams (SFDs) / Excreta flow diagrams Tue, 06 Dec 2016 12:20:53 +0000
Re: SFD for Addis Ababa? - by: ddiba I suggest that you get in touch with Dorothee Spuhler (seecon/Eawag - This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it ). I'm not sure if she has done work in Addis Ababa specifically but I do know that part of her on-going PhD project is to do with sanitation planning in Arba Minch, also in Ethiopia. She (or her colleagues/partners in Arba Minch) may be able to connect you to people in Addis.

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs) / Excreta flow diagrams Mon, 05 Dec 2016 10:58:42 +0000
Re: SFD for Addis Ababa? - by: kengelly
Given the lack of replies, my guess is that there aren't any SFDs underway for Addis. That being said, if anyone has FSM experience in Addis, I'd love to get in touch. I'm particularly looking to understand the available technologies that are up and running there and to learn from what is (and isn't) working in this space.

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs) / Excreta flow diagrams Wed, 30 Nov 2016 16:43:21 +0000
Re: SFD Promotion Initiative (SFD PI) News 2 - by: canaday
Congrats to all involved in this important SFD initiative.

Please allow me to make some constructive suggestions:
(1) I find most of the numbers to be too small. I would leave out the black ovals and make each percentage as big as will fit on the respective flow. I know this sounds nitpicky, but the idea is to impress, so this should be as impressive and easy to read as possible.
(2) For the same reason, I suggest making each bit of text as brief as possible. For example, one could say "Sewer" instead of "Off-site Sanitation" (which takes a while to decipher).
(3) It would be good to name the water bodies that receive the treated and untreated waste. This would link each SFD to the people who are affected downstream.
(4) It would also be excellent to indicate the percentages that get recycled productively and the techniques that get applied.
(5) Finally, to what degree does the wastewater get cleaned (taking into account pathogens, pharmaceuticals, etc.)?

I would be glad to help develop en example of such a format, if you like.

Best wishes,
Chris Canaday]]>
Shit flow diagrams (SFDs) / Excreta flow diagrams Sat, 26 Nov 2016 02:05:55 +0000