SuSanA - Forum Kunena Site Syndication Mon, 24 Apr 2017 01:36:21 +0000 Kunena 1.6 SuSanA - Forum en-gb Re: USAID Announces Partnership with Toilet Board Coalition - by: Ecowaters Around that time, USAID published a "lessons learned" report on what had gone wrong with some of their WASH projects. It was enlightening.
Since then, the Gates Foundation has mostly raised the profile of toilets as something that tech billionaires might fund, boosting their glamour. The Gates toilet work has not been perceived as entirely helpful. That's a whole other topic!
(Interestingly, I and likely others wrote to Gates Found 10 years ago to suggest that toilets might be a more effective health intervention for children than vaccines. So we were at first very happy to see Gates go in this direction a few years ago.)
Excreta management has come a long way in the public awareness thanks to a variety of agents. My favorite is Team Sweden.]]>
Market development in action Tue, 18 Apr 2017 17:42:39 +0000
Re: USAID Announces Partnership with Toilet Board Coalition - by: knezovich
Thank you,
Alexandra Knezovich
Program Manager, Toilet Board Coalition]]>
Market development in action Tue, 18 Apr 2017 09:09:42 +0000
Re: Enterprise in WASH research project - the role of small-scale enterprises in sustainable WASH service delivery for the poor (Asia) - by: janina
Thanks for this. Responding to some of your questions:

- "Have you also been looking at corporate engagement, i.e. larger companies, in sanitation?"
We didn’t look much into this. However, in Indonesia we found that “corporate social responsibility (CSR) funds were reported as one possible avenue for these social enterprises to improve their financial situations. Several organisations were examining the potential of such private sector partnerships. In several cases organisations were partially reliant on donor support through funded positions or project activities that they implemented. There were also examples of local government paying for certain services from these organisations, particularly where good relationships with key political or administrative leaders had been nurtured. A key reflection is that where finance comes from can determine who the organisations are dominantly accountable to. Forms of ‘fee-for-service’ provisions promote direct accountability of enterprises to users, whereas donor or CSR funding has the potential to skew accountability towards their requirements rather than those of service users. In general the combination of voluntary time contribution, shared social goal and a fee-for-service financial model appears to result in strong accountability to users. However this can also result in fragile financial status.”

- "…it could be interesting to link people to discussions that are taking place on your own forum? You run your own discussion forum, too, don’t you? (I mean the CSWASH Fund)”
We don’t run our own forum. I think you might be referring to the CSWASH fund website and its webinars/learning events? We did run a webinar (which was preceded by an e-discussion) hosted by them which drew on our research as well as work of others…

- "I see many publications but how do you plan to do the dissemination and ensure that your research results are translated into practice"
The project included a translation phase where we translated research outcomes into meaningful findings for practice and policy. These include a series of six learning briefs and four policy briefs targeted at CSOs active in supporting water and sanitation enterprises and government stakeholders respectively. The last post I sent was aimed at announcing these outputs. These materials were developed in close consultation with various CSOs partners. In addition to this, we conducted several in-country dissemination workshops in the various project case study countries at various stages of the project (and its different studies), and have presented about the project at several conferences and other forums. For example, more recently Juliet was the topic expert for the East Asia Regional Learning Event of the CSWASH Fund, in which role she drew on the findings of our research to inform discussions and activities with participating CSOs.

Market development in action Tue, 04 Apr 2017 10:42:04 +0000
Re: Webinar: Working with WASH Markets to Prepare for and Respond to Emergencies - Wednesday 22 March 2017 14:00 - 15:30 GMT - by: jonpar Working with WASH Markets to Prepare for and Respond to Emergencies

Webinar - 22.03.17 14:00 – 15:30 GMT


The recording of the webinar is now accessible to all and can be found here :

The webinar is 1.5 hours and we recommend listening to it all for context. Start time is 04.00 mins so please skip to that. However, a time summary is below to allow for easy access to segments of the presentation:

Part 1: Project Overview & Enhanced PCMA Approach 04.00 – 26.05 mins
Part 3: Country Case Studies 26.10 – 58.15 mins
Part 3: Major Learning Discussion 58.20 – 1.18.30 mins
Part 4: Stepped Approach to Change Discussion 1.18.35 mins - end

For those wishing to quickly find out what questions were asked of the presenters throughout the webinar please find questions and summary responses attached (Note: where questions were similar, we have only responded once).

Further feedback Opportunity

The webinar offered participants the opportunity to contribute to the discussion on the country experiences, some of the main learnings and the proposed stepped approach towards market engagement as the basis for market analysis and programming.

If you would still like to provide feedback please send to Katie Whitehouse ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it ) or Carol Brady ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it ) by Friday 31st March.

You feedback will be used to finalise the strategy documents attached as pre-read materials.

We are particularly interested in your interpretations of the 'Stepped Approach' towards market engagement.

Feedback to date has been that:

“It is a useful table to find out where we are and how we can move up the ladder and specific to NGO and country program too.”

“I think this is very useful when moving the way we do business towards a market-based programming. This is a process within an organisation and as your report mentions, takes time. I also like your point about keeping tools simple. Complicated tools are very off putting to implementers.”]]>
Market development in action Mon, 27 Mar 2017 23:02:29 +0000
It’s not all about toilets: Debunking 7 myths about urban sanitation on World Water Day - by: Doreen
Very interesting article regarding myths about urban sanitation in the water blog submitted by Martin Gambrill (World Bank)

Best regards,

Market development in action Fri, 24 Mar 2017 12:53:37 +0000
Webinar: Working with WASH Markets to Prepare for and Respond to Emergencies - Wednesday 22 March 2017 14:00 - 15:30 GMT - by: jonpar
Wednesday 22 March 2017 14:00 – 15:30 GMT / 10:00 – 11:30 EST / 21:00 – 22:30 Bangkok

With funding from US-Aid’s Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA), Oxfam has been working on a multi-country program with the objective to enable governmental authorities and humanitarian relief agencies utilize market assessments as the basis for more effective and efficient emergency response.

Oxfam’s Global Humanitarian Team invites you to join a webinar on Wednesday 22 March 2017 during which we will present innovations in the pre-crisis market mapping and analysis developed and tested during the course of the program. We will describe our experiences from Bangladesh, Indonesia and Zimbabwe focussing on how the assessments have been used to support emergency preparedness and responses.

Based on these experiences, we will present key lessons learnt that we consider important from the perspective of WASH programme design and delivery, contingency planning and partnerships with market actors. These lessons have relevance to WASH sector specialists, those responsible for multi-sectoral humanitarian programming, as well as those working on post-crisis economic rehabilitation and longer term development programs.

To register:

After registering, you will receive a confirmation email containing information about joining the webinar. For more information, contact Jonathan Parkinson, Senior Urban WASH Programme Advisor - Global Humanitarian Team, Oxfam email : This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it skype: jonathan_oxfamgb]]>
Market development in action Tue, 21 Mar 2017 13:12:25 +0000
CaLP Webinar series on market based approaches in humanitarian contexts - by: eshaylor
The use of Market-Based Programming (MBP) in humanitarian contexts is increasing and improving. Over the last year, there have been a number of key technical developments to facilitate the use of MBP. CaLP's Markets Working Group is therefore launching a webinar series to share these developments with the Markets in Crisis Community of Practice.

The first webinar will take place on Tuesday 14/02 from 2 - 3.30pm GMT. Please join the webinar session via the following link:

The agenda will include presentations on:

- The revised Market-Based Programming spectrum - by CRS

- The Minimum Standard for Market Analysis - by CaLP

- The Markets Compass (which enables you to select the right Market analysis tool) - by Oxfam

- A new template for collating market analysis information - by ACAPS

- The Market Information framework (which helps practitioner understand the breath of decisions that can be informed by market data) - by IRC

Finally, there will be time for a technical discussion, and for you to help us shape the agenda for our future webinars.

It is not focused on sanitation but there will be learning that is transferable to WASH programmes.]]>
Market development in action Thu, 02 Mar 2017 08:43:41 +0000
Re: SuSanA webinar: Learning from experiences in urban and rural sanitation marketing, Feb 15th, 15:30 CET (Stockholm time) - by: arno
Three videos:

Introduction and Simon Okoth

Greg Lestikow


See previous SuSanA monthly webinars here in this Playlist:]]>
Market development in action Wed, 15 Feb 2017 22:01:05 +0000
SuSanA webinar 9: Learning from experiences in urban and rural sanitation marketing, Feb 15th - recording now available - by: SDickin

The term “sanitation marketing” has come to mean different things to different people. In this webinar, we will explore two different approaches to sanitation marketing, one in the urban context, and one in rural areas.

Simon Okoth of the Water Services Trust Fund in Kenya will provide insights on the key elements of success in the Up-Scaling Basic Sanitation for the Urban Poor (UBSUP) programmme in urban, low-income areas of Kenya. The UBSUP sanitation social marketing approach is an elaborate marketing methodology that aims to improve access to basic sanitation services and is built along the entire sanitation chain. It targets, both the households and tenants, the policy makers, the service providers (water service providers) and entrepreneurs (private sector) with targeted messages to inspire them to play their roles in improving sanitation services for the residents of urban low income areas. The approach is established around 10 critical Ps (people, place, product, price, participation, promotion, policy, programs, positioning and partnerships).

Greg Lestikow of iDE will then delve into his organization’s rural sanitation marketing work in several countries. Although iDE's approach differs by country, each program is driven by the common principles of designing solutions to context and building both supply capacity and consumer demand for sanitation solutions. Mr. Lestikow will outline critical program components and present techniques for measuring and improving sustainability as market-based sanitation programs reach scale.

Simon Okoth is a WASH specialist and Urban Investment Manager at the Kenya Water Services Trust Fund in Kenya. He has extensive knowledge and experience in areas spanning across WASH programmes, concepts development, programming, implementation, monitoring and evaluation.

Greg Lestikow is iDE’s WASH Innovation and Performance Manager. He brings his background in development economics and rigorous evaluation to support iDE’s seven WASH country programs, which together have facilitated the sale of over 450,000 hygienic latrines

Schedule: The webinar will last approximately 1 hour with two presentations and an open discussion with webinar participants. We will also open the session 30 minutes beforehand so you can test your video or microphone and meet other participants.

The webinar is being hosted by Stockholm Environment Institute and the SuSanA secretariat as part of a grant to SEI funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

New Delhi, India Wed, 15 Feb 2017 at 20:00 IST
New York, USA Wed, 15 Feb 2017 at 09:30 EST
Nairobi, Kenya Wed, 15 Feb 2017 at 17:30 EAT
Hanoi, Vietnam Wed, 15 Feb 2017 at 21:30 ICT
London, United Kingdom Wed, 15 Feb 2017 at 14:30 GMT

To join the webinar please follow this link:
To register to receive reminders please follow this link:]]>
Market development in action Mon, 06 Feb 2017 09:16:54 +0000
East Asia Regional Learning Event Synthesis Report and Briefing Papers (bridging public and private spheres for improved sanitation) - by: bronwynpowell CS WASH Fund) has published a series of reports and learning briefs which synthesise the key learnings and knowledge shared at the East Asia Regional Learning Event (EARLE) held in Hanoi, Vietnam 12-15 July 2016.

Hosted by the Fund, the Learning Event focused on bridging public and private spheres for improved sanitation. There was agreement at EARLE of the need for a ‘middle path’ to addressing sanitation, in which demand creation and sanitation marketing approaches continue to adopt a no-subsidy approach, but with recognition that carefully designed subsidies may be needed to reach the poor and disadvantaged.

Learn more about the EARLE objectives, program and outcomes here.

Key learning documents

Synthesis Report: Bridging public and private spheres for improved sanitation

This report is a synthesis of EARLE and captures CSO project approaches including how they work with government, how they apply market-based principles, how they bring together multiple dimensions of WASH including gender and social inclusion, and a variety of new innovations.

Learning Brief: Engaging government in market-based sanitation

Engaging government for market-based sanitation was a key area of focus of the East Asia Regional Learning Event and this Learning Brief provides an overview of issues for CSOs to consider in ensuring sustainability of WASH projects when working with government, particularly in South-East Asia.

Learning Brief: Financing sanitation: Finding a middle path to reach the poor

Having moved from full subsidy to no subsidy approaches, there is increasing agreement within the sector that a ‘middle path’ to sanitation financing is needed. This Learning Brief outlines this trajectory in the history of pro-poor sanitation as well as the many approaches being pursued by CSOs in South-East Asia within the CS WASH Fund which include Output Based Aid (OBA), loans to households, flexible payments, upfront discounts for the poor, cooperatives and revolving funds.]]>
Market development in action Sun, 22 Jan 2017 01:43:44 +0000
Re: Discussion paper regarding a framework model for sanitation markets - Inputs and comments wanted!! - by: Marijn Zandee
In this context I would define Agency as “the power to effect change”. In my view, when NGOs write in their results matrixes that their project goal is to “Improve the lives of …etc.” they take away the agency of their target group, because, it makes the target group powerless to improve their own situation. Therefore, in my view, we should speak about, “Enabling the population of… to improve their lives through….”. As I said, to some this may appear to be a philosophical difference, but it one that matters to me .

This does not mean that I am a “Chicago school” type economist who thinks that people can just do everything by themselves. On the contrary, the paper aims to describe a structural set-up in which the population is enabled to improve their sanitation and the private sector is enabled to deliver good products for a fair price. At the moment, I don’t see how that s feasible without a strong leadership from the government side.

This is also the spirit in which the “the overall goal should be for the population of a country to improve their health and economic status through sanitation" line was written. The paper tried to outline a situation in which we could see real progress. That this mentality is not there yet in many countries is evident. How to get to such a mentality? Probably through a long and sustained (15 ears?) campaigning and strategic advertising. For sure, it would be great to find more studies on what motivate people to spend money on sanitation in places where coverage was greatly improved. If it turns out that there is a common motivator across projects and cultures, that would be great to include in this paper, and as an input for promotion campaigns. (See below for a great example from the 1940s in the USA)


Market development in action Fri, 20 Jan 2017 03:46:32 +0000
Re: Discussion paper regarding a framework model for sanitation markets - Inputs and comments wanted!! - by: cecile
Sorry for not being so clear. What I meant is that the motivating factor for individuals (and by extension for populations) to invest in sanitation is often not related to their health or to the environment. Immediate impacts on people's lives underpin the choice to invest in sanitation rather than impacts visible in the long term such as health or environment. That is what I meant by "well being", it did not mean "livelihoods".
Therefore if you say "the overall goal should be for the population of a country to improve their health and economic status through sanitation", this is the overall goal from the point of view or a researcher (or an NGO or the government)but not from the point of view of the population.

I did not understand what you mean by "agency" of the target group. Can you give a synonym for agency?
Market development in action Wed, 18 Jan 2017 11:05:11 +0000
Re: Discussion paper regarding a framework model for sanitation markets - Inputs and comments wanted!! - by: Thakur
Thank you for your remarks on my opinion regarding Nepal's success in sanitation coverage. As you said, there is leadership role of the government at all levels. NGOs collaborating to design basket program and sharing the targets to achieve. Joint monitoring of the program was also a key factor which has been highly emphasized in the National Sanitation and Hygiene Master Plan document. The role of the private sector is of mix nature ranging from passive to very active. Especially, in the urban areas the private sector played vital role by bringing the business community to the agenda. It has been well recognized that the private sector contributed for conceptualization and institutionalization of public toilets in market centers where the land is so costly. These are some examples where and how the private sector can play in the arena of sanitation movement in Nepal.

Thanks again for providing this opportunity to mention here the information relevant to the context and experience of Nepal about the accelerated sanitation movement within the last 5-6 years to achieve basic level of service and facilities for majority of the population in the country. Without the contribution of the private sector it could not be achieved.]]>
Market development in action Tue, 17 Jan 2017 15:48:35 +0000
Re: Discussion paper regarding a framework model for sanitation markets - Inputs and comments wanted!! - by: Marijn Zandee
I think the NGO / government led approach has indeed been quite successful in rural Nepal in the last years. Though I remain skeptical about the sanitation coverage rates claimed. Without knowing in detail how it worked, I think part of the success is due to the NGOs working with the (local) governments under a wider government policy. For me this is different than the past, where there were many more local NGO supported projects that lacked cohesion at the national level. This is why the statement in the paper read: “the (I)NGO sector should restrict its role to advocacy or work through (local) government actors as much as possible.” I agree advocacy alone is not sufficient, but I guess what I wanted the paper to say is that we should not think that NGO’s alone can solve the sanitation problems. We need the (central) Government to have a robust policy.

Regarding your second post. For me, an important part of writing the paper was to try and figure out how all the main relations in the sector could fit together in a productive way. One of the reasons for such an analyses is exactly to create a framework in which we can understand which motivations actors (such as the private sector) may have, and how to create a good enabling environment as you suggest.

Dear Cecile,
Regarding your first point, I do agree that advocacy alone is not enough. I interpret your words as saying that piloting and demonstration projects are also an important role for the NGO sector. I agree and will consider that as valuable input for the paper, if I make a new version. For me, part of the “puzzle” that the paper is trying to look at is how to move beyond the pilots and achieve real scale with viable technologies.

Your second point. I re-read the sentence, and it is indeed un-clear. However, I want to stress the agency that people have. This is an almost philosophical point, but I think that the project aims of NGOs should never be “To improve the lively hoods, etc.”, but always “To enable the target group to improve their livelily hood, etc.”. For me this emphasis on the agency of the target group is very important.

Third, it would be easy to put more specific emphasis on vulnerable groups, including women and children, in the motivations for the NGO sector.

Market development in action Tue, 17 Jan 2017 14:48:44 +0000
Re: Discussion paper regarding a framework model for sanitation markets - Inputs and comments wanted!! - by: Thakur Market development in action Mon, 16 Jan 2017 15:49:53 +0000