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Topics in Category: Female genital mutilation - SuSanA Forum Mon, 29 May 2017 17:20:36 +0200 Joomla! - Open Source Content Management /media/kunena/images/icons/rss.png Topics in Category: Female genital mutilation - SuSanA Forum en-gb New WHO guidelines to improve care for millions living with female genital mutilation - by: muench ) and thought it was relevant for our Forum as well:

New WHO guidelines to improve care for millions living with female genital mutilation

News release

16 MAY 2016 | GENEVA | COPENHAGEN - New WHO recommendations aim to help health workers provide better care to the more than 200 million girls and women worldwide living with female genital mutilation.

Female genital mutilation (FGM) describes all procedures that involve the partial or total removal of external genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. FGM has no health benefits, can cause grave harm, and violates the rights of girls and women. Procedures can cause severe bleeding, problems urinating, and later cysts, infections, and death. FGM can also result in complications in childbirth and increased risk of newborn deaths.

International migration has now made the practice, prevalent in 30 countries in Africa and in a few countries in Asia and the Middle East, a global health issue.

See: for more details or access the new WHO publication here:

This looks like a very comprehensive report.

In case you're wondering what FGM has to do with sanitation (and this Forum), we have discussed this here:

In brief: there are overlaps as it affects the women's abilities to urinate and for menstrual hygiene management. Also it's yet another taboo subject that could be tackled in focus group discussions that are dealing with sanitation and public health issues in an integrated fashion.]]>
Female genital mutilation Fri, 17 Jun 2016 06:19:57 +0200
Wikipedia article on female genital mutilation (FGM) is excellent - by: muench

I got myself involved a little bit in editing this article a while ago; a lot of people are watching the page to make sure its quality stays high (which is great). So my proposed edits regarding aspects of dignity and urination were scrutinised here:

This article is rated as a featured article ( ) which means that:

Featured articles are considered to be the best articles Wikipedia has to offer, as determined by Wikipedia's editors. They are used by editors as examples for writing other articles. Before being listed here, articles are reviewed as featured article candidates for accuracy, neutrality, completeness, and style according to our featured article criteria. There are 4,731 featured articles out of 5,106,023 articles on the English Wikipedia (~0.1% are featured). Thus, about one in 1,070 articles is listed here.

Female genital mutilation Thu, 17 Mar 2016 03:53:09 +0100
UNICEF recognized that FGM is not an African problem and acknowledged its existence in South East Asia and Iran - by: muench

Dear Friends,

WADI has created a survey toolkit for small surveys on female genital mutilation. This is free for use and we hope it will be distributed widely. So, we would be happy to see you put a link on your website or announce it in an article.

The tool-kit helps groups or individuals to design their own survey, conduct interviews and calculate results. The idea came from participants at a conference we held in Istanbul 2014.
As WADI we are often contacted by small groups in places where FGM is common but no data exists. The first thing many activists want to do is to conduct a survey. So we have helped in the past many times with questionnaire design, calculations and analyses of results. With the survey tool kit, we make this support more accessible – and independent from our own time schedules.
We hope you find the tool-kit also useful in the regions you work in – even if data exists, small surveys may help to find out more about motivations and reduction rates.

On a different note, we like to ask your advise for our funding situation. For the first time, in more than 10 years we are entirely underfunded. Our comprehensive campaign against FGM in Kurdistan with 6 mobile teams, trainings for midwifes, policemen and lawyers, conferences for local politicians and religious leaders etc. has no funding since January 1st 2016. Funding for our Stop FGM Middle East & Asia campaign ran out February 1st.

UNICEF Iraq apparently has no funds left to support us. The EU and German government have turned down our requests. Other donors, e.g. DFID, have too complicated criteria for us to even apply. Donors’ criteria are generally a problem in our situation: Since we are operating in a war zone, many programs for women are not funded anymore.

This is particularly disconcerting as we had one of our most successful years in our struggle against FGM: UNICEF recognized that FGM is not an African problem and acknowledged its existence in South East Asia and Iran. In Iraq, we started a new module with awareness raising classes for men.

And as usual the media reported frequently about our campaign: We keep watching out for all calls for proposals which suit our needs. However, we also want to look into private and cooperate funding. Would you have any suggestions for us?

Yours sincerely,
Hannah Wettig

Hannah Wettig
Project coordinator
Stop FGM Middle East
phone: ++49-30-60933390 ]]>
Female genital mutilation Thu, 17 Mar 2016 03:50:47 +0100
Campaign to end FGM in Somalia - by: ulrichl
"98% of girls in Somalia are subjected to female genital mutilation, the highest prevalence on the planet. But right now the government is considering a ban and our global support could help push the decision through."
"If Somalia enacts a full ban law now, and follows with massive public education campaigns, it could become the champion to lead the world to zero tolerance."

Kind regards, Lukas]]>
Female genital mutilation Sat, 12 Mar 2016 07:38:23 +0100
Impacts of female genital mutilation (FGM) on menstrual hygiene management (MHM) - and links to sanitation - by: awomansworthinc
I'm very late to this thread (new to the forums and site here) and realize this is from the last May28 day but want to chime in as I'm doing some FGM/C Menstruation surveying and work now. Currently doing key informant interviews and questionnaires on MHM practices and beliefs and Part 3 of our survey covers FGM in detail. I'm hoping to have this report wrapped up before this years May28 day. I'll be sure to post it here first. So far in the surveying we are hearing (and reading) several problems with menstruation due to FGM/C (including product use).]]>
Female genital mutilation Fri, 24 Apr 2015 02:42:55 +0200
Female genital mutilation and the use of urine diverting toilets (case of Kenya, refugee camps) - by: muench
Thanks for your post. This might well be the very first time that someone writes on the internet about women who have undergone female genital mutilation using urine-diverting dry toilets and their difficulties with it (as UDDTs are till rare, and writing about practical, toilet-related FGM issues is also rare).

Just a question of clarification (and I am so glad that these Somali women trust you sufficiently to speak about this problem with you! That's a good sign for your focus group work):

Urine diversion is most tricky (also for non-cut women) when you urinate and defecate "at the same time" (I put this in quotation marks because in my experience there is nevertheless a time delay of a second or two, during which time one can slightly move forwards or backwards to hit the right hole). I can very well imagine that cut women could have trouble with this, because their urine comes out so slowly.

But one only defecates once per day or even less frequently if one is not getting enough food (unless you have diarrhoea then of course it would be more often).
If we assume that defecation is only once per day, then perhaps one has to live with the fact that on that occasion once per day some urine will enter the faeces hole. I don't think this would make the toilet fail, i.e. become too wet and smelly (add more sawdust? In fact what cover material are you adding if any?).

But on all the other occasions per day (4 times? 5 times?) when one only urinates, then aiming for the urination hole should work? Or would you say that the urination section is too small for such cut women? That would mean that they also night have trouble aiming for the hole of a conventional pit latrine?

It would be great if you could clarify this.

Just for those that don't know, I think you are talking about this type of toilet, right?:

The work with these MoSan toilets in Kenya is described in this thread:

Kind regards,
Female genital mutilation Tue, 01 Jul 2014 11:56:40 +0200