Recent research on menstrual cups needed

  • DianeKellogg
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Recent research on menstrual cups needed

Anyone familiar with published research on Menstrual cups? Please take a look at the Wikipedia article and make suggestions for what studies should be cited to make sure we are offering the most current information. Here's the link to the Wikipedia article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Menstrual_cup

As is, the article cites studies done in 1962 and 1995, as well as 2011 and 2015. Can we simply delete the older studies? Or are they still relevant?
(Our deadline for improving this article is 18 November, in time for the surge of interest in WASH topics on World Toilet Day.)

Diane M. Kellogg
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  • PennyPH
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Re: Recent research on menstrual cups needed

Thanks Dianna
Please find attached our most recent research publications on the use, effect, and safety of menstrual cups among schoolgirls in rural western Kenya for consideration for updating the cup page
best wishes
Penny

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Dr Penelope Phillips-Howard
Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, L3 5QA, Liverpool, UK
Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI) Centre for Global Health Research, P.O.Box 1578, 40100 Kisumu, Kenya
UK Tel: +44 (0)151 705 3356; UK Fax: +44 (0)151 705 3329; UK Mobile: +44 (0)798 543 1005
Kenyan mobile +254 (0)702 126 188
Skype: pennyph1; E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

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  • DianeKellogg
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Re: Recent research on menstrual cups needed

Excellent, Penny. Thanks. I'll take a look and see how to incorporate new data. Do you know of others doing research on the use of cups? I'd like to get as much information in front of me as possible before I tackle a revision.

To all, I welcome your comments on the article itself found here. What is missing? Anything inaccurate? Incomplete?

Diane M. Kellogg
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  • canaday
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Re: Recent research on menstrual cups needed

Hi,

I see no reason to delete old citations, unless they are wrong.

Best wishes,
Chris

Conservation Biologist and EcoSan Promoter
Omaere Ethnobotanical Park
Puyo, Pastaza, Ecuador, South America
inodoroseco.blogspot.com
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  • siri
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Re: Recent research on menstrual cups needed

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  • LinneaCC
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Re: Recent research on menstrual cups needed

It is very important to update the section on TSS, based on the findings from the first recorded case of TSS associated with menstrual cup use. The authors conclude that previous claims that menstrual cups are 'TSS safe' do not hold true and that the menstrual cup does, in fact "appear to provide a necessary milieu for S aureus growth during menstruation"

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www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4556184/

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  • siri
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Re: Recent research on menstrual cups needed

Re the issue of safety, the quoted article by Mitchell et al (2015) notes that TSS, caused by Staph. aureus,
was first diagnosed in children in 1978, and occurs in both children, men and women. The incidence of TSS is low - deVries et al (2011) estimate it at 0.52/100,000 in a US population in the period 2000-2006, down from 13.7/100,000 in 1980.

To calculate risk/safety, it would be useful to have global data on numbers of users of cups (or other methods). I cannot find any (can anyone help?). Given that there are more than 100 brands for sale on the net, and an upsurge in availability in shops, I am assuming the numbers are high (millions?).

Mitchell et al (2015) note plausible biological reasons the TSS could have developed, including that the women concerned had an increase in vaginal pH from 4.2 to 7.4. North and Oldham (2011) in a wider study find no increase in pH for women using the cup.

The study already posted by Phillips-Howard et al. (2016) in Kenya concludes that provision of menstrual cups and sanitary pads for approximately 1 school-year was associated with a lower STI risk, and cups with a lower bacterial vaginosis risk, than those using 'usual practice',

Gérard Lina is a long term researcher on safety of tampons. He recently did a laboratory testing of swabs from women using tampons or cups. He has not yet published his results, and has 'deplored' that early French and British media articles misrepresented his findings as indicating increased risks, whereas his laboratory analyses found neither the tampons or cups to promote bacterial growth or production of toxins. He finds both products to be good and recommended for use. www.lemonde.fr/sante/article/2017/07/07/...5157515_1651302.html

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  • DianeKellogg
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Re: Recent research on menstrual cups needed

Several important topics are coming up here, and even more emerge as I've read the journal articles being posted here. Thank you. I'm getting quite an education.

I can see how valuable it would be for people on the front lines of MHM training to have this information. I'm thinking very specifically of women I know who do MHM programs in their own Districts-- for urban poor schools in Ghana. They rely on Wikipedia, and so do the school girls they are educating about MHM options. We want these programs to benefit from the best knowledge available.

Instead of tackling the MHM page for our World Toilet Day deadline, I'm putting it on the list for World Water Day in March. Thank you for posting to this discussion, and please keep the ideas coming. Sanitation Wikipedia needs MHM expertise: please email me if you can be persuaded to help out.

Diane M. Kellogg
Bentley University Faculty, Management Department
Partner, Kellogg Consultants
Chair, Sanitation Wikipedia
Private Sector Specialist, SuSanA (BMGF grant)
Marketing Consultant, PRISTO (RVO-funded grant)
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