With Clean Team having grappled with these challenges in Kumasi
for several years, WSUP engaged EY to help. Through Enterprise
Growth Services — EY’s not-for-profit practice dedicated to
supporting social impact businesses in low-income countries —
a team worked with Clean Team to identify means by which it could
achieve profitability and position itself to scale, including assessing
the viability of its CBS model in other markets.
Has anyone else noticed that the burden of proof seems to be much higher for Container-Based Sanitation technologies when compared to more traditional approaches? For instance, the first question anyone asks about CBS systems is "what is your breakeven point"? Do people building latrines get asked the same question?
From memory, I think it's right to say that most pharmaceuticals are excreted in the urine, but not all. Some you can also find in the feces. But I am not sure where the anthelminthic drugs end up, i.e. in urine or feces or both.
At the risk of stating the obvious, pharmaceuticals in general are excreted in the urine, so while they may be present in mixed humanure, diverting the urine from the feces resolves that concern.
Major parts of pharmaceuticals and their metabolites detected in municipal wastewater originate from urine although some substances show reasonable excretion via faeces.
P.S. I am still hoping that in the not too distant future we will also have a Wikipedia article on container based sanitation. Anyone keen to collaborate on this?Thanks to our Cranfield student collaboration, we now do have such a Wikipedia article which is great!