Scaling a sanitation utility service delivery model from Dakar to other African countries (EDE International, Senegal - Benin, Cameroon and Ivory Coast)

  • mtoureede
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Technical assistance to share and disseminate the fecal sludge management results from Dakar

I work at EDE International which is an engineering and consulting firm based in Senegal and intervening in the water/waste/environment sectors in numerous countries in Africa. We have recently signed a contract with the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation to disseminate the results of the Fecal Sludge Management project that we have conducted in Senegal with the foundation funding. This dissemination will take place in Ivory Coast, Cameroon and Benin. The details of the Project are presented below (and also in the post below this one):

Having existed for over 15 years, EDE International Firm's main policy has been to contribute to sustainable development through the preservation of biophysical and human resources, the users’ ownership of water and sanitation technologies and a healthy environment. As a key partner of the Bill and Melinda Gates foundation, EDE International aims to participate both in the development of national policies and strategies and the dissemination of approved on-site sanitation facilities.

In most developing countries, the sanitation sector still shows highly critical indicators despite the willingness to improve displayed by policymakers at the United Nations summit held in 2000 which lead to the program called MDGs. Financial partners from the countries of sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia have actively supported this effort to halve the number of people without access to health services and facilities that meet the basic standards but currently, more than a dozen years later, the situation is still difficult both in urban and rural areas.

Certainly the financial requirements did not match the national ambitions. Sanitation policies have failed to mobilize the necessary funding during this period and the resources allocated to sanitation programs have not always achieved the expected results on time. The reasons for these failures are numerous and varied. Today, there is a widely shared consensus to introduce new approaches to accelerate the production of positive indicators.

The successful replication of the FSM (fecal sludge management) scheme developed in Dakar is a goal set in the initial grant to ONAS signed in 2011 to demonstrate scale application. EDE’s role was shaped in this initial project to extend as a key player to promote scale application through technical assistance in other countries. In this project, success will translate into the adoption of national policies that structure and elevate the status of non-sewer sanitation service into an utility service model based on PPP principles, an increase of private (SME) participation through innovative financing and extended services to poor communities through the industrial organization of the service providers and the use of innovative sanitation technologies. The specific indicators and deliverables will be tailored to match each country’s needs.

Three participating countries, namely Benin, Cameroon and Ivory Coast, have been identified by the Foundation as a result of its engagement with its partners to replicate the Dakar Sanitation model in Africa. To achieve a much larger impact, EDE will extend the scope of the project to at least two more countries that have a profile similar to the three selected by the Gates Foundation. The Foundation selection criteria was based on strong sector leadership, strong political will for adoption of innovative business models, financing tools and technologies to promote non-sewer sanitation service delivery in poor communities. In all three countries, the government has already committed to providing infrastructure, especially fecal sludge treatment plants that are critical for shaping a service provision chain as designed in Dakar. When extending the partnership to other countries, EDE will invite those who can finance the Technical Assistance program as the Foundation funding is limited to three countries.

As the Technical Assistance will help each country develop its own model for making non-sewer sanitation a utility service, EDE International, in order to guarantee further replication in each country, will help design for each partner a larger investment case that builds on the outcome of this TA support. Hence one major outcome of this project is a secured investment for a second project phase in the participating countries. Specific targets (scale of investment, scope, impact) will be defined in the partnership terms with each country.

The TA support grant will provide EDE with an opportunity to promote the Gates Foundation sponsored technological innovation. As a lead consulting and engineering firm in the field of FSM in Africa, EDE designs FS treatment plants, supervise their construction and operation. The funding will allow EDE to conduct market research that will inform about the range of solutions and to work also with the partners to develop the tender for final selection. EDE will rely on the BMGF collaboration and support to be introduced to the lead technology providers in its current portfolio.
To achieve this objective, a Capacity Building program in the three selected pioneering countries will be implemented.


To achieve the expected results, an international expert group is mobilized to manage the project activities by field of expertise. This expert group, led by the Project Coordinator, will report periodically on the progress of activities and progress towards the achievement of the results. They will work closely with the technical, financial, and private partners from the target countries. Furthermore to strengthen the transfer of competence, EDE will establish a joint team which will consist of seniors and juniors.
EDE plans to improve its management with the establishment of performance indicators to monitor in time the materialization of objectives.

In conclusion the success of this project will translate into an important improvement in the sanitation sector for the target countries and possibly others as the dissemination goes on.
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  • mtoureede
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Re: Scaling a sanitation utility service delivery model from Dakar to other African countries (EDE International, Senegal - Benin, Cameroon and Ivory Coast)

Hello,
Please find below information on our sanitation utility service delivery model project supported by BMGF. We would be happy to answer any questions.

Title of grant: Technical support to share and disseminate the FSM projects results from Dakar

Subtitle: To replicate a sanitation utility service delivery model developed in Dakar (see here on the forum: forum.susana.org/forum/categories/97-ena...n-dakar-senegal-onas ) in at least three countries in Africa and validate its application at scale for the benefit of urban poor
  • Name of lead organization: EDE International, an engineering and consulting firm based in Senegal and intervening in the water/waste/environment sectors in numerous countries in Africa.
  • Primary contact at lead organization: Cheikh Toure
  • Grantee location: Dakar, Senegal
  • Developing country where the research is being or will be tested: Benin, Cameroon and Ivory Coast
  • Start and end date: 06.08.2015 - 31.07.2018
  • Grant type: Other
  • Grant size in USD: $ 2,773,500 (as per BMGF grant database here )
Short description of the project:

Financial partners from the countries of sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia have actively supported the effort to halve the number of people without access to sanitation but more than a dozen years later, the situation is still difficult both in urban and rural areas. Sanitation policies have failed to mobilize the necessary funding during this period. Certainly the resources allocated to these sanitation programs have not always achieved the expected results on time. The reasons for these failures are numerous and varied. Today, there is a widely shared consensus to introduce new approaches to accelerate the production of positive indicators.

The successful replication of the FSM (fecal sludge management) scheme developed in Dakar was a goal set in the initial grant to ONAS signed in 2011 to demonstrate scale application. EDE’s role was shaped in this initial project as a key player to promote scale application through technical assistance in other countries. In this project, success will translate into the adoption of national policies that structure and elevate the status of non-sewer sanitation service into an utility service model based on PPP principles, an increase of private (SME) participation through innovative financing and extended services to poor communities. This will occur through the industrial organization of the service providers and the use of innovative sanitation technologies. The specific indicators and deliverables will be tailored to match each country’s needs.

Three participating countries, namely Benin, Cameroon and Ivory Coast, have been identified by the Foundation as a result of its engagement with its partners to replicate the Dakar Sanitation model in Africa. To achieve a much larger impact, EDE will extend the scope of the project to at least two more countries that have a profile similar to the three selected by the Gates Foundation.


Goal(s):

To replicate a sanitation utility service delivery model developed in Dakar in at least three countries in Africa and validate its application at scale for the benefit of urban poor


Objectives:

This project is an innovative and sufficient way of improving people’s health and wellbeing. The project aims to contribute to the development or technologies that are innovative, and whose products are integrated in a market that is constantly expanding, progressively managed by a private sector in a legal environment that seeks to provide quality public service that is affordable for all.

Research or implementation partners: To achieve the expected results, an international expert group is mobilized to manage the project activities by field of expertise. This expert group, led by the Project Coordinator, will report periodically on the progress of activities and progress towards the achievement of the results. They will work closely with the technical, financial, and private partners from the target countries.

Link for further readings: www.cabinetede.com

A related project ("Structuring the fecal sludge management market for the benefit of poor households in Dakar - To support the creation of a large scale, sustainable sanitation value chain in Dakar, Senegal including mechanized fecal sludge management") is described here on the forum:
forum.susana.org/forum/categories/97-ena...n-dakar-senegal-onas


Current state of affairs:

The project is at its initial phase which includes the mobilization of all the sanitation players from the three target countries for a roundtable and the preparation of the start-up workshop.


Biggest successes so far:

No success so far since the project is just starting. But, The successful replication of the FSM scheme developed in Dakar is a goal set in the initial grant to ONAS signed in 2011 to demonstrate scale application. EDE’s role was shaped in this initial project to extend as a key player to promote scale application through technical assistance to other countries. In this project, success will translate into adoption of national policies that structured and elevate the status of non-sewer sanitation service into a utility service model, based on PPP principles, increase private (SME) participation through innovative financing; and extended services to poor communities living on pit latrines through an industrial organization of the service providers and use of innovative sanitation technologies. The specific indicators and deliverables will be tailored to match each countries need.


Main challenges / frustration:

The one challenge so far resides in the mobilization of the sanitation players because of the fact that they need to be identified first (which is of course not easy because of the plethora of actors) and then it is a question about finding the right date (which implies the synchronization of different schedules) for the organization of a roundtable.

Thank you for your time.
Regards,

Mohamed TOURE
Ingénieur financier

Almadies Sunugal, Ngor NG 28 - BP: 5941-Dakar
Tel: +221 33 820 87 06
Fax: +221 33 820 04 77
GSM: +221 77 756 51 50
Mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Site web: www.cabinetede.com
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  • SDickin
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  • I'm a research fellow at the Stockholm Environment Institute and a geographer interested in environment health linkages, including how water and sanitation fit within the greater sustainable development agenda.
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Re: Scaling a sanitation utility service delivery model from Dakar

Hi Mohamed,

Thanks for sharing this information about your project. I was wondering if you could provide more details about why the Dakar model was so successful, and what steps you are taking to adjust to a different country?

Best regards,
Sarah Dickin

Dr. Sarah Dickin,
Research Fellow
Stockholm Environment Institute
Stockholm, Sweden
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  • AndreMA
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Re: Scaling a sanitation utility service delivery model from Dakar to other African countries (EDE International, Senegal - Benin, Cameroon and Ivory Coast)

Dear Mohamed,

I am very happy to see several attempts to replicate ONAS' work in Dakar. I am also working on a similar approach for Maputo, Mozambique.* I will contact you via email as I believe that there is surely activities in which we can cooperate.

* See this thread: forum.susana.org/forum/categories/53-fae...rm-maputo-mozambique

Andre Marques Arsenio
Postdoctoral researcher at TU Delft
Dept of Civ Eng and Geosciences
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i: sustainablewatermz.weblog.tudelft.nl
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  • mtoureede
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Re: Scaling a sanitation utility service delivery model from Dakar to other African countries (EDE International, Senegal - Benin, Cameroon and Ivory Coast)

Hello Sarah,

I am very sorry for only replying now, I had been out of office.

The main reasons why the Dakar fecal sludge management model was so successful are:

* a full cooperation from the local emptiers which was key to determinng the different parameters of their activity and identifying their real problem sources in order to propose adequate and sustainable solutions.
* a full support from ONAS ( the national entity in charge of sanitation) through their experience in the sub-sector with all the studies that they had already conducted and their assistance during the communiction phases.
* last but not least, a strong communicaton campaign to reach both emptying operatives and households and disseminate the nature of the project and its goals, sensitize about good sanitation practices, to promote the fecal sludge management toolbox that was designed to improve the sub-sector management.

As for the different steps we are taking to adjust to other countries, they are mainly about meeting with the different authorities to share the object and the objectives of the project in order to get their full cooperation and assistance. Then it will be about conducting diagnosis studies on their respective sanitation sub-sectors generally and more particularly, their fecal sludge management processes to get their different particularities. Then only we will be able to see what actions can be replicated and which parameter requires adaptation or proposal of new solutions.

Feel free to contact me for more information
Regards

Mohamed TOURE
Ingénieur financier

Almadies Sunugal, Ngor NG 28 - BP: 5941-Dakar
Mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Site web: www.cabinetede.com
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  • mtoureede
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Re: Scaling a sanitation utility service delivery model from Dakar to other African countries (EDE International, Senegal - Benin, Cameroon and Ivory Coast)

Hello Andre,
We are open to cooperating with you through your project as there will surely be activities through which we can share our experiences and more.

Mohamed TOURE
Ingénieur financier

Almadies Sunugal, Ngor NG 28 - BP: 5941-Dakar
Mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Site web: www.cabinetede.com
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