SFD Promotion Initiative (SFD PI) - Project Updates (Shit Flow Diagrams)

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SFD Promotion Initiative (SFD PI) - Project Updates (Shit Flow Diagrams)

Dear SuSanA community,

Some of you might have heard already about SFDs (excreta flow diagrams or shit flow diagrams) or have seen a presentation at some conferences this year, but with this post I would like to introduce this initiative to all of you. Since November 2014, GIZ has been supported by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation through a one year start-up grant to support the promotion of this approach. The SFD Promotion Initiative, a consortium formed by six partner institutions, is further developing tools for the easy production of standardized SFDs and service delivery context descriptions.

Title of grant: Promotion of SFDs (excreta flow diagrams or shit flow diagrams)

Subtitle (more descriptive title): Promoting excreta flow analysis to inform urban sanitation programming

Name of lead organization: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

Primary contact at lead organization: Dr. Arne Panesar, program leader

Grantee location: Eschborn, Germany

Developing country where the research is being or will be tested: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bolivia, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Ghana, Haiti, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Malawi, Nepal, Niger, Peru, Senegal, South Africa, South Sudan, Tanzania, Thailand, Uganda, Vietnam and Zambia.

Start and end date: November 2014 – October 2015 (Phase I), November 2015 - October 2018 (Phase II)

Grant type: Global Development

Grant size in USD: $1,000,000 (Phase I), $2,327,345 (Phase II) as per grant database here: www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quic...s/2014/11/OPP1118283 and www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quic...s/2015/11/OPP1140623

Short description of the project
The “SFD Promotion Initiative” is developing and promoting standardized tools for excreta flow analysis to inform urban sanitation programming. These tools build on the service delivery assessment and faecal waste flow diagrams (or Shit Flow Diagrams, SFDs) developed by the World Bank – Water and Sanitation Program (WSP). SFD is a visualization tool that summarizes complex information into an easy-to-understand diagram, as it simply shows how excreta is or is not contained along the sanitation value chain. The diagrams are backed by a service delivery context description and information on data sources in the city concerned. The SFD Promotion Initiative consists of six partner institutions and its main objective is the development and rollout of SFDs. The approach is currently being tested in 50 cities worldwide and the results will be disseminated via the SFD web portal hosted by the Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA) platform ( www.sfd.susana.org ).



Goal(s)
Establish SFD as a widely recognized advocacy and decision support tool, which has the potential to shift the focus of attention, money and activities towards effective and inclusive urban sanitation and more efficient investments, thereby, improving the situation of all urban residents and environment.

Objectives
The medium to long-term objective of the joint Promotion Initiative is a vibrant, interactive website that allows the independent development and upload of SFDs and wider elements of assessing the current status of sanitation services by interested city-stakeholders worldwide. Refined and tested manuals and software will make the open access tool applicable globally. The first phase lays the foundations for the international roll out. Priorities are the development and refinement of the necessary tools as well as implementation procedures, quality checks and contextual research. During the first phase, the project initiates the dialogue on SFDs and their potential with city stakeholders both on the ground as well as via the SuSanA platform.

Research or implementation partners:

  • Department of Water and Sanitation in Developing Countries (SANDEC) at the Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG)
  • water@leeds research group of the University of Leeds (UoL)
  • Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC) of Loughborough University
  • Centre for Science and Environment in Delhi (CSE)
  • World Bank - Water and Sanitation Program (WSP)



  • Links, further readings – results to date:
    Project website: www.sfd.susana.org (to be updated on a continuous basis)
    Documents in SuSanA library: www.susana.org/en/resources/library/details/2211

    Current state of affairs: The 50 cities were selected, first version of methodology is currently being tested and the production of SFDs by the SFD Promotion Initiative started in April. The SFD web portal, as a platform for global dissemination, will be officially launched in August 2015, during a side event at the World Water Week.

    Biggest successes so far: The SFD Promotion Initiative was presented at the workshop ‘Diagnostic Tools and Guidelines for FSM, with a focus on Faecal Waste Tracking and Public Health’ during the Fecal Sludge Management 3 Conference in Hanoi in January 2015 ( www.susana.org/en/resources/conference-m.../2015/260-fsm3-ws-1a ). The approach was well received by the participants, who found it to be a useful tool to highlight in a clear way and to a variety of audiences where the sanitation gaps in cities are.

    Main challenges / frustration: The main challenge of the SFD Promotion Initiative is to develop a method that works for all cities regardless of their size and density. Authorities and development partners have demonstrated strong interest in the development of city-specific SFD, but that goes beyond the capacities of the current start-up phase, as the tools and mechanisms are still being tested and refined. One objective for the second phase and further roll-out of SFDs is to develop easy-to-apply open access tools to enable authorities to develop SFDs for their cities on their own, at the same time allowing the SFD Promotion Initiative to implement quality assurance mechanisms.

    Stay tuned! If you will be at the Stockholm World Water Week this year, you can join our side events to learn more about the potential of SFDs!

    Wednesday, 26.08.2015

    11:00-12:30: Side event - Launch of SFD portal - “SFD – a tool to foster sustainable urban sanitation programming” (SFD Promotion Initiative) (ref ID: 4748) (Room FH 202) Add to your calendar!

    16:00-17:30: Side event - Sustainable City Sanitation: from planning to implementation (Sandec, GIZ, WSUP, Water for People) (Room: NL Pillar Hall) Add to your calendar!

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    Hope to see you all there!

    Kind regards,
    Cecilia.

    Programme Officer at GIZ - Sustainable Sanitation Programme
    and the SFD Promotion Initiative
    www.sfd.susana.org
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    • milli
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    Re: Introduction to the SFD Promotion Initiative (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Germany and partners)

    Dear Cecilia,

    I really like the Shit Flow Diagrams. They look so structured and you see at the first glance what goes wrong.

    I had a look at the sfd-website . But the web portal is another thing you were talking about, right? So, how was the event at Stockholm Water Week today and how was the launch of that portal?

    Best regards,
    milli

    Danijela Milosevic
    M.Sc. Environmental and Resource Management
    Gießen, Germany
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    • CeciliaRodrigues
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    Re: Introduction to the SFD Promotion Initiative (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Germany and partners)

    Hi Mili,

    Thank you for your message! I'm glad to hear that you like the SFDs!

    The web portal is indeed the website you mentioned, the www.sfd.susana.org . The side event in Stockholm was very nice, we had presentations in the beginning coupled with short time for few questions and then roundtable discussions. Around 120 participants attended the event and we had 10 groups discussing SFDs (the potential and limitations as an advocacy tool, data quality and availability and potential uses of SFDs).

    The presentations will be uploaded soon to the website and I plan to share a more detailed feedback in the coming weeks. I will keep you posted!

    Kind regards from Frankfurt,
    Cecilia.

    Programme Officer at GIZ - Sustainable Sanitation Programme
    and the SFD Promotion Initiative
    www.sfd.susana.org
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    • jonpar
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    Re: Introduction to the SFD Promotion Initiative (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Germany and partners)

    Hi, I am familiar with EFD's (aka SFD's.. OK don't start that one!) but I have been wanting to know more about how they will achieve the purpose to inform urban sanitation programming and how specifically what is the proposed approach to use them to engage city stakeholders in a coordinated dialogue about excreta management. There must be more to it than just presenting the diagram at a workshop and I am sure someone must be working on this part of the SDF initiative. But I don't know who, and I am interested to learn more. Jonathan

    Dr. Jonathan Parkinson
    Principal Consultant – Water and Sanitation
    IMC Worldwide Ltd, Redhill, United Kingdom
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    Re: Introduction to the SFD Promotion Initiative (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Germany and partners)

    Dear Cecilia,

    I am interested how you made the SFDs. Do you use special software? Which one?
    I would like to use it for my work as well. I am looking for something to visualize volume proportional flows.

    Thank you!
    milli

    Danijela Milosevic
    M.Sc. Environmental and Resource Management
    Gießen, Germany
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    • jonpar
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    Re: Introduction to the SFD Promotion Initiative (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Germany and partners)

    Hello SFD'ers,

    I envisage SFD's as being the first step of city sanitation planning process.

    I can see that the SFD enables an overview of the amount of untreated shit going into the environment The next thing to do is to assess what are the environmental health risks / who is being affected etc. Then it becomes feasible to start to make a prioritized plan to do something about it.

    This can be in addition to advocacy activities

    Is this the sort of thing that is intended ?

    I'm interested to know where this is all going

    best regards,

    Jonathan

    Dr. Jonathan Parkinson
    Principal Consultant – Water and Sanitation
    IMC Worldwide Ltd, Redhill, United Kingdom
    Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
    Skype : jonathanparkinson1
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    • cfurlong
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    Re: SFD Promotion Initiative Update 1

    Events Reports
    We held well attended SFD Exchange Meeting in Stockholm on Friday 26. The aim of the meeting was to bring organisations together so they could share learning, ideas and to engage with other organisations who are working in this field. You can see the feedback and conversations at #SFDexchange2016.This meeting stimulated lively debate and was streamed live, but if you missed this session you can have a look at the presentations and watch it on:

    www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL0gMdVBup...s7cRd8ftyG073Bsi5Iof

    Resources Updates
    If you were unable to attend our SFD Capacity Development Workshop in Kumasi, the resources are not available online: sfd.susana.org/resources/presentations?details=2610 .

    At the moment our Help Desk is online and being tested, but if you require help to prepare your own SFD for a town or City, you can log in using your SuSanA credentials or contact us via email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

    New Reports
    Five new final reports which have been published on our website:
    Axum, Ethiopia sfd.susana.org/sfd-worldwide/cities/70
    Dhaka, Bangladesh sfd.susana.org/sfd-worldwide/cities/5
    Hawassa, Ethiopia sfd.susana.org/sfd-worldwide/cities/13
    Lima, Peru sfd.susana.org/sfd-worldwide/cities/54
    Nakuru, Kenya sfd.susana.org/sfd-worldwide/cities/57

    Other Stuff
    Our reports are now being used as resources for other organisations, check out Water Aids Report on Kumasi www.wateraid.org/what-we-do/our-approach...7a-83d1-d444a42b16c8
    You can also follow our latest news on Twitter @SFD_PI
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    • cfurlong
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    Re: SFD Promotion Initiative (SFD PI) Update 2

    Dear SuSanA Forum Users,

    The SFD PI ( sfd.susana.org/ ) would like to update you on our recent activities and news. If you have any questions or comments, please contact us at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

    News

    The Manual for SFD Production has been online for one year and has been downloaded more than 2,000 times ( sfd.susana.org/toolbox/how-to-make-a-sfd ). If you have downloaded the manual, but have any questions please contact our Help Desk.

    The SFD Help Desk has been operational since August 2017 and we have a team of experts ready to help you implement our methodology and answer any questions or queries. If you are a SuSanA member, you can log-in here: sfd.susana.org/toolbox/sfd-helpdesk ; otherwise please contact our Help Desk via email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

    Over 32 SFD PI city reports are now available on our website ( sfd.susana.org/sfd-worldwide ). These reports were produced using the methodology in the manual. They are now being downloaded and used as resources, our most popular city reports have been downloaded over 200 times each, they are:

    1. Dar es Salaam ( sfd.susana.org/sfd-worldwide/cities/43 )
    2. Kumasi ( sfd.susana.org/sfd-worldwide/cities/14 )
    3. Agra ( sfd.susana.org/sfd-worldwide/cities/18 )
    4. Moshi ( sfd.susana.org/sfd-worldwide/cities/4 )
    5. Delhi ( sfd.susana.org/sfd-worldwide/cities/50

    Events Reports

    The SFD team attended the Habitat III Conference in Quito which hosted over 30,000 urban specialists including policy-makers, students and civil society organizations. This gave us the opportunity to present the SFD approach to a broader audience during the ‘Data, Visualization & the City’ panel session. The team had time to reflect on the importance of visualizing excreta flows in cities. Our presentation from this event is available online: www.susana.org/files/SFD_Intro_Habitat_III_v2.pdf

    The SFD PI conducted a Training of Trainers titled “Preparation of SFD” in New Delhi, India. The aim of the training was to build capacity in the sector and to highlight how SFD could be used, with a focus on septage management and the SDGs. This workshop was attended by 22 participants from national and international organisations. The four international participants were from Kenya Water Institute and Water Aid Bangladesh.

    Additionally two regional meetings were held in India in Kerala and New Delhi. The aim these meetings were to sensitise local organisations in the use of SFD for advocacy. Over 100 participants attended these meetings from Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Kerala and the Ganga basin. Participants from the 10 India cities that we developed SFD for in Phase 1 of our project also attended.

    Resources Updates

    An interview series that was recorded during the SFD Exchange Meeting in Stockholm is now available sfd.susana.org/resources/videos-sfd . Roland Schertenleib, Barbara Evans, Linda Strande, Mariska Ronteltap, Kim Anderson, Arne Panesar, Christine Moe, Graham Alabaster and Martin Gambrill discuss the history of this approach and how it has been used by different organisations.



    Additionally the paper that was presented at the WEDC on the learnings from implementing the SFD PI process in Kumasi is now available on our website:
    sfd.susana.org/resources/recommended-readings?details=2659

    New Reports

    Two new SFD city reports have been published on our website:
    Bishoftu, Ethiopia sfd.susana.org/sfd-worldwide/cities/28
    Bure, Ethiopia sfd.susana.org/sfd-worldwide/cities/24

    Upcoming!

    The SFD PI has been working on a new data to graphic converter. This tool will be soon available on the SFD Portal.

    You get our latest news on Twitter @SFD_PI

    Regards Claire
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    • canaday
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    Re: SFD Promotion Initiative (SFD PI) Update 2

    Hi Everyone,

    Congrats to all involved in this important SFD initiative.

    Please allow me to make some constructive suggestions:
    (1) I find most of the numbers to be too small. I would leave out the black ovals and make each percentage as big as will fit on the respective flow. I know this sounds nitpicky, but the idea is to impress, so this should be as impressive and easy to read as possible.
    (2) For the same reason, I suggest making each bit of text as brief as possible. For example, one could say "Sewer" instead of "Off-site Sanitation" (which takes a while to decipher).
    (3) It would be good to name the water bodies that receive the treated and untreated waste. This would link each SFD to the people who are affected downstream.
    (4) It would also be excellent to indicate the percentages that get recycled productively and the techniques that get applied.
    (5) Finally, to what degree does the wastewater get cleaned (taking into account pathogens, pharmaceuticals, etc.)?

    I would be glad to help develop en example of such a format, if you like.

    Best wishes,
    Chris Canaday

    Conservation Biologist and EcoSan Promoter
    Omaere Ethnobotanical Park
    Puyo, Pastaza, Ecuador, South America
    inodoroseco.blogspot.com
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    • CeciliaRodrigues
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    Re: SFD Promotion Initiative (SFD PI) Update 2

    Dear Chris,

    Thank you so much for taking the time to review and comment on our project and resources. I will try to answer your questions:

    1. We have developed a new version of the SFD graphic which addresses some of your concerns about the layout and readability. The black ovals for example are gone and the diagram is simpler and easier to read. Since December, the graphics can be produced using the SFD Graphic Generator. You may like to look at this new version here: sfd.susana.org/data-to-graphic . Based on user feedback we may consider making this graphic editable so that users can adjust font sizes etc., so your feedback in this regard is very helpful.



    2. We have invested a lot of time in discussing the terminology used, which is based on functionality, as we have found that terms are used interchangeably for systems that have a different functionality. We have therefore developed a glossary to aid people: sfd.susana.org/toolbox/how-to-make-a-sfd . This is currently under revision, as we want to address some of the new features from the Graphic Generator.

    3. The naming of the water bodies could be added on the editable diagram, but you need to consider that there may be many water bodies in a town and city, which may diverge and converge so this could be confusing. The labels in the graphic are only there to give the reader a rough indication of how close the pollution source is to the majority of the population in the city. The real detail is contained in the report, which the graphic is embedded into. In the report, you can describe the context and outcomes of the service provision.

    4. We are also looking into how we can incorporate recycling and reuse into our tools, currently our focus has been on piloting both the methods and tools. Some aspects of reuse are covered in the report.

    5. How clean is the wastewater that is treated? Again this is another issue that we have been exploring. Generally we have had to estimate this due to a lack of monitoring and data. The assumption we make to draw the SFD are clearly stated and justified in the report. The SFD reports are intended to be the first step for understanding the sanitation situation in a city. From it and depending on the priorities locally defined, you will be able to identify the additional data to be collected and research to be conducted, i.e. water quality, treatment efficiency etc.

    Many of your points highlight the importance of not viewing the SFD graphic alone, it should be viewed with the report or executive summary where it is embedded. Here you can find some reports available: sfd.susana.org/sfd-worldwide . The SFD shows the pathways taken by excreta in the city, but the details and assumptions are in the report.

    We hope that helps!

    Kind regards,
    Cecilia.

    Programme Officer at GIZ - Sustainable Sanitation Programme
    and the SFD Promotion Initiative
    www.sfd.susana.org
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    Re: SFD Promotion Initiative (SFD PI) Update 2

    Dear Cecilia,

    Thanks for responding to my suggestions, but I would say that each remains standing and valid.

    Unfortunately, none of the links you mentioned worked.

    Almost all of the letters in the new graph are much too small and do not take advantage of the space that is available. I suggest that the words occupy the entire width of each stream. In that way, the most important streams are the easiest to read.

    I know that the idea of these SFD graphs is to summarize the situation, but I consider that these can include more of the reality of the situation. Dividing everything between red and green makes for simple graphs, but reality is more complicated.

    In particular, in these graphs, if wastewater gets any treatment, it gets a green arrow and everything looks beautiful, even though we know that most wastewater treatment in the world is deficient, especially with respect to pharmaceuticals. If sewers only transport feces to the rivers, this is nearly the same as open defecation. I would like to suggest that the arrows showing treatment and discharge not just be red or green, but instead the color can range between red and green according to percent efficiency of the treatment. These colors can be obtained easily in Excel with "conditional formatting".

    I would be glad to help, if you like.

    (By the way, your response did not come to my Inbox, for some reason. I was lucky to find it in the Daily Digest.)

    Best wishes,
    Chris

    Conservation Biologist and EcoSan Promoter
    Omaere Ethnobotanical Park
    Puyo, Pastaza, Ecuador, South America
    inodoroseco.blogspot.com
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    • muench
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    Re: SFD Promotion Initiative (SFD PI) Update 2

    Dear Chris,
    In my role as moderator:
    I have fixed the 3 links now in Cecilia's post above. It's working now.

    Reminder to all: please don't put a full stop at the end of your URL when it's the end of a sentence (rather put a gap and then the fullstop of the sentence) and do check any URLs that you've inserted after making your post. Thanks.


    In my role as interested SuSanA member: I like the point you are making that using only two colours (red/green) in these SFDs is extremely simplistic. Using in-between colours would be really interesting, but I suspect that it goes against the philosophy of SFDs which are meant to be highly simplistic advocacy tools (perhaps saying that any form of treatment is - as a start - better than no form of treatment).

    But I also get a stomach ache looking at these graphs that state "safely managed" and "unsafely managed"... very black and white. But this is just my personal opinion; I have my doubts about SFDs but I seem to be proven wrong as they seem to be popular with decision makers and lots and lots of people are now keen to produce them for their cities. So... as long as they serve a purpose for awareness raising perhaps that's all that matters for now. (?)


    Regards,
    Elisabeth

    Dr. Elisabeth von Muench
    Independent consultant
    Community manager of this forum via SEI
    (see: www.susana.org/en/resources/projects/details/127 )
    Wikipedian, co-founder of WikiProject Sanitation: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:WikiProject_Sanitation

    Location: Frankfurt, Germany
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