What constitutes success for CLTS? – Measuring community outcomes and behavior change - Webinar on Wed 22 July 2015

  • pippa
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What constitutes success for CLTS? – Measuring community outcomes and behavior change - Webinar on Wed 22 July 2015

Dear colleagues,

It is startling that there seems to be no consensus about what constitutes success for CLTS programmes. Is 30% an acceptable success rate? How can these rates be optimized? and; what should be our response to communities that do not become defecation free?

Please join us for the webinar ‘What constitutes success for CLTS? – Measuring community outcomes and behavior change’ on Wednesday 22 July 2015 at 15:00 London time (BST/GMT+1).

As the post 2015 Sustainable Development goals will encourage a stronger focus on behavior all along the sanitation chain we are at the right time to consider what we can do more, better or differently? We invite you to join a ‘deep- dive’ webinar where experts working with the Bill and Melinda Gates on their Building Demand for Sanitation Programme Organizations will share their insights on the questions outlined above. Our panelists include:
  • Ada-Oko Williams, Technical Support Manager, Sanitation and Hygiene, WaterAid UK.
  • Darren Saywell, Senior Director, Water, Sanitation and Health, Plan International USA (information about their CLTS project is available here )
  • Hans-Joachim Mosler, Head of Environmental and Health Psychology, Eawag (information about their CLTS project is available here )
  • Jonny Crocker, Research Assistant at The Water Institute at UNC, Chapel Hill
The webinar will be run as a chat show format where, following a panel interview, the audience will have the chance to interact with the panelists. This webinar, open to all, is being organized under the Knowledge Management initiative of the Building Demand for Sanitation (BDS) program of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. The webinar is being organized by Euforic Services, the SuSanA secretariat and the Stockholm Environment Institute.

Registration details
Title: What constitutes success for CLTS? – Measuring community outcomes and behavior change
Date: 22 July 2015
Time: 15:00 London time (BST/GMT+1); 10:00 Washington DC (EDT); 19:30 New Delhi (IST)

Register here: https://www.eventbrite.com/e/webinar-what-constitutes-success-for-clts-measuring-community-outcomes-and-behaviour-change-tickets-17631836297

++++++++

This is the third webinar in a series of webinars of the Building Demand for Sanitation (BDS) knowledge management initiative.
The first one was on the Community Health Output Based Aid (CHOBA) program of East Meets West/Thrive Networks. http://www.bdskm.net/online-spaces/km-talks/output-based-aid-in-water-and-sanitation /
The second was on "Results based financing for sanitation - do the costs outweight the benefits?"
forum.susana.org/forum/categories/164-fi...follow-up-discussion

POST 22 JULY 2015 UPDATE: The full recording of this webinar can now be found on p.2 of this discussion thread.

Pippa Scott
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Re: What constitutes success for CLTS? – Measuring community outcomes and behavior change - Webinar on Wed 22 July 2015 at 15:00 London time

We have an interesting webinar coming up in a week's time which should address some of the aspects with CLTS that some of us have criticised before (e.g. see this open letter by David Crosweller to Carolien van der Voorden from WSSCC: forum.susana.org/forum/categories/5-clts...and-the-role-of-clts )

So I hope that many of you have put this appointment into their calendars already and am looking forward to meeting you there. It will be a different format than last time and should be very interactive.

We are going to use Adobe Connect again, like we did for the SuSanA "open microphone" webinar. After that webinar, we had collected some information about technical issues and problems for people with slow internet access, see here: forum.susana.org/forum/categories/10-gen...line-webinar-18-june

So in preparation for the next webinar where we will again use Adobe Connect (because we feel it is currently the best system out there for webinars, and also because Stockholm Environment Institute has a licence for hosting webinars with it), I would like to collect some hints for people who are on a slow internet connection:
  • You should turn off anything else that would chew up bandwidth, i.e. skype, internet explorer and your e-mail program.
  • Don't turn on your webcam.
  • You can either reduce the camera resolution of the other people's webcams which affects all cam images or simply freeze each of the cams. Bandwidth used is then reduced.
  • Old computers that have not been updated for years won't work using Internet Explorer as browser. Chrome has flash built in and updates itself so almost always works.
  • Sound and web cam can be adjusted properly using the wizard once admitted to the room.
  • Consider accessing the webinar with your mobile phone, it might work better: Smartphones are more advanced than computers since they have good echo cancellation, handle Flash effectively and perform better at narrower bandwidths. Download the free Adobe Connect APP from iTunes or Android or even Blackberry: www.adobe.com/products/adobeconnect/apps...e-connectmobile.html
Does anyone else have additional suggestions regarding the slower bandwidth issue?

It's important that if you are trying to get into the room at the right time, and you have to wait for more than 2 minutes, do turn to the tech support immediately which will be Pier Andrea Pirani and his e-mail address is: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Oh and the "right time" starts about half an hour before the official start of the webinar. Just like in a face-to-face seminar, you are invited to come a bit earlier and start mingling with your fellow participants (or just to check out that sound and image works fine for you). Unlike a face-to-face seminar, you can multi-task and be in the room and also continue with your work at the same time until the webinar really starts. :-)

Dr. Elisabeth von Muench
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(see: www.susana.org/en/resources/projects/details/127 )
Wikipedian, co-founder of WikiProject Sanitation: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:WikiProject_Sanitation

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  • pippa
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Re: What constitutes success for CLTS? – Measuring community outcomes and behavior change - Webinar on Wed 22 July 2015 at 15:00 London time

Thanks Elisabeth,

Here are the faces behind the names of our panel and chair for this webinar.





There's still time to sign up - Registration details:
Title: What constitutes success for CLTS? – Measuring community outcomes and behavior change
Date: 22 July 2015
Time: 15:00 London time (BST/GMT+1); 10:00 Washington DC (EDT); 19:30 New Delhi (IST)

Register here
: www.eventbrite.com/e/webinar-what-consti...-tickets-17631836297

Pippa Scott
WASH Consultant www.i-San.co.uk
WEDC Research Associate
+44(0)7817737686
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  • Marijn Zandee
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Re: What constitutes success for CLTS? – Measuring community outcomes and behavior change - Webinar on Wed 22 July 2015 at 15:00 London time

Dear Pippa,

it sounds like a very interesting webinar, but unfortunately I will not be a able to attend. I hope a summary will be posted in this thread later.

Regards

Marijn

Marijn Zandee

Kathmandu, Nepal

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Re: What constitutes success for CLTS? – Measuring community outcomes and behavior change - Webinar on Wed 22 July 2015 at 15:00 London time

When attending a webinar, it is always interesting to know who else will attend and who you can e-meet in the room. With the eventbrite registration system you can see here who else has registered already:
www.eventbrite.com/e/webinar-what-consti...-tickets-17631836297

It is actually like a "who-is-who" in sanitation! :-)

So please add your name to the list, come and join us on next Wednesday. Make sure you arrive at the room already earlier to start mingling and interacting (the room opens half an hour before 15:00 London time; this is a groovy website to find the equivalent time for your location: www.worldtimebuddy.com/ )

Or, when you register, eventbrite will send you a calendar invite for your outlook calendar with automatically has the right time in it.

By the way, if you have questions to the experts beforehand, please do put them in this thread. There is no reason why we couldn't start the conversation already before the start of the webinar!

Dr. Elisabeth von Muench
Independent consultant
Community manager of this forum via SEI
(see: www.susana.org/en/resources/projects/details/127 )
Wikipedian, co-founder of WikiProject Sanitation: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:WikiProject_Sanitation

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Re: What constitutes success for CLTS? – Measuring community outcomes and behavior change - Webinar on Wed 22 July 2015 at 15:00 London time

Another tip:
Webinar participants are sometimes confused where to turn on their microphones in Adobe Connect during a webinar. This little video explains it well:


Dr. Elisabeth von Muench
Independent consultant
Community manager of this forum via SEI
(see: www.susana.org/en/resources/projects/details/127 )
Wikipedian, co-founder of WikiProject Sanitation: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:WikiProject_Sanitation

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Re: What constitutes success for CLTS? – Measuring community outcomes and behavior change - Webinar on Wed 22 July 2015 at 15:00 London time

In advance of the upcoming webinar outlined above , we asked our panel and chair to share their top picks and relevant resources on CLTS monitoring and measuring community outcomes, see the list below:

The Sanitation Monitoring UNICEF toolkit is an excellent resource: www.sanitationmonitoringtoolkit.com

Developing and Monitoring Protocol for the Elimination of Open Defecation in Sub-Saharan Africa. UNICEF. 2013.
www.ircwash.org/sites/default/files/thom...b-saharan_africa.pdf

Community-Led Total Sanitation in East Asia and Pacific: Progress, Lessons and Directions. UNICEF. www.unicef.org/eapro/Community_Led_Total_Sanitation.pdf

Sanitation Marketing Lessons from Cambodia: A Market-Based Approach to Delivering Sanitation. Danielle Pedi, Phyrum Kov and Susanna Smets. Water and Sanitation Program. 2012. www.wsp.org/sites/wsp.org/files/publicat...ering-Sanitation.pdf )

Testing CLTS Approaches for Scalability, UNC / Plan International project website waterinstitute.unc.edu/clts/

How can a large sample survey monitor open defecation in rural India for the Swatch Bharat Abhiyan? Coffey and Spears, 2014. drive.google.com/file/d/0B6INpRxPZsYTZUJ...NjRTladEE/view?pli=1

In regards to improving outcomes, diffusion theory, and natural leaders:
Association Between Social Network Communities and Health Behavior: An Observational Sociocentric Network Study of Latrine Ownership in Rural India. Holly B. Shakya PhD et al. 2014. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3987610/

Of course this list is by no means exhaustive, do you have any further suggestions to add?

Pippa Scott
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Re: What constitutes success for CLTS? – Measuring community outcomes and behavior change - Webinar on Wed 22 July 2015 at 15:00 London time

I'd also like to share a blog post on ODF success rates, forwarded to me by Robert Chambers and written by Andy Robinson based on the CLTS workshop held prior to AfricaSan4 in Dakar in May 2014.

Why are ODF success rates so much higher in Africa than in Asia?
The participants were asked to share any information available on ODF success rates in their countries – the number of communities triggered, and the number currently verified to be ODF. Numbers were provided from seven different countries, although most were partial data collected by specific programs (including data from Global Sanitation Fund programs in four countries).



The first striking feature of the data presented was the scale and reported success rate of the GSF Madagascar program: more than 12,600 communities triggered, and an 87% ODF success rate, resulting in nearly 11,000 ODF communities. While an impressive achievement, and reinforced by a strong and positive presence by the Government of Madagascar at the AfricaSan conference, these data inevitably raise questions over the speed and efficacy of the achievement; the quality of the verification processes; and the risk of sustainability problems in this huge, new ODF population. As Robert Chambers noted, the lesson from India, where premature claims of large-scale success (since disproved by the 2011 Census data) have significantly undermined sanitation efforts, should remind us that reliable verification processes, and regular checks on the quality and effectiveness of these processes, are critical in building confidence in ODF outcomes. Furthermore, while some studies have suggested that rapidly achieved ODF outcomes tend to reflect genuine and sustainable processes, the sheer scale of some of these achievements will present significant challenges to monitoring and support systems in these countries.

The second interesting feature was the much lower ODF success rate reported in Cambodia. The five African countries reported ODF success rates ranging from 46% to 96%, with even the lowest African country (Nigeria) reporting almost double the 25% success rate found in the GSF Cambodia program. These data seem to confirm that ODF success rates are much higher in Africa than in Asia – a 2012 regional CLTS study in the East Asia and Pacific region found that ODF success rates ranged from 4% to 36% (with Cambodia reporting the highest rates in the region).

When CLTS was first spreading in South Asia, in the early to mid-2000s, many African sanitation stakeholders refused to believe that CLTS was suitable for Africa – it was suggested that CLTS only worked in Asia because of the higher population densities, and that triggering effects were particular to the social and cultural contexts found in Asia. Today, we are starting to see the opposite – that CLTS may be more successful in Africa, perhaps because simple pit latrines tend to be more acceptable and appropriate in poor African communities than in Asian communities (where pour-flush toilets and washing after defecation are often preferred). More work is required to be sure that the impressive ODF gains made in Africa can be sustained, as several countries already report high levels of reversion to open defecation. Which brings us back to the sustainability discussion![/i]

You can read the full blog on the CLTS website here: www.communityledtotalsanitation.org/blog...s-and-sustainability

Pippa Scott
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Re: What constitutes success for CLTS? – Measuring community outcomes and behavior change - Webinar on Wed 22 July 2015 at 15:00 London time

Hi Marijn, yes a video will be posted here following the session.

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Re: What constitutes success for CLTS? – Measuring community outcomes and behavior change - Webinar on Wed 22 July 2015 at 15:00 London time

Thanks for posting a very interesting that concerns all of us. having working both in Asia and Africa, the single factor that according to me is the reason for a relatively higher success rate in Asia vs Africa is the process followed to promote CLTS. It may therefore be not prudent to make a comparison.

B. B. Samanta, PhD
(The theme of my PhD related to technology transfer in rural water supply and sanitation in India with focus on the role of UNICEF, Berhampur University, India (1997))

Consultant, formerly UNICEF
Odisha, India

Post-graduate Diploma in Community Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene from Loughborough University of Technology, UK (1993)...
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Re: What constitutes success for CLTS? – Measuring community outcomes and behavior change - Webinar on Wed 22 July 2015

The CLTs monitoring webinar co-organised by SEI (full title: "What constitutes success for CLTS? – Measuring community outcomes and behavior change") starts in less than an hour!

The registration link has now closed:
www.eventbrite.com/e/webinar-what-consti...-tickets-17631836297

However, you can still join even without registering by following these steps:

Join the meeting:
1. Click on the link here: seint.adobeconnect.com/seiwebinar/
2. The meeting login screen appears.
- Choose Enter as a Guest
- Type in your first and last name
- Type in the room passcode webinar2015
- Click Enter Room.

Note we have over 100 registrations so far but the virtual room only holds 100 persons. Therefore, people will be admitted to the room on a first come, first serve basis!

So make sure you arrive early, e.g. at 15:45 (Central Europe time) - 45 minutes from now.

If you run into any technical difficulties while entering the room or during the webinar please e-mail:
Pier Pirani: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

See you online soon!


Elisabeth

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Re: CLTS

Sir/Ma
CLTS succeded in promoting the used of latrine to stop open defaecation in many villages/communities in southern part of Borno state in Nigeria becaues of the vigorous awareness done using shit calculation method. It was really disgusting to know the weight of shit being consumed and to realized that there are consuming each other's shit in their communities and villages. This has really worked for us to the extent of attaining open defecation free communities/villages if not for the insurgent activity that made us to stand still. CLTS is really grate in promoting the desired behavioural change.

Aisha Hamza

Member Wg7
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